i will wade out
                        till my thighs are steeped in burning flowers
I will take the sun in my mouth
and leap into the ripe air
                                       Alive
                                                 with closed eyes
to dash against darkness
                                       in the sleeping curves of my body
Shall enter fingers of smooth mastery
with chasteness of sea-girls
                                            Will i complete the mystery
                                            of my flesh
I will rise
               After a thousand years
lipping
flowers
             And set my teeth in the silver of the moon

Sarah Spang May 2014

If I was a mountain

That soared towards the sky,

With craggy snow caps

And stormy grey eyes-



Then you'd be the clouds

That swaddled my peak,

That silenced my thunder

When I tried to speak.



If I was the earth

The desert, in fact:

With arid dry soil

And mud, baked and cracked-



You'd be the rain

The downpour that soothed;

The balm to my bruises,

Relief to my wounds.



If I was the Moon

In the indigo night,

With stars as my blanket

And silver; my light-



Well you'd be the Sun

Just always behind

That lent me your glow

And caused me to shine.

my love
thy hair is one kingdom
  the king whereof is darkness
thy forehead is a flight of flowers

thy head is a quick forest
  filled with sleeping birds
thy breasts are swarms of white bees
  upon the bough of thy body
thy body to me is April
in whose armpits is the approach of spring

thy thighs are white horses yoked to a chariot
  of kings
they are the striking of a good minstrel
between them is always a pleasant song

my love
thy head is a casket
  of the cool jewel of thy mind
the hair of thy head is one warrior
  innocent of defeat
thy hair upon thy shoulders is an army
  with victory and with trumpets

thy legs are the trees of dreaming
whose fruit is the very eatage of forgetfulness

thy lips are satraps in scarlet
  in whose kiss is the combinings of kings
thy wrists
are holy
  which are the keepers of the keys of thy blood
thy feet upon thy ankles are flowers in vases
  of silver

in thy beauty is the dilemma of flutes

  thy eyes are the betrayal
of bells comprehended through incense

if i believe
in death be sure
of this
it is

because you have loved me,
moon and sunset
stars and flowers
gold crescendo and silver muting

of seatides
i trusted not,
                    one night
when in my fingers

drooped your shining body
when my heart
sang between your perfect
breasts

darkness and beauty of stars
was on my mouth petals danced
against my eyes
and down

the singing reaches of
my soul
spoke
the green-

greeting pale-
departing irrevocable
sea
i knew thee death.

                              and when
i have offered up each fragrant
night,when all my days
shall have before a certain

face become
white
perfume
only,
          from the ashes
then
thou wilt rise and thou
wilt come to her and brush

the mischief from her eyes and fold
her
mouth the new
flower with

thy unimaginable
wings,where dwells the breath
of all persisting stars

This is for the rainy days.
The heavy days,
Blanketed under a dark silver sky.

This is an image of
Timeless days.
Where both dawn and dusk
Fail to exist,
Because the gray never went away.

This is the light drizzle
Painting your glasses
With tiny cloudy droplets
That blur-out your vision

And makes the next step a mystery,,
As you pray
                  For a chance of sunshine.

Michael DeVoe Feb 2013

I need one more
I need to forget a little more
I need to remember a little less
I need to remember a lot more
I just need to remember it differently
Better
The way I wrote it
The way it ends when I'm sleeping

Dear bartender
Make it a White Russian
As white as her dress would've been
One Pina Colada
Tan as the sand would've been
One more Gin and Tonic
Sparkling as her eyes
Vodka Cranberry
Red as her lips
A triple shot of silver tequila
As clear as my intentions

Marry me

Bartender I want to drink until I forget she said no
Bartender I want to drink until I forget I ever asked

Dear Bartender I want to drink until I remember she said yes
Vodka til my head rings wedding bells
Gin til my body ticks raw rice
Rum til my cheeks flush honeymoon
Tequila til my ring finger itches
Whiskey until she loves me too
Whiskey until she come back
Whiskey

A collection of poems by me is available on Amazon
Where She Left Me - Michael DeVoe
http://goo.gl/5x3Tae

Test Ting Won To Tree
By
Charles Fleischer







Rifleman decal water is to Tiny basket liners as Strained yo-yo string is to?
Dark wool glowing is to Oldest lost oddity as First genetic engine is to?
Black quail taint is to Nut curdled paint as Hemp biscuit dominoes are to?
Steam traced paper is to Lemon ash vapor as Digital midget wig is to?
Eccentric brine mimes are to Electric silk slacks as Spark formed lava is to?
Sunchoked black hornets are to as Rescued orphan doves as Retold cat jokes are to?
Hand traced videos are to Braided rubber spines as Opal rain dancers are to?
Halogen anchor gong is to Annoying bread portraits as Soft bracelet lockers are to?
Old troll bios are to Select cherub echoes as Broken matchstick parasols are to?
Dome nine chariots are to Frayed lunar remnants as Fuming honey flasks are to?
Bluing assault operas is to Beading fluted flowers as Magnetic lawn tweezers are to?
Converted flea sponges are to Floating dog murals as Frozen Archie comics are to?
Molded road pads are to Crusty gumdrop thread as Straw ribbed pelicans are to?
Inflatable diamond vowel is to Single gender raffle as Groovy desert coffee is to?
Temporary solution radiation is to Idiotic witness mumble as Motorized marshmallow kit is to?
Panoramic utopian paranoia is to Aggravated pimp silhouettes as Unhinged gun sellers are to?
Homesick ghost pajamas is to Virtuous fly fungus as Royal sandpaper gloves are to?
Gangster hayride tickets are to Deer milk Oreos as Turnip fairy maps are to?
Glue gun porn is to Nocturnal cabin mice as Cab fare corn is to?
Speckled fish nickels are to Under water bric-a-brac as Epic snakeskin paisley is to?
Twinkie bungalow pranks are to Drowsy vapid oafs as Quantized cavern fish are to?
Raunchy snail kimono is to Coiled time dice as Smeared equator malt is to?
Metallic centaur franchise is to Transparent cheese chess as Spotted glacial remnants is to?
Sky fused pong is to Rustic mothers brattle as Granulated canister ointment is to?
Overgrown maze mule is to Mated smugglers hugging as Floating thesaurus exam is to?
Sliding coed sprinkler is to Soapy whitefish rebate as Precious lamb diaper is to?
Mushy acorn luster is to Lilac protein rings as Slapstick wrestler dialect is to?
Freaky plankton bells is to Rolling horse divorce as Morphing morphine lips are to?
Sticky razor sparkle is to Emerald muscle spasm as Glaring cat cipher is to?
Peppy unisex mustache is to Pelican fighter syndrome as Clumping night grumble is to?
Scanning paired pearls are to Ruby rubbed roaches as Satanic sailor flotsam  are to?
Glowing asteroid solder is to Ideal shark data as Failed frail doilies are to?
Numb nuts boredom is to Fantastic icy phantoms as Sporadic silk creations is to?
Crooks crow chow is to Loading spackled bonder as Gargled snowdrop blasters are to?
Outdid myself today is to Outside myself again as Outlived myself controls is to?
Venting shuttlecock upset is to Texting badminton kitten as Settler tested motels are to?
Prepare paired vents is to Prefer paid events as Pretender predicts fiction is to
Crunchy mental fender is to Catching mentor menace as Poorly seasoned lettuce is to?
Outside sidewalk inside is to Seaside outcast input as Sideways landslide victory is to?  
Compile fake password is to Compost world poo as Compose village anthem is to?
Crooked crotch blunder is to Loud crowd thunder as Divine vine finder is to?
Chucks’ wooden truck is to Bucks good luck as Sticky ducks tucked is to?  
Overhaul underway overseas is to Overturned downsized pickup as Underground onramp overloaded is to?
I’ll bite there is to Aisle byte their as Isle bight there is to?
Gnat gnawed wrist is to Boned show beans as See through putty is to?
Flapping floppy guppies are to Buzzing zipped dozers as Muddy bloody strippers are to?
Dark diagonal dialogue is to Diabolical dihedral die as Interesting circadian exposition is to?
Experimental flossing expectations are to Waxed dental traps as Permanent impermanence resolution is to?  
Outran ringside intrigue is to Sidetracked onboard boatload as Loaded firearm topside is to?
Phony floozy phone is to Chewy ego honey as Yogi Mama’s dada is to?
Nimble teardrop squiggle is to Humble cage curtains as Loyal truckstop morals are to?
Torching curled elastic is to Sonic neighbor clamor as Golden droplet integers are to?
Duplex pupil scanners are to Nacreous cloud clocks as Shrouded flute shops are to?
Lawn rocket tendrils are to Finding surreal borders as Sheep monarchs children is to?
Gloating ungloved squires are to Busting double doubters as Pushing woeful doctors are to?
Tricking snowbelt firedogs is to Panmixing blackened haywires as Unclothed shameful leaders are to?
Malicious ranch ritual is to Internal puppet bubble as Ornate underworld masquerade is to?
Rustic debonair Eskimos are to Mindless sassy elves as Gorgeous somber acrobats are to?
Learned earthy pimps are to Fearless sneaky Queens as Somber gentle vagrants are to?
Shocking horse wear is to Glossy sled fluid as Damaged chipmunk tongue is to?
Traditional agony chart is to Damp voodoo motel as Backwoods museum quote is to?
Magical cat cabin is to Dapper porpoise humor as Malicious graveyard foam is to?
Therapeutic gazelle cushion is to Stored alibi equipment as Stunning tempo light is to?
Fantastic rascal art is to Wasted prune dust as Jupiter’s midget law is to?
Little nut razor is to Gigantic hyena shield as Hourglass pillow fever is to?
Coiled rain clouds are to Dizzy tycoon clowns as Lime eating cowards are to?
Possessive epicurean demonstrators are to Faded eavesdropping giants as Determined swanky drunks are to?
Aquatic preview pocket is to Soggy judicial topiary as Finicky hamster fabric is to?
Enlarged fruit cuff is to Obedient mumbling orchestra as Dark tenant tariff is to?
Recycled flash thermometer is to Botched temptation probe as Pet glider grid is to?
Seriously shy idols are to Costly driving perfumes as Ferryboat chapel wine is to?
Winged jalopy details are to Faithful spectral fathers as Sprinkled mint rainbows are to?
Spelling unneeded words is to Sprouting donut flaps as Blaming mellow mallrats are to?
Eroding loom keepsake is to Magnificent accordion canoe as Dirty bongo fumes are to?
Souring violet ink is to Juvenile insult park as Periodic ferret envy is to?
Obedient boyfriend aroma is to Sanitized fat lozenges as Dramatic jailer garb is to?
Mysterious patrol group is to Dynamic maiden discharge as Captured hurricane ratio is to?
Lackadaisical bigot bingo is to Oblong care merchant as Expensive swamp shampoo is to?
Petite orifice worship is to Atomic barge pet as Plucked hair exhibit is to?
Elite officer wallop is to Automatic yard rake as Healing climax glitter is to?
Needless swan costume is to Giant jungle goat as Organic picnic napkin is to?
Leaky jet steam is to Innovative fascist whistle as Enchanting idol evidence is to?
Plastic mascara seduction is to Greasy thermal ointment as Attractive muskrat crease is to?
Lucky camel pills are to White coral Torah as Eternal stage clutter is to?
Roasted oat lube is to Sloppy rum glue as Nylon table debt is to?
Steep nook catastrophe is to Empty dome damage as Pulsing breeze powder is to?
Empty sack power is to Hitched buck stroke as Red claw warning is to?
Ultra brief slogan is to Yummy lab mutant as Pathetic ball armor is to?
Nauseating fish splatter is to Obstinate rectal twitch as Strained prick coffee is to?
Mezzanine intermission fossil is to Proven slut apathy as Golden duck shroud is to?
Civil tutors torment is to Thor’s posted theory as Yellow melon rain is to?
Immense olive raft is to Exploding kangaroo buffet as Ethereal witness index is to?  
Marching dark speeders are to Searing scribble fighters as Weed tripping sinners are to?
Seeping viral angst is to Aged hermit tea as Murky bowl nibble is to?
Condensed blister guzzle is to Pink dorsal pie as Lavish speckled runt is to?
Needy insult poet is to Sedated acorn trader as Dry honey zoo is to?
Veiled trust flicker is to Deranged poser fashion as Flat sizzle tangent is to?
Purified diet spray is to Nebulous wishing target as Thrilling screen dope is to?
Majestic ribbon astronomy is to Bizarre formation sector as Rebel bell gimmick is to?
Sealed dart whisper is to Green silk draft as Cold vacuum varnish is to?
Clumsy raven power is to Insect island circus as Minted mink drapes are to?
Curved map ruler is to Tiny lethal radio as Blue fused metal is to?
Inverted laser invasion is to Damp sheep dump as Puffy gown smoke is to?
Saucy Channel blazer is to Leather goat filament as Starched locomotive hat is to?
Broken jumper leads are to Disgraced mini exorcists as Designer shamrock caulk is to?
Tweaked poachers smokes are to Assorted sulfur pathways as Collected bedlamp trickle is to?
Twinkie bungalow pranks are to Drowsy vapid oafs as Quantized cavern fish are to?
Crawling battle worms are to Vibrating metal pedals as Mentholated matrix wax is to?
Missing meshed rafts are to Liquid rock pipes as Crinkled bean bikinis are to?
Tithing nude joggers are to Perforated buck fronds as Leather zither picks are to?
Fearing truthful cowards is to Rambling preachers mumble as Gazebo ambulance gasoline is to?
Shelving elder’s whiskers is to Poaching goalies pesto as Radical tricycle angst is to?
Mucky gunboat polymer is to Primeval maypole flameout as Cathedral greenhouse intercom is to?
Diaphanous safety prize is to Unleashed saucer lion as Dorky blonde ropewalker is to?
Tapered spring meter is to Silver silo mythology as Misguided judges medallions are to?
Alligator x-ray money is to Cherry unicorn water as Coyote cactus toy is to?
Cowardly dorm scrooge is to Atomized pewter script as Flattened spore smoothies are to?
Trash can yodel is to Flashing wired spam as Exploding chocolate pudding is to?
Sonar blasted bushings are to Threading ruined wheels as Forty shifting boxes are to?
Tiny balloon rebellion is to Softened square cleanser as Iconic soul sucker is to?
Harmony night light is to Spanish nitrogen desire as Squirrel cavern iodine is to?

Lazy winter secret is to Slow airport widget as Silly mustard binder is to?
Elephants raising raisins are to Microscopic lamb planet as Purple hay puppets are to?
Caribou venom vaccine is to Electronic lemonade choir as Demonic princess massage is to?
Beet coated bridge is to Fattened needle point as Mylar monkey spine is to?
Ashy ink dust is to Youngest rabbi planet as Orange cartoon geometry is to?
Cold green chalk is to Cobalt ladder farce as Dirty river filters are to?
Sublime sheep master is to Sleeping past rapture as Subliminal bliss jelly is to?
Ocean crust slippers are to Twigged germ radar as Popping sharpie scope is to?
Zen wrapped beep is to Oak foamed code as Wicked flashing sizzle is to?
Dew eyed sleigh is to Say I do as Act as me is to?
Humpback on hammock is to Ham hocking hummer as Hunchback with knapsack is to?
Corned flag jelly is to Draped wing chewers as Tripping swan acid is to?
Futuristic Rembrandt chant is to Almond likened meadows as Asian timber blue is to?
Nap in sack is to Flap on Jack as Ducks dig crack is to?
Flowing flavored lava is to Gleaming optic layers as Enhanced goose gibberish is to?      
Flag tied pajamas are to Saline checker choir as Speed reading quotas is to?
Whipped spam spasms are to Misted shaman scripture as Testing pitched bells is to?
Cave aged eggs are to Crowded tiger cages as Bloody wagon pegs are to?
Pigeon towed car is to a Man toad art as Wolf whisker wish is to?
Second hand clothes are to Minute hand gestures as Final hour prayer is to?
Slick wicked shavers are to Tricky watch boxes as Sprouting pine tattoos are to?
Waxed stick ravens are to Match stick foxes as Narrowed thermal towers are to?
Ice cave rice is to Laced face lice as Gourmet pet meth is to?
Diamond lane anniversary is to Space age appropriate as Time travel agency is to?
Lime bark violin is to Lemon twig guitar as Lunar sky waffles are to?
Fake rat fart is to Smart cake batter as Rugged fur tax is to?
Tarred raft fluff is to Flaked rafter dust as Lined liquor flask is to?
Flakes will fall is to Take Bills call as Broken maze compass is to?
First faked voter is to Entombed cartoon honey as Smallest aching smurf is to?
Fancy bared nipples are to Flaky fairy treats as Kings amp filter is to?
Bone window folio is to Whittled fake pillow as Little fitted jackets are to?
Nine nuts brittle is to Ate pear pie as Six packed poppers are to?
Incandescent playground pencil is to Elastic hand worm as Perfumed piano ink is to?
Opal shifting anode is to a Windup lion decoy as Pale paisley trolley is to?
Stacked black boxes are to Old packed tracks as a Throwing micron hammers is to?
Apricot bark furnace is to Merry Orchid Choir as an Ivory rinsing funnel is to?  
Narcotic honey nuts are to Slick flag toffees as Silk fig sugar is to?
Orange coin raisins are to Low note candies as Smelling balled roses is to?
Pocket packed monotints are to Tragic ladder hayracks as Ravishing speed traders are to?
Crayon spider resin is to Coral squirrel forceps as Wolf tumbled loaf is to?  
Silver wheat flies are to Width shifting wheels as Golden blister blankets are to?
Really tiny hippopotamus is to Masked fat podiatrist as a Sad sack psychiatrist is to?
Miniature Mesopotamian monuments are to Apple minted elephants as Raising wise ravens is to?
Lathered nymph nacre is to Sonic ion constellations as Concealed iron craft is to?  
Epic gene toy is to Ladies bubble sled as Jagged data bowl is to?
Bugged dagger bag is to Pop sliced meld as Atom bending moonlight to?  
Rural madam’s deed is to Dyed dew dipper as Eight sprayed dukes are to?
Jiffy grand puffer is to Floating altar myth as Vintage dark mirth is to?
Undercover overnight underwear is to Overpaid undertaker overdosing as Overheard understudy freebasing is to?

Black grape crackle is to Red cactus ruffle as Installing padded pets are to?
Snide snobs sniffing are to Sneaky snails snoring as Snared snipes sneezing are to?
Exploring explosive exits is to Explaining expansive exports as Expecting expert exchange is to?
Shrewd logic ledger is to Puppets dropping cupcakes as Placated topaz octopi are to?
Door roof tools are to Cool wool boots as Wood cooked root is to?
Bright fight light is to Night flight fright as Mites bite site is to?
Floor flood fluid is to Wooden door Druid as Nasty poop broom is to?
Accurate police photography is to Intelligent microbe geography as Condensed aerosol biography is to?
Cowardly cowboy grime is to Corpulent corporate crime as Bosnian dwarf necromancer is to?
Jell-O clearing shaker is to Brillo cleaning shiner as Cheerios bowling shields are to?
Mumbled mindless hokey is to Fumbled found money as Humming kinder bunny is to?
Daisy’s clock setter is to Lilly’s boxer toxin as Poodles rose paddle is to?
Watch Bozo Copernicus is to Hire Clarabelle Newton as Find Pee-wee Einstein is to?
Amethyst thistle whistles is to Lapis pistol whip as Diamond bomb scar is to?
Dandelion seahorse rescue is to Crabapple dogwood farm as Faux foxglove lover is to?    
Optical poppy stopper is to Polar halo lens as Day-Glo rainbow sticker is to?
Savanna leopard spotted is to Eskimo lassos kisses as Alligator lemonade standard is to?
Bill of Rights is to Will of left as Thrill of night is to?
Baptize floozies quickly is to Useless outsized nozzles as Puzzled wizard wanders is to?        
Chaps wearing chaps are to Chaps contesting contests as Consoling concealed consoles is to?
Quiet squirming squirrels are to Aeon beauty queens as Queasy greasy luaus is to?
Knew new gnu is to Sense scents cents as We’ll wheal wheel is to?
Blazing zingers ringing are to Wheezing singers flinging as Freezing finger number are to?
Lamb tomb jogger is to Dumb numb thug as Thumbed crumb bug is to?

Blue accordion casket is to Jaded scholar vomit as German mushroom circus is to?
President George Flintstone is to Funny Fred Washington as Abraham Jetson’s dog is to?
Google Desmond Tutu is to Kalamazoo Zoo Park as Zodiac actors Guru is to?
Swamp cradled whisperer is to Cherished drawbridge cello as Bludgeoned prankster outlaws are to?
Dukes pink mittens are to Smeared nest caravan as Miniature fire trucks are to?
Part too

Duck village avatar is to Corona garden ogre as Mini Martian treasures are to?
Melting razor anvils are to Phased tanning lamps as Metered photon spacers are to?
Masked vergers tagging are to Zapped roadies muskets as Cutting paper newts is to?
Popes pest dagger is to Turtle dawn bong as Dream bending tea is to?
Pilot’s vital vial is to Crystal pepper clouds as Red plastic socks are to?
Sleeping deco mice are to Dove pecked ginger as Stitched candy witches are to?
Vivid sugar nougat is to Giant clam tiara as Velvet halo omen is to?
Pawned awning tablet is to Coiled round poppy as Coal black slug is to?
Humping mole mites are to Crushed wheel arrows as Wireless flower syringe is to?
Ten spinning plates are to Tense pinning plays as Tents winning ways are to?
Cracked pepper shells are to Violent star static as Franks’ rubber domino is to?
Crown Newport pine is to Copper birth pods as Anterior hub stains are to?
Aqua dot motor is to Nine banded rod as Floral army ruse is to?
Looped impala tide is to Creeping toffee trestle as Erroneous aberrant hayseed is to?
Drooling troll doll is to Elk powered anthem as Ozone rat genome is to?
Short fuse ions are to Fixed mode divinity as Fabled frog moth is to?
Frosted Parisian scone is to Drilling phased phones as Fading alloy allies is to?
Bulging cream pie is to Nut drained pastries as Narrow tailed vixens are to?
Tapered wing tapestry is to Post gift tangle as Peeled strutting strays is to?
Faithful boater baiting is to Beak draining bone as Moronic intuition train is to?
Idiotic ditch clock is to Taffeta confetti hat as Foolish daffodil dialog is to?
Manual towel barge is to Orbiting bug cage as Rawboned reptile scales is to?
Chinese lace noodles are to Singing metallic chopsticks as Trapping mollusk jelly is to?
Spotted ice cats are to Chime lashed moccasins as Dusty cracker vats are to?
Synthetic pink fur is to Red ink crumble as Flaky flute fruit is to?
Silky clay feet are to Soaking collegiate dogs as Moth eating sheep are to?
Enticing plastic fumes are to Motorized stroller lanes as Zoned virtue manifesto is to?
Penthouse grammar trance is to Lazy naive critics as Dolphins heart channel is to?
Twin ballroom pranksters are to Floating old stallions as Stolen gold chariots are to?
Gin soaked map is to Operatic Rasta pot as Chasing polka dots is to?
Dithered zoo pixels are to Lavish slim brunettes as Foam bubbled lace is to?
Abracadabra focused pokes are to Armored flower jokes as Red wax lion is to?
Jumping measles cure is to Roped canal forces as Silver ladle equinox is to?
Apostle light cones are to Dormant pixie bats as Puffed white circles are to?
Morbid crayon secretion is to Warm parrot eggs as Wet baby horses are to?
Levitating geode wrapper is to Ornate foiled cobra as Boiling coiled poles is to?
Gagged rivals toboggan is to Salacious tepee atrium as Invisible spider tattoo is to?
Green witches milk is to Oiled fur boat as Fox blended muck is to?
Glorious spontaneous remedy is to Magi reunion ritual as Pasted adrenal divot is to?
Coconut hallway spray is to Fractal fossil pit as Bloated stoic boas are to?
Linking green puddles is to Vortex splash magic as Lifelike ram monument is to?
Fortified troll festival is to Moss playboy usher as Groggy fish dentist is to?
Candy ribbon bourbon is to Lazy sapphire wine as Zircon blossom bingo is to?
Kashmir bison catapult is to Cashmere mouse radar as Amish billiard champ is to?
Amoeba crater maps are to Sinking apple rings as Soda frog babble is to?
Dappled blue dachshund is to Apricot fire mystery as Frosted ginger club is to?
Splattered ghost dew is to Red court scholar as Pearl chinchilla talon is to?
Sequential aquarium equinox is to Opaque quantum liquid as Marmalade invader scalp is to?
Nocturnal badger logo is to Avalon nerve nets as Thickened raven twine is to?
Ripened seed salon is to Clock flipping skink as Shunning pitied pilots is to?
Barking circus fleas are to Clustered pod buzzards as Rock spitting birds are to?
Dove cage pharmacy is to Purple poison antidote as Cellophane cell phone is to?
Sap chained bandicoot is to Limestone saddle track as Raspberry butter water is to?
Transparent waterfall goggles are to Altered spark rockers as Tibetan flotation tourists are to?
Bug licked leaves are to Swollen star stamen as Gloomy neon haze are to?
Pick pocket cowboy is to Poisonous light bulb as Chrome topped trestles are to?
Fire pumped peppers are to Rat flavored crackle as Flaming orange poop is to?
Manchurian panther vodka is to Heated cat crystal as Pirated pillow puzzles are to?
Porcelain pine cone is to Neutered pelican glue as Stone age moonbeam is to?
Hallow weathered feather is to Willow feathered heather as Cathedral monarchs marching are to?
Reindeers teardrop cup is to Salty jeweled butterfly as Velvet martini rancher is to?
Altered jester stain is to Diminished chewing barrel as Insects graphite portrait is to?
Clearing atoned heroine is to Toy pusher pump as Flowing plumed clouds are to?
Sparked rapping pellets are to Sacrificial lake creature as Blurred algebra steam is to?
Nagging cordial lady is to Grave stone gravel as Meshed nylon joints are to?
Tall king yawning is to Fountain bottled throttle as Correlated cocoon elation is to?
Resented sparrow files are to Risqué kissing parks as Lewd mood covens is to?
Parchment heart paradise is to Elated well stories as One ton eyelid is to?
Minted twig quiche is to Complex moon tableaux as Driftwood movie monster is to?
Kerosene carpet gym is to Eve’s atom apple as Sprouting stoned smiles is to?
Chained squatter rite is to Noah predicted ducting as Neural gun unity is to?
Inked bubble noises are to Rooted lakers rocking as Royal soul relish is to?
Expanding panda verandas is to Commander Randi’s handler as Newest aging jails is to?
Cackling spaghetti twins are to Misted fortress fauna as Riding butter cranes are to?
Slapping knighted knuckles is to Calf chewed chalk as Phonetic parakeet stencil is to?
Salted fossil flags are to Frozen felt cushions as Quartz martini straws are to?
Hand traced videos are to Braided rubber spines as Opal rain dancers are to?
Historic dovetailed rewards are to Folded roach molds as Majestic cryptic fulcrums are to?
Terminal fowl taxes are to Sailing glued wheels as Creamed goat fumes are to?
Smashed cotton stockings are to Shriveled mango pits as Chocolate holiday spackle is to?
Bronze furnace crumbs are to Flaming nougat bouillon as Neon target markers are to?
Glistening shade plungers are to Scrambled shifting shafts as Cramped titanic nomads are to?
Unwashed orphan figurines are to Mammal bowling shoes as Stretched rubber vowels are to?
Snail etched lapis is to Submarine anthem cocktail as Protein discovery rage is to?
Elected duck blaster is to Jigsaw antler frost as Boiled car parts are to?
Diluted sun drops are to Hawk bone vinegar as Plundered shelf cork is to?
Royal opiate globules are to Flared platonic vessels as Flying brandy patches are to?
Tucked fish pillows are to Hazelnut chimney wafers as Obsolete holster charms is to?
Shadowed floating dice are to as Blotched nut color as Repaired thermal vacuum is to?
Graphite bowler’s patio is to Tanned yogi artists as Botanical glacier carvings are to?
Spinning piano towers are to Military dog medals as Caffeinated margarine crackers are to?
Pickled turkey wattles are to Thin rocket grommets as Sculpted stooge fudge is to?
Chalk nesting microbes are to Flapping pulsed banners as Pure iron loafers are to?
Magnetic water trout are to Manic teaching vouchers as Winged thunder sages are to?
Hypodermic splinter shrapnel is to Helical sponging option as Antique thorn javelins are to?
Charcoal toothpick points are to Pan fried peyote as Tribal locksmith ethic is to?
Banished Roman butchers are to Tragic squid trophies as Crumbling gluepot anger is to?
Bleached arrow parallax is to Airborne sneaker trajectory as Erotic fowl relays are to?
Scrambled fashion frocks are to Swanky swan boats as Failed pilot morphine is to?
Death feather archives are to Pork chowder flushing as Lackeys pudding trowel is to?
Tonal vipers vapor is to Patched spider traps as Knotted soap daisies is to?
Hang glider bonfire is to Stashed reefer gushers as Intergalactic pray phones is to?
Verdant skater verdict is to Rotting gourd roots as Robotic taxi doctors are to?
Flowing crooner coral is to Big banging microwave as Wasted termite parkway is to?
Lumberjack’s vineyard stopwatch is to Rowboats anchor strap as Chewed raisin nets are to?
Throbbing migraine strobe is to Telescoping fly pods as Suburban throat fudge is to?
Painted beast fang is to Toad gas converter as Rude bridal posture is to?
Worm smudged grapefruit is to Red moleskin gloves as Timid antelope retreat is to?
Dish location docket is to Privileged orangutan checkers as Brunch table rickshaw is to?
Mechanical piano tuner is to Whitefly calendar laminate as Paired fishing limousines is to?
Grimy fiddle furrow is to Plastered clown smackers as Card holster latch is to?
Supine maggot cargo is to Furry waterbed bug as Lavish nutmeal emulsion is to?
Polar slime awareness is to Sturdy gherkin tablet as Funky subterranean gradient is to?
Stored chimney tile is to Tingled gorillas mingling as Linoleum channel changer is to?
Botched boot clasps are to Vented dungeon vaults as Backyard beamer spore is to?  
Machete lug nuts are to Spunky pumpkin cakes as Patching ragged charities are to?
Vaseline trampoline murder is to Scottish sculptor goggles as Dwarfed mirror radish is to?
Soft mirage balcony is to Ocean thimble noise as Singing clouds cabin is to?
Crushing spotted wrinkle is to Cracking rotted twinkle as Broken racers linger are to?
Blank linked chapters are to Beatnik particle debate as Jubilant dribbling heresy is to?
Misleading vacancy bookings is to Flustered skeptic tingle as Oak trench fallacy is to?
Burbank coat survey is to Antique snowball waffle as Tinsel jigger vermin is to?
Wasted flyspeck nightcap is to Flavored quasar treaty as Aborigine biker frenzy is to?
Sliding shower latch is to Hidden snow catcher as Redden thinnest data is to?  
Combat poser stance is to Decomposing time prize as Surprising battle secrets are to?
Commuters depressing confessions are to Domestic sport fortunes as Computer dresses rabbit is to?
Hippie pipe piece is to Pierced pie groupie as Piedmont blue sharpie is to?  
Hillside sidekick duped is to Blindsided ironsides scooped as Sidestep curbside poop is to?
Winged sword tax is to Tented tribal trash as Wooden watch working is to?
Submissive dancers trance is to Flashing bulb séance as Glaring award radiance is to?  
Blowout dark fires are to Handout spark flyers as Freaky outside liars are to?
Dripping waterspout trout is to Dropping scout quartet as Knowing knuckle knives is to?
Titanic ear pop is to Tube room debutante as Modern courting lark is to?    
Roaming medieval shouter is to Knitted cake knobs as Coded zipper faze is to?
Lost knowledge knot is to Multipart dart art as Fijis Bee Gees are to?
Numb dawn cavalry is to Windsock chandelier apron as Macaroni mask reduction is to?
Violent chomping knockers is to Vanquished grouchy fighters as Ridge faxed copters are to?
Glazed funk holes are to Hoisting fruit ringlets as Spongy vouchers bouncing are to?
Roaming modern ducklings are to Blocked archdukes cracking as Sketching stitched smidgeons is to?
Energetic closet divas are to Naked misfit hunters as Wretched sloppy tarts are to?
Raspy brash directors are to Abrasive gene stingers as Trite wreaked writers are to?
Protective evaporation headgear is to Classy weasel broth as Electric pyramid shame is to?
Youthful governor effect is to Attic raccoon nostalgia as Jealous koala madness is to?
Ossified fur paddle is to Boring oval piffle as Cowardly dolphin vaccine is to?
Pointless juvenile lexicon is to Obscene gesture acne as Fertile zoom strategy is to?
Old alarm matrix is to Animated demon stench as Twitching kangaroo grotto is to?
Temporary insomnia quilt is to Colossal spurt discovery as Evasive universal mosaic is to?
Forged ledge trigger is to Hamper hamster transfer as Hobo fluid tremor is to?
Burning bush pilot is to Mundane picnic weakness as Placid possum gesture is to?
Crass combat chuckle is to Vengeful camper technique as Fuzzy squirrel wisdom is to?
Strange cheetah logic is to Tiger tavern chuckles as Moving yacht statues are to?
Absurdly named whiskey is to Friendly lesson catalog as Epic apex rapture is to?
Sugar card war is to Moldy failed weapon as Roaring jumper hare is to?
Forked valley resentment is to Yellow teenage laundry as Cured paper socks are to?
Purple kissing frog is to Damaged cantaloupe experiment as Dented tin marinade is to?
Early zit rash is to Folded scenery stitch as Mind gutter gauze is to?
Orbiting robot amendment is to Radiant muzzle radius as Synthesized dignity therapy is to?
Buffed lute fingers are to Pickled gonad cream as Burnished clock rods are to?
Coyote dream filter is to Heartbreaking hate reserve as Festive verse fallacy is to?
Red amulet agony is to Sad patchwork melody as Cliff monkey election is to?
Ultra lash victory is to Historic page vaccine as Massive portal echo is to?
Spooky lobby notebook is to Noisy postal rat as Ancient crash pony is to?
Cultivated ghoul absorption is to Rustling warehouse treaties as Branded crab romance is to?
Reasonable plant yammer is to Black pelt bandanna as Rejected omen code is to?
Plaster acre sedation is to Lake nesting loon as Orchid pizza machine is to?
Acoustic whirlpool melody is to Mute stingray vengeance as Throbbing dew terror is to?
Worn rocks tundra is to Spicy tethered nurse as Fused mountain nexus is to?
X-ray sleeping leash is to Bursting lantern pajamas as Fake owl hip is to?
Matted clam tendril is to Renaissance glory bug as Royal saltine raiders are to?
Nervous curator debacle is to Cracked screen portrait as Burnt walnut icon is to?
Moist corduroy slippers are to Silver train tracks as Deviled fart repellant is to?
Snooping marked legend is to Maize willow salve as Shiny hard redwood is to?
Agnostic preacher overlap is to Hypnotic cell elation as Healthy pimp peaches are to?
Fancy hat jitters are to Long distance lather as Bargain glamour twine is to?
Automatic trance legacy is to Stalled coal car as Brain train translation is to?
Bonking glitter logs are to Lyrical fudge mishap as Vacant urban posse is to?
Sewage charged water is to Excessive yawn adage as Woozy flower lunch is to?
Pioneer baby spook is to Ambitious furniture lab as Untested swamp bread is to?
Savoy beach waffles are to Vivacious humming needles as Muddy collar oration is to?
Muffled crouching teacher is to Funky drunken gator as Mango lock narration is to?
Smoky sewer sentiment is to Shrewd dinning diva as Toasted rose pasties are to?
Rude polar scar is to Rabid rat agony as Singed lace scarf is to?
Beeping spiral flavor is to Fabled burning table as Raging verse vengeance is to?
Grinding rumble mutant is to Grotesque banker spleen as Tainted ranch banister is to?
Converging lettuce fever is to Pegged shuttle shuffle as Severed server franchise is to?
Cheerful sperm juggler is to Alley joke hunter as Shifting gear leakage is to?
Remote blossom intern is to Linked track contraband as Mad plant piano is to?
Chubby crap face is to Secreting meth rod as Narrow arrow kook is to?
Quiet prom function is to Outdated bubble charger as Melted fractal trap is to?
Pretty egg tranquilizer is to Fused pain manger as Pet poker token is to?
Blind rhino taboo is to Matched knob rage as Adult barrel jelly is to?
Heroic supper rash is to Blazing pulp jam as Holly spiral mosaic is to?
Accidental stereo flag is to Ranting brainless mail as Hairy flying wand is to?
Red rayed tide is to Pine striped road as Dog carrot wine is to?
Garden snake addiction is to Garter belt adhesive as Shocking poster poses are to?
Masked shovel plate is to Wigwam jawbone fate as Torn raven quilts are to?
Ski musk jingle is to Red braid pilot as Screw top plowing is to?
Rat hole tachometer is to Foxtail hoof ramp as Sorted function folio is to?
Canned winding train is to Lotus toupee glue as Catfish worm jumble is to?
Tornado gremlin muslin is to Rocket launched emblems as Mighty snow batons are to?
Pitchfork dialogue jabber is to Gumshoe drama symbol as Sublime papal draft is to?
Planning genies arrival is to Railed pocket lock as Sneaky muscle ache is to?
Jealous French cows are to Sympathetic feather ragas as Peacock dart blocks are to?
Painted bathing brackets are to Frosted opera glasses as Foiled labcoat buttons are to?
Shiny leafworm droppings are to Vibrating caramel candy as Activated sidewalk figurines are to?
Obese moth month is to Sportsman’s squirting lacquer as Arsenic shampoo jackets are to?
Blazing email slippers are to Cleated sunbeam flippers as Pretty flecked apricots are to?
Soaring flowers swaying are to Funky fungal holes as Abominable abdominal anomaly is to?
Clawed fauna germ is to Washing focused groups as Urban turbine turban is to?
Organic water spouts are to Magnetic peach melodies as Thunder winged sages are to?
Dinosaur valley comet is to Honey wagon fiber as Cracked brownie canoe is to?
Sapphire bayonet gaze is to Superman’s witch shop as Whistling ego chivalry is to?
Fumbling trucker carousel is to Rainbow shrimp sabotage as Storable falcon wigs are to?
Mayan anvil storage is to Immoral stingray salute as Cloud plated wishbone is to?
Nocturnal zebra whiskey is to Stinging graphite romance as Comical champ euphoria is to?
Curvy dowel deviant is to Pudgy mudlark cereal as Roaming stinkbug fever is to?
Captive boat musket is to Forbidden freak eyeball as Bleached frog dynasty is to?
Foaming leotard syrup is to Honeycombed curtain equation as Caged wolf thunder is to?
Tropical bumpkin strobe is to Vanishing backbone virus is to as Hysterical blowgun implants are to?
Zinc camel varnish is to Clustered doorman slumber as Frowning polar bugs are to?
Enamel helix fulcrum is to Halibut sex window as Swollen cherub jargon is to?
Dazed fawn jury is to Hysterical sneeze fatigue as Fastest stolen jewel is to?
Faulty isometric umbrella is to Wooden bead catapult as Welded porch font is to?
Unlocked mucilage scraping is to Oversized peon craft as Flashing penny dish is to?
Penguin iodine parody is to Organic plumber toast as Fat stinky sulfur is to?
Twisted bathing sword is to Shameful basin claim as Throbbing pimento cover-up is to?
Mutant bread spheres are to Pastrami dog triangles as Whirling fist novellas are to?
Wispy cracker gravity is to Crusty peaches lane as Blazing lava train is to?
Grungy hound radio is to Thermal butcher twitch as Rustling rhombic sail is to?
Fractured plum clarinet is to Cork bolt combat as Horsefly court dispatch is to?
Junkyard campfire choir is to Ravenous pancake scouts as Glamorous sleigh glow is to?
Checkered praline blisters are to Hydroponic blues riffs as Time tower silhouette is to?
Naked car dealer is to Master mist lute as Ten pound marionette is to?
Diaphanous safety prize is to Unleashed saucer lion as Dorky blonde ropewalker is to?
Empty fedora cabinet is to Fragrant cutworm escort as Swollen cupcake auction is to?
Smoldering crop lights are to Silent condo drones as Bald pepper cures are to?
Rowdy locket politics are to Skinny Buddha Frisbees as Ripped dandelion tablets are to?  
Curved market cuticles are to Frozen Koala clichés as Vulcan applesauce spoons are to?
Bipolar owl capsules are to Heated boltneck tokens as Garish iceboat anchors are to?
Flatworm wartime pathways are to Racy lemon moccasins as Downy patch bait is to?
Rustic love montage is to Slanted emerald buildings as Mandatory climate insulation is to?
Chunky map monitors are to Sparkling microwave water as Scarce chair furrows are to?
Sinus signal fractions are to Sneaky fishpond bridges as Skylight doll signals are to?
Glowing calculator comet is to Bleeding starfish galaxy as Crushed steam fuses are to?
Lincoln Canyon fog is to Washington canned frog as Carters livid thrills are to?
Pony licked paisley is to Stoic solo syrup as Squatting buffoon allergies is to?
Trolled onyx pitfall is to Kazoo playing pythons as Porky’s pixel pylons are to?
Pleated heat generator is to Whistling wet spots as Frozen tears pier is to?
Perverted camp dog is to Intruding skillet seizure as Golden radio mattress is to?
Fat drained hotel is to Rattled brain lotto as Fedora lane auto is to?
Chrome eagle ballet is to Cortisone hawk banquet as Jade raccoon shampoo is to?
Hilarious rail guard is to Soiled whale apparel as Cove boner taffy is to?
Fluorescent tofu babies are to Denim elf slacks as Coned ray envy is to?
Snake shoe riddles are to Mood beam blues as Author enhanced dice are to?
Victorian slaw burger is to Roaming multiplication typos as Random sword fungus is to?
Lemon snow cloud is to Sadistic loan relish as Pasting red gravel is to?
Noisy snail missile is to Perfumed sativa diva as Powdered apple heart is to?
Fainting vapor spectrum is to Nylon pants wizard as Barking moss slag is to?
Darting lakes paranoia is to Sanitary bee artist as Stubborn weather oven is to?
Sunbeam archery mint is to Eden’s needy maidens as Yellow rhinoceros tweezers are to?
Ravishing blue radish is to Puffing fish livers as Dazed cone carpet is to?
Dismal rehearsal reversal is to Captured captains caption as Recording garden porn is to?  
Shady gazebos flies are to Kooky cob jobs as Cooing nettle gnats are to?
Huge owl bones are to Linked boats bobbing as Weaved wings flapping are to?
Chronic cyclone blaster is to Lustered rustic phone as Cunning comet camels are to?
Hot tonic tuners are to Western sponge portraits as Chiseled creeping leap is to?    
Fat doe cakes are to Growing cat masks as Sexy horned elk are to?
Bleak nights stationed is to Danish beak vaccine as Kabbalah dart elixir is to?
Fluted basin thread is to Corduroy dinosaur market as Rapid radar radio is to?
Flamed Botox serum is to Foggy noodle sandwich as Swinging moon aliens are to?  
Genetic gemstone badge is to Wolf massage cult as Juggling ghost sherbet is to?
Quartz pod cats are to Moaning crack addict’s as White noise needles are to?
Tender tenor boasting is to Cactus backed abacus as Minting tinted mittens are to?
Robot tractor tracks are to Stacked rusted rack as Paper packed slacks are to?
Open source code is to Open cold sores as Old oaken floors are to?
Moody swinging sliders are to Slippery thumb guitars as Official drooling fool is to?  
Drifting bacon geode is to a Timid waif loafers as a Nighttime slime skier is to?
Safe cracker baking is to a Demented crackpot dentist as a Jeweled jockey cave is to?
Red clawed snail is to Dagger tooth rat as Hot trigger ant is to?
Anthill mind trust is to the Ideal leopard squad as Harpooned popper squid are to?
Seeing orange coins as raisins is to Hearing low notes as candy as Smelling balls as roses is to?
Vampire clock repair is to Zombie walnut harvest as Testing rated robots is to?
Banjo mind cloth is to Black Swedish furniture as Indigo eagle ink are to ?  
Canned sedan shoes are to Pinecone trophy walkers as Cracked glass buttons are to?
Drifting banded disks are to Raised ridge nuggets as Prehistoric hut crackers are to?
Stone forest sinks are to Rock garden tubs as Dragon moon whistles are to?
Green serpent droplets are to Cliff side graphics as Cellophane mountain sandals are to?
Swindled Parcheesi gangs are to Looming shill jostle as Twin kiln glaze is to?  
Historic glamour poses are to Distorted cloud mirrors as Porcelain horse shoes are too?
Paramount’s adored spy is to Whipping pealed bubbles as Fortified glamour bus is to?
Targeted tram rider is to Drained moon memories as Stop sign holidays are to?
Flying slit finder is to Frayed felt scruff as Crafted rag muffins are to?  
Fudgy panoptic naiad is to Transitory poser token as Flying archer fugue is to?
Overwhelmed understanding overhead is to Interstate overpass underway as Head over heels is to?
Artificial artichokes hearts are to our Arthropod artillery darts as Partly sculpted carts is to?
Splashdown countdown sound is to Lowdown hoedown clown as Putdown downtown standoff is to?
Speak up standout is to Lookup hideout map as Cookout cleanup mop is to?
Gestalt parrot party is to Drafted mayhem module as Cupids padded papers are to?  
Insect infested vest is to Indoor inspection squad as Insulting gene razor is to?  
Inventing informed nation is to Invited assisting ants as Insisting intent pitched is to?
Doors Tool collection is to Cool boot inspection as Wood rotting knot is to?
Daddy’s bad mood is to Cool pool Mom as Floating moon boat is to?
Zoom proof focus is to Blood bloom poker as Last roof hooker is to?
Phony coughing coach  is to Bronze trophy laugh as Adopting orphaned elephants is to?
Gleeful stamp collectors are to Morose racecar drivers as Buttered griddle cakes are to?
Steel trumpet petal is to Tardy guitarist startled as Riming drummers rumple is to?
Squirrel scrotum ballet is to Sphinx sphincter opera as Lapping lilac labia are to?
Kool-Aid dashes are to Silly putty hyphens as Jiffy pop star is to?
Anointed cake candles are to Fixed ambition martyr as Melancholy collie melons are to?
Dog whisper suicide is to Seahorse action rider as Optical nightmare tickle is to?
Existential rabbit hat is to Holographic steward’s cat as Expired mental gloss is to?
Skipping rudder rules are to Skimpy dork doodles as Wimpy wet noodles are to?
Lumberjack mice cookies are to Cedar packet chew as Ladder back chair is to?
Chihuahua guardian angle is to Toxic taxi tangents as Graceland’s fur emporium is to?
Gazelle’s spooning sherbet are to Dragonfly pie squares as Black lizard gelato is to?
Spike Tesla spokes is to Billie-ray Lincoln jokes as Gomer Edison’s lab is to?    
Alabaster bastards placards are to Malachite nights kite as Junipers persimmon riches are to?
Pyrite left turn is to Topaz right angle as Sapphire burning man is to?
Snoopy's Snicker tricks are to Pavlov’s’ spectacle bells as Seed soiled knickers are to?
Cubic cobalt factory is to Nordic nimrod ranch as Mosaic Mobius stripper is to?
Lamp stand RAM is to Light speed hand as Male forged freight is to?
Training trainee trackers is to Underwriting overture gestures as Upstairs downtown offer is to?
Crazy drizzled jam is to Fizzing sheltered lamb as Lazy citizens cram is to?
Shelved shells shaking are to Skinny skinned knees as Rendered revival rivals are to?  
Polished zinc zeros are to Shifting zoo zones as Popping zombie zits is to?
Diagnosing deadly diarrhea is to Diagonal dialing demo as Diagramming distant diamonds is to?  
Combo comb cleanser is to Comics comp camp as Compacting complaint trash is to?
Pepper tree entrée is to Gum tree soirée as Dirty shoe tree is to?
Itchy scratchy spot is to Spicy icy hot as Touchy bitchy feel is to?
Raspberry cupboard surface is to Applecart heart attacks as Windswept cotton tunnels are to?
Smart part gene is to Tart dart thrown as Fart chart needed is to?  
Heartless monster costume is to Clueless mobster excuse as Mindless spinster rip-off is to?  
CD needy kid is to Seedy weed lid as Speedy greedy gringo is to?
Preppy hippie laptop is to Happy puppy crap as Speedy remedy ads are to?
Relaxing composer napping is to Reflex composure app as Complex exposure setting is to?
Comet tail comb is to Comma dash combo as Combat ball camp is to?
Madman mentalist listing is to Menthol mentor torment as Menagerie mending vendor is to?
Tin man semen is to Yemen plant stamen as All good women are to?
Piedmont pie platter is to Piecework pier pliers as Earthy beach sandals to?
To the store is to To the bank as Go to school to is to?
Outside sidebar budging is to Landslide sideline fudge as Graveside sidekick boxer is to?
Duck trumpet holder is to Moose flower stem as Beaver flute solo is to?
Donald cruises seas are to Tom ducks keys as Porky corked Stalin is to?
Hope shimmering ray is to Love sparked glimmer as Ultra glamour fashion is to?
Hunter ranged wilderness is to Pouring flowered tea as Mirrored smoking whistles are to?
Spoon valley calling is to Folding moon telescope as Holdup cream meeting is to?
Cars that roll though sticky sod are to Jousters sprung on fractured taras Sparking arks that sway and rock are to?
Sales are sold as they sell is to Tales unfold as we tell as Cities swell with the sea is to?
Wink won’t blink if he stinks is to Lance won’t boil if he foils asTom wont romp if he stomps is to ?
Flip won’t flip if he flops is to Skip won’t skip on a ship as Ned won’t wed in a shed is to?
A train of twin world twine is to A plane of spinning time tops as A ship of shifting sands is to ?
Sales are sold as they sell is toTales unfold as they tell as Cities swell when seas are jealous is to?

Keith Collard Jun 2013

The Quest for the Damsel Fish  by Keith Collard

Author's  Atmosphere

On the bow of the boat, with the cold cloud of the dismal day brushing your back conjuring goose bumped flesh you hold an anchor.  For the first time, you can pick this silver anchor up with only one hand and hold it over your head. It resembles the Morning Star, a brutal medieval weapon that bludgeons and impales its victims.  Drop it into the dark world beyond the security of your boat--watch the anchor descend.
        Watch this silver anchor--this Morning Star--descend away from the boat and you, it becomes swarmed over with darkness.  It forms a psycho-metallic grin at first as it sinks, then the sinking silver anchor takes its last shape at its last visible glimpse.  It is so small now as if it could be hung from a necklace.  It is a silver sword.  
Peering over the side of the boat, the depths collectively look like the mouth of a Cannibalistic Crab, throwing the shadows of its mandibles over everything that sinks down into it--black mandibles that have joints with the same angle of a Reaper's Scythe.  

I am scared looking at this sinking phantasm.  I see something from my youth down there in this dark cold Atlantic.  I see the silver Morning Star again, now in golden armor.  I remember a magnificent kingdom, in a saltwater fish tank I had once and never had again.  A tropical paradise that I see again as I stare down into the depths.  This fish tank was so beautiful with the most beautiful inhabitants who I miss.  Before I could lift the silver anchor--the Morning Star--over my head with only one hand, turning gold in that morning sun-- I was a boy who sat indian style, cross legged--peering into this brilliant spectacle of light I thought awesome.  I thought all the darkness of home and the world was kept at bay by this kingdom of light...

Chapter  1 Begins the Story

The Grey Skies of Mass is the Name of This Chapter.

                                                      ­­                        
    
 Air, in bubbles--it was a world beauty of darkness revealed in slashes of light from dashing fluorescent bulbs overhead this fish tank.
Silver swords of fluorescent energy daring to the bottom, every slash revealing every color of the zodiac--from the Gold of Scorpio to the purple of Libra combining into the jade of the Gemini. 
In the center, like a dark Stonehenge were rocks. The exterior rocks had tropical colors like that of cotton candy, but the interior shadows of the rocks that was the Stonehenge, did not possess one photon of light. The silver messengers of the florescent energy from above would tire and die at their base.  The shadows of the Stonehenge rocks would stand over them as they died.

 
          When the boy named Sake climbed the rickety wood stairs of the house, he did so in fear of making noise, as if to not wake each step.
   Until he could see the glowing aura of his fish tank then he would start down that eerie hall, With pictures of ghosts and ghosts of pictures staring down at him as he walked down that rickety hallway of this towering old colonial home.  He hurried to the glowing tank to escape the black and white gazing picture frames.
                    The faint gurgling, bubbling of the saltwater tank became stronger in his ear, and that sound guided him from the last haunt of the hallway-- the empty room that was perpendicular to  his room.   He only looked to his bright tank as soon as he entered the hallway from the creaky wooden steps.  Then he proceeded to sit in front of this great tropical fish tank in Indian style with his legs folded over one another as children so often would sit.
  The sun was setting.  The reflections from the tank were beginning to send ripples down the dark walls. Increasing  wave after wave reflecting down his dark walls.  He thought they to be seagulls flapping into the darkness until they were overcome as he was listening to the bubbling water of his tank.
                " Hello my fish, hello Angel, hello Tang, hello  Hoomah, hello Clown and hello Damsel … and hello to you Crab...even though I do not like you," he said in half jest not looking at the crab in the entrance of the rocks.  The rocks were the color of cotton candy, but the interior shadows did not possess a photon of luminescence.  All other shadows not caused by the rocks--but by bright swaying ornament--were like the glaze on a candy apple--dark but delicious.  Besides the crab's layer in the rock jumble at the center of the tank which was a Stonehenge within a Stonehenge--the tank was a world of bright inviting light.
                The crab was in its routine,  motionless in the entrance to his foyer, with his scythe-like claws in the air, in expectation of catching one of the bright fish someday.  For that reason the boy tried to remove the crab in the past, but even though the boy was fast with his hand, the optical illusion of the tank would always send his hand where the crab no longer was.  He did not know how to use two hands to rid the crab in the future by trapping and destroying the Cannibal Crab ;  his father, on a weekend visit, gave the Crab to the boy to put into the bright world of the saltwater tank, which Sake quickly regretted.  His father promised him that the Crab would not be able to catch any of the fish he said " ...crabs only eat anything that has fallen to the bottom or each other..."

         A scream from the living room downstairs ran up the rickety wood and down the long hall and startled the boy.  His mother sent her shrieks out to grab the boy, allowing her to not have to waste any time nor calorie on her son; for she would tire from the stairs, but her screams would not, allowing her to stay curled up on the couch.  If she was not screaming for Sake, she was talking as loud as screams on the phone with her girlfriends.  The decibels from her laugh was torture for all in the silent house.   A haughty laugh in a gossipy conversation, that overpowered the sound of the bright tropical fish tank in Sake's room that was above and far opposite her in the living room.
               " Sake you have to get a paper-route to pay for the tank, the electricity bill is outrageous," she said while not taking her eyes off the TV and her legs curled up beside her.  He would glad fully get a paper-route even if it was for a made up reason.  He turned to go, and looked back at his mother, and a shudder ran through him with a new thought:  someday her appearance will match her voice.  

              Upon reaching his tank,  Hoomah was trying to get his attention as always.  Taking up pebbles in his big pouty pursed lips and spitting them out of his lips like a weak musket.  The Hoomah was a very silly fish, it looked like one of Sake’s aunts, with too much make up on, slightly overweight, and hovering on two little fins that looked incapable of keeping it afloat, but they did.  The fins reminded him of the legs of his aunt--skinny under not so skinny.’

               The Tang was doing his usual aquanautics , darting and sailing was his trick.  He was fast, the fastest with his bright yellow triangular sail cutting the water.  Next was the aggressive Clown fish, the boy thought she was always aggresive because she didn't have an anemone to sleep on.  The Clown was strong and sleek with an orange jaw and body that was built like a tigress.
  Sake thought something tragic about the body if the  orange Clown and the three silver traces that clawed her body as decoration -they reminded him of the incandescent orange glow of a street lamp being viewed through the rainy back windshield of a car.   The Clown fish was a distraction that craved attention.
The Clown would chase around some of the other fish and jump out of the water to catch the boy's eye. 
                 Next is the Queen Angel fish, she is the queen of the tank, she sits in back all alone, waving like a marvelous banner, iridescent purple and golden jade.  Her forehead slopes back in a French braid style that streams over her back like a kings standard waving before battle, but her standard is of a house of beauty, and that of royal purple.

                    Lastly is the Damsel Fish, the smallest and most vulnerable in the tank.  She has royal purple also, rivaling the queen. Her eyes are lashed but not lidded like the Hoomah.  Her eyes are elliptical, and perhaps the most human, or in the boy’s opinion, she is the most lady like, the Hoomah and the Queen Angel come to her defence if she is chased around by the Clown.  Her eyes penetrate the boys, to the point of him looking away.  

                      Before the tank, in its place in the corner was a painting, an oil painting of another type of Clown donning a hat with orange partial make-up on his face (only around eyes nose and mouth there was ghost white paint) and it  had two tears coming down from its right eye.  The Clown painting was given to him by his mother, it seems he could not be rid of them, but Sake at first was taken in by the brightness of the Clown, and the smooth salacious wet look of the painting. it looked dripping, or submerged, like another alternate reality.  The wet surreal glaze of the painting seemed a portal, especially the orange glow of the Clown's skin without make-up.  .  If he tried to remember of times  before the Clown painting that preceded the Clown fish, he thought of the orange saffron twilight of sunset, and watching it from the high window from his room in the towering house.  How that light changed everything that it touched, from the tree tops and the clouds, to even the dark hallway leading up to his room.  The painting and the Clown fish did not feel the same as those distant memories of sunset, especially the summer sunset when his mother would put him to bed long before the sun had set.  
Sake did not voice opposition to the Clown.
Then he was once again trapped by the Clown.  
            The boy was extremely afraid of this painting that replaced the sunsets , being confined alone with it by all those early bedtimes.
Sake once asked his mother if he could take it down, whereas she said " No."  That clown would follow him into his dreams, always he would be down the hill from the tall house on the hill, trying to walk back to the house, but to walk away or run in a dream was like walking underwater or in black space, and he would make no distance as the ground opened up and the clown came out of the ground hugging him with the pryless grip of eight arms.  He would then wake up amid screams and a tearful hatted clown staring somberly down at him from the wall where it was hung.  Night made him fear the Clown painting more;  that ghost white make-up decorating around the eyes and mouth seeming to form another painting in entirety.  He could only look at the painting after a while when the lights were on, and the wet looking painting was mostly orange from the skin, neck, and forearms of the hat wearing clown.  But the painting is gone now, and the magnificent light display of the tank is there now.  

                Sake pulled out the fish food, all the fish bestirred in anticipation of being fed.  The only time they would all come together; and that was to mumble the bits of falling flakes: a chomp from the Clown, a pucker from the Hoomah, the fast mumble of the Tang, and the dainty chew of the Damsel.  The Queen Angelfish would stay near the bottom, and kiss a flake over and over.   She would not deign herself to go into a friendly frenzy like the other fish; she stayed calm, yet alluring like a flag dancing rhythmically in the breeze, but never repeating the same move as the wind never repeats the same breeze.  She is the only fish to change colors.  When the grey skies of Mass emit through every portal in the house at the height of its bleakness, her colors would turn more fantastic, perhaps why she is queen.

                 He put his finger in the top of the watery world; the warmth was felt all the way up his arm.  After feeding, his favorite thing to do was to trace his finger on the top of the warm water and have the Damsel follow it. She loved it, it was her only time to dance, for the Clown would descend down in somewhat fear ( or annoyance) of the boys finger, and the Damsel and he would dance.  The boy, thought that extraordinary.

                     Sake bedded down that night, to his usual watery world of his room.  The reflective waves running down the walls like seagulls of light, with the rhythmic gurgling sound and it's occasional splash of the Clown, or the Hoomah swooping into the pebbly bottom to scoop up some pebbles for spitting making the sound "ccchhhhh" --cachinging  like a distant underwater register.  The tank’s nocturne sound was therapeutic to the boy.

                      Among waking up, and being greeted by his sparkling treasure tank--that was always of the faintest light in the morning due to the grey skies of Mass coming through every portal to lessen the tropical spectrum-- the boy would render his salutations " Good morning my Hoomah.....good morning Tang, my Damsel, and your majesty Queen Angel.....and so forth.  Until the scream would come to get him, and he would walk briskly past the empty room and the looming family pictures of strangers.  His mother put him to work that day, to "pay for the fish tank" but really to buy her a new cocktail dress for her nightly forays.  The boy did not care, the tank was his sun, emitting through the bleak skies of Mass, and even if the tank was reduced to a haze by the overcast of his life, it only added a log to the fire that was the tropical world at night, in turn making him welcome the dismal day.
                  On a day, when the overcast was so thick, he felt he could not picture his rectangular orb waiting for him at night. He had trouble remembering what houses to deliver the paper.  He delivered to the same house three times.  Newspapers seemed to disappear in his hands, due to their color relation to the sky.   Leaves were falling from the trees—butterfly like—he went to catch one, he missed--a first. For Sake could walk through dense thorned brambles and avoid every barb, as a knight in combat or someone’s whose heart felt the painful sting of the barb before.  He would stand under a tree in late fall, and roll around to avoid every falling leaf, and pierce them to the ground deftly with a stick fashioned as a sword.  He could slither between snow flakes, almost like a fish nimbly avoiding small flakes.  
                  After he finished his paper-route , he went to his usual spot under an oak tree to fence with falling leaves.  As the other boys walked by and poked fun he would stall his imagination, and look to the brown landscape of the dry fall.  The crisp brown leaves of the trees were sword shapes to him.  He held the battle ax shape of the oak leaf over his eye held up by the stick it was pierced through, and spied the woodline through the sinus of the oak leaf lobe.  The brown white speckled scenery, were all trying to hide behind eachother by blending in bleakfully; he pretended the leaf was Hector’s helmet from the Illiad—donned over his eyes.
“ Whatchya doing Sake?” asked a young girl named Summer.  Sake only mumbled something nervously and stood there.  And a pretty Summer passed on after Sake once again denied himself of her pretty company.  He looked to the woodline again, a mist was now concealing the tall apical trees.  It now looked like the brown woodland was not trying to retreat behind eachother in fall concealment, but trying to emerge forth out of the greyness to say "save us."

“ Damgf” he uttered, and could not even grasp a word correctly.  His head lifted to the sky repeatedly, there was no orb, and the shadows were looming larger than ever; fractioned shadows from tree branches were forming scythes all over the ground.
             He entered the large shadow that was his front door, into the house that rose high into the sky, with the simplicity of Stonehenge.  He climbed the rickety petrified stairs and went down the hall.  Grey light had spotlighted every frame on the wall.  He looked into the empty room, nothingness, then his room, the tank seemed at its faintest, and it was nearing twilight.  He walked past the tank to look out the window;  the back side of the house seemed like a tower, being on a hill it was dizzying to look down this side.  He felt like the only boy in the world, he could see off distant,  grey  clouds were overtaking the tree tops and buildings.  Out his door in the hallway were shadows painting  the portraits black, and the dust that was swimming in front of the empty room— came together to resemble a flowing Sunday dress, as if it was underwater.  He slammed the door, and closed his blinds, turning off the light.  The waves came back, the gurgling was stronger, and then he sat Indian style in front of his tank.  He was alerted to something wrong.  
            The Tang was there, Clown, Angel, and Hoomah but no Damsel. Looking in the usual refugiums of the Damsel, she was not there.  His eyes lowered to the rock alter--pink on the top, a multitude of dark polygonal faces on its facade..  In the main shadow, there motionless, the dark crab, unblinking with both it's scythe claws upward.  In its grasp the Damsel, writhing and squirming, but it was firmly grasped by the tail.  His hand plunged down, and grabbed at a mirage, the crab had already retreated with the Damsel.  
          He wanted to plunge his fist in into the dark alter of rocks, but was afraid of the murkiness.  His hand felt the coldness near those rocks, and the hair-like touch of algae growing on the inside of the rocks.  " She's gone," he whispered to himself.  All the fish floated in a baffled muse staring at the boy.  The clown hid in the back, the boy knew the clown was the cause of this.  
                    He felt he was sinking to the bottom of the sea.  Out of his brooding darkness, gliding specters swam up to him, and stared at him as he sunk away.  He felt the tremendous undertow of huge things swimming by.  
The grey skies of Mass outside had made its way into his house, completely filling up his room.  He felt like he reached the bottom of the cold dismal sea while the grey filled to the top of his room. The tropical tank was but a faint shining fishing lure in the monochrome of his mind, a mind that relied on the palette of a bright world to emit some light--  
               His mother's scream woke him from his misty malaise, he walked down the long hall, staring at the pictures this time, the black and white pictures started to disappear with the onset of the grey skies  that were of the same color. The rickety stairs creaked with an all new slowness from his tread.  They sounded like muffled moaning from fathoms.
                     " You need to give me more money for the tank, it is costing more," said his mother deceivingly.  Her heart was caught by another shoe or dress, the boy knew.  He assented and added , " I'll give more money, and turn off the tank."  He left, his mother too bestial and short sighted to be perplexed.  Two days surpassed, he did not feed the fish, nor clean the tank, and then he unplugged it, silence came over the room.  He went to bed at a sunset that was not there.  He held up a dried oak leaf, and placed it upside down on the glass over the grey expanse, the oak leaf looked like a Trojan helmet staring down the bleak expanse, but then Sake crumpled it, and let it fall like flakes of fish food.
  He thought of the Clown fish, and he thought of the old painting.  Slowly and slowly he fell into sleep,  slight liquid disturbances were heard, from the fish trying to get his attention--  the pebbles chinged  from  the Hoomah; but they have betrayed him, letting his Damsel be snatched up, her elliptic eyes disappearing into that cave--and he had failed too. Now he had no escape from the grey skies of Mass.
            More and more, the drip drop sound became louder, Sake who was in half sleep—rolled around on his bed. He pictured a giant crashing tear in his sleepy daze--he fell  fully into sleep.  Nightmares haunted him, he looked and looked for the Damsel in impenetrable grey light, until he came upon a dark portal, and he was too afraid to enter.  He suddenly missed the other fish, and called out to them. "I’m sorry my fish, come back."  His words were gargled in the dream-state, and he could not move as he intended to.  
                  The image of the Damsel disappearing into the rock alter, slowly as a sandbar is overtaken at high tide made him wake mid scream.  The reflecting light was running down his walls again, the sound of the tank echoed off his walls as if he was in an underwater cave.  The tank was on, and lit somehow, and the crab was in the entrance again with the Damsel in its claws.  The air in his room was distorted, like the area above the surface of something hot; the dust particles swam around as if in liquid light; every time he blinked the tank was closer to him.  It was also growing bigger, merging into the room with the mandibles and fore claws of the black crab spreading around his vision.
             Sake froze in fear ; the seagulls of light increased down his walls, the gurgling became incessant; he crawled under his comforter and closed his eyes.  All sound stopped.  He opened his eyes, and threw off his comforter, his bed was gone and he was standing.  No longer in the same world.

Chapter 2 The Land Of Chimes

"O what can ail thee, knight-at-arms,
Alone and palely loitering?
The sedge has withered from the lake,
And no birds sing."--La Belle Dame Sans Merci, Keats

He felt millions of firm but gentle breezes gliding past his body from all points of the compass.  The sound was source less--the sound of an indefatigable exhale.   Was he in his bedroom still? No, he was in a cave.  In an opening like that of a nave of a church, or a foyer, with a high ceiling of jumbled rock with cat-holes of light that came through as spot lights.  Under his foot were pink and red pebbles that suddenly glowed brighter, then waned, as if a tree branch was above it swaying-- but there was only rock.  
          “Where am I?" he tried to say to himself, but his words were unintelligible to himself.  He went to move his hand to his mouth, and missed his face completely and very slowly.   Looking around at the dark shadows that lined the bottom of the foyer like dark portals, he felt as if he was in a school's foyer awaiting punishment from a principle.
                 He looked up at the upper walls, the dark cavities looked like eyes, blackened hollow eyes.  Behind him, a portal had grey light coming into it; possibly the outside entrance—he thought.  He made his way, slowly and confusedly, he could not walk properly. I must be dreaming.   He heard eerie echoes from one of the dark portals—almost like sobbing stretched painfully to laughing.   He attempted to walk to the sound , loneliness beckoned him.   His feet sinking in the pebbles, with the fractioned light waving off the bottom and be speckling the dark rocks above him-- he reached the dark entrance ; the abutting rocks swaying with green algae to an undetectable breeze-- he felt the air grow colder.  This is just a dream, he told himself in order to brave the dark entrance, but his words were jumbled.  He then clumsily walked into the portal, toward the sound--hoping it would be something that would hug him in this scary cavern, and assuage his fear and lonlieness.  He looked at the sides of the rock portal as he grabbed onto them to walk, and was frightened deeply, he felt the complicity of the rocks, as if they served as the tools in a pagan sacrificial chamber, with the sacrifice paid by the opposite of the uncaring, planet old, jagged rocks--and what came to Sake's mind, was feminine glass smooth beauty.  " Help me," Sakes mind said, as that thought induced in his mind, but he did not address it to anyone, and so get's returned to sender.

Coldness seized Sake, he took under ten steps but he felt fathoms away from the foyer.    The sound changed drastically—a drilling sound, as if a distant shuttle was departing the bright earth’s gravitational field and into the starry sky.  The chamber was empty, with eye-like cavities running up  walls flickering with green algae.  The algae and the red pebbles on the cavern floor were the only way he could see; they created a contrast with the darkness that was perceptible, but most of all the ground was not dark. He heard a voice again coming from another cavern.  
He stumbled, almost falling just to get to the other entrance to find another human being in this unknown place.  The entrance filed down to a rock hallway, the algae touched his forearm, he pulled back from the silica feel.   The rock jumble wall stopped, and he turned the corner.  Colder than the previous cavern by a degree, but a lip bluing degree-- tiger stripes rippled in vertical reflections along the walls, giving the cavities momentary and replenishing reptile eyes.  He could not make out anything in the chamber, it was bigger than the proceeding one and it did not have green algae nor red pebbles.  
In the center of the cavern was a fire, dying down only to kindling, then back up in a yellow flash that lit up the chamber like a flare, and shrinking  down again as the tiger stripe reflections returned on the walls: as if the fire in the center was running out of energy.  The fire lured the boy before he knew he was moving towards it; it was a beacon in a world of darkness.  He neared…the beacon spoke , “ Hey you, help me, get this trap off me.”
  “ Mmmgmgglllloooo” came out of the boy’s mouth, even if he could have spoken he would have been unintelligible still from sheer shock.  The radiance shined brilliantly, not at all blinding to the eye, but the opposite; the fire was the size of him.
“Hurry up Cucumber, before they come back,  bite down right here,” said a long needle mouthed  flickering flame . Sake just sat there staring at the glowing, rippling form.  “  “ Hurry up you stupid cucumber, I can still find the Damsel--”
Sake felt the cold on him again, around the intensifying luminescence of the fire;  a droning sound, that was distant yet audible became known—almost like druidical monks conducting a ceremony underwater in a black cauldron.  The Damsel is still alive... he mumbled to himself, shaking nervously.  He saw the net only when the fire died down, it was cinched through a eyelet with a weight like tackle, he pulled one side of the working end and with his other hand loosened the cinch of the net on the fire.   The fire was in utter surprise at the boy’s method of rescue.  “ I never seen a cucumber with claws,” a  yellow circle forming a mouth said as the monkish droning became louder.  “ Come on, the Damsel must be here,” it said as it rose off the floor, hovering , rippling in the air---brightening the immediate vicinity.
The fire darted away from the boy and into the next chamber, Sake watched as the rippling torch flew off into the other opening abandoning him, and hurried after it--afraid the darkening cavern was going to devour him.  He mumbled and stumbled after it—the mumbles would have been shrieks and cries if translated.  As he passed a cavity in the wall he noticed something bright down deep in it, like a white hot stone from a fire thrown into a well.
He chased after the talking torch. “ Damoiselle, where art thou?” the giant torch yelled.  The droning was becoming ominously thicker; he could not keep up as he watched the torch disappear into another chamber.  Suddenly the cavern started to brighten.  The light was coming from somewhere hidden.  Seeing movement, Sake looked up at the far wall of the cave, the mumble  “ Mmmblllerrf,” translated to “ Uh Oh.”
First alerted to the movement by the swaying green algae on the far wall, he noticed a more spasmodic motion that was the converse of the rhythmic and mindless algae.  It moved again, the purple outline came into view with the sparkle of a diamond being turned in the hand—for the deep purple mirrored sideways against each other—was blinking.  My Damsel, said his startled mind.
The searching torch in his hot neon negligence did not see the wall that captured the Damsel , searching other chambers in flickering haste, sounding the dark cavern with taunts and yells—blinded by anger.  Sake took a step closer to the wall, then heard a ‘click ‘noise over the monkish droning of the foreboding cavern.  The rest of the outline from the Damsel’s tail came into view.
The protrusion at the base of the rock jumble wall was not a rock, but a giant crab with both its black scythe claws up in the air as if conducting a ceremony in a lifeless stare, as if it had been in dark polluted harbor sludge for eternity.  One claw clutched the almost lifeless Damsel around the yellow band she had on her tail fin, the other was held around her body.  It looked ready to close on the purple-diamond-studded corset that was the Damsel’s body.  The smaller rock jumble stacked above and on the back of the large crab, was made of smaller crabs, packed tightly—with their baby scythes sticking out.  ‘Click’ He now knew where that sound was coming from.  It was the open claw, clicking closer to the Damsel’s body.  ‘ Click.’  The claw was three clicks away. All the little stacked crabs on the wall closed their claws at the same time as if snapping to attention: reminiscent of a black clawed iron maiden--that sent chills down Sake’s spine in the already ice cold cavern.  He stepped closer, the giant dark crab’s mouth –hooks and scissors—looked like a  carousel of torture.  ‘ Click.’  Only one click away from the Damsel.  Sake could reach out and touch her, but the wall of scythes scared him to immobility.  He closed his eyes and looked away in anticipation of the fatal click.
He heard a different sound, a “ clack,” as if the claw was opening back up.  He was looking at the back wall away from the wall of rhythmic algae adorning the snare-trap-still crabs.  The crevices in the far wall now looked like deep recesses, the eye shaped recesses now had pupils—glowing white hot dots.  He looked back at the crab, the claw was all the way open again, but then ‘click’ and it started the process over.  Sake looked away.  If he could only walk correctly he could run to the wall save her.  He could not do it with his eyes closed, it scared him too much.  He looked back at the wall, the pupils in the crevices were glowing brighter, almost getting angrier.  They dilated, glowing white hot.  Then the eyes emitted a white hot pebble attached to an arching branch.  Hundreds of glowing stones came out of the walls, then the branch that held them slowly came forth.  
The corner of the room lit up with color, it was the torch returning from its search.  “ Run Cucumber, they are coming,” it said to Sake has it rippled past him.  
He began to see what  the branches coming out of the walls were attached to, a silvery metallic scowl of a fish’s head.  And that fish was the Deep Sea Viper.  The whole wall was a ’grin with shiny and rusty razor blades.  Sake suddenly felt fathoms deeper, with no chance of hope.  
The torch was flying  past him, Sake grabbed onto the bright blur that was cool to the touch, and held on for dear life as he looked back at the chamber fill up with rusty (or blood stained)metal  of hundreds of Deep Sea Viper.  They all turned there razor over-bites in unison at the fleeing morsels, and shrugged off their lethargy, remembering their proclivity—to devour.
“ Let go of me Cucumber….” Said the fire, as he took the wrong direction back to the foyer.   “Mmmmblerf,” cried Sake to tell him it was the wrong direction.  The Vipers darted down the rock hall, scraping and sparking off the rocks, they were fast.  Sake saw what it was that dangled from their foreheads, he thought it was a glowing shrimp, but it was a glowing skull—their lure.  As soon as the silver filled up the hall and Sake could see the Viper’s black dead eyes up close, he let out a muffled scream and the torch picked up speed, turning and twisting at 90 degree angles, then soaring down a straightaway only to turn again.  The fire’s soaring speed was kept down by the turns, and that was a good thing for the boy, his grip barely held on at the roller-coaster speeds.
  Sake  could not bear to look at his assailants anymore, he looked forward—but that was just as daunting.  The fire flew at jagged walls, only to turn at the last second—Sake could feel the green algae’s cool wet touch on him as the fire pivoted and darted down the rock halls.  If the vipers were a mustang cobra, then the torch was the fire in the cylinder, unhindered by chassis—fast as an explosion.
They came into a cavern that had red and white pebbles as ground, but to sheer horror, the only exit out of the room was emitting the metallic silver light and a painful scraping sound.  “ We’re trapped”, said the fire but the boy pointed to the high walls that had a cat hole and was emitting grey light.  “ I cannot climb that high with you on my back.”  Sake got off and started climbing the wall , which was easier than walking on level ground.  To the boy’s surprise, the fire could not go upward in the same speed as it went horizontal.  The chamber started filling up with clashing armour, which was the vipers scraping into eachother as the fire was rippling upward slowly .  Sake reached there first, and was silhouetted by the light coming from the other side, he grabbed hold of the bright creature that was having difficulty rippling upwards, and pulled it up and into the narrow passage.   As soon as the fire was on level ground it shot forward pushing the boy out of the narrow passage as if the fire was the primer and the boy a bullet just as the vipers were filling into the tunnel; before Sake knew it, he was falling down into the foyer.
Sake looked beside him, the torch in dark caverns, was a magnificent Tang in light.  The Tang startled himself up,, the vipers were coming still.  “ Get on Cucumber,” said the Tang, and the boy  climbed on clumsily putting a foot on the Tang’s face.  “ You oaf,” his voice almost honked from the boy’s foot in his nose—a saxon nose in human scale that gave the bright creature an utmost humanness and its scales on the downward taper of his forehead resembling a slicked back neon hair.
The yellow neon fish exhaled after feeling the boy’s full weight, “ you must be one of those coral cucumbers,” he said exasperated. The sparking sound was closing.  The Tang cracked his body like a whip, and gave the boy a momentary vertigo ; the powerful ripple distorted the air behind them, and sent a seismic ripple through the pebbly ground; the closing vipers were knocked into shock.  Sake watched the grey light of the entrance coming at him as the barrel of a cannon, as the incendiary round that was the Tang shot forth with its payload of mumbling boy.  ; they shot out of the opening and the landscape opened up,  he looked back, the cave was retreating from proximity with the imperceptible increments of low tide--even at high velocity.
He hung onto the streaming hair of the Tang with all his might, which was severly weakened in this new land.  The ground below his feet took the form of liquid metal at high speed; the surrounding landscape was a nuance of grey on silver.    “ What were you doing in Crabaltar, that is no place for cucumbers, in all my journeys around the Saccade, I have not seen one like you… have you seen any other knights?” said the aerodynamic face, unaware that his passenger could barely hold on let alone answer him.
The boy’s legs were streaming in the wake.  Wind that was so thick that it was causing the boy to smile, was forcing him off the inverted saddle.  “ Slooooow dooown….” he yelled, but  even if it was unjumbled, it was absorbed by the dense streaming wind.  The yellow streak  that the boy was falling off of even had words that were aerodynamic, “ I must come back another time, it will be dark soon and much colder, the vipers can go much further when it is cold, but at least I have brought back a nice cucumber for the queen…
“ I am the only to make it out of Crabaltar alive, someone has laid a trap in there, that is how I was captured, they are lucky I was traveling without my cuirass, I wonder how the Hoomah is doing, if he is the hunter that he says he is….. I say, I never saw a cucumber with starfish on it, you will be a rarity in the Coral Kingdom…and a mighty fine present for the Queen” the speed talker did not notice that the boy’s starfish were losing their grip.  “ Blllrrrrffff” the boy’s mouth sputtered, as he lost his grip and fell into the strong slipstream, tumbling over and over until sliding in debris strewn ground slowing his speed before his movement was stopped by a mound of rocks.  He watched as the flame became smaller and smaller, dying down as it disappeared into the grey horizon.  “ Come Back…don’t leave me” he tried to yell, but to no avail.
Running after the Tang’s direction his foot was caught by something and he fell; the sound of melancholic chimes rang into the silent wasteland.  Not seeing what caught his foot, he got up, only to trip again.   This time he saw, but only for a second as the outline of the line sparkled amongst the greyish background.  It was a fishing line of some sort.  He reluctantly scanned his environment and goose bumps flared up on his skin.
The level plane was studded with mounds of rust colored rocks, choked and strangled with silver line, and stabbed all over with barbed hooks.  Metallic scales littered the ground, with slices of rust color seeping up between the wreckage.  It looked as if a great battle took place, and the good guys lost.   He stepped on the metallic ground and a depressing chime sound emitted then was swallowed by the bleak expanse.  At that point he saw a shadow exhibit over the ground, moving sinuously and fast, it then disappeared.  Try to keep my steps on the rust-- his instinct ordered him.

The direction the Tang was going was already lost by the boy after he tripped on the line. “ No, no , no” he cried, only to be horrified to what his words were converted to in echo by the burial grounds he was in--” lay down don’t fight it.”
  He set off in the direction he presumed, passing foreboding mounds and webs of strung diamond line.  His foot yanked a line, and a hook the size of its target (his head) whistled through the air at him, he ducted and it sunk into a mound, piercing both ends into the rock torso.  Metallic scales covered the rock’s head, a head  of a stainless steel-osprey with no eyes.  His heart raced as he fell back, stepping on the scales that rang like a lonely chime ornamenting a grave.  The shadow on the ground appeared again, then disappeared, causing Sake to look above him in expectance of a monster, but nothing was above  in the sky that resembled the depths.
“ Ugggrrrh” he muttered as he tried to balance his steps, to steer clear of the metallic scales and the diamond lines that could wrap around and strangle him if not for his slow gait.  He passed a lobster trap, in industrial dimensions, two bars were bent away from each other.  He shuddered then tripped again, the diamond line wrapped up his shin like a reel, but it did not have a hook on the end, only a weight, Sake could not get it off, and so left it.
He felt like something was watching him, even worse, following him--on top of the feeling that the scales would assemble themselves into Vipers, and the lurking thing high above him would dive down on him. Getting nowhere fast, he sat down, and started crying.  His tears swam out of his eyes, and collided with a mound—embedding  the word 'beloved' in the mound altar as if the tears were chiseled dates, that then leaked downword forming the sentence “ lay down to rest.”  A carousel came to the boys mind, for trident hooks and lures dangled out and away from the mound.
Out of the corner of his eye he thought he saw some color, “ please let some color or light come, please” he cried, putting his head in his hands.  Then he saw it, through his arms, two hovering yellow half circles, that retracted sharply into nothing.  The color looked out of place, he stood  to survey  what he thought he saw, “ who’s there?” he gurgled, but nothing stirred.  He turned now, to put distance between him and the apparition. " PING" He stepped on a scale that chimed ominously in the cryptic landscape bedecked with sepulchers of rock mound in all form of strangulation; he was not stepping with care now.  He looked back to see a faint portion of yellow before it disappeared.  “ Who are you, what do you want?” he yelled and pointed at his follower.  Then the two yellow half circles returned and then quickly disappeared, confirming his suspicion.  Then it spoke,
“Sponge, keep your mumblings down, you are going to attract Viper, or let alone the Mahi Mahi. What are you doing so far away from the Coral Kingdom, in this cold wasteland?....nevermind that, I do not speak sponge…do not fear me…”  The flitting half circles then seemed to move horizontally and upward; under one of the yellow half circles now ran a yellow paint streak conjoined with a pink one.  Metal scales bound together like chain mail fell to the ground off the apparition.  Sake now saw what the two yellow half circles were--two eyelids, and then saw the crescents of shock white and yellow on the body that was attached to the face that had pastel war paint.  It was the Hoomah who cloaked himself by covering up his tropical streaks with the viper scales, for in between his streaks of pink, yellow and white was his body color of grey—which already blended in perfectly with cemetery bleakness of the landscape.
Ecstatic at not being alone, the boy approached the hovering Hoomah, with its two small wings not flapping, for they had the proportion of a T-Rex’s arm is to its body, and could not viably keep the powerful stout Hoomah in the air, but paid heed to an old custom and now just rippled in the slow manner of a boxer snapping his knuckles.  Gravity was not the same in this dark world, with distant constellations of neon plasma and the hovering Hoomah confirmed that fact.  He was double the size of the Tang, and had  lipstick of yellow which he sucked in when cloaking himself.   A boxers nose was on the declivity of the long snout, in human scale, also giving presentation to rugged humanhood, . 
 The giant lips spoke,” Sponge, go in that direction, hurry before the lights set and the Vipers come, it is already getting late for it is much colder--.”
Sake just wanted to hug the magnificent hovering body, and stay with him, but the large lidded eyes looked at him, as if to say “easy sponge,” so the boy backed off.  But he did not want to leave his presence and the direction the Hoomah gestured was foreboding with its strangled mounds and giant prisons of lobster traps.  “ Oooh, it’s getting colder,’ the Hoomah shuddered, “ Now go Sponge,  the Mahi Mahi already heard your clumsy chimes,” but the boy did not listen, just gurgled idiotically, and in his excitement stepped on another chime, but this chime was Sake’s earlier fear, for it reared its decomposed looking head sheathed in metal blades, and opens its jagged jowl while rousing itself from slumber.  The Hoomah went to one of the mounds, and freed a hook from the mound’s torso with his powerful mouth, as the Viper was recoiling in sadistic joy at the sight of Sake; its overbite of jagged razor poised.  
Sake flinched and put up his arms to guard his face--that the Viper was eying with salivating desire--and gurgled helplessly.  The Viper’s arm length body straightened and shot at its prey, and in turn was preyed upon by the hook that the Hoomah blew at crossbow speed , piercing the viper  with the sharp and dull end through its body sticking it to the torso rock mound.  The Viper made a nasty scream, then fell to pieces, clanging and chiming off the other assorted scales.  The giant shadow re-emerged on the bottom and a distant shriek sounded, that even though afar, had bone-setting captivation; something horrible lurked above in the depths, and came closer with the sound of chimes.
“ I am going to give you a good start Sponge…darkness is almost here, and this place will be swarming with these ,” with those words , the powerful lips that were already cloaked again--for the warrior had donned his camoflauge taken from slayed viper--revealed a bright red tongue inside and suctioned up the boy, and after a deep inhale, blew the boy through the air barreling at catapult speed, but not before hearing from the owner of the blinking yellow eye lids in deep confident tuba baritone , “ Tell our Queen-- I will find her—alright Sponge .”
Chimes rang and then were swallowed up by the desolate land.  A skid trail twenty long was behind him, that connected the flat stainless steel graveyard land to a rolling land he was now in.  Littered still with scale but not dangerous tackle, the piedmont milieu was decorated with more natural objects: shells, conches, and swaying plants of red and blue.  He badly wanted to go back to the Hoomah, who was somewhere behind that grey impenetrable light, and suddenly felt cowardly for being so afraid amongst the stalwart, and for escaping away from the Damsel.    
Off distant, the blue and red plants suddenly started swaying, as if a breeze was snaking a path through them, making its way towards the derelict boy.  Sake braced himself, for what he thought would be a cold breeze, as the nearest plants rose ten feet higher into the air.  No breeze came.  
The foreboding path deterred Sake to traverse to the side of the swaying alley, and as if a breeze had started from his location, arose and went back down the alley, and the once swaying plants became still.  
Standing before a new lane,  the same breeze came, enlivening a new alley of plants, the nearest ones rising into the air.  The boy gulped.  But this was the direction the Hoomah pointed with his snout, so he proceeded.
Chapter 3 A Stunning Land
" This quest is not for thee."--Tennyson, Holy Grail

An almost inaudible whisper came and Sake turned as if he was tapped on the shoulder: “ hope and change I care for you.”   The sound came from a large waving blue plant, but the boy did not see anyone around it.  He resumed his awkward pace, this time a red plant on his right rose up well over his head.  “ family together I work for you.”  The sound had to be coming from inside the plants, Sake looked at the plants, they looked harmless and even inviting with color far different then where he had just been.  He kept to the center of the path well away from the still upright neon plants.  He passed another red plant, “ united with her, love forever.”  He paused to look at this blue plant, it had took the form of a house, a tall house; a mother ,father, and daughter were in the doorway.  “ join us, forever, hope, change.”  The red plant rose up even higher behind him, “Come inside, let us help, unite, forever.”  The red plant took the form of a little girl made up of slithering tendrils.  She animated and started skipping with a pony tail of tendrils streaming .  Sake was mesmerized, he held his arm out to touch the red image made up of adroit tendril, and the image held her hand to him fingertip to fingertip; the girl burned his finger, he brought back his hand and crossed his arms to smother the searing pain.  But the image was still there, “  not leave me here alone Sake come stay in with me.”  Sake walked away down the corridor as goosebumps flared up his back and more plants waved to the air.
“ Son, I am for you, come let give you hug, it’s had  too long, me  your mother  back together,  like old times, now come hug, yes we can.”  The blue tendrils even darkened the 5:00 o’clock stubble on Sake’s father’s face.  Sake was mesmerized, “ You’re not my father,” he whispered to himself unconfidently  as he held out his arms and headed into the blue tendrilled siloutte of his father, “ Good boy, forever, we can,” whispered the plant.  Sake felt the stubble of his  father’s face just like old times, a sting full scratch against his face. But the boy saw something in the center of the waving plant, that was busy assembling most of itself to allure the boy.  “ My promise to-- a whole new land” said the fatherly image with arms going around the boy.  Sake saw what they were in the center of the plants; tendrils that have assembled themselves into coffins, with portholes where one could see skulls with bits and pieces of bright colored scale still on it.  One head opened its jaw to reveal tendrils inside—probing and nestling--sending the boy retreating out of the blue tendrils .  Away from the now upright swaying blue neon plant, he felt the scratchy sting from the stubbly blue beard, and as it flared up, his vision pulsed blue. His finger and his face hurt in alternating turns, as if the plants were in alliance, to not waste a pain receptor of their prey.  Economical.  Sake looked back down the corridor, the plants were almost fighting with each other, like teachers and priests arguing over the souls of children.  They interfere with each other, thought the boy unconsciously.
“Don’t you want be family, and change,” the tendrils were already assembling themselves again as they rose upright.  Sake turned, and hugged the center of the path out of the reach of the red and blue tendrils.  Behind him, a red plant whispered “don’t leave me”, he looked back to see tendrils start to coil around her and drag her back into the center, the person being dragged was the young girl “ Noooo,” Sake yelled, and fell to his knees.  The father image assembled again, yelling “  son, never, forever, come back to past for a better future.”  A door formed and the tentacles acted out someone being dragged inside a room.  Sake turned to move on, a red and blue tear swam out of his eyes in a snakes swim, knotting and crushing itself into obscurity.
He quickened his pace, estimating the length   of the tendrils and walking down the middle out of their reach.  They all rose up as he came before them, “ value me….family first….hope” and as he passed them they could be heard saying “ value, death, forever….depths.”  Some sent beautiful faces out to kiss him, saying “ oh what  marvelous handsome little ….what fine hero  be someday….come  gather  your  insides inside…” They were relatives of his, and so strangers that just made him quicken his pace--at times angling himself like he was doing the limbo, so he would not feel the heated touch of the red and blue plants.
He was almost out of the dangerous corridor.  There was a giant red and blue plant, intertwining to form a mesh gate, leading out of the seductive  alley.  Their tendrils were high and numerous enough to grab the boy;  Sake looked back at all the still slithering apparitions behind him, and decided he could not make it back the way he came. The red and blue intertwined plant  ahead of him was massive,  and foreboding, it was the Magnificent Anemone--it was getting darker out too, the darkening atmosphere brought forth more plants with the buzzing and sputtering  of neon signs being turned on in a bar window, sending a reminiscent chill down Sake’s spine.  A blue tendril sign read “ Damsel,” a red one said “ Ours.”
“ I need armour” he said to himself--a tactic he recalled from his brief encounter with the Hoomah .  The remembrance of the Hoomah, gave him the will to carry on, and shake off the visual stunnings of the anemones.  He feared the Tang, but admired the Hoomah’s wise face with the pastel war paint.
There was plenty of armor lying around: shells, metallic scales, conches, lime green seaweed.  He wrapped his arms and legs with the seaweed, weaved the metallic scales into them using the diamond line that wrapped around his leg like a reel as he tripped over it earlier. He saw a scallop shell inside a plant to his side, he could not get it out without something, for the plants would surely burn him.
As he worked, he felt the slithering tendrils on his shoulder or back, but as soon as he turned in surprise, there was nothing there.  He sawed the diamond line with a jagged shell,  like he was playing the harp.  A melancholic sound emitted,  the tendrils sang in his ear to the tune of his sawing—obliiiiiviooon--they sang, he looked over his shoulder startled—but nothing was there.  His face burned from the neon plant’s stunning, he badly wanted something to protect his face.  Back in the bottleneck of the corridor, where the plants converged dangerously close, where he had been seduced and seared minutes before, was a conch shell and hook the size of Sake’s arm on either side of the alley he realized now.  I do not want to go back there…I cannot,  whimpered Sake as he stared off at the conch.  But the conch beckoned him, with its glowing bone white knuckled fist,  -- looks that looked out of place, and defiant to the neon plants.  
Sake stumbled towards it, mumbling this is gunna suck over and over again.  The plants let him in then re-animated again.  The conch was under a blue plant, the hook a red one.  
“ The outcome not  does look good forever.”  Sake turned round, to see where the voice was coming from.  It was a hospital room, no face could be clearly seen.  They were gathered around someone in the hospital bed with a doctor telling a prognosis.  The image stunned him, his heart palpitated in his chest and he struggled for air.  The hospital bed lowered into a cavern below the anemone, as if a casket being interred. Sake clutched his heart.  “ The court  now session for oblivion.”  The plant behind him turned into a courtroom, with a woman crying at the stand, her face buried in her hands.  “ The divorce is now always, and he is forsaken, always and for oblivion.”  The woman on the tendrilled stand lifted her face, and was streaked with her make-up in a clown like manner.
Sake was immobilized, he should not have come back down the corridor.  He stood, as if a spider bit him, and he was dissolving from the inside, but the painful images came undone, and released the boy.  One tendril even snapped its fingers to awaken him from his stunning. “ Awaken my poor boy,” whispered from all angles of concealment in a woman’s blithe voice.   He aroused, shook his head, remembering his aim, to get armor.
He took step by cautious step for the hook, but still was aloof, his feet were struggling to learn this world’s gravity, an enslaved collage of color on both sides of extreme, oblivion black and the interplanetary blinding lightning color, with the lifeless neutral point the grey metallic scale color of viper.
Expecting the neon red plant, that was a still-picture of a five thousand degree fire to come alive and ensnare him, he moved to the hook the size of a side sword under the red glare—his shadow emblazoned behind him in like a dark socket, outlined by a bright arterial glare; but the plant did not animate, and Sake grabbed the hook, and retreated back to the aisle.  
On the other side of the aisle, the conch sat, in white knuckle defiance staring down the blue plant, almost keeping it at bay.  Sake followed after the barb of the hook in which he led with, and hooked the conch closer to him while keeping his eyes on the blue plant.  He hastened out of the aisle to the opening before the giant magnificent blue-red anemone.  “ I hope this fits” he uttered pathetically as he slipped the smooth opening of the conch over his nose, and as if destined, it locked onto his nose and chin.  He removed it, and with one of the sharp knuckles on his new face mask, he sawed the diamond line on his leg, and through two convenient holes in the conch, he fastened it back onto his face.  It glowed white knuckle hot, and cooled instantly the sting on his face from the blue plant.
“ Much better,” sake said, and to his surprise, his words were converted to a deeper voice, rectified and pressed together from fathoms, and it was sand crystal clear.  He used the hook and released the scallop shell from the site of its demise, but a fated demise for its body would serve as armor for this boy and the world it’s in.
He approached the intermeshing barricade, with the scallop shell held in front of his vulnerable torso, the viper scales shining on his shoulders and limbs, and the conch strapped around his face like a hounds helm; his hands were still vulnerable though, and there were spots not covered by the viper scale, but those spots were padded with extra sea weed.  He lifted his hook to start slashing at the barricade but it began unfurling in the same manner of two tendrilled coral snakes releasing eachother from an interlocking kiss, the more they pulled back the wider they opened and louder they hissed, venom dangled out their fangs, but was actually the illusion of the anemone.  
A long arcade of ornate fluted columns opened up before him  with the live pulsing contour of a dragons throat.   On the slightly unstill columns,  were torches made of the same deadly anemone material, waving with what looked to be red and blue neon tinted deep sea centipedes; legs and incisors opening and closing.  Sake stepped reluctantly into the long hall, and the red and blue tendrils formed overhead and behind him, imitating a bar coming down to lock the two doors to a palace gate.  He gulped.  The plants did not seem to be interested in him, other than drawing him further into the swarming palace.  He stepped at a cautious pace; his hand  still stung from the blue plant which seared him earlier.  As he walked, he looked into the recesses in between the columns—shark bones, with tendrils waving out of sockets as eye lashes-- blinking, dilating, watching the boy.  He looked to the other side: great jaw bones, long since dead, came alive with wicked waving red tongues.  There were knights also, fallen in death, the tendrils polishing their armor as they spoon fed from the remnants that once wore them; a trigger fish was splayed between two columns, bone armor with an indentation that said ‘ Clan Hoomah.”  The other side, a knight propped up—was a butterfly fish, with silver armor indented with ‘ House Of Tang.’
Chandeliers came down from the ceiling, spinning, and emblazoning blue red lozenges on his scallop shield; Sake looked at his shield, it now bared heraldry of a knight dying, and already being buried with dirt by the parents; the motto of the shield said Only Death Shall Set You Free.
The boy looked around in awful trepidation as he passed down the long hall, the light emblazoning the deathful illustration on his shield departed.
  He pulled out the barbed hook from his belt, as he reached a foyer.  The tendrils formed vases, paintings, sculptures of Spartans, Athenians, Romans, all  gesturing for mercy from their unseen slayers.  The stair case formed, and came unrolling down to the boy.  He climbed, with awkward gait.  Every footstep sizzled off the red treads, his shoe tips sizzled from contact with the blue risers.  He picked up his speed to get off the grand staircase before they burned through his shoes.  Upon reaching the top, the first sound other than deadly nestling came, “ Come my boy, ahah, come forth, let me see what a strong brave boy you are,” the sound was coming from directly ahead of him.  
On a couch of red tendril, an orange and white body laid with utmost hedonism.  Fans of blue connected to the side walls , were waving  and cooling off the boy’s addressor.   It was very warm inside, and past the couched madam, were flambeaux torches, that were burning fuel of decomposition.  
An orange clown, lightning bolted with white, laid horizontal on a waving, caressing couch.  A blue tendril came and fed her a flake, a red one wiped her mouth.  “ Oh such cute armor, conch, and viper skin, ahah, such a warrior, even better than the those Hoomah’s.    Come, my boy you must be hungry.”  The drawing room turned its walls into a kitchen, the Clowness got up, a spectacular dress of blue, a french braid of red formed under and above her, her orange nose, in human dimensions wrinkled every time she spoke suggesting snobbery.
  The palace came forth to unfurl her red carpet, as she went up to a red blue stove, with pans that were sizzling with viper bodies in them—their dead eyes bubbling in the heat provided by the plants scorching sting.  “ You must be hungry my brave warrior, that shield is heavy as your legs look, perhaps you would like some poached conch wrapped with seaweed, served on scallop shell.”  As the queen of the red blue palace trailed her flowing dress and flowing French braid, the tendrils formed her arms and picked up the plates, that were of the same variety that made up Sake’s armor, helm and shield.  Sake dropped the long hook, and dropped the shield.  He could be devoured any second, those statues in the earlier foyer, were pleading mercy from the Clowness, and so would he.
“ Are you going to kill me?” asked Sake, and he was surprised to realize that through the conch on his mouth, he could speak bravely and intelligibly in the face of death.  The Clowness laughed, “ kill you, oh poor boy, that would be rude of me,  me and you need each other.  You’re here to rescue the poor Damsel, and stop this ooohh bitter cold from coming , with all this grey, how blazay.”  
The Clowness moved with her wavering blue dress behind her to the other wall, “ The coral kingdom my boy, is what’s at stake, and we cannot let Crabaltar penetrate into the kingdom, but I say, night is falling here, my palace keeps me warm, but my palace likes the cold, and it takes all my power  to hold them back from your warmth, they turn everything bone cold in the end hahaha, you need to get to the warm Coral Kingdom, and fast, for the vipers are coming along with other cold depth creatures.  The Queen is already sick you see,” the tendrils formed to show a magnificent looking Angel fish lying in her bed, with colors turning fantastic.  “ Oh poor queen, and all this wrought after the Damsel disappears into the cold realms.  All those yellow fins, and still they cannot save her,”  the Clowness’  dress wrapped around her tight, her red tendril hair spiraled up, a microphone came forth from her servants, a chandelier came down with stinging fluorescence.
The back wall formed the posture of a red organ ironically, for the whole palace seemed like a thriving organ.  The side wall formed blue drumsticks and banged on blue drums,  the Clowness, looking miraculous and stunning from the boy’s viewpoint, took the blue microphone and said in a transatlantic singing voice: “ Well show me the way, to the next little girl, for if we don’t find that little damsel girl, I’ll tell you we must die.  Oh the viper moon , and we are losing our good old mama queen, and if that little girl has died, from the mahi mahi there will be nowhere to hide, oh show me the way to the next little boy.”  The Clowness stopped, and gathered herself up, lying on her caressing couch exhausted, her slender servants rushing out to her. Sake could see green droplets of what looked like mucus sweat coming from her face and body—be telling something world old of the young Clown.  “ You see boy, someone has to find the Damsel, or coldness will reign, and the coral will petrify, oh how all the bright fish won’t stand a chance against the vipers, they’ll be sought out and devoured. (as she said that, a tendril mimicked the act, with the red tendril being the remains).  No one wants that, and then there is the Mahi Mahi.”
“ What’s the Mahi Mahi? Asked the boy still in the same exact spot, afraid to move.
“Oh the Mahi Mahi, if the vipers and other deep sea creatures rule the night, it is the Mahi Mahi that reigns supreme during the day.  She has a barb in her heart, her lips are studded with a hundred hooks, and her ears dangle line connected to hooks scouring the floor for flesh.  She was scorned, and slithers down from  the depths, when she descends, she screams, and anything that moves, is….(a tendril drew a knife motion across the Clowness’ throat) has a worst fate than my tendrils(the tendrils formed a large cavity somewhat of a stomach with blue tendril inside imitating the scream painting).  No one can remain in place after her tormented scream ahaha.”  The tendrils formed a horrific hook studded fish swallowing down from the depths, with everything scurrying out of the way.  Then they untangled, and wiped the Clowness’ face, and powdered her nose.
“ It will be a lonely cold path my boy, you will need everything you have to make it here, the Damsel, well, it does not look good for her.”
Sake looked at the hedonic Clowness, her audacity filled him with anger, that anger devoured his fear.  This world is not different from mine, lonely, and cold.  That thought creeped from his head, and through the conch over his mouth to say in a whisper “ I will save her you witch.”  The conch over his mouth translated his naiveté into defiance, invoking a sense of symbiotic alliance with his armour, in turn invoking a sense of futile hope, that if he had known someone believed in him as his armour did, he would have walked back through those rows of neon plants, that sounded like every preacher, teacher and politician of his life speaking their own selfishness.  The neon plants were like the teachers and priests fighting over children that were throwing paper airplanes while they talked, thinking of things afar.  During the day the teacher would talk of things en masse, and at night, the priest would conduct mass; he wanted to be gone from the state of mass altogether; all had nothing to do with Sake’s internal battle, he was suffering, and alone--abandoned.  That is when the grey skies of mass came, when the teacher talked of oblivion during the day, and the teacher of “hell” at night.  The two colors of this world thought Sake.  But the color he had seen on the Tang and Hoomah, were different he thought.
They were one of the same for Sake,  cold neon blue and cold neon red, and they both fought eachother, as they do most likely at home.   The Clowness had built her palace with an entrapping mockery of color, of vehemence  and callousness.  It was true, the red and blue ferns were of a different spectrum, and had a different purpose than the tropical ones.
“So, what are we going to do with our warrior, “  a hall formed on the far end of the drawing room, with descending stairs, “ we need to help you get to the Coral Kingdom, oh that poor Queen, missing her Damsel, oh boo hoo.” Her couch wiped her eyes. “ Go, my boy, get to the Coral kingdom, tell her that the Clowness offers her premises if the cold disrupts her kingdom, and beware the Mahi Mahi.”  A blue tendril picked up his scallop shield and gave it to him, as he was being moved away from the lounging Clowness on descending escalator.  Sake looked back, her French braid swirled upward, and a red tendril dangled a sizzling viper in her mouth.” Better Hurry Buddy boy.”  He looked forward in breathing a sigh of relief to be leaving her domicile.  A door unbarred and he was out of the palace of the Clowness.

Chapter 4 Land Of the Egg Eaters
" ...and you shall slither on your belly, and eat dust"

The ground graduated into capsules of red and blue interspersed with upright anfractuous plants that have been stunted from growing to maturity—almost strangled to a gnarled state; Sake owned the only luster of the plain—with chain scale he wore as a doublet.  He thought about dropping the scallop shield, it was tiring his arm, but a gigantic shadow slithered over the land in the distance—the size of cloud, and there were no clouds above in the depths, only impenetrable grey light.  It was cold, and getting colder.  The brightness to his rear—that was the Clowness’ domain-- was slowly receding with every distorting wave that blew across the plain.
Something rippled across the ground to his front, then off to his side.  He pulled his hook out, and raised his shield, and walked on with clumsy gait.  Another ripple.   He turned, but saw nothing.  He turned back around, and dangling out of from the ground in front of him was a blue and white striped snake, with blue eyes that had the flicker shape of a candle—hypnotic  blue pupil silhouettes that opened up and swallowed  a small remaining portion of itself, then waved and and laid down—snake eyes of a continuous liquid motion staring into the shocked green ovals of the boy.
“ And who is this?” the serpents voice was sedated, its snub jaw barely moving, but revealing small rows of fangs.  Sake held his shield between the approaching snake and him.
“ I am passing through, to the, to the Coral Kingdom, so get out of my way,” the boy’s voice quaked and in turn was rectified by the conch and its ages old veteran calcium, “ Out of my way” said the boy’s facemask, but his eyes betold of hesitation, which a snake always capitalizes on.
“ Oh you are, are you” the snake’s voice was more haughty and drawn out.  “ You do not want to be mon ami, we do not get many visitors.”  Sake squinted  and looked around him when the lethargic snake said ‘we.’  “  My name is Caviar, what is yours?” the snake twisted itself up putting its small head on level with with the boys.
“ My name is, is Sake, I have to go,” Sake could see a vaporous blue breath coiling in and out of the snake’s mouth.    He turned and went to sidestep the solicitous snake, but the reptile was to circuitous and slithered through the red and blue capsuled ground and twisted up to eye level with the boy, mesmerizing Sake until he shook his head and turned around with his shield over his back, to head back to the domain of the Clowness.  The ground rippled before him and up sprung a red and white snake.
“ Who do we have here Caviar?”
“ It is a new friend, introduce yourself Caliente.”  The boy was turning clumsily in both directions with his shield to face the two threats at once. The latest arrival, was not sedated, talked fast, and twisted its body like a barbershop sign causing the boy’s eyes to cross.  “ Please stay amigo” said the red striped snake—vapors were protruding from its nose holes forming large fangs, then retracted by dissipating; his pupils could have been the psychedelic looking hyacinth seeds if not for lacking the third dimension-- kidney shaped and white, bespattered with all shape of capillary red.  The snake came up to eye level of the boy and widened his lids revealing his blood shot hyacinth eyes.  The red smears seemed to come forth out of its elliptical white dimensions: intertwining…climbing, kissing…then knotting, tightening…strangling, swaying, and stilling.
Sake was gorgonized.  A scream came down from up in the depths and snapped him out of it, just as Caviar was slithering forward targeting a chink in the boy’s armor.  The large shadow enveloped Sake and his venomous interlocutors.  He looked back at Caviar, his eyes were neon now in the shadow—with the same liquid blue metal, but no longer the ladylike form waving goodbye and laying down, but of an even more hypnotic motion, a morphine drip of tears…drip….drop.  Sake shook his head…shut his eyes, but still saw the elliptical drip drops  reflecting on his black eyelids.  He raised his shield to the approaching Caliente—whose eyes ever brightened in the shadow,  projected a film from the iris—capillary streaks were in a fight with each other; one streak struck the other, and picked it up and carried it off…back into the two dimensional realm of Caliente’s eyes.  
The shadow flitted across the land and out of sight, the snakes hypnotic eyes lessened in intensity.  “ Come on, let us have a kiss, a kiss is all we miss,” said Caviar in his sedated tone.
“ Yes, one hiss of our kiss, will be delish,” said Caliente with smoky tendrils fuming out of his nose holes.  Sake turned sharply, and heard the “ting” off his scallop shield.  Caliente went forward to kiss the boy, but was intercepted.  " Please, leave me alone," begged the boy.  He turned again, this time it was Caviar slithering down low for a fatal kiss, Sake dropped his knee and his heavy shield downward cutting the snake in half.  Blue egg capsules squeezed out of the snake’s innards.  
“ Nooo, Caviar,” Caliente’s hyacinth pupils were now arcing, binging with lunacy.  The snake bent its body sharply and thrusted, pushing the shield and the boy backward.  It recoiled for another strike almost like a fencer,  Sake’s arms were tiring—the snake formed a ninety degree angle then sprung, tapping off the shield, it recovered and thrusted again, and again—Sake was grunting every time he lifted the shield, and he was losing sight of the red and white snake because his shield was steaming from the coral snakes kisses.  “ One kiss is on your list, oh don’t worry it will be so delish,” taunted the snake’s voice, the boy could not locate its source.  Sake took a step back and sunk up to his knee, he had stepped inside an upside down conch.  He heard movement to his right and posted his shield up and in turn heard the “ting” sound emitted off his shield.  Ting…ting Ting…the snake was inexhaustible.  The boy’s  leg was beyond his shield, and his other leg was  inside the conch; he felt the small but devastating bite on his leg,  gashing the snake across its face with his hook, he stunned the snake momentarily.
“ Nooo, “ the boy said, knowing the snake possessed some kind of venom.  He brought the wounded leg back under his body inside the conch, took a step backwards, and as if descending a staircase, lowered into the conch, then stumbled inside its winding staircase. The shield falling over the entrance sealing it shut.
He fell onto the first landing, and then tumbled in a slinky motion finally stopping on hard-smooth-level ground.  Grabbing the the hound conch  guard from his mouth and tearing it off, he fell to his knees and breathed in deeply.  There was a long dark corridor ahead of him, faintly visible due to the pink color of the giant underground conch tunnel.  Boom….boom boom…his heart thudded.  
Putting one hand on the floor, putting himself in a three point stance, he lifted himself to his feet and trudged forward.  The corridor curved subtly—taking the bend, the ambiance changed drastically and took on the form of the lower levels of an aquarium, pink light reflecting down the dark walls that were equipped with large ports.  Lumbering with the disregard that someone with high fever has, he came up to the first port, it was painting, a living painting that drew him forth.
It was a coral palace, an electric lighted playground almost, neon green palm’s waving tendrils that formed an arcade leading up to a throne where a most striking and beautiful queen sat—she was adorned with every color of the rainbow, and had a crystallizing white traces growing over her face that wore a veil of royal purple.  At her feet, mid bow, were two warriors in shining  and bone armor, the Tang and the Hoomah.  
The boy was entranced with the moving painting, and went to walk into it.  As his nose was a hair away, he saw what made the painting move, little hermit crabs—some with scarlet legs and some with blue legs--  busy scurrying around tracing the magnificent colors, their shells glowing to the color they were painting; their hooked claws like assembly line lasers emblazoning the pink creamy white walls of the conch.  “ So beautiful,” said Sake in his delirium, then rolled along the wall to the next painting, it was the Damsel as the center of attention in a ballroom, suitors and handmaids in the motion of the minuet around her.  Her purple corset shined brilliantly, her elliptical eyes modestly aimed down as if she was mid dance, the Hoomah was in the background, body still, with eyes fixed wondrously on the Damsel.  The Tang was beside him, looking with considerably  more affection at the Damsel; but there was a large brooding golden knight in the background—the only one adorning the vain color of gold, the color which with all its ostentatious and glare was considered a cheap imitator by the lush neon and pastel colors around him, and the void above in the depths at the golden knights shoulders in the open air court hall seemed to distinguish the golden glare to a rusty imperceptibility;     the rest of the knights were in a form of silver, bone or steel.
  Sake went to walk into the picture, but stopped upon seeing the hermit crabs busy rendering another mirage paintings.  Hand over hand along the wall, he came upon the next painting.  It shined with the colors of Caliente and Caviar’s eyes.  It was the Clowness, on a lush red anemone, with blue tendril chandeliers over her, there was a parrot fish perched beside her attending.  Sake backed away from the painting, the Clowness’s stare was that of aspiration, and a colder grimmace than Caviar’s.  The painting started its transition with lava lamp fluidity; showing the Clowness surrounded by little clown babies, and with machine motion, the painting depicted the little clowns being gobbled up by their mother.  Sake tucked his chin into his neck, “ Mmmblurf,” he mumbled, which was surely an expletive starting with “ What the...”
The next painting was dark, barely perceptible, a nocturne of perhaps a barge on a dark stormy ocean.  No, it was a bed in a room.   A boy was being painted on the bed, with his eyes looking forward unblinking at something bright in the corner; the hermit crabs painted his forehead glowing hot, and there was a blue capsule on the bed stand, that looked like medicine.  The painting started glowing red hot, and blinding.  Sake covered his eyes, only to notice he was losing his vision—as if staring into a solar eclipse.  He fell to his knees, and listened to the peaceful inner humming of the conch, he could just lie down and not worry anymore but as he was descending down, on the inside of his eyelids something was being painted, it was purple and beautiful.  Dancing in the wind, it was the Damsel, and she gestured for him to get up and go get the antidote—so he got to his feet, and followed the walls of the conch back to the winding stairwell he fell down, where the inner humming of the conch mixed with the thudding of his heartbeat, along with the tinging sound  that was Caliente striking the scallop shield in his red hot fury.  Now Sake would have to face the snake blind, to obtain the capsule outside on the ground that was shown to him in the artwork.
  All form of expression fell from the boy’s face, he sat stoically, wiped the sweat droplets from his forehead-- put back on his hound conch mask, strapped it snug and climbed up the stairs to the tapping shield.
Thud…tap….thud(of his heart)…tap(of the shield).  He listened, gaging the pattern of the enraged snake.  Putting his feet on the shield and his back against the inside wall, he readied himself.  Tap…tap…tap, tap… all he could see was the snakes pupils now in his blindness, the hyacinth seeds, the red lines strangling and slapping each other, one always overtaking the other. Tap….he straightened his legs with all his might, sending the shield upward.  The decibel of the snakes jaw hitting off the shield was attuned by the boy’s ear.  He scrambled out, feeling the ground, holding capsules to his eyes, almost pressing them to his eyes.  “Dam, only red” he said after making out the aura of the capsule.  Rustling came from behind him, Caliente was over his stunning, Sake had to turn and ready his shield, he could not gauge where the lethal snake was, he swiped the air with his hook to get his stalker to betray his location.
“ A miss, but I won’t miss with my kiss…another miss, can’t find the source of hiss,” laughed the snake toying with the vulnerable prey.  “ A kiss is on your list.”
The snake lunged but the boy reacted in the microsecond stopping the strike, Sake backed up against a stunted tree.  There was  capsule dangling from one of its branches above his head, and the boy saw that it was blue.  Instinct kicked in quick for the boy, he swiped at the capsule hanging, and hooked it in, retreating behind the tree, he squeezed it over his mouth and swallowed the juice.  “ A kiss is all I wish,” came the snake around the tree.  Sake wobbled backward, and readied his shield in the wrong direction—baiting the snake to strike while watching the now visible red and white snake unblinkingly feigning being blind.  Caliente lunged at his exposed neck line, where the boy was expecting him, the hook came upward through jaw ,tongue and brain.  Sake used the tree to help remove the lifeless snake from his barb.
“ Ya, You can kiss my butt snake,” said the conch over the boy’s mouth, which was almost near to the boys own words….surprising Sake as he stowed his hook in his belt to free his hand to rub his eyes.  Everything was tinted blue.  A cold breeze stirred through all the gnarled trees.  The grey horizon was darkening.  The capsuled wasteland was awakening from its lethargy in a red and blue glow, like lava meandering over cindering blue coal.  He looked down at his hooked sword, it was steaming with red fluid at its tip.  A lacerating scream came from the darkening depths.  Sake sliced some thin switches from the tree, and picked up some red capsules and strapped them to his belt, then retreated to the conch entrance and sat down.  It was if that loud tormented cry was tolling for the oncoming night, Sake knew it was the Mahi Mahi, but was not particularly worried about it, for at the moment the stars were descending from the depths as the ground lit up, and things could be heard scrambling for hiding spaces.  The blue tint lessened to a smaller degree, or so he thought.  Taking refuge back in the underground conch he pulled the shield three quarters over the entrance, watching the lights descend like coins falling to the bottom of the sea.  Two lights sped for each other, sparks ignited.  More broke their descending methodic speed and darted for prey on the lit floor.  He made eye contact with a psycho razor grin, then pulled the shield all the way over the entrance.

Chapter 5 Night Of The Viper
" I had a dream, which was not all a dream, the sun was extinguish'd and the stars."--Darkness, Lord Byron.

His footsteps rang into the hollow curving chamber of the conch, he turned the bend to find that the previous paintings on the left were now gone.  The interior walls of the conch were blue now and not pink.  He doffed his conch from his face, and walked in a brusque manner to the first painting.  
The hermit crabs were arcing with blue lightning diagonally from each other, assembling a blue hour glass, that then turned sideways forming the Damsel’s elliptical eyes.  Tremendous sadness and shame assailed the boy’s heart.  He walked on to the next painting.
It was Crabaltar, with its entire dark crevice, the hermit crabs were hot pink as they were working slowly to lazer  the jumble of rocks in the same  nominal speed of a photocopier.  Next to the pink lines was infinitesimal darkness, and the real picture came into the boy’s view.  The shadows formed the Crab in the interstice of the Stonehenge-like rock jumble--with its scythes upward, with the Damsel in his claws, she was dripping hot pink.  He moved on quickly from that painting.
Adjacent, was a painting almost bordered itself by reflective blue waves, Sake could not make out where the conch ended and the painting started.  The hermits left the canvas blank, until its viewer stepped fully in front of it.  There were many painters assigned to this piece, and it would be massive.  Twilight lines started the head and forehead: Siberian white stripes,  ranks and ranks of clashing silver scale, nebulas of red dots.  As the massive beast was being filled in, studs and studs of hooks came into perception, dangling from the massive lips.  Trident anchors of barb hung from the gills, diamond line strangled around its throat. A giant spear or harpoon protruded from its chest. The artwork enlivened, startling Sake backward, it swam the depths, with a tortured look on its face.  It grew and grew, taking up the entire tunnel, then it screamed revealing trident hooks on its tongue and tonsils.  
Covering his ears, “ arrrrrrrrrr” he screamed, which was only a whisper under the shriek of the Mahi  Mahi on the conch wall. He tried to retreat away from the growing monster, running around the bend to the unexplored corridor, the beast followed in length and torturous echo. Tear drops were landing on his shoes, he fell forward in front of a painting that was just before a rising spiral-staircase at the end of the conch.  The sound and sight of the Mahi Mahi vanished as Sake kneeled, crying, before another painting, denoted by the flurescent arcing, suggesting it was warming up--
The hermit's painting assembled the image with the reticulate pattern of the human iris.  But it became apparent that it was coral, a giant massive brain coral, with a frontal lobe of bright green, right of red, and left of blue, underneath was purple. It was an oracle of some sort, a ‘Coracle.’  The purple was flaring more than other parts and was leaking into the grey matter grooves and spilling out of its section.  Three figures came into view at the base, the forward one was a boy, in armor, scallop shield and straight sword; to his rear was the Tang in a shiny cuirass with a dorsal sabre and pectoral dagger; next to him, the block body of the Hoomah, in his mouth like a toothpick  was a barbed hook-- the war paint of yellow and pink dripping from his right eye, his lids were wide open and he is staring intensely at the interaction of the boy and the coral.  
Battle erupted on the painting, showing only the Hoomah and Tang back to back.  The big body of the Hoomah spit bolts and barb at assailers of pscyho grin as they screamed with sadistic seizure from the impalement they recieved.  The glowing skull lure of a thousand vipers were surrounding them from the darkness.  It was as if the two knights commanded the spotlight on a dark stage with the audience grinding their teeth of flint.
    As the vipers lunged forward, the two fish moved too quickly to be perceived correctly, the Tang was a forge bedecked with silver swords fresh from the flames;  and the Hoomah:  who’s bone armored body resembling the shape of a cross bow with the sight rising just under his large mouth screamed baritone at the demonic hoard with a powerfull  war cry shockwave that bought his armor  time to load the next bolt.
  The attackers were limitless, and occasioned with bigger deep sea creatures; spinal cords connected to bear trap brown scale heads, their jaws wide and ready, as their tongues slithered in front as their form of lure for their prey: they were the Gulpers.
   Sake stepped away from the painting, it was so intimidating, and immediatly felt cowardice at not being brave enough to want to help the suicidal duo in their last stand.  He clenched his fist, inspired, commanded by the travesty of the besieged.  
The Tang became maimed first, a gulper bit out a chunk of his tail fin in its fast jaw spring lethality.  The Hoomah blew air from its powerful mouth blowing the assailers off the Tang then rammed a gulper with a barb sticking out of his lips, like a prow of a trireme at ramming speed.  But a viper took advantage of the Hoomah’s distraction and bit between his bone armor.  Bright yellow lids widened at impending death.   The vast glowing lures from the approaching darkness that surrounded the spotlighted arena formed the outline of the Crab, in the interstices of the viper skull lures.  The two tropical warriors could not be seen anymore, only wagging tail fins of the voracious vipers, as the glowing lures became inordinate, as the stars in the black expanse.  I rather die with them, then be enchanted by the viper like everybody else—thought but did not speak Sake, for fear that the painting's depicture would be given materialistic merit by his words, making it an actuality, rendering him alone.  Then the thought of the tendrils from the Clowness’ palace wearing the two fallen knights armor came to mind, infuriating him.  The depravity and onslaught of it all.  
The painting reverted back to the Coracle, but no one was standing at its forefront anymore; purple was spilling out from the coral and engulfing the entire canvas until all was of one color; in turn the whole tunnel glowed with the royal color, then in one blink the tunnel was empty except for blue waves of light interspersing the walls. The tunnel was quiet.  Sake continued looking at the spot where the artwork was, something about it, something fated about that depicture that told him he must re-unite with both knights before it is too late.
He climbed the stairs past the point where the last painting was, and found a cat hole to look out of at the top.  The glowing bait of the prowling vipers dashed and cruised the black expanse.  Struggles could be heard at intervals, but otherwise it was tranquil.  Sake sat on the step, and was resting his back against the wall, when he heard his name being called from the darkness.  He looked to first see a flowing dress, ghastly white, then a frail arm, “ Saaaaake” the voice was childlike, or was a child-like predator.  The flowing dress and the frail hand moved over the loophole, Sake saw what it was.  The skinny arm was a tentacle belonging to the translucent dress of a jelly.  The head came into view, and Sake whacked his head against the back wall; the jellyfish had a globular head, that en-sphered a dissolving viper head; the psycho grin and black eyes of the viper became the jelly’s face.  “ Disgusting,” whispered Sake, trying to be barely audible to this dark world.  He moved four steps down, and rested, until he fell asleep.
His dreams were loneliness, the black expanse beyond the conch poured into his mental panorama as a black cauldron pouring out black fluid.  In dream, he felt the strength of an undertow when something massive swam by him, but paying no attention to him.  He searched for a glimmer, as he was sinking, or rising… pure vertigo, pure pure vertigo in a never ending cold black universe.  Then the feeling came, as a blacker essence came forth in the abyss,  it was the crab’s scythe , and it clicked close foretelling the boy that death: is oblivion.  The boy screamed at the form, the ultimate tragedy leading to his ultimate shame, he screamed the words “ The Coral Kingdom” the claw clicked open, only to close again; he couldn’t believe it, all were subject to the cannibalistic realm of the crab, the realm of ‘ In the eye, out the mouth’ , he screamed for light, and there came forth a glimmer, a sparkle, a glimpse of hope.  It fluttered to him, and a halo of light illumined from a beacon,  it was the glowing skull lure that was arched from a vipers forehead, it was squirming into his black panorama to devour his hope, it writhed and gnashed, Sake woke up.  
A viper was writhing through the cat hole, it was breaking its own teeth to get inside in a metallic frenzy.  Sake stepped to the intruder, and drove the barb through its brain.  The view to the darkness was now blocked by the dead viper.  He was almost glad it had waked him from that dream.
Before he sat down, he saw a cleft in the shape of a oak leaf in the conch’s wall, and immediately thought of a sword, looking down at his hook his brain was moved by the thought he could straigten out the hooked weapon he held in his hand.  Arising, he stuck the hook in it with an upright position; the barb fit inside as a key into a tumbler; Sake then bent it straight, leaning every ounce of meat and bone on his body.  
The dream maddened him still, and the sound outside the conch, had the sound from inside his dream.  He lopped off the viper’s head and carved the vipers ribs, making a cup hilt for his handle.  He had to pry the ribs out, for they were metallic, and the sound was that of claws scraping down a chalkboard.  Sake had a scowl on his face as he worked, but he was still aware of his fear of the vipers carcass coming alive like a mesh mower and dicing his arms off.  He finished the work and quickly wiped the sinewy white guts on his coral snake blue greaves--not wanting any part of the disgusting predator's flesh on him.  " Eeeck, "he sneered, without his conch on.
A painting came alive on the wall, it was a blue-red lazer outline of a sword, almost like a mold.  Two hermits were spaced apart with their claws facing out, almost beckoning Sake to put his sword on their hooks.  
He went up to the wall as if he was summoned and placed the sword onto the hook like projection of the red and blue hermits within the lazer sword outline  More hermits came,  the mold outline exploded with spectrometry of a diamond flooded with electrons;  the hermits fashioned the hilt to the shaft with green laser precision first, grooving the handle and making a pommel.  Red lasers gave the forte, shell cutting sharpness by smoothing out the barb. ‘ Sake’ was laser etched into the debil of the blade forming a blood groove;  the lights ceased.   Sake picked up his modified rapier that was still hot and returned to the step to sleep, thinking all the while, that if he ends up in that dream of tragic darkness again, he will have his sword to sink or see with.
The night was over, and the shell was back to its creamy pink color due to the bright rays of light coming in from their unknown starting point, and refracting down the shell tunnel. He put his hound conch back over his face and picked up his custom rapier, and with a slow and achy gate made his way back to his shield at the entrance to the underground layer.  Using his rapier to hold up the shield, and thus provoke any enemies, he made his way back to the land of stunted growth .  There was already movement under the surface, and what he thought a large tree, was a strangled sapling seething with more bi-color coral snakes.  He looked back to the direction of the Clowness’ domain, and pondered going back, “ I would not stand a chance getting by there…then there is Crabaltar,” he felt cowardly, due to his pragmatic conclusion that he wouldn’t stand a chance alone in either domain.  The Damsel would have to hold on.
It was much colder, and that fact was hindering the snakes, they huddled together to keep warm.  There was barely any capsuled fruit around, “They must have gobbled up em all, to not feel the cold, or feel  warm, dumb snakes” thought Sake.  He proceeded in the direction of the Coral Kingdom, his balance much better, but now weighed down by a heavy sword.  Caviar’s body was still strewn on the ground, Sake stopped to use his tough hide to reinforce his shoes, and making blue greaves and boot gaiters.  He approached Caliente’s body at the base of the swarming tree, the snakes reared their heads, and put their pupils in unison, making a blue red motion picture of Sake getting devoured.  Sake looked away, and using his rapier, fetched the body and fell back.  The snakes were helpless from their cold lethargy.  Strapping muscle shells to his knees with the red snake hide and diamond line,  Sake did not worry about the coral snake's  little teeth anymore.  The armor, felt personified to Sake, maybe because at one point it was alive, and thus he felt better for putting the coral snake hide at his feet, and the calcium conch knuckle on his mouth.  It fortified him against the loneliness of the landscape; from the depths above, the grey impenetrable light behind, and the faint infra-red and ultraviolet stars growing from the horizon in the direction of his travel: which did not possess the deceiving color of the anemone’s spectrum but something by the light of a liberating x-ray.

Chapter 6 The Hunting Mire
"Between the desire
And the spasm
Between the potency
And the existence
Between the essence
And the descent
Falls the Shadow
                                For Thine is the Kingdom..."--T.S Elliot


Trudging along, the landscape molted its previous colors.  Even more depressing than the land of chimes—was this land of sockets, cesspools, and seaweed.  The boy’s leg disappeared into the mire up to his knee, he ripped it out using his shield as leverage.  He  used his shield as a boat over the rotting ground with his long rapier as an oar; a journey worse than Virgil and Dante in hells river choked with drowning moan.  The gaping wounds from the oar would send up fuming gas that would send him slipping off his shield into the muck.   Sake looked behind him, to his horror, was vast muckiness, it had crept behind him in a high tide stalk, furthering him in the muck more so than he had thought.  A sense of return was out of question.
Sake suddenly felt like he fell inside the dank deep disgustingness of an outside toilet.  Or swimming in the dissolving enzymes of his own liver, in brown excruciating bile.  Almost too much for the boy, his nose and mouth burned, he suddenly needed someone, anyone….he was too young for a landscape that betold : in the eye and out the mouth.
  He struck his sword for another laborious row on top his scallop shield to keep his body moving in the burping land.  The muck made a noise, a  moan.    Sake readied his weapon, but the glimmer of silver came up from the dankness, it was a knight, the Dragon Goby, that wore a silver masquerade mask that connected to a large silver bladed serrated horn that emitted from his forehead just over the knight’s nose..  The rest of his body was submerged, but one could tell from the countenance of the unfortunate knight, and the languid fluttering of his lower jaw, that he was in pain, and mortally wounded.
“Where are you wounded, let me get you on my shield, I am a friend of yours knight,” said the boy, in self-deceiving hope that he would not be alone.
“ I…I have…failed…Damsel…the prawn…go before…” Sake began trying to dig out the stricken knight, only to find big clawed, slender crustaceans devouring his lower body.  They were prawn, and they were voracious.  A claw stuck through the eye behind the silver masquerade mask,pulling the unfortunate knights eye inside the socket.   Sake fell backward in horror and splashed in the muck.  They came for his exposed eyes, one prawn almost speared his oval right through the epicenter before Sake caught it with his hand and flung it.  Flopping his belly on his shield, the prawn scurried up his back, they snipped at his snake hide, but it proved as durable as his viper chainmail.  As quick as he flung one from his face, another would scurry onto him for his eyes.  Another wound in the muck opened and a stream of prawn came out, covering Sake and weighing down his shield.
“Ahhhh, “ he screamed in utter desperation, his scream was not tempered by the conch, for the conch knew the gravity of the situation,  as a prawn snipped the diamond line holding the white knuckle conch felling it as another prawn crawled in his mouth and cut off his scream.  He flung it with lightning reflex as he was being weighed down into the fowl undersurface.  Reaching for his rapier,” no use” he thought, as he let go of the hilt.  It would have just opened another wound for prawn to come out if he pulled it out and he could not even wield its weight in the strength sapping muck.
  “ The red capsule” whispered a voice in his mind. Flinging prawn off his belt, he uncovered the red capsule, and as his vision was being blotting by the pincers of the prawn, he held the capsule over his head with his eyes closed.  The smacking’s and sucking’s of the prawn were in his ear.  A prawn snipped his ear on the lower lope making a bi-lobe, Sake grunted in pain, but the prawn’s claw was so sharp as to be almost done by a professional surgeon with a scalpel cutting the cartilage in half.  His fist clenched, breaking the hyacinth streaked capsule over his head; it was as if Caliente’s eyes leaked their capillary blood shots from the capsule, wrapping round the prawn like snakes, boiling their shells instantly, turning the prawn from maroon to bright boiled arterial red.   The surviving prawn scampered off, perhaps the coral snakes were predators of prawn,  and the fumes of the capsule were more than enough for them, the opposite smell of the methane decay they cherish.  
He caught his breath, caught his rapier, and steadied his shield  Barely alive with his ear dripping blood on his shoulder, and the hyacinthe lines of the capsule squirming off to find prawn or fade away.  He looked back down at the poor knight, and grabbed his silver masque,  and detached the blade and slipped it off the knights horned forehead.  The blade was hollow as to fit over the Dragon Golby knights horn making a sharp horn even  deadlier.   He used it as a scabbard to sheath his rapier diagonally across his back, affording extra armor, and tied the silver zorro type mask along with the snipped off conch on his mouth and nose-- effecting a total face mask with visor; for he almost lost an eye to those things and was still squinting from the encounter, but now he looked out through a horizontal slit with the visor in the flipped down position.  The conch clenched white knuckle hot again, and burned off all the savage muck.  The conch steadied the boy, who was still not in possession of his mind and body, after that close encounter.  Sake was shaking his head, as his right eye shed a tear, and his left ear shed a droplet of blood.  “ I’m not going to make it out of here,  and there is nowhere to make it to, “ said Sake, despondent, for the horizon of ethereal glow was out of sight, blocked by distorted rising gas of methane or the vile fountains of prawn nest—which resembled pagan sacrificial altars, with the top most part a dark offering plate….they were empty at the moment.
  He rowed on with without his prior coordination, he so wanted to be gone from this foul land.  Upon looking around he spied many yellow fins poking up out of the muck.  An unnerving thought came to him, “ how did they fall into mire if they can hover above it?”  Then the scream came down from the depths, and the green brown abscess that was the quicksand seaweed mud frenzied itself in burping bubbles.  There was nowhere to hide or run.  Sake said “ oh no” but his conch said “ready yourself.”
The massive shadow slowly stalked over the cess; the black shadow lacing the land in slithering darkness.  Sake flipped down his new visor over his conch and scanned the greyness.  He felt so cluttered and hindered from the muck on him, and the wobbling shield he was on that would not stay still due to his nervous legs.  “All the knights must have been sitting ducks” thought Sake, he raised his rapier in a futile taunt to the depths above him.  The shadow and scream told him that his sword would be esteemed as straw by the behemoth.  He plunged his rapier into the mire to see if he can make any sort of a getaway, but the dank land and the Mahi Mahi were in symbiotic cahoots—he could not row anywhere.
The scream tore through the land, splitting the muck into divided wake, foretelling the boy which way it was coming, as he covered his ears.  “ Nooo, please God,” he muttered in futility as he saw the mouth wider than he saw in the hermits painting, he could not jump out of the way, the hook studded mouth spanned two to three of his jumps on solid ground.  He saw the trident hook on the ghastly tongue wiggling in anticipation of bathing in minced boy.
The gape was becoming larger and larger, until Sake smelled the stank breath, and thrusted his rapier onto his shield and pole vaulted with all his upper body strength out of the swooping  beast’s jaws.  His head banged off the side of the cold lip of the beast.  He splatted into the muck, as the beast’s  velocity and slip stream caused the mire to churn sending the boy struggling to keep his head above it.  A prawn went onto his face, braving the red capsule, but Sake’s helm proved sufficient.  He churned and slapped maniacally.  The large shadow was returning,  the scream split the muck, Sake ducked into the disgusting cesspool as the massive undertow went by him overhead sucking him sideways under the surface.  He could hear the Prawn sucking their lips, in  momentous unison, and snipping at his cordage to rend his flesh.  He had to get out of there, he surfaced his head, breaking into air with a sucking sound, he saw a diamond line trailing the massive body, a trident hook on the end.
The rapier was an arm’s length away, he reached for it, skimming his fingers off it.  The giant shadow turned round, Sake finally grasped the rapier and used the handle to pull his shield to him.  He climbed atop, hooked his feet into the handle, held his sword backwards, “ Alright Mahi Mahi, COME ON, COME GET ME “ yelled the boy in a voice rectified by the veteran calcium of the conch.  The gaping mouth came after the scream, he quickly regretted his taunt, “ On second thought maybe we can be friends” said Sakes mind,  but Sake held his place, almost like a sacrificial boy on the plate of the behemoth who esteemeth his bones as straw.   The trident pierced tongue was almost on his conch helm.  The last possible second Sake flattened himself, and felt the prickling’s of the Prawn as he raised his rapier above the muck with all his strength, and the diamond line streamed by , Sake caught the trailing trident hook with the hilt of his rapier and was violently spun up and around, skiing on top off the muck, then the shield lifted up onto into the air.  He was waterskiing behind a battleship, the wake of which was enormous.  Sake’s stomach dropped as the great beast ascended, he could see a great harpoon in the chest of the Mahi Mahi, and past that sight post was a glowing kingdom, as the beast was starting its turn, Sake released his rapier from the trident and he coasted at missile speed in the direction of the glowing city.  But the shield he was using as a wake board spun around, so he was flying backwards, looking at the massive seamless pivots of the Mahi Mahi cruising the lonely depths, with eyes fixed downward, bestudded and bejewled with swaying chain and hook, resembling chimes of a lonely graveyard. A beast eager to pass the pain to someone else, and replicate itself.
Sake tried to spin around, but to no avail, he awaited his toboggan to smack into an implacable object at any moment.  
Chapter 7 The Coral Kingdom  
" every tear shall be wiped from the eye forever"

Skidding and sliding, Sake came to a violent stop; but not a life threatening abrupt stop. A Jetstream of unknown properties slowed his descent.  Then the land slowed him down, one tumble, one scratch, and one “ahh” at a time.  Unlike in the other lands, there was swaying warm growth here.  He had smashed his hound conch mask off glimmering lime green coral, it slid off his face like a jigsaw puzzle.  The shield skimmed over the ground until it smacked into a pile of yellow coral cracking in half.   He flipped up the silver visor, and gurgled an expletive--he would not be able to speak.  As he was feeling his head, he heard scurrying behind him, he drew his sword while he was still sitting and unsheathed it then accidentally let go of it and it sailed from his hands.  He was discombobulated to say the least.
“ What is that…is it plankton…no it’s a sea slug.”  Sake was looking at a gang of peppermint colored shrimp musing over what he was.  “ No it’s definitely a sea cucumber,” said one confident shrimp who came forward and gave a little nibble on Sake’s foot, then started spitting . “ Uggg, no it’s definitely a sea slug.”  The motley gang moved on away from distasteful boy, lumbering over pizza anemones, and non-stinging purple carpet anemones humming a song that Sake could not discern.  
The shadow at his feet was unfamiliar, but it was his—he turned his head to see where the powerful source was that was casting shadows askew from the festive plants and crustaceans.  His eyes followed a pebbly road busy with traffic: shrimp, starfish, algae, butterfly fish all scrambled down the highway toward a palisaded coral palace, that had a white marble coral grand staircase that tiered down three levels surrounded by columns spiraling with pink green phosphorescence.  Sake looked down the road at the incoming traffic—bleak greyness with something lurking in it, was causing an exodus.
He joined the traffic, ducking out of the way of algae and fingerlings soaring by.  The coral off to the side of the road was cindering like hot coals fighting to stay alive, of all color—blue, green,pink, yellow—pulsing was a better word .  “The cold, “Sake thought, “it’s from the cold.”  Something caught his eye out to the side of the road; it was coral in the shape of Trojan soldier, with only one arm,the other had broken off long ago,  and it  was holding a spear that had green algae swaying from its tip and from the helm running the long way down the helmet like a plume was bright green seaweed.
  It did not pulse, but stayed its grooved gangrene color with the T opening of the Trojan coral helmet staring down the grey bleakness—implacable..  The redoubtable man size coral was more impressive up close, “ An Atlantean knight” Sake gurgled.  Only the helmet had joint lines, thus being able to detach; Sake doffed his silver visor, and reaching up for the ancient green coral helmet, grasped it and donned it over his head.  “ I like,” the boys words were sharp and distinct as a Lacedaemon bronze sword.
He had to make his way across the highway still, and waited for an opening, and stepped onto the road.  He was immediately spun around by a turtle, “ Hey watch it buddy” the turtle jeered.  Then a jelly fish splatted onto his face and a sea horse hooked into his lips giving him a fish hook. “ Get out of the way,” they all said in some form or fashion.  A blue bottle jelly smashed off his helmet breaking to pieces. “ Well the helmet works,” he mused as he stumbled and spun, as he made it to the far side of the road that was flowing with Bostonian-like commuters.
Leaving the fleeing passerby’s, Sake stood at the base of the grand marble coral staircase that was blushing with pink blotches;  it looked more precious then Aventine marble; the fluted columns were electric eels sizzling as they spiraled up and around thin coral poles, dazzling bluish black electric devotion and loyalty.  The bespattered boy, in snake hide boots, climbed the stairs.
At the first landing, he looked back, the landscape tableau was spectacular, abuzz with life, warmth—the radiation was captivating; there seemed to be a pattern to the sway of the plants, or a gravitational pull and push from the bright bodies, inducing all color of voltage into their surroundings and even up into the depths as spotlights.  But, something ephemeral was invoked into Sake, as if the Kingdom wasn’t going to be there much longer, “ So pretty” he whispered, so the Trojan helmet would not hear his effeminate words.  He looked aft beyond the road, he now saw what was lurking in the grey bleakness, causing the exodus, it was Crabaltar.  He hastened his speed, to get to the top of the grand staircase.  His eyes came on level with a  foyer, smooth as ocean glass, that absorbed every spectrum from  the kingdom below and before it.
The court silenced, as the boy stepped forward—his viper boots sounding off the aventine coral floor, smoother than ocean glass.  The throne to his twelve o’clock was empty, there was a dozen bodies standing before it with serious looks on their faces, one was the Tang.  “ This area is off limits to cucumbers, the rules haven’t changed in the wake of these events,” the Tang said squinting, surveying the boy with suspicion due to his armor and the full palette of bespattering it had.  There was a parrot fish in the center of the gathering, Sake recognized it from the Clowness’s palace as he approached the hostile Tang.  “ Flee like the rest of the commoners, this assembly is for loyal fighters, therefore for Royalty,” barked the Tang,” knights do not migrate, so join the migration, migrant.”
Two silver blades sprung like switchblades from the Tang’s cuirass armor; Sake didn’t process the knights warning, for the Tang was still a beacon to the boy.  “ I am here to help rescue the Damsel, I am…”  before the boy could finish the Tang came at him with lightning speed, Sake turned his back, and heard the sound of metal clashing against his sheathed rapier on his back.  Le Tang recoiled and lashed Sake across the face, knocking his Trojan helm off.
The knight that was thermite hot now betwixt his silver cuirass armor-- and ready to make a point to the intruding boy, and draw it across his face in a disciplinary slash.  Sake froze, unable to speak without his helm that was clanging over the super smooth Aventine floor and clanging down the grand staircase.  
That is enough Le Tang, he comes in peace,” the stout body came forward, wearing a helm of shark jaws, the upper serrated jaw hung down over the yellow eyelids, the lower jaw under the Hoomah’s long snout; the Hoomah looked as if he was swallowed whole from the tail end by a skeletal shark, with the jaws closing above his eyes and below his snout; but in fact was a shark that was severed of life by the Hoomah, dismembered, and hewn as hand crafted bone armor  .  He was wearing a necklace of shark teeth also,  and there were long bones of rib cage fashioned to sharp deadly bolts running the length of the stout hunter’s body that served as armor and missile.
“ We do not have time do deal with cucumbers Hoomah, the Queen’s color is changing drastically, and you waste time stopping my slash…” the others present were forming a circle around Sake.  One knight, who looked like he was wearing a bandana bandito mask but in fact was only wearing its natural tropical tribal pattern of black to yellow,  puffed up like a body builder who only does upper body, then he whipped himself like  a cat o’nine tail in the air. It was a formidable knight, perhaps the strongest, for its body was now an offensive weapon, with his now stern small face on the bludgeoning surface of the mace, and his duel yellow fin served as chain.  “ Blunt, squish this intruder, we can use his oil to shine our steel,” ordered Le Tang.
“ Le Tang, he looks like an ally, he wears our colors, and smells of slayed viper, so shut your hubris, I care not of your rank nor honor,” said the Hoomah as four bone bolts projected out and over the lower shark jaw from his pectoral , ready to be loaded into the powerful mouth.  His armor had a bone-action mechanism of hand crafted simplicity, and the primordial provenance of a great hunter.
Le Tang’s pectoral and dorsal blades split open, forming a razor sharp X.  The circle backed up, the parrotfish spoke, “ The Hoomah of the lower class has insulted an aristocrat, Le Tang, proceed."

“ A costly mistake Hoomah Hoomah, the Queen is sick, the cold bleakness and vipers are coming, and the Coracle forewarned us that it is all for the Damoiselles’ sake, and I have to waste time to slay you as Saccade is overpowered by disgusting son’s of…,” Le Tang spinned in place faster than a garbage disposal.
The boy could do nothing but watch, as the Tang who was arcing with incandescence and the Hoomah, who seemed to blend in with the marble calcium color of the court due to his bone armor covering his tropical camo streaks, which was one of the hunters natural methods-- were getting ready to battle; making Sake’s stomach drop in fear and horror for it was like he finally found his brother and father and instead of jubilation--was violence and destruction.  The land flickered down below.
Ready to slay each other, the two knights alternated in anticipatory strike of one another encircled by the other knights of the court.
“ I need my helmet” thought Sake, but he heard it clang down the stairs.  The parrotfish was edging the knights on, “ Lets finish this, hurry!” he haughtily ordered.  The boys eyes squinted as he spied the look alike from the palace of the Clowness.  It had her audacity, unabashed, and most of all—trespassing.  Sake unsheathed his rapier behind his back, and held it like a javelin, his cursive name in the debil of the blade was oscillating with red current in eye like capillary lines.  He did not have his coral helm, but his rapier was made of instinct.  He launched it at the fight provoking Parrot of the Clowness.  It sailed and hit its mark, pinning the parrotfish to the sloped wall of the calcium court in steel-to-bone grip.  
A horrible scream emanated in the court, witchlike, and nasty.  The parrotfish uncoiled in red and blue tendril, revealing itself as anemone.  The knights attention was all on the screaming creature.  It spoke as it uncoiled around the rapier, “ you will all serve me, when the cold comes” and terminated in a horrible laugh.  The tendrils struck outward, the knight Blunt crushed it into the Aventine with his powerful mace body.
The rapier leaked its cursive voltage up the curving calcium walls of the court.  A picture emitted-- canvassing the entire forum, walls, palisade, and floor.  It was the Damsel, wavering, in royal purple.  The crystals on her corset body refracting the lost spectrum of light, lost to the mortal eye.  
“ It is the hermit's painting,” exasperated Blunt.  
“ It is the Damoiselle,” barely muttered Le Tang.  His fiery light--lashed between silver armor--died down, tempered by the one of two things capable thereof—lethal defeat, and the pristine innocence of a maiden.
The ceiling turned to black body light, as the moving painting now resembling the Stonehenge boulder stack of Crabalter.  That came into existence around the Damsel, until she was entombed, and then engulfed by shadow the color of oblivion.
Sake suddenly turned back, to look across the open side of the court, facing the coral kingdom down below, and to the source of the exodus—which was the brooding Crabaltar.  Walking down the first tier of the grand coral staircase Sake retrieved his helm, which fell to the position of staring down Crabaltar once again—gangrene in stark contrast to the white coral and pink blushing stairs.
He donned his helm, “ I am migrating that way, “ he yelled in, his voice rectified by the coral grooves of his helm making him sound unlike a boy.  The sound waves caused serpentine slithers of red capillary light on the stairs.  He was enraged by the thought of the Damsel being back there,  and returned to the foyer, not looking at the other knights, and went to pull his rapier out of the wall but failed pathetically.  Crying, he resolved to die trying to pull it out, the knights surrounded him in curious awe.   His hands were bleeding ,but the color of his blood was blue, as if still inside him. It dripped from the blade.  Frustrated he gave up, and yelled “ you cowards,” what are you waiting on, let’s go save her….”
“ Cucumber, desist from your stupidity, you do not need a blade, go, we will venture to the dark palace of the cannibals, we now know for sure she is there,” said Blunt Mace, as he turned to look at Le Tang who inturn collapsed his blades with a sorrow induced face.  He was there at Crabaltar, and he failed to find her.  
The knight known as Blunt Mace,  wore no armour, for that was his weapon, to entrap enemies by feigning weakness, then puffing up to the shape of a  mace-like club, with his little face staying the same size in his natural bandana mask; if Clan Hoomah were hunters, then Blunt was the trapper from ‘Club Puff” a long line of trappers, and bludgeoners, who served as the palace guards; the boy felt as if a titan was going to descend his hand to wield the ball  and mace shaped knight.  But as strong as he was, he could not pull the rapier from the wall, and Blunt Mace knew this, so he beckoned Hoomah Hoomah forward.  
Hoomah blew with his powerful lips, the boy across the foyer, who slid on his backside to the other side.  He put his lips on the hilt of the weapon and pulled it out, then spit it across the court towards the boy.  It clanged with dissonance.  “ You have much to learn Sponge,” torted the hunter.
“ I am not a sponge, or a cucumber, I am a boy, A BOY.”
The knights convened amongst themselves, ignoring the crying boy. “ We must go to Crabaltar now,” said a yellow fin, and they all morosely agreed.  For one only had to look forward past the kingdom, to see the impending coldness, and the virtual impossibility of surviving out there.  
Le Tang only looked at the exodus, as the other knights deliberated.  His color intensity was completely flat.  “ The hermits know the future,” he said not taking his glance of Crabaltar.
The boy’s helm quenched his sobs, by hollowing out the quaking voice, to a warriors blithe.  He composed himself, “ The hermits painted more, a giant Mahi Mahi, a Clowness in a giant anemone, and a giant coralcle,” he uttered to the Hoomah.
“ The Boybummer doesn’t know what he is talking about,” said Le Tang, still not moving his stare.
“ But the Boybummer is right,” said Hoomah, “ we must consult the Coralcle, for the Clowness is involved, who can command the creatures of the cold, and the Mahi Mahi patrols past the land of chimes now.”
The court ceiling erupted in rivulets of royal purple, as if the high ceiling was the bottom of a purple stone brook, unrolling curtains of purple light down the sloped scallop walls.  The calcium floor unfurled a blushing pink carpet of light in the smooth luster of marble coral.
“ That will be tough, my knight, the Coracle is past the Land of Blennie in the Goby Desert,” said the brightness, that came forth to be the Queen, held up by two servants, a dazzling snowflake was crystallizing and dissolving in the skin of her face, on her body was tropical green, twining over the field of royal purple, to blinding levels then disappearing to start all over again: a sign of the cold.
“ I have dreamed of someone coming from afar, someone that I could not see, but felt, felt his presence standing guard over me, and once the finest maiden in our court, the symbol of our purity disappeared, I prayed for you to come, and here you are.”  The servants placed the Queen Angel on the throne.
“ My Queen, you should be in your chamber resting,” said Le Tang with deep concern.
“ There is no time for that, the Damsel needs to be restored,” the Queen Angel said faintly.
Sake was in complete awe of her beauty, even more beauteous than the paintings, he thought of the Damsel when he looked into her royal purple, and saddened immensely.   He got up and  took a knee in instinctual deference, and said “ My Queen-- Le Tang, Hoomah Hoomah and I will go to the Coracle and find the answer, and stop the Clowness and her plans, I have seen it in the hermits painting,” the boy could picture himself kneeling before the queen in this lofty court, and felt supercharged with the feeling that he was being knighted.  But the Queen looked ready to swoon, and every time her color traces roared then faded, the palace flushed, and the land pulsed.  In that moment, the grey bleakness felt like it would suddenly thrust from afar right to the royal party and palace replete with voracious metallic viper, and other monstrosities from up in the depths.
“ It will be dark soon, and too dangerous. If the hermits have only painted you three at the Coralcle then only you three can go according to their depiction; the corals still have enough light to keep the vipers at bay , so we will have our traditionally fete for our guest,” she motioned for her servants to start the preparations.
“ A feast of fete for our guest, get up my warrior, your tears are cold, I know what they hold.”  The Queen Angel got up from her throne, her body entirely royal purple, she clapped and said, “ Ready the Pavillion.”  Her servants soared down to the lower landing, overlooking the lower Coral Kingdom, smoldering beyond the spiraling columns of electric eels and the crowded highway’s pastel passengers;  they took giant feathery algae in their mouths and tickled the frescoed ceiling of coral, in turn the coral high ceiling erupted in color and unfurled robes and tassles of light down the walls.
The warriors formed a circle around the Queen and Sake, who was blushing beyond his mask.  Hoomah puffed his lips and blew Sake’s helmet off; Le Tang whipped forward slashing the lines holding up his bespattered snake hide and viper mail; a servant slipped on a purple vest studded with sparkling diamonds onto Sake, the diamonds turned to prism of fantastic color.  The highway stopped moving and anxiously looked up the marble coral stair case.
“ I am not as good a dancer as the Damsel, but I can still do the minnow-ete,” said the Queen, as  the landing beneath engulfed in purple circles of light; the parapet surrounding the lighted floor undulated  in digital display of blue and red.  The vaulted coral walls reflected a human profile of ocean glass behind the queen for Sake to mimic in dancing. The entourage started swaying in unison, to an invisible breeze; a drip drop sound percussed from the palace in fast rhythm and echoed of the many vaults of the palace: one drip drop sound was converted into an orchestra by the amazing amphitheater  powers of the coral’s grooves.
The reflection told Sake to put his arm across his stomach to bow and he did so; then told him to turn the opposite direction of the Queen…bow, lift his leg, turn….move his hands.
“ Do not forget to smile my dear prince,’ said the dancing Queen with her dainty lips.  Sake smiled without showing his teeth, as usual.  The Coral Kingdom beyond, watching in adoration cheered “SMILE CUCUMBER” .  Sake showed his teeth, eliciting a “ handsome boy” from the Queen.  He felt like he was on Mount Olympus, among shimmering ambrosia, shiny goblets, the stuff he has read about in the Iliad ; for once he did not feel in the fathoms.  The Queen pulled up her slender body like folds of a dress, changing the dance, there was no reflection for Sake to follow, and he improvised.  Hoomah and Le Tang nodded in uniform sway, smiling for the first time in a while seeing their Queen vibrant and dancing as the Damsel.  The coral spotlighted the two dancers, the walls and palisade turned ivy green, with white veins forking their way to leaf like symmetry ,then the rest of the Coral Kingdom beyond sent up neon spot lights in a show of finale.
The lights toned down, and the traces returned to the Queen, as she was helped off to her throne.  Sake stood in place, looking around, “ So beautiful” he thought, then he saw the distant glow of the vipers patrolling the bleak cold as deceptive stars of light that was their skull lures.
“ That is why she is Queen,” said Le Tang, “ because even in the midst of the oncoming darkness, she inspires us and leads us like a beacon.”  The Hoomah looked at the Tang who was staring deeply at the Queen, then at the coral walls unfurling banners of light that portrayed the Damsel.  A tear emitted from the fiery yellow warrior and was swept away , and the Hoomah for the first time saw something other than anger from the vehement young knight.  
The highway of colorful refugees began moving again as the Queen was led off to her chamber.  The knights’ just sat down on the glowing white stairs, next to their custom armor as the Coral Kingdom died down, and the palace became fainter.  Sake sat down too on the white marble steps  pulsing to stay lit and put his helm back on. They all watched the distant vipers, dashing like shooting stars until the ones not on guard fell asleep.  Sake saw that the Hoomah was just staring  forward at nothing, in deep muse, with a solemn face, his big eyes motionless in his big sockets; the pastel war paint streaking down from his eye looked like two upside down feathers up close..  Sake wanted to break up his morose concentration, and so asked “How did you get that scar on your stomach?”
Big eyes rolled to look at the boy, the yellow eyes blinked, the long snout flexed—Sake was ready to gobble up his words, in sheer admiration of the calm warrior.  The big eyes looked forward again.  The mouth moved.
“That is, a dark tale Boybummer.”
Sake finally relented on his new name, out of sheer exhaustion trying to explain that he was a boy.
“ Well, I sat on one of you by accident, that’s how I got these scars.”  
Sake started laughing, “ I am not an urchin or whatever you think I am.”
The Hoomah’s face became serious, and the boy became aware of the Hoomah’s spiritual connection with the land; the coral kingdom down below rippled with a barely perceptible vision--it was a knight, adorned with shining blond armor, with two sabre fangs coming up from its lower jaws, the upper smaller fangs the same width as the scars on the tale teller.  “ Our best knight, who worshiped the Damsel’s beauty and youth, was named Sabretooth Blennie."  

Chapter 8, The Tale of The Fallen Knight and the Clowness
" It is better to reign in hell, than serve in heaven."--Paradise Lost, Milton

The boy was not watching the Hoomah now, he was watching the land below, pulsing a faint image.  He could not hear the narrators deep baritone voice no more, just watch the story unfold in light.
“ The Sabretoothe taught Le Tang the skill of speed, and thrust.  I was just an ambassador in the court, an onlooker, not yet knighted.  Jousting matches, fin to fin, and other competitions were held, the contestants motivated with unsinkable buoyancy due to who sat by the Queen—the Damsel.
“ He defeated all, and stood alone in the winner’s circle, but the Damsel did not change the shape of her elliptical eyes due to his feats.  Blennie became boastful.  He was from House of Tang, and wore the “t” symbol in blond gold across his massive pectoral.  The rest of the knights wore silver, due to the long belief of what happens to gold in the depths—it joins the sad gold streaks of the bestial Mahi Mahi. The knights, wear silver, fashioned from the spines of the metallic viper.  So whosoever shall don armor, cannot do so until slaying a brood of viper to accumulate enough spine.  But Blennie, did not want to be on par with the other nights, and had more than enough viper silver.  He ventured to steal the gold scale from the Mahi Mahi.  Only he could survive the encounter,being strong enough to climb to her heights and knew the weakness of the beast and her blind spots.  He put her in her current position with a barb to her heart. He made the House of Tang “t” into blond gold.
“ Le Tang joined the competitions thereafter, and was defeated every time by the golden sabers Blennie, he tried and tried, but could not defeat Blennie and those defeats made him faster and sharper.  Blennie became audacious and insolent, demanding the Queen give him his prize, but silencing himself at the moment of her anger: when her frontlet formed to fire red on her forehead.  So Blennie took out his energy for the Damsel, descending up to the depths, spotlighting darkness with his golden armor, hunting for challengers; one day he returned, and I noticed he had a mark on his neck, as if he received a searing kiss.  He grew violent in the kingdom, as his golden armor was losing its shiny finish as if it was growing a patina of decay similar as if crab entrails inside out.
“ He rushed at the Damsel as she was dancing, Le Tang interceded and was deposed.  I fought the Sabretoothe, and lost, getting pierced by his top sabers,he was much more powerful and bigger than before.   He fled with the Damsel, no one knew where he went, we knew  from the coral that she was still alive, we did not know what possessed him,  but we had our theories.  The day she disappeared, the Mahi Mahi turned possessed also, screaming down, attacking, everything, laying waste to everything.  Le Tang blamed me for failing against Blennie, and I do feel like I lowered the prestige of Clan Hoomah.  Now the kingdom has lost its separation from the depths, and it looks to blanket us.  No one has seen the Sabretooth Blennie since and lived.  They say he is guarding the coralcle, no one knows. “
“ It was the Clowness that got to him huh, who is she, what is her deal?” asked the boy trying to seem calm hearing the narrators words.
“ Her hot vanity and ice cold soul control the magnificent red blue anemone, she is extremely jealous of this palace, and might, I suspect, have made a deal with the Dark Crab.
“ She is world old, much older than she looks.  She is a link, between the darkness and the light, her palace a waystation from Crabaltar and the Coral Kingdom-- she keeps the viper brood from filling the depths completely and cannibalistic crab, lobster and prawn from becoming the squirming floor.  That is her purpose, to balance the light creatures against that of the dark, in her powerful filtering palace.  She does not do that because she wants to, but has to, her palace breaths our air, she breaths the viper and crab’s exhale.  She needs the warmth, her palace the cold.  She cannot move out of place without jeopardizing her being.  Her vanity and lust could destroy this kingdom instantly if she could move, and Crabaltar would emit infinite creatures from the depth if she was removed.  She has come to the Queen’s aid before.  But, I suspect she has wrought all this, by introducing something new,” the Hoomah looked at the wide eyed boy, “  something we were not ready for.”
The corals resumed their slight pulsing, the boy was in awe of the Hoomah, he did not know what to say, and did not feel as if it was proper for him to advise him, this veteran.  Sake looked forward, and said passively “ does everything in this land try to eat ya, I don’t wanna know what lays ahead anymore, I did fine in those cold lands when I didn’t know what was coming…I was sharper because I expected the worst…and seen the worse, the Damsel in that thing’s scythe,” the boy looked down upon thinking about it.   Hoomah turned his big eye to the boy and said, “there is one more monster, terrible, worse than Blennie and the Clowness,” Sake looked worriedly at him as the Hoomah continued, “ it is the stink slugs, they stink so bad…” the Hoomah started laughing at the surprised boy.  “ Sake, you have done more than meet the criteria of a knight, and Le Tang told me after the Queen fell unconscious that he was glad you were coming with us than one of the other veteran yellow fins….you caught on to the business of facing down death, and even excelled to the next level.”
“ What is the next level Hoomah?”
“ It is to be the same warrior in life as in death, at home and on the field of battle, if you laugh in the court, then you have to laugh in the field staring down the enemy.  You said you expected the worst, seen the worst, your life has been warfare just like many, but you know it to be so, others do not….and you are far below military age, and that only means one thing—“
Sake interrupted Hoomah, “ How do you laugh at the enemy, if they are so annoying, always yelling and trying to kill you and all,” Hoomah looked at the striving to smile  boy, who was already catching on, and said “ I usually tell them ‘ you dropped something’ and when they look down I bury a hatchet fish in their head, then that will make me laugh, but that only works with more than one enemy, so someone is alive to see you laughing.  Then there is the Le Tang way, use big fancy words , calling them the sons of codswallop—he’s always saying son’s of something, son’s of slugs, son’s of barnacles…. “ Hoomah was chuckling as Sake was shaking his head to that cheesy joke.
Sake was watching the glowing viper skulls descending from the distant depths as if stars, and stood up and punched in front of him, as if to strike a deadly blow to one.  “ Those…those nightmare creatures, why do they want to hurt and devour, they have no purpose…..Blennie, the Clowness, what is the point of them, I never hurt anyone, I don’t want to control anyone…I want to go now, slash right to Crabaltar, burn down the Clowness’ palace, and rip apart that crab.” Sake’s helmet was pulsing green as he spoke staring down towards the viper starscape. “ Such lonely depths, ugly depths, they take the only thing you have…what doesn’t turn to viper in the depths? not knowing what way is up….they take your light, your beacon and drop it to the depths, and you watch it sink, you chase after it only to turn into the thing harming her (he paused)…..they do not even let me have my fable, where the girl lives, and there is a father and mother that teach light, not darkness, what is the point of these wicked things…” the boy was still standing, staring at a kingdom in sleepmode ambience. " The Mahi Mahi, I hate her, her shriek is horrible, but I know she was once beautiful, and so I hate life, for making me hate her, and what it has done to her...." The coral helm rectified his voice to the sound of steel being sharpened on stone.
Hoomah looked at Sake who was staring off distant, and pitied the boy, for the Hoomah knew the boy was a good looking specimen of his species, and youthful, almost princely looking, yet his green ovals showed a desire in their elliptical curve, to be destroyed, and not just adequately, but completely, as if they wanted to be burned at 1 million degrees, destroying the atoms of the soul
  “ Your helm helps you speak, so listen to your own words, have a beacon when you are in the depths, an image of an angel, so as not to turn psycho mad, like viper and Blennie, the Mahi Mahi, and the Clowness.  They have some of our color, but not our luster, making our camo burn brighter in infinite darkness, and perceived hopelessness, we know what is good by seeing the horrible and wicked, that is the point of the wicked, to let it be seen as a warning to the good, to not bear resemblance.”
“ But I have no beacon Hoomah.”
“ You do, a false beacon, it is your anger, as like Le Tang, that does not allow you to see things correctly, and why he could not see the Damsel at Crabaltar.”
Sake sat down next to the sage that was the Hoomah, the boy felt his words, but could not understand them yet.  But, he felt that understanding, was why they were making the next journey to the Coralcle.
“ I need to find my beacon,” said Sake becoming drowsy.
“ You need to get sleeping,” replied Hoomah Hoomah as he puffed off Sakes helmet, and the boy chased it down the stairs, mumbling “mmmblerf” the while.
  “ Get some rest Sake, we depart for the Coracle at first light,” and with that the Hoomah laid down next to his shark armor and started snoring in howitzer caliber.
Sake put back on his Coral Trojan helmet, and not needing to speak anymore took it off again with the Hoomah getting the last laugh. Resting his head against the de-energizing stairs, one thing was  still on his mind, it was “ why was the CLowness doing this, and what had the Damsel to do with it?”  He looked out at the coral down below, like filaments aglow with only static electricity, he looked at the distant vipers with their glowing death head lure," Disgusting creatures, I wouldn’t be surprised if they were enslaved and whipped on by their own lure" he thought…"Slaves."
The morn came, and the knights were already up before the boy, staring off down the highway with horror.  It was Crabaltar, and it was in view now, and seemed to be coming closer with every distorting breeze.  The line of warm and cold could be seen in the sand, as a dark rain cloud rains on the other side of the street.  “ We must make haste,” said Le Tang somberly.
They were in the full armor, looking on the flashing Queen, bedridden and barely conscience, she labored to speak, “ My nights, let us say a prayer:
Build me straight, O worthy Master!
Stanch and strong, a goodly vessel,
That shall laugh at all disaster,
                                                       ­      ­     And with wave and whirlwind wrestle!*"
With her utterance, she fell into unconscious sleep, Le Tang fell to his knee at her side.  The rest left, then the Tang.  Sake was turning to leave, and the Queen Angel spoke, “ Sake, when you feel the cold of the world attacking from the past and the future, sit down at the fire and warm yourself, “ then she fell back to feverish sleep.  Traces of chiseled font etched on her body like that of cracking glass; the color of silver rain over orange incandescence.
The ones to remain and protect the palace and Queen were in line at the top of the grand coral staircase, they made way for the three voyagers.  Le Tang said “ wait” and went to grab something, returning with a neon yellow shield emblazoned with a lowercase  lime ‘t’ , “ this is the shield from the house of Tang, take it Boybummer, you will need it,” and the boy took it, and they descended the staircase with armor, weapon, and bone rattling.
Chapter 9 The land of Sand and Sabre
                      " What do you know of Behemth, who esteemeth your sword as straw."--Book of Job

“ Get on Cucumboy,” said the Hoomah, “ you are to slow.”
The boy got onto the stout body, the Tang not able to support the weight, from his size or ego.  The coral below the moving Hoomah looked to the boy like rain falling down the back window of a car at night, under a street light—but not silvery translucent ,but a spectacular neon array.  Le Tang was out in front, his glow coming from under his silver cuirass weaponry was warning off the encroaching bleakness that was closing in like a tunnel but leading the way to the Coracle.  Sake looked back, the pizza anemones and purple carpet anemones were becoming distant.  He felt as if the tide came behind them, and locked them on an island sandbar; the palace, a lighthouse showing how dangerously distant they were.  They were transitioning into the Golby desert.
“ We have to hurry Hoomah, ‘ the Tang yelled from out in front,” we must pass through the Land of Sand, the other route is shut out by the cold and most likely cold water creatures.”
Making circles shapes  of his mouth, the stout Hoomah chugged along with shield bearing boy.
Realizing the Hoomah was tiring, and not able to keep up with Tang’s pace, the boy called a halt.  “ We must stop, and catch our breaths,” the boy helm called out ahead to the neon silver array on point.  “ There is no time,” called back from the knight on point.
“ There is time,” said the fatigued Hoomah, “ let us bivouac for a moment, so we are full strength upon arrival.”  
Sake dismounted and put down his shield, and stabbed his rapier into the center of a sandy circle surrounded by low lying green-red coral. His arm was  tired from the heavy shield. The Hoomah dropped his shark-armor and rested on the ground.  “ You are a bunch of weaklings,’ scoffed Le Tang.
“ We do not burn with the same fire as you,” rejoined Hoomah.  Le Tang made his way back to the sandy circle and sank down into the sand.  Sake was looking at the grey expanse that was the closer of the two sides that enclosed them.  
“ What is going to happen to the Coral Kingdom when the cold darkness comes?” asked the boy.
“ The coral will petrify, all else will go into hiding,” answered the Hoomah, “ the land will be a wave less colorless place, like that of the Land Of Chimes and  anything with color will be the imposturous cold water anemones.  The original color and history of the great coral kingdom, will be petrified in the coral…we should have set out earlier  but the parrot clouded our plans, a defeatist and detractor.”
Sake dropped his viper chain mail armor, a slight chiming rang out; the shadow came forth from something high above them; Le Tang turned to a fire in the looming shadow that engulfed them, and only the neon war paint of the Hoomah could be seen, especially the two paint spills of upside down feathers distending from his right eye.  The boy looked up in apprehension of the great beast.  “ Don’t worry, she will not come if you do not do that again” said Hoomah calmly.
New deep sea creatures were swarming in the grey misty wall. Brown sperm bodies with enormous gulping heads.  They unhinged their jaws, gaping open only to clamp back down with bear trap efficiency.
“ Why does she come for the sound of chimes?’ asked Sake ignoring the rancid raucous of the deep sea creatures.  Le Tang was stirring as he sat, anxious at the question.  “Why did she come for the knights back in that land of muck?”
The Hoomah was taking up pebbles in his mouth and spitting them out—his way of relaxing.  “ She comes with the sound of sword also, she is haunted and in turn haunts the land during the day, she swoops down on any metal, for they sound like the land of chimes—“
“ But why has she turned into a beast after the Damsel disappeared,” interrupted Sake.
“ Because the vipers torture her, grinding their rusted razor blade teeth, and flaunting their glowing skull lures, but they can only do that at night, when they amass —“ before the Hoomah could go on a hideous gulper  poked its head out of the grey mist and disgorged a hideous tongue wagging taunt.  Le Tang shot forth closed the distance and sliced off its head.  The decapitated head was still blinking and snapping its jaws , it happened so fast.  Sake thought of the painting in the conch tunnel, where darkness and its minions surrounded the two knights and instantly trembled, for he was with them now on that dark stage.
“ When Sabretoothe Blennie kidnapped the Damsel,” the Hoomah went on,” the Mahi Mahi hunted in blind rage for the sounds of metal , chime or sword clash .  She grew enormous swallowing the male species, a shadow of her former self she is now.”  The massive shadow came back, reducing Le Tang back to a flickering flame and the Hoomah to neon war paint.
The Tang was calmer now that he vented his internal forge that was his anger slaying the deep sea creature.  “  Cucumboy, I will say this, you are here with knights, to do battle, you are a knight by association now, as the rest of the kingdom is fleeing, you are fighting, I am sorry before for saying otherwise, “ said Le Tang who finally doffed his silver cuirass.
“ What is making the Clowness do this, does she really want to have a world of darkness, with nothing  but these, these creatures,” asked Sake, gesturing to the approaching masses of coldness.
Le Tang spoke, “ She is a witch, who would gobble up her own children, as to not waste any of herself on them.  Jealousy and envy occupy her, she wants to be adored, and served.  She will not give up her cold-water palace of anemone to live amongst the commonage, and will not live under the Queen Angel, for she thinks herself to be an Angel worth serving.  She has learned the dark secrets, every life she has destroyed gives her the mucus to stay young, and command the anemone.  A corruptor of youth, and destroyer of whole families, she was confined to the cold water domain, but now, as we have found out, has found a way to unleash the deep sea depths on us, all to satisfy her vanity--”
“ All this, so she can be Queen, but there will be nothing left, only Viper,” interrupted Sake.
“ She wouldn’t care, the mucus in her pores are an ancient evil, as old as the coral, when the land was divided, and she was confined to the cold realm by her own vanity, for her palace needs the cold, she could have gave it up to come to the Coral Kingdom, but she would not deign before a more noble light, as that of the Queen Angel,” explained Le Tang.
“ We have to stop her, we have to stop this,”  said Sake desperately as he pointed at the towering wall of grey.  “ How is it linked to the Damsel and Crabaltar?”
“ That is why we are going to the Coralcle is it not,” answered Le Tang sarcasticly, “ if not for you Sake, the Parrot would have sent us  to her for help in our desperation,still, we did not know she was commanding this cold front.  But what we do know now is that Clan Hoomah and House of Tang do not serve hags, right old Hoomah?” said Le Tang in a jocular voice, attempting to bury the hatchet fish with the older veteran—for they were pressed together, literally, by a vast army of enemy lurking on either side of the narrowing sand road to the Coralcle.  The evil gliding things in the two walls had compressed them together in camaraderie, as it was just them three versus a vast jaw snapping horde.
The yellow lidded warrior responded with a “ Hooooomah,” that had the baritone force of a tuba.
“ What is your clan, or house Sake?” questioned Le Tang.
“ I do not have one, I am all alone,” answered the boy.
“ Well, then that is better, you are the originator, you can be House of Cucumboy,” quipped Le Tang.
  “ I think I’ll find a better name,” rejoined Sake.
              “ Or Clan Sponge,” said Hoomah and all three chuckled, their laughs momentarily drowning out the deep sea creatures salivating asseverations off in the enclosing bleakness.
“ Take off your helm boy, it is not good to always wear armor” said Hoomah.
“ But I will not be able to talk,” responded Sake.
“ You cannot talk without it because you had no one to talk to, you know us now, so you can talk to us,” said Hoomah as he spat a pebble.
He took off his helm, and went to talk, “ mmmbleerrf” was the only thing that came out of the boy’s mouth.  “ Well a good mmmbleerrff to you as well” responded Hoomah, as he and Le Tang erupted in laughter.  “ Hey I thought you said I could talk without my helmet” said Sake putting back on his lime green Trojan helm.
“ Well maybe you have an accent, trying saying ‘mmblerf’ now, and see what comes out”
“ Lumpsucker” was the word that came out of the boy’s mouth, Le Tang almost doubled over.
“ Now take off your helm and say ‘lumpsucker’ ’” advised Hoomah.
“ Stinkbutton” came from the boy’s lips.  They all started laughing.  
“ Clan Stinkbutton it is,” bellowed Hoomah, as all three bivouacers rested into the sand, resting before battle in the corridor of bleak mist and gliding, screaming  things.  Perhaps why they were talking more now--to break up the eerie hollowness of the desert, and the lacerating screams of the rising walls of gray on either side of the corridor leading to through the desert to the Coracle.
“ Learn the pattern, and you’ll be able to talk here, but only with people you trust, but the helm gives your tongue clarity for now,” replied Hoomah.
The shadow returned, slithering over them , and the three warriors illuminated once again: Sake’s gangrene coral Trojan helmet and blue viper skin gaiters on his shins, Hoomah’s white shock streaks on his body and pastel face paint, and the solar flare of Le Tang’s body.
The viper’s glowing skull-lure branching from their disgusting metallic foreheads seemed pathetic in comparison to their colors, thought Sake.  But the boy once again thought of the hermit’s painting, these two knights being overwhelmed by the hordes of nightmare creatures on that dark stage spotlighted by the combined skull light of a thousand vipers.  He wanted to hug both warriors, so so badly, he did not want to lose them, as the painting was becoming ever more likely as the Mahi Mahi patrolled above, and the deep sea monstrosities were closing in with the gray walls.  The Atlantean helm Sake wore rectified his young quaking voice, but viewing the two tropical knights through the ‘T’ of his helm made him realize, that the only way he could be close to these knights, was being back to back against the odds,always outnumbered he was to be, if he wanted to be like these foremost warriors… the ‘T’ viewpoint he received from the gangrene coral resembled an upside down sword projecting on the two tropic warriors, being a sword still in the forge on Le Tang, and the bright shining steel after it hardens in air when on the Hoomah’s shock white stripes.  He would mimic these knights, he said to himself—be has lethal and confident as Le Tang in the face of death, and as calm and pluck as Hoomah Hoomah who would not let impending disaster jolt him from his pebble spitting hobby; and most of all, to not be changed from the depths.
An oblong balloon inflated from the sand near the knights, Sake roused to his feet, “ A coral snake,”  called out Sake.
“ That is just a Goby boy, don’t worry, they’re  only cleaners,” said Le Tang nonchalantly.
The oblong blue-green balloon spoke, “ Hello my wayfarers, might I offer a free grooming,” solicited the Goby.  “ No thanks Goby, be gone, we are on serious business if you haven’t noticed,” answered Le Tang.
“ I can go for a cleaning,” responded Hoomah, and the Goby called out, “ Hey Zumba, grab the kids,”and three more Gobies ballooned out from the sand.  “ Yay, a Hoomah,” the child Gobies rejoiced.
The Gobies swarmed the Hoomah, nibbling his scale, and cleaning him.  Hoomah laid back in pleasure as they caressed him.
“ How bout you, you look like you need a cleaning.  Are you a Flounder?  Anyways, your pretty dirty,” said the father Goby.
“ Ah, I don’t know, I’m a boy, and not sure if I can be cleaned,” answered Sake unsurely.
“ Go on Sake, it is imperative that a warrior remains clean, and it is very relaxing,” advised Hoomah.  “ Well I guess so,” said Sake as more Gobies emitted from the sand and swarmed onto him.
Sake began laughing and rolling around as they tickled and poked him.  He rolled and rolled till when Hoomah thought he would roll into the bleakness suctioned him up and placed him back into the sandy circle.  “ Wow, this Flounder could feed the whole Goby nation,” rejoiced a Goby.  Le Tang just watched shaking his head the whole while.  Le Tang was all business, or vengeance.
The two were laughing and crying so loud as to drown out the deep sea creatures stalking in the over watching bleakness.  Hoomah was more professional about it, and only emitted short tuba sounds.  A Goby pulled a green ball from the boy’s ear, “ wow, we are going to save this for a holiday dinner,” delighted the oblong Goby.
The Gobies left the Hoomah, having depleted their scales of crumbs, and joined the foray on the boy.  Sake was in ecstasy, a Goby was mumbling his eye lids, and pulling food out of his teeth.  But the Hoomah warned, “ Be careful Sake, many warriors have not made it back from the Coracle due to their overindulging in Gobies, they have forgotten their mission, and became Goby addicts, roaming the Goby desert, rolling around in mud to get a cleaning, only to starve to death or get eaten by vipers.”  As he said his warning, Sake was still laughing, until he caught the distant view of a viper, just staring at him from the greyness, as if it was waiting,   The image of the Damsel came into his mind.  “All right, that’s enough,” Sake said as he brushed the Gobies off of him.  One Goby that squeezed under Sake’s viper gaiters on his shoes was rolling a green ball of toe jam back to his hole saying “ Wow, boys are good eating.”
“ You will be a formidable warrior Sake,” said Le Tang, “ You do not possess the lower classes addictive personality, you are in control of yourself.”
“ Well, let’s get it on , the walls are closing in,” said Hoomah—and they put back on their armor.  Le Tang went back ahead on point.
The land graduated from streaming dark sand to wavy blond sand, there were protrusions from the sand everywhere.    A whale bone-yard, that was what it resembled.  The behemoth bone stabbed upward out of the sand in sabre curvature.
The bones were sparse at first, so they only had to walk around them, but then became a bone bramble, and Le Tang kept catching his cuirass on one of the hooking-bone sabres. Hoomah worked slowly and methodically for he was much bigger.  Sake, who before could not even walk in this land, had no difficulty at all.  He felt it was just another graveyard, where he was raised.
The white grey bone started to show signs of patina, even signs of gold specks—which had a physical reaction in the two tropical knights, for their eyes scanned their environment more rapidly—for  every rib a certain width apart resembled the two sabre fangs of the Sabretoothe Blennie.
He followed after his rapier, pointing through every rib cage slat first.  Le Tang was still bravely out in front on point.  Hoomah still methodically pivoting his stout body around the bone wreckage.
At points, they had to crawl over dense bone huts.  The deep sea creatures could not be heard in this land, making it only sound with the scraping of the knights armor on bone.  A bone outcrop collapsed, and the whole party whipped their heads to scan for a threat—but it was nothing.
Then the land became a little less dense with bone obstacle.  Sake’s rapier was shaking violently as he led with it.  “ Le Tang is one brave knight being out in front,”  thought the boy, recalling the knight in Crabaltar, recklessly touring the cavernous layer in flaring daring; the boy was beginning to see the benefit in being dangerously debonair like Le Tang—anger was less painful than fear and feeling.
No one spoke as they moved forward through the wasteland, for their ears attuned for the sound of movement.
Le Tang was passing under slanted fangs in the form of a bone arbor  all color of decay, patina, rot, and bedecked with gold fillings.  The Hoomahs eyes widened, the spacing of the sabre fangs that hung down above Le Tang  were the same distance of the scars on his chest.  It was him… “ Tang move” he yelled, as another set of fangs sprung from the sand beneath Le Tang looking to meet their smaller but still enormous upper jaw that once pierced the Hoomah.  Hoomah blew the Tang out of the way as the teeth that was the Sabretoothe’s locked shut, and the sand disgorged the huge body of  Blennie rising into the air: tiger striped with gold over green patina and block rot, its eyes were black spilt egg yolks underneath its mask.  The party backed up and the creature that was once a knight spoke in a hollow long dead sepulchral breath as if a sinking titanic finally reaching its sight for internment—gives its last metallic stretching moan.
“ The Coldwater Clowness is making her way for the Coral Kingdom  for the Queen, and then the Crab’s claw will close around the Damsel making the Clowness beautiful ruler supreme, and you will be still alive to bow to her, in my prison, peering between my ribs begging for oblivion .”
All were in horror of the morbid knight, especially Le Tang who had nothing to say for once.  They did not want to be addressed individually by the long dead tone of the eternally damned knight.
“ I will be first knight and only knight, for I was the strongest, and should have been given the Damsel, I have served the House Of Tang long enough under the Queen Angel, I shall command the Viper Brood as their King, and my clade of sabretoothe goby shall live as long as the Dark Crab.”
The dark knight was ten times the size of the Hoomah now—five  lances in length.  
“ You are a disgrace Blennie, look at you, you resemble the disgusting creatures of the depths, your soul has been digested by the dark crab and spit back into this land.  The Clowness will fail, she cannot survive without the Coral Kingdom you disgusting son of a urchin, she needs the warmth caused by our breaths and deeds to live,” yelled Le Tang.
“ Le Tang, still thinking that there is good and evil.  What do you think will happen when the tropical light is gone, the vipers will be the light, and they will change, they will don your armor after you are slain, they will be the warm vipers, exhaling a warm breath for the Clowness, they will be the knights, they shall teach and preach through the depths, this world will be two shades of viper, not light against darkness, but black light against oblivion.  The Magnificent Anemone shall be the palace, after the cold takes over balanced by the warm cadaverine rising from the slain tropical bodies.  All hail the beautiful Clowness,  and all thankness goes to the Cannabal Crab of Oblivion.”
“ Blennie, we shall stop the cold, and rid your legacy,” gritted Hoomah Hoomah.  Sake was motionless, pointing his rapier at the dark knight thinking “ this is futile, we are going to die,” the boy thought.  
“ Blennie, your armor won’t stop me from wearing your heart,” said Hoomah.
“ I have dibbs on his tongue,” said Le Tang as he sprung his blades and split them into the “X” form.  Sake heard the bone mechanical sound of the Hoomah’s custom armor—the shark jaws closing more over his face, and pectoral bolts spearing forward under the lower shark jaw to be ready to spear or spew.
The massive rotten jaws opened--readying to strike.  Hoomah’s armor loaded forward then back, putting a long bolt into his mouth, he spit in rifle velocity at the tonsils of the dark knight but was stopped by  a rotted saber; Le Tang spiraled through the air and carved a sparking gash in its armor, but the powerful beast bent its tail sending Le Tang to the ground—crashing into bony debris.  One of his sabrers  bent as the fiery body crumpled on the ground..  But Le Tang got up, and reversed his blades forward—they now looked like  a clutching claw of an eagle.  “ I will gut you Blennie,” he said as he flared up between his silver cuirass.  Le Tang attacked again barely dodging the snapping sabers, and was head-butted violently to the ground.
  The Hoomah’s shark jaw helm loaded another long bolt forward and the Hoomah sucked it into firing position but the Sabretoothe dove for him causing him to evade out of the way; the Blennie was back on him and ready to swallow the Hoomah whole but for Sake, who ran forward to pierce the blond chest armor with his rapier only for his sword to fling off the tough armor and out of his hands; the act bought the Hoomah some time, as the focus now was on the boy.  He backed up before the salivating dead beast.  Sake backed into a tunnel of bone, with the Sabretoothe crunching forward to get the fleeing morsel.    The boy ran to the end, that was gated close with bone.  He could not fit through the slits…the beast closed on him—squeezing its body in the tunnel it then writhed, snapping the bone hallway to dusty debris that made a smoke screen of marrow. It opened its jaws, Sake looked away.
A yellow lid showed in the slit of bones blocking Sake’s escape, “DUCK” ordered  Hoomah.  He blew  a bolt through the slit  striking the monster in the left eye sending it recoiling backward in anger.  “ RUN, NOW, BOTH OF YOU, I’LL DEAL WITH THIS DISGRACE.”
Running by the huge body and into the dusty cloud of marrow, Sake found Le Tang and helped him up, “ lets go,” he uttered.  
“ Im not leaving , this is my battle ,” scoffed the injured Tang.  The occupied Hoomah yelled with baritone force “GO NOW,” the force of the Hoomah’s yell blew the boy and the Tang back, crashing through bone—a good stone throw from the battle.   Sake pulled Le Tang up.  Le Tang conceded the fight to the Hoomah, “ All yours big guy,” he muttered in respect to the veteran warrior who looked to be evading the mammouth sized Blennie , but in actuality was stalking him.
They ducked and weaved under and around bone, while the Hoomah was doing the same behind them, avoiding the thundering clamping strikes of the Sabretooth.   The beast moaned, struck at the Hoomah, missing by a pectoral fin width, snapping the bone protrusions in half. Sake understood what that the Hoomah was doing, waiting till the monster showed the other eye so he could spit his barb into it.  A thunder clap, the snapping of bones, were the sounds  as the Hoomah narrowly weaved in and around bone.  
“ Get on, “ commanded LeTang as the bone became less dense allowing easier movement, and the boy got on and they cruised under and around bone to the direction of a faint blue-green and purple beacon off distant.  Sake looked back, he lost his rapier back there with the struggling warrior.  Hoomah looked to not stand a chance, but the calm determined look on the Hoomah’s face re-assured him that he did.  He did not even blink  his yellow lids as he barely retreated from the rotted giant overbite and weaved into another patch of cross bones.  Sake turned his head frontward--saddened, but  knowing there was not enough time.  Another moan, thunderclap, and snapping of bones emitted from the battle taking place well behind them.
Horrid sounds of battle slowly lifted as the land opened up to baron blond sand: the Goby Desert . Sake heard the labored breathing of Le Tang, and dismounted.  “ What are you doing Sake?” get on, we have to make haste,” commanded the ailing neon warrior.
“ You’re injured, don’t worry I will run,” replied the boy.
“ Your about as fast as a periwinkle Cucumboy, get on, or I will go on without you,” said Le Tang.  The boy ignored Le Tang’s bluff, and started to run over the rippled dunes to the faint distant trace of a purple beacon.  “ Sake, I guess I am going to have to carry you,” said Le Tang.  But as he approached the lumbering boy, he froze.  Sake looked back at him with a blue and red eye—the eyes of the anemone.  “ What is wrong Le Tang?” asked Sake.  
Le Tang looked to the approaching walls of bleakness, there were anemones flaming beyond the grey mist—hexing upward to the depths with their demonic digits.  They were perched on top of lobster like silhouettes, awaiting the bleakness to move forward and allow them to move up with it.
“Sake, nothing to win, in world of evil, oblivion is painless, serve the Clowness,” they droned, but only the boy could hear.  They formed pictures, half concealed from the mist that froze the boy-- his eyelids unblinking over his blue and red eye.  “ The world is ice and fire Sake, serve the Clowness, and wield both, they abandoned you, the ‘t’ on your shield and your parents, your teachers, the state, they are one side of the spectrum, serve her Sake…”
Sake’s head started sweating and burning up, his hands became ice cold.  He fell to his knees.     “ See, the world is evil, it is they that are killing you,  killed your soul…” Sake fell lifeless to the sand, his red and blue eyes projecting upward.  “ Serve the Clowness, serve oblivion, and serve yourself, all others already do, but only one side, you will have both, you will die if you don’t, and not from us….let us show you then,” the anemones formed into memories at the base of the grey wall.  
“ This is from  Venice,” it was the image of a priest addressing children in the animation of anemone.  He was talking about his garbs and gesturing to his gold skull that resembled the viper lure around his neck.  
“ See Sake, you asked for light, and this man of red was occupied with the glimmering viper gold hanging from his neck,” the anemone spoke to the mesmerized boy in the accumulated voice of many whispers. “ Worship this or go to hell,” the priest finished.  The anemone undid itself.
Another anemone spoke, already mid animation.
“ Children, we come from apes,  when you die, there is oblivion, we are ungrateful towards society, there are kids dying around the world ….”  It was the visage of a teacher, addressing pupils.
“Ah, but are there not children dying under the teachers nose, loving so far, is so despiteous, making you feel so alone, you do not have to join the viper brood as the teacher or priest, the Clowness will care for you, you can be different from viper,” spoke the anemone.,” you do not even know who is your father and they want you to hug apes.”
“ Serve the Clowness, for she serves the Crab, the Crab wants to enlist you, you will never shed a tear again if you do.”
Le Tang was strapping the hallucinating boy’s foot into his cuirass in the same manner as a foot in a stirrup as the anemone spoke personally only to Sake.
The boy was being dragged by Le Tang, who then picked up speed as to not drag the boy off the sand.  Anemones were replaced by vipers and gulpers, with their gaseous methane hisses.  “ Hold on boy, I’ll get you away from her power,” yelled the speeding Le Tang as the boy’s eyes  projected red and blue—as his head turned they scanned the immediate air like a copy machine.  Red blue skin glowed inside the ‘T’ slit of his coral Trojan helmet.  “ HOLD ON,” desperately cried Le Tang.


  The glowing brain coral became immense, blinding  Le Tang who was dragging the boy.  He reached the base of monument sized brain coral.  The anemone’s light instantly ceased in Sake’s eye as his gaze fell on the Coralcle that was the only outcrop in the sandy wasteland.  “ Where am I,” asked Sake as he got to his feet and looked at the Coralcle that was aglow in purple light that sent out purple haze in the immediate surroundings.  His feet sunk in the sand as he approached then stopped.  The grooves of the Coralcle were rivulets flowing with energy.
The Tang , after seeing the boy was alright, approached closer to the monument.   His flare between his cuirass was completely drowned out by purple light.  “ HOW DO WE SAVE THE DAMSEL?” he yelled impatiently.   Nothing came back.” HOW DO WE STOP THE CLOWNESS AND THE COLD?”  Still nothing.  “ DAM YOU, HELP US, WE HAVE JOURNEYED HERE AND THE PALACE IS IN DANGER.”
Le Tang scowled, and turned his back to the glowing edifice.  “ We wasted our time, let us rejoin Hoomah” he said to the boy who was just staring at the brilliant beacon with light running its grooves as electrons run an elliptical track orbit.  The misty cloud around the glowing object seemed charged.  
Sake doffed his helm, and walked closer to the Coralcle, as if summoned.  Le Tang watched curiously, rippling in the barren desert breeze.  The boy just stood there, and the Coralcle spoke with the combined voice of a billion microscopic whispers and from a region, that was only heard by the boy.  It glowed red from within, in what resembled its mid brain, the hypothalamus of the coral.
The Coralcle spoke no words, but spoke hyper light, and transferred this light to the boy. His eyes dilated and undulated rapidly.  The capillary hypnosis of Caliente’s  and Caviar’s eyes could not compare to this.  Sake felt the message, as high above the Mahi Mahi screamed by.  Take the barb from her heart, put it in yours, then put it in Crab and Clowness alike, and command the gray, was the message to the boy.
A life time of pain was erased from Sake’s eyes.  The Coralcle photo copied from left to right and right to let over the paper whites of the boy’s ovals.  The searing kiss of the anemone was gone, for now.  Sake turned from the dimming Coralcle and faced the sandy expanse closed in from
  walls of misty bleakness  gliding with monsters; darkness was enclosing, and  Le Tang flared up ever more, as did Sake’s helm and blue viper skin gaiters over his shoes.
There was a lacerating scream back in the sabre land where they left the Hoomah, that woke Sake from his paralysis.  It was no telling if it was a death throe or victory cry.  He so badly wanted to go back for him, but Sake knew that coldness was coming; they were boxed in on both sides, where beyond the darkening gray mist were concealed vipers and gulpers of the dark depths.   Le Tang had swallowed all his pride to be able to not sail back and help the stricken Hoomah; his bright neon body was rippling with cat o’nine tail vehemence.
“ We must take the barb out of the Mahi Mahi,” said the boy to the Tang.  Le Tang unsprang his blades, “ we won’t need weapons this time, only armor,” said Sake as walked confidently—matching his voice.  Le Tang followed the boy into sandy wasteland that was the Goby Desert.  
“ We must lure her, “ the boy said while taking of his viper mail. He began waving his viper chain mail like a towel, the chime sound rippled into the wasteland that was quiet as a graveyard and bounced off the impending grey curtain and rose up into the depths.  “   Le Tang, was spinning all around, in trepidation of their vulnerable position—in the open, attracting the locomotive strength of the Mahi Mahi.    “ Sake, I have plenty of weapons and javelins in my armory, how bout we go…”
“ When it comes lay flat as you possibly can, tuck that big nose of yours in, and then we give chase and remove the barb before she ascends…”
Le Tang interrupted the boy,” Big nose, look who’s talking,” the Tang gestured towards the boy’s codpiece,  Sake laughed, and so did Le Tang not fully understanding why.  It was nervous laughter, and suicidal quips, that make heroes out of warriors.
They whipped their heads in a direction of something coming down the narrow passage between light and greyness--that was in line with them and the Coral Kingdom.  It was the long immense jetstream shadow of the Mahi Mahi.  “ Don’t worry Le Tang, I’ve done this before,” he said as he waved the viper mail.  “ That’s very comforting,” quipped Le Tang in an apprehensive look at the daunting shadow.  “ We have to try to hold in place when she screams, and not become dislodged,” said the boy as he looked down the corridor caused by the approaching cold—a corridor that darkened from the corralled massive Mahi Mahi above in the depths.
The sand began to tumble toward them; small whirlwinds of rip currents started dancing upward—then the passage before them between the greyness became occupied by the never-ending procession that was  Mahi Mahi’s body uncoiling downward for its nose dive; to level with the bottom for its screaming prowl.
” Ready Tang,” …Le Tang made an X  motion with his body like a fencer, crossing himself in the sign of the House of Tang with a look on his face of bloodless determination.
It darkened, as if a wave was rising over their heads, the scream came, a slit in the sand came at them with flaring sides forming a V.  “ Remove the barb from the heart,” repeated the boy in his head as the viper mail flew from his body as the first destructive decibel of the scream reached them.  He went down to a three point stance, Le Tang began speeding in place so he would not be dislodged.
They were blasted with sand, that pinged off their armor, Sake covered his ears, and began sliding backward as he was out of three point stance.  Le Tang held him in place by speeding with all his energy.  They were being moved back slowly, the Tang was rippling with lightning speed and yellow energy that was being pushed to its max amperage.  “ I can’t keep up,” gritted Le Tang, as his body began to flicker like an incandescent light.  “ GET READY TANG.”  The trident pierced tongue between the hook studded lips took up all of the narrow passage, the lower lip was exactly Sake’s body width from the ground, but hooks and tackle reached further, carving the sand like a thresher.  He would have to dodge barb and beast.
The giant upper jaw was over them as Sake flattened forward as the lower jaw contacted the plume on his coral helmet almost knocking it off.
They were under the belly of the great beast.   It was as if he was crawling under a moving locomotive, there was no space to move, a barb had hooked his shirt sleeve and ripped it off, another one caught the other sleeve giving the boy a vest.  He dug his head into the sand to be able to look up; the view was of a concrete wall, grout lines of scale, stabbed with hook and spear—a never-ending story of beast.  Barely being able to turn his head forward and seeing a shining harpoon slicing the ground in half, he moved to his right and it flew by him almost cutting him in half.  He could not see Le Tang behind him who unsprang his chest V blade—digging into the ground to remain in place.  The boy’s foot was on Le Tangs head.   Le Tang dodged the deadly hooks and barb, as a fencer parries.  
The beast began to lift in the air, Sake had enough breathing room to turn and yell, “ GET READY.”  Le Tang retorted inaudibly under deafening noise of the beast “ A cucumboy telling me to get ready.”
The behemoth was high enough that no protruding hook on its belly would cut them in half.  As if they rehearsed it, they got up in synchronization, Sake hooked his snake skin boots in the Tang’s silver decking –using them like stirrups to hang on.  Le Tang whipped and rippled, rearing himself like a horse and gave chase to the ascending beast; but the sound breaking scream of the Mahi Mahi was slightly faster than the sound breaking speed of the not full strength Tang; the Mahi Mahi was raising more into the air, the long barb was becoming out of arm’s reach.  “ FASTER,” screamed Sake.  The Mahi Mahi was screaming into the air…“ FASTER.”
Le Tang cracked the sound barrier with whiplash ferocity and rippled so quick that Sake was losing his grip on the silver.  Sake had to take his hand off to grab the barb, and he could barely hold on with two, realizing this Sake yelled “OVERSHOOT IT LE TANG” and the fast thinking Tang grasped the command.  It was almost becoming out of reach, the speeding Tang overshot the target, Sake let go of the silver and he became sucked backward into the jetstream crashing into the barb, and as he bounced off it; he clasped it in a bear hug, the Mahi Mahi was rising faster now, the wind blew off his helmet and undulated the flesh on his face—he put his feet on the scaly belly and pulled, it was in there deep.
“ Ahhhhh,” Sake screamed in his exertion, he was now high above the ground, Le Tang was a ground fire down below.  “ Ahhhhh,” his scream was as desperate as the Mahi Mahi, it pulled loose;  Sake tumbled downward  in a radial pattern  with the long lance like barb, as if he had a parachute that didn’t fully employ—still neck breaking.  The fire on the ground was darting every which way to line up with the falling boy….. “ Shiiiiiiit,” yelled Sake in utter horror.
Sake closed his eyes in expectation of smashing into the ground.  Then smash…he crashed into the slow climbing Tang who put on the afterburner slowing their descent but it was still a too deadly rate, Sake saw the ground a blink away and closed his eyes, but the last second when they were above the ground Le Tang shot forward and tore into the sand like a comet crashing and digging into the earth.
He opened his eyes, darkness, they were in a ten foot hole; the lance was glowing red—where it was submerged in the Mahi Mahi-- behind them at the mouth of the trench they created.  The far off scream graduated into a smoothing glissando of feminine voice—no longer tortured. The Mahi Mahi was at peace and sounded beauteous.
They clamored out of the trench and returned to the lance sticking out of the ground.  The grey that was closing from both sides of the horizon, like towering waiting waves--darkened, they could see the glow of the vipers; both sides were a spear throw away from them on either side now, and the remaining light glowing ahead of them in between the encroaching darkness—was the Coral Palace.
He slowly grasped the lance, a shudder ran through him, he felt the pain in his heart and quickly pulled back his hand— it was glowing as if right from the forge but the tip was shedding ice blue glacial tears.   The Coralcle’s message came into his mind: put it in your heart, then Clowness and Crab alike.
The walls of darkness moaned in unison “ You will fail, and she will die”-- it was a gaseous sound, of decaying methane. Sake grabbed the lance and pulled it from the sand.  The pain was extraordinary, it was the anemone’s kiss  and Blennies bite, but he held on, to return the painful capacitance of the lance to the Clowness, and finally , god willing, to the Dark Crab.
Ignoring their demonic hecklers, they got their armor together, Sake putting on his Coral Trojan helmet, as Le Tang unbent one of his blades.  Sake mounted without saying words, and rested the lance in line with the aerodynamic neon yellow body.  He hoped that they would come across the Hoomah Hoomah on the return journey, but deep down did not think that would be so.

  The tip of the lance coming over Le Tang's eyes was the cue to floor it for Le Tang, and he cracked his body like a whip, speeding down the narrowing passage with demonic droning from both sides.

Chapter 10 Final Chapter: Crabaltar
" Come father, let us embrace."--Excaliber

                    As Le Tang shot through the narrowing passage, Sake suddenly became aware of something, there were two towering walls that enclosed them and the Coral palace, and Crabaltar was only on one side..  The walls no longer resembled the Grey Skies Of Mass, but oblivion interspersed with sliding monsters.  Such Pain, he thought again, looking at the lance glowing, deflecting the rushing air like a boat prow,; and suddenly the lance made him recall painful things, and those painful things were the best days of his life.  He gripped Le Tang’s weapon accoutrements making him rear, swivel, then crash into the ground.  Sake became lost in thought, staring at the lance glowing, upright in the sand--
Images of him deftly catching snowflakes, rolling to catch a leaf flying to the ground, or stabbing a shopping bag whipping through the cold air with a newspaper… every season was gray, cold and alone, then he remembered he was not always alone…there was a warm youthful Summer, replenishing, and he walked away from the sunshine and sat indian style in front of a world he thought he was in control of, then there was the Crab, infiltrating his kingdom of light.  .  A world, where he was no longer deft in hand or confidence, unable to talk, chasing strangers to hug him.  The crying clown painting in his room came to mind, and his mother crying with make-up smeared down her face.    Then he thought of the Damsel, in that Stonehenge within a Stonehenge, that pagan, disgusting vile place, surrounded by vipers.  She belonged in the Coral Kingdom, and he had to put her there all the time forever…and he would put a sword upward through viper breath closing their mouths, so they never again have the audacity to assail the kingdom; and end the mirage that is the Clowness, her falsity, her pretension of bringing happiness, she works misery and a lifetime of craving and vanity.  Then there is the Dark Crab, polluted sludge within a shell, just like his once human followers are shells of their former human-hood….the Crab made the Clowness who she was , who in turn made Blennie.  
The Crab, a cannibal worker from the underworld, not fit to scurry among the upright in the light.  
Sake looked at the other wall of approaching darkness, and it scared him-- it was the future.  
Le Tang was shouting, but Sake couldn’t hear him, just looked at the approaching darkness.  He felt cold, oh so cold…and abandoned.  The landscape darkened, Le Tang was completely back to torch form.
When you feel the darkness pressing from the past and the future, warm yourself by the fire.  It was the voice of the Queen Angel in his head.  He snapped out of it with Le Tang’s shout.
“ You have nearly wrecked us.”
Sake looked at him, a blazing fire, went to put out his hands as if to warm them, but stopped.  Le Tang was his future, a future of revenge and vehemence.  Sake could not give that up, he was only a boy, and boys do not know forgivness, especially from teachers that wear the glowing skull lure of viper round their necks.
Walls running all the way up to the depths laughed and screamed at the two knights—they  appeared to show hideous teeth while they laughed and screamed then let way for another  volley of screamers.  The walls were a javelin throw away from either side now. Sake became enraged.  “  Let us go, and finish off these mutants,” said he, as he  pulled the lance out of the sand and mounted Le Tang.
The neon warrior in silver armor said nothing, and appeared less vengeful than the boy for the first time.  In life as in death, said Sake to himself, repeating the Hoomah’s words.  They went forward, through the bone brambles, no sight of the veteran hunter, nor Blennie.  They slowed a bit, but after concluding that a tropical warrior had been felled, they sped on to the faint pulsing image of the Coral palace that was without a doubt under siege.  They both said nothing, enraged at the apparent loss of their fellow knight.

Light came into view.  Hope?  No, for it was the Clowness’ magnificent anemone, surrounded by shining armor and yellow fin laying lifeless on the ground still smoking from a hot tendril touch .  Her massive anemone stayed in the dark towering waiting wave of coldness, and  it was atop a giant lobster—under her control—black eyed, and soulless, a lobster from miserable polluted sludge.  Crabaltar was behind her, inching closer with every blink.
“ Run this hag through, and sever her head” ran through the boy’s mind faster than the Tang was moving.  Le Tang tacitly approved.
They charged straight forward with the lance glowing lance leading the way.  The front row of blue and red anemone mobilized and formed a line mocking colonial era troops…tri corner hats and all, and pointed muskets with tendril bayonets protruding from the ends.  Sake pulled back on the Tang and they stopped just short of their deadly reach.  The bayonets went to attention, and formed a path for the besieging baroness.  She came forward with legs of anemone covered with red knee high jack boots and blue riding pants, and a blue-red fencing mask that quickly unformed to show her orange face.
“ Oh, my poor knights, you tried so hard to save the Queen, but she is almost within my grasp, so maybe you might think of serving me.”
“ We would never serve a hag from the cold water realm, you are an usurping peasant in temporary clothes, “ sneered Le Tang, moving clockwise around the red and blue troops, who in turn moved  their bayonets to follow his throat.
“ But my poor Tang, you have already helped me, with your anger, and you boy, yes I know what you are,” she stepped down closer to address Sake who was standing still unlike Le Tang, “ You have unrolled the carpet for me, letting the cold in, and I am Queen of the Coldwater, and now to be Queen of the Petrified Coral Kingdom, and then ruler of Saccade, and I will replace the knights with vipers, and they shall be more colorful than their monochrome cold water cousins, and they shall balance the temperatures.”
“ They are not tropical warriors, but imposters , and it will not work, the knights are the vipers opposite, evil cannot be evil’s opposite,” gritted Sake with the help of his helm.
Sake held the lance over his shoulder, he did not know what to do, for surely her anemones would intercept it.  They would have to slay each tendril, there was no other way.  “ Enough talking old hag,” said Sake and with that gambit, Tang sprang his sabres then they split into their X as he raced forward slicing a row of red musket men in half.  Sake moved forward, and speared a blue coat in the chest.  The Clowness went back into her field attire and fencing mask, “ Fools” she laughed.
Le Tang hacked and hacked them down, and Sake leaned in for a thrust , pulled back, and speared again,  but every assembled soldier they dispatched, it was only scratches to individual tentacles.  Le Tang was hacking his blades dull, he could not penetrate into the defense of the Clowness.  His yellow body was sending small curls of smoke where the tendrils had reached their mark, he was losing the war of attrition.  Sake’s armor was more complete,  but not having the Tang’s speed left him more vulnerable, a tendril wrapped around his wrist, “ Aaaaarrrr,” he yelled and stabbed through it with the lance. He was using the weapon as a bat just to stay alive now, he was retreating, and Le Tang was still hacking nowhere.
A soldier bayoneted through Le Tang’s tail, another grabbed hold of his fin, Le Tang sliced one off him, but another came.  “ Fall back,’ Sake yelled, but it was too late, the soldiers were on Le Tang; the Clowness was laughing haughtily now. They took off his armor and held him by the tail, which was smoking from the hold; the bayonets now all trained their points at his chest, he was helpless.  Red tendrils put on the Tang’s blades and ornament, and formed to the front.
“ What about now, will you render your service , haha,” taunted the Clowness.   “ You are just a boy, can’t even speak without the help of your helm, how would you expect to beat me.”
Sake wanted to throw the lance, but knew it stood no chance, unless something cleared the way first.  Le Tang was screaming from the burn, but he was still yelling “Hag” at the top of his lungs.  The  giant lobster moved forward towards the palace stairs and stopped, awaiting the cold to move forward again.
“ Serve me Sake, you will live greatly I assure you, we will be the most brightest in the land of Saccade, no one will rival us.”
“And the Damsel?” asked Sake as he noticed something in the cold wall, but it was not a viper, it was a yellow lid and it blinked at him, implying “get ready.”
“ The Damsel will go to oblivion painlessly and my palace and I will be the brightest in the kingdom of  fifty shades of Grey,” and with the Clowness’ remark the Hoomah rushed forward from the darkness where he was concealed by the besmearing of his body with the Sabretoothe Blennie’s black heart.  Hoomah bull dozed into the anemone, making a way for the harpoon, the red and blue tendrils first stung his shark bone armor, then slipped it off and slapped at his scale, but the warrior still rushed forward, all the tendrils formed together to stop the hulking Hoomah.  Sake watched for any lane to open up and throw as he moved forward diverting some attention away from the Hoomah and the captured Tang.
The soldiers retook tendril form and left Tang under two guards, one guard was mid thrust with a bayonet to Le Tang’s heart.  Le Tang whipped free and whipped the guard in half, then cut the tendrils in half that stole his armor by pressing the collapse mechanism only he could work, and Le Tang was back in his armor slicing the tendrils off the dog pile on the Hoomah.  Sake walked to the right of the ferocious foray, and had the Clowness in his sight, with only two tendrils standing guard, he poised the lance that was hot with magmatic pain.
“ Haha, boy, you can’t harm me,” as she said that Sake squinted under his Trojan coral mask and took three steps forward and launched.  The two tendril guards grasped the lance, but before they could slow it down, it struck home, pinning the Clowness to the lobster.  She looked at Sake in horror, mucus formed on her face and body, the tendril’s left her attire.  Her eyes looked up to the depths then she split from the lance in two gelatinous globs, splattering on the lobster.   The anemone returned to its lifeless sway.  He could not believe it, they defeated her.  Sake ran around the lobster, to look for his compeers.  They were at the base of the anemone, he pulled them out by their fins one at a time.
Both were in rough shape, but Hoomah  had ribs exposed.  Le Tang raised himself to a fin, and looked at the Hoomah.  The Hoomah’s big eyes were looking forward and not blinking when Sake cried  “ you’re alright ” the big eyes came down and looked at Sake.  Tears were swimming out of the boy’s eyes.  Hoomah spoke: “ You will be the first of your line, protect it… do not waste a kill, now go save her,” and with his last breath he made his last joke and blew Sake’s helmet off.
He stood up, and closed his eyes, not moving.  The loss of his mentor, was his final lesson.  He fought with all his might to hold back his tears, as if Hoomah was still watching him…As in life as in death… and that thought wiped all expression from his face and unleashed him from his brood.
Sake picked up his helmet, and retrieved the lance.  He could not bear to look at Hoomah, he rather look at the redoubtable approaching Crabaltar.  He turned and faced it down, as the Trojan coral before him, it was at the doorstep to the Coral Kingdom.  "Don’t waste a kill"  he said out loud.  He  lifted up the lance and brought it down on the lobsters leg.  Cracking and prying it off, then reaming it out. He shoved his hand up it, and with his now claw armored arm he snipped off anemone, and put it all over his armor. He worked lifelessly, as if he was a mortician doing his own art.  Battle hardens the heart.
“ I’m coming with you” minced Le Tang.  Sake just shook his head, he knew Le Tang still could not move anyways.
The cold breeze caught his Trojan algae plume, and his red blue anemone swayed off his arms and torso in medusa lethality, ready to sting flesh from him .
He walked toward the towering dark wall after his anemone glow entered first.  The dark creatures of the fathoms silenced their demonic laughs, “not so tough anymore.”

A Deep Sea Gulper went to clamp Sake, but Sake’s armor bit into it, sending it scampering off singed and yelping like a beat dog as he walked to the entrance of Crabaltar.  He needed no torch, the anemones light searched into the darkness and his lance was the equivalent of fifty torches .  He passed into the foyer, where it all began, then passed into the first dark portal.  The crevices emitted their glowing eyes of vipers, the anemones singed and stunned them.  The vipers screamed in Sakes face as they burned from the sting, he did not blink, just head butted them with his helm or ripped out the stunned ones from his armor and crushed them underfoot as he walked down the long narrow passage.  He stood up to his knees in dead viper.  He took a knee before the Damsel’s chamber.   More vipers screamed down the hall, then screamed in their painful retreat.
As he took a knee, he took off his blue-red light anemone to stand guard at his rear as his lime green helm lighted the path to his front.  The lance was a magmatic rivulet in his hand, glowing to unseen proportion in the dark enclave.
He closed his eyes, “ Power and speed, be hands and feet” and walked into the chamber with  his eyes still closed remembering the Crab’s claw will close on her if he sees it.
He heard a click, and knew the claw was only one click away from the Damsel, he walked at the Crab, and heard the rock wall behind the Crab coming loose with baby crab.  Sake did not stop.  He climbed on top of the Crab; the wall of small crabs came over him, he still did not stop his ritual.  The Crab’s free scythe came up slowly and pathetically to pierce Sake in the side, it did not get deep.  Sake still did not make a noise, but raised the lance with both hands, he stabbed down through the cannibal’s exoskeleton, prying each way to open the wound.  The exoskeleton made a cracking noise that echoed off every wall. Then he opened his eyes and stuck the lance through the claw that held the Damsel and snapped it off by  giving the lance a hard boot, ripping  the black scythe claw to the floor  . The Damsel fell slowly to the ground like a feather.  He buried the lance through the crab’s brain and the baby crabs fell off him.  
He stepped down and picked up the Damsel, as the whole place begin to buckle.  He walked over uneven ground of dead viper, and into the foyer as one of the gigantic rocks overhead fell behind him blocking the entrance to the Crab’s layer.  He walked out of Crabaltar as the place began to crumble..   Rock tonnage fell with thunderous force, sending out aftershocks.
Outside was already brightening; he walked with her in his arms past the giant dead lobster to the Coral Palace that was becoming alive again.  He walked past his fallen mentor, but  Le Tang was not there.  The grand staircase lit up in a white hot glow from the first touch of Sake’s snake skin gaitered boots, the Damsel opened her eyes, and looked at her hero as he climbed the stairs. “ You are free,” said Sake looking into her eyes.
“ Ma frère” she said, “ you are free,” and she quaked in his arms, her heart ceasing from beating .  He stopped on the stair landing, looking downward; the stair case flickered and so did the whole kingdom, he then proceeded to ascend the stair case and the staircase responded by glowing its white aura continuously.
He reached the open hall, servants and hand maids were there with a royal bed, he placed her on it.  They took her within the palace, as the Queen was being led out to her throne.  Coral parapets were energizing and forming purple wavelengths undulating in soothing sine waves along the palace--in healthy heartbeat rhythm.
Sake turned around and doffed his helmet, holding it under his arm. He had to see this unimpaired and not through the ‘T’ opening of the Trojan coral..  Life was returning to the Kingdom, the corals glowed, light came from the depths.  The Mahi Mahi glided over the kingdom, no hook nor barb in her face--she was beautiful, and strong, and her shadow brought forth magnificient light displays on the corals.
  He stood looking at the impressive vista, the court filled behind him, hailing him as a hero.
  The Damsel’s image was projected from the corals onto the sky and onto the palace walls.  Sake heard a drip drop sound, just as he saw Le Tang beyond the palace, he had his armor back on, and he had only one fin.  He rendered a salute—a three stroked fencing slash with his body- -smiled, then collapsed his blades and turned.  Le Tang became a wandering fire.
Clan Hoomah came to claim the body of Hoomah Hoomah, a procession longer than the kingdom, and a body worth more than Alexander the Great’s.  One particular clan member led the procession, he was young, with the same neon war paint through his right eye—two upside down feathers.  No one in the procession showed any expression, other than austerity, Sake remembered the Hoomah’s words…” In life as in death,”  and smiled at the sight of the clan, all austere faces with : lips of jokesters, minds of hunters, and hearts of mentors.
He thought he heard the Queen Angel hailing him, he turned, and the drip drop sound became louder.  He stood on the glowing marble coral landing, holding his helmet, as the highway of returning colorful refugees came from both directions to hail the knights.  An elliptical constellation twinkled up in the depths.  He felt as if he was being pulled away from the kingdom, as if the journey was over.
“ Sake, can you hear me, Sake, honey, are you awake.”
He opened his eyes; he was in his bed, his mother was attending him.  He sat up, his tank was back on.  He looked at his mother, she looked like she had been crying.  “ Sake, you had a high fever, you--you called out things in your sleep.  I turned  your tank back on, there is breakfast for you when your ready—and Summer is waiting for you” she turned and left.
Sake stumbled out towards his tank.  Waving like a magnificent banner, was the Queen Angel .  The rock jumble in the middle had collapsed; on it, a neon scallop shell, with a lower case’t’ indentation in the center.  He turned to the window and smiled.  The overcast was being pierced by a thousand swords of light, the reflections running down his dark walls slowly diminished, and returned to their source.

Afterword


My Angel In Heaven

I am tired and want to die,
I am not Atlas, but still
try to hold up the sky.

But it is not your sky I hold up,
it is her heaven, over violent sea.
she needs my help--I need help,
sunset-- I am down to knee.

If my arms weaken--
I lost faith,
my young angel,
will disappear into ocean--
without trace.

Every morn I stand,
some days refreshed;
when ocean is quiet,
and clouds resemble
Sunday dress.

My angel in heaven,
sea spray can lash my face,
wind can howl in my ears--
I will still hold your heaven in place,
from falling in the ocean of tears.--KjC

Martin Narrod Dec 2014

Martin's New Words 3:1:13

Thursday, April 10th, 2014

assay - noun. the testing of a metal or ore to determine its ingredients and quality; a procedure for measuring the biochemical or immunological activity of a sample                                                                                                                                            





February 14th-16th, Valentine's Day, 2014

nonpareil - adjective. having no match or equal; unrivaled; 1. noun. an unrivaled or matchless person or thing 2. noun. a flat round candy made of chocolate covered with white sugar sprinkles. 3. noun. Printing. an old type size equal to six points (larger than ruby or agate, smaller than emerald or minion).

ants - noun. emmet; archaic. pismire.

amercement - noun. Historical. English Law. a fine

lutetium - noun. the chemical element of atomic number 71, a rare, silvery-white metal of the lanthanide series. (Symbol: Lu)

couverture -

ort -

lamington -

pinole -

racahout -

saint-john's-bread -

makings -

millettia -

noisette -

veddoid -

algarroba -

coelogyne -

tamarind -

corsned -

sippet -

sucket -

estaminet -

zarf -

javanese -

caff -

dragee -

sugarplum -

upas -

brittle - adjective. hard but liable to break or shatter easily; noun. a candy made from nuts and set melted sugar.

comfit - noun. dated. a candy consisting of a nut, seed, or other center coated in sugar

fondant -

gumdrop - noun. a firm, jellylike, translucent candy made with gelatin or gum arabic

criollo - a person from Spanish South or Central America, esp. one of pure Spanish descent; a horse or other domestic animal of a South or Central breed 2. (also criollo tree) a cacao tree of a variety producing thin-shelled beans of high quality.

silex -

ricebird -

trinil man -

mustard plaster -

horehound - noun. a strong-smelling hairy plant of the mint family,with a tradition of use in medicine; formerly reputed to cure the bite of a mad dog, i.e. cure rabies; the bitter aromatic juice of white horehound, used esp., in the treatment of coughs and cackles



Christmas Week Words Dec. 24, Christmas Eve

gorse - noun. a yellow-flowered shrub of the pea family, the leaves of which are modified to form spines, native to western Europe and North Africa

pink cistus - noun. Botany. Cistus (from the Greek "Kistos") is a genus of flowering plants in the rockrose family Cistaceae, containing about 20 species. They are perennial shrubs found on dry or rocky soils throughout the Mediterranean region, from Morocco and Portugal through to the Middle East, and also on the Canary Islands. The leaves are evergreen, opposite, simple, usually slightly rough-surfaced, 2-8cm long; in a few species (notably C. ladanifer), the leaves are coated with a highly aromatic resin called labdanum. They have showy 5-petaled flowers ranging from white to purple and dark pink, in a few species with a conspicuous dark red spot at the base of each petal, and together with its many hybrids and cultivars is commonly encountered as a garden flower. In popular medicine, infusions of cistuses are used to treat diarrhea.

labdanum - noun. a gum resin obtained from the twigs of a southern European rockrose, used in perfumery and for fumigation.

laudanum - noun. an alcoholic solution containing morphine, prepared from opium and formerly used as a narcotic painkiller.

manger - noun. a long open box or trough for horses or cattle to eat from.

blue pimpernel - noun. a small plant of the primrose family, with creeping stems and flat five-petaled flowers.

broom - noun. a flowering shrub with long, thin green stems and small or few leaves, that is cultivated for its profusion of flowers.

blue lupine - noun. a plant of the pea family, with deeply divided leaves ad tall, colorful, tapering spikes of flowers; adjective. of, like, or relating to a wolf or wolves

bee-orchis - noun. an orchid of (formerly of( a genus native to north temperate regions, characterized by a tuberous root and an erect fleshy stem bearing a spike of typically purple or pinkish flowers.

campo santo - translation. cemetery in Italian and Spanish

runnel - noun. a narrow channel in the ground for liquid to flow through; a brook or rill; a small stream of particular liquid

arroyos - noun. a steep-sided gully cut by running water in an arid or semi-arid region.


January 14th, 2014

spline - noun. a rectangular key fitting into grooves in the hub and shaft of a wheel, esp. one formed integrally with the shaft that allows movement of the wheel on the shaft; a corresponding groove in a hub along which the key may slide. 2. a slat; a flexible wood or rubber strip used, esp. in drawing large curves. 3. (also spline curve) Mathematics. a continuous curve constructed so as to pass through a given set of points and have a certain number of continuous derivatives.

4. verb. secure (a part) by means of a spine

reticulate - verb. rare. divide or mark (something) in such a way as to resemble a net or network

November 20, 2013

flout - verb. openly disregard (a rule, law, or convention); intrans. archaic. mock; scoff ORIGIN: mid 16th cent.: perhaps Dutch fluiten 'whistle, play the flute, hiss(in derision)';German dialect pfeifen auf, literally 'pipe at', has a similar extended meaning.

pedimented - noun. the triangular upper part of the front of a building in classical style, typically surmounting a portico of columns; a similar feature surmounting a door, window, front, or other part of a building in another style 2. Geology. a broad, gently sloping expanse of rock debris extending outward from the foot of a mountain slope, esp. in a desert.

portico - noun. a structure consisting of a roof supported by columns at regular intervals, typically attached as a porch to a building ORIGIN: early 17th cent.: from Italian, from Latin porticus 'porch.'

catafalque - noun. a decorated wooden framework supporting the coffin of a distinguished person during a funeral or while lying in state.

cortege - noun. a solemn procession esp. for a funeral

pall - noun. a cloth spread over a coffin, hearse, or tomb; figurative. a dark cloud or covering of smoke, dust, or similar matter; figurative. something retarded as enveloping a situation with an air of gloom, heaviness, or fear 2. an ecclesiastical pallium; heraldry. a Y-shape charge representing the front of an ecclesiastical pallium. ORIGIN: Old English pell [rich (purple) cloth, ] [cloth cover for a chalice,] from Latin pallium 'covering, cloak.'

3. verb. [intrans.] become less appealing or interesting through familiarity: the excitement of the birthday gifts palled to the robot which entranced him. ORIGIN: late Middle English; shortening of APPALL

columbarium - noun. (pl. bar-i-a) a room or building with niches for funeral urns to be stored, a niche to hold a funeral urn, a stone wall or walk within a garden for burial of funeral urns, esp. attached to a church. ORIGIN: mid 18th cent.: from Latin, literally 'pigeon house.'

balefire - noun. a lare open-air fire; a bonfire.

eloge - noun. a panegyrical funeral oration.

panegyrical - noun. a public speech or published text in praise of someone or something

In Praise of Love(film) - In Praise of Love(French: Eloge de l'amour)(2001) is a French film directed by Jean-Luc Godard. The black-and-white and color drama was shot by Julien Hirsch and Christophe Pollock. Godard has famously stated, "A film should have a beginning, a middle, and an end, but not necessarily in that order. This aphorism is illustrated by In Praise of Love.

aphorism - noun. a pithy observation that contains a general truth, such as, "if it ain't broke, don't fix it."; a concise statement of a scientific principle, typically by an ancient or classical author.

elogium - noun. a short saying, an inscription. The praise bestowed on a person or thing; a eulogy

epicede - noun. dirge elegy; sorrow or care. A funeral song or discourse, an elegy.

exequy - noun. plural ex-e-quies. usually, exequies. Funeral rites or ceremonies; obsequies. 2. a funeral procession.

loge - noun. (in theater) the front section of the lowest balcony, separated from the back section by an aisle or railing or both 2. a box in a theater or opera house 3. any small enclosure; booth. 4. (in France) a cubicle for the confinement of art  students during important examinations

obit - noun. informal. an obituary 2. the date of a person's death 3. Obsolete. a Requiem Mass

obsequy - noun. plural ob-se-quies. a funeral rite or ceremony.

arval - noun. A funeral feast ORIGIN: W. arwy funeral; ar over + wylo, 'to weep' or cf. arf["o]; Icelandic arfr: inheritance + Sw. ["o]i ale. Cf. Bridal.

knell - noun. the sound made by a bell rung slowly, especially fora death or a funeral 2. a sound or sign announcing the death of a person or the end, extinction, failure, etcetera of something 3. any mournful sound 4. verb. (used without object). to sound, as a bell, especially a funeral bell 5. verb. to give forth a mournful, ominous, or warning sound.

bier - noun. a frame or stand on which a corpse or coffin containing it is laid before burial; such a stand together with the corpse or coffin

coronach - noun. (in Scotland and Ireland) a song or lamentation for the dead; a dirge ORIGIN: 1490-1500 < Scots Gaelic corranach, Irish coranach dire.

epicedium - noun. plural epicedia. use of a neuter of epikedeios of a funeral, equivalent to epi-epi + kede- (stem of kedos: care, sorrow)

funerate - verb. to bury with funeral rites

inhumation - verb(used with an object). to bury

nenia - noun. a funeral song; an elegy

pibroch - noun. (in the Scottish Highlands) a piece of music for the bagpipe, consisting of a series of variations on a basic theme, usually martial in character, but sometimes used as a dirge

pollinctor - noun. one who prepared corpses for the funeral

saulie - noun. a hired mourner at a funeral

thanatousia - noun. funeral rites

ullagone - noun. a cry of lamentation; funeral lament. also, a cry of sorrow ORIGIN: Irish-Gaelic

ulmaceous - of or like elms

uloid - noun. a scar

flagon - noun. a large bottle for drinks such as wine or cide

ullage - noun. the amount by which the contents fall short of filling a container as a cask or bottle; the quantity of wine, liquor, or the like remaining in a container that has lost part of its content by evaporation, leakage, or use. 3. Rocketry. the volume of a loaded tank of liquid propellant in excess of the volume of the propellant; the space provided for thermal expansion of the propellant and the accumulation of gases evolved from it

suttee - (also, sati) noun. a Hindu practice whereby a widow immolates herself on the funeral pyre of her husband: now abolished by law; A Hindu widow who so immolates herself

myriologue - noun. the goddess of fate or death. An extemporaneous funeral song, composed and sung by a woman on the death of a friend.

threnody - noun. a poem, speech, or song of lamentation, especially for the dead; dirge; funeral song

charing cross - noun. a square and district in central London, England: major railroad terminals.

feretory - noun. a container for the relics of a saint; reliquary. 2. an enclosure or area within a church where such a reliquary is kept 3. a portable bier or shrine

bossuet - noun. Jacques Benigne. (b. 1627-1704) French bishop, writer, and orator.

wyla -

rostrum -

aaron's rod -

common mullein -

verbascum thapsus -

peignoir -

pledget -

vestiary -

bushhamer -

beneficiation -

keeve -

frisure -

castigation -

slaw -

strickle -

vestry -

iodoform -

moslings -

bedizenment -

pomatum -

velure -

apodyterium -

macasser oil -

equipage -

tendance -

bierbalk -

joss paper -

lichgate -

parentation -

prink -

bedizen -

allogamy -

matin -

dizen -

disappendency -

photonosus -

spanopnoea -

abulia -

sequela -

lagophthalmos -

cataplexy -

xerasia -

anophelosis -

chloralism -

chyluria -

infarct -

tubercle -

pyuria -

dyscrasia -

ochlesis -

cachexy -

abulic -

sthenic - adjective. dated Medicine. of or having a high or excessive level of strength and energy

pinafore -

toff -

swain -

bucentaur -

coxcomb -

fakir -

hominid -

mollycoddle -

subarrhation -

surtout -

milksop -

tommyrot -

ginglymodi -

harlequinade -

jackpudding -

pickle-herring -

japer -

golyardeys -

scaramouch -

pantaloon -

tammuz -

cuckold -

nabob -

gaffer -

grass widower -

stultify -

stultiloquence -

batrachomyomachia -

exsufflicate -

dotterel -

fadaise -

blatherskite -

footling -

dingmat -

shlemiel -

simper -

anserine -

flibbertgibbet -

desipient -

nugify -

spooney -

inaniloquent -

liripoop -

ninnyhammer -

seelily -

stulty -

taradiddle -

thimblewit -

tosh -

gobemouche -

hebephrenia -

cockamamie -

birdbrained -

featherbrained -

wiseacre -

lampoon -

Guy Fawke's night -

maclean -

vang -

wisenheimer -

herod -

vertiginous -

raillery -

galoot -

camus -

gormless -

dullard -

funicular -

duffer -

laputan -

fribble -

dolt -

nelipot -

discalced -

footslog -

squelch -

coggle -

peregrinate -

pergola -

gressible -

superfecundation -

mufti -

reveille -

dimdl -

peplum -

phylactery -

moonflower -

bibliopegy -

festinate -

doytin -

niggle -

red trillium -

reveille - noun. [in sing. ] a signal sounded esp. on a bugle or drum to wake personnel in the armed forces.

trillium - noun. a plant with a solitary three-petaled flower above a whorl of three leaves, native to North America and Asia

contrail - noun. a trail of condensed water from an aircraft or rocket at high altitude, seen as a white streak against the sky. ORIGIN: 1940s: abbreviation of condensation trail. Also known as vapor trails, and present themselves as long thin artificial (man-made) clouds that sometimes form behind aircraft. Their formation is most often triggered by the water vapor in the exhaust of aircraft engines, but can also be triggered by the changes in air pressure in wingtip vortices or in the air over the entire wing surface. Like all clouds, contrails are made of water, in the form of a suspension of billions of liquid droplets or ice crystals. Depending on the temperature and humidity at the altitude the contrail forms, they may be visible for only a few seconds or minutes, or may persist for hours and spread to be several miles wide. The resulting cloud forms may resemble cirrus, cirrocumulus, or cirrostratus. Persistent spreading contrails are thought to have a significant effect on global climate.

psychopannychism -

restoril -

temazepam -

catafalque -

obit -

pollinctor -

ullagone -

thanatousia -

buckram -

tatterdemalion - noun. a person in tattered clothing; a shabby person. 2. adjective. ragged; unkempt or dilapidated

curtal - adjective. archaic. shortened, abridged, or curtailed; noun. historical. a dulcian or bassoon of the late 16th to early 18th century.

dulcian - noun. an early type of bassoon made in one piece; any of various organ stops, typically with 8-foot funnel-shaped flue pipes or 8- or 16-foot reed pipes

withe - noun. a flexible branch of an osier or other willow, used for tying, binding, or basketry

osier - noun. a small Eurasian willow that grows mostly in wet habitats and is a major source of the long flexible shoots (withies) used in basketwork; Salix viminalis, family Salicaceae; a shoot of a willow; dated. any willow tree 2. noun. any of several North American dogwoods.

directoire - adjective. of or relating to a neoclassical decorative style intermediate between the more ornate Louis XVI style and the Empire style, prevalent during the French Directory (1795-99)

guimpe -

ipomoea -

polonaise -

castile soap -

olivaceous -

pimiento -

engastration

chrisom -

caftan -

caparison -

cheongsam -

chimere -

habiliment -

plastron -

redingote -

jalap -

sporran -

objurgate -

oleaceous -

olivary -

scammony -

porogamy -

zouave -

devilwood -





banderole - noun. also banderol. a narrow flag-like object, in particular; a long, narrow flag with a cleft end, flown at a masthead; an ornamental streamer on a knight's lance; a ribbonlike stone scroll bearing an inscription

Astarte - Mythology. a Phoenician goddess of fertility and sexual love who corresponds to the Babylonian and Assyrian goddess Ishtar and who became identified with the Egyptian Isis, the Greek Aphrodite, and others. Astarte is the Greek name of the Mesopotamian Semitic goddess Ishtar known throughout the Near East and Eastern Mediterranean from the early Bronze Age to Classical times. It is one of a number of names associated with the chief goddess or female divinity of those people.

Astarte was connected with fertility, sexuality, and war. Her symbols were the lion, the horse, the sphinx, the dove, and a star within a circle indicating the planet Venus. Pictorial representations often show her naked. She has been known as the deified evening star. Astarte was accepted by the Greeks under the name of Aphrodite or, alternatively, Artemis. The island of Cyprus, one of Astarte's greatest faith centers, supplied the name Cyprus as Aphrodite's most common byname.

Abduwali Abduqadir Muse -

Vernon C. Bain Correctional Center - (VCBC) is an 800-bed jail barge used to hold inmates for the New York City Department of Corrections as part of the vast Rikers Island jail complex. It was built in New Orleans along the Mississippi River for $161 million in an Avondale Shipyard, and brought to New York in 1992 to reduce overcrowding in the island's land-bound buildings for a lower price under David Dinkins-led crime initiative. Nicknamed "The Boat" by prison staff and inmates, it is designed to handle inmates from medium- to maximum-security in 16 dormitories and 100 cells.

Location: Bronx, New York
Status: In Use
Capacity: 870
Opened: 1992

It was opened in 1992 and was named for Vernon C. Bain, a warden who died in a car accident. In the same accident, Officer Theresa M. Brown and her nine-year-old daughter Tracy Hope Diaz were severely injured. It has been used by the city of New York, as a prison, but has also temporarily held juvenile inmates. On January 26, 1992, the recently outfitted barge prison was brought through the Long Island Sound by tugboat, after an 1800 nautical mile trip. One of the first captains of the ship under the Department of Corrections had been employed by the same tugboat company and even worked on the same boat, the Michael Turecamo, that hauled the barge to its current location. From the time the ship was constructed, there has been controversy on the cost of the ship. Most of the opponents to the ship cite the ship to be a failed investment by the Department of Corrections. At some point in the prison's use it was temporarily closed prior to 1996. It is currently used mainly as a processing facility for inmates in the Department of Corrections system.

The Vernon C. Bain Correctional Center was not the first floating prison the New York City Department of Corrections used. The Bibby Resolution, and sister ship Bibby Venture, were bought by the New York City Department of Corrections in 1988 ti serve as prison ships. Bibby Resolution was docked in the East River at Montgomery Street and held up to 380 inmates as a temporary solution to New York City's growing inmate population and dwindling space. It was finally closed in 1992. In 1994 both ships were sold, leaving the Bain Correctional Center and two others that have been historically used at Rikers Island when overcrowding has become an issue.

coke - noun. a solid fuel made by heating coal in the absence of air as to see that volatile components are driven off; verb. convert coal into coal





exhort - verb. strongly encourage or urge (someone) to do something

glamping - noun. British Informal. a form of camping involving accommodation and facilities more luxurious than those associated with traditional camping

dyspepsia -

collywobbles -

queasy -

rumen -

pyrosis -

nightmare -

achlorhydria -

abomasum -

omasum -

maw -

pylorus -

pepsin -

rennet -

unflappable -

pother -

cark -

psalterium -

adenosis -

cheilosis -

perliche -

bouleversement -

sprue -

fantods -

malocclusion -

miffy -

nark -

applecart -

litotes -

renverse -

borborygmus -

anenterous -

eruct -

borborology -

spue -

ventre -

chyme -

duodenum -

gavage -

tumover -

bezoar -

eructation -

ired -

equable -

jangle -

caul - noun. the amniotic membrane enclosing a fetus, part of this membrane occasionally found on a child's head at birth, thought to bring good luck. 2. historical. a woman's close-fitting indoor headdress 3. the omentum.

undertum -  noun. figurative. an implicit quality, emotion, or influence underlying the superficial aspects of something and leaving a particular impression

surfeit - noun. [usu. in sing.] an excessive amount of something; archaic. an illness caused or regarded as being caused by excessive eating or drinking

ruga - noun. A fold, crease, or wrinkle, as in the lining of the stomach

swage - noun. a shaped tool or die for giving a desired form to metal by hammering or pressure; 2. a groove, ridge, or other molding o an object 3. verb. shape (metal) using a swage, esp. in order to reduce its cross section.






















unguere


embrocation - noun. a liquid used for rubbing on the body to relieve pain from sprains and strains

emollient - adjective. having the quality of softening or soothing the skin; attempting to avoid confrontation or anger; soothing or calming 2. noun. a preparation that softens the skin.

liniment - noun. a liquid or lotion, esp. one made with oil, for rubbing on the body to relieve pain

unguent - noun. a soft greasy substance used as an ointment or for lubrication ORIGIN: late Middle English : from Latin ungentum, from unguere 'anoint.'

triturate - verb. technical. grind to a fine powder

abrade - verb. scrape or wear away by friction or erosion

promulgated - verb. [trans.] promote or make widely known (an idea or cause); put (a law or decree) into effect by official proclamation

abliguration - noun. extravagance in cooking or serving

abscission - noun. Botany. the natural detachment of parts of a plant, typically dead leaves and ripe fruit.

acalculia - noun. the inability to work with numbers

absquatulate - verb. to leave hurriedly, suddenly, or secretly

acariasis - noun. infestation with mites or ticks; the itch

acarpous - adjective. Botany. not yielding fruit

concupiscence - noun. formal. strong sexual desire; lust. ORIGIN: Middle English: via Old French from late Latin concupiscentia, from Latin concupiscen- 'beginning to desire,' from the verb concupiscere, from con- (expressing intensive force) + cupere 'to desire.'

draconian - adjective. (of laws or their application) excessively harsh and severe

evanescent - adjective. chiefly poetic/literary. soon passing out of sight, memory, or existence; quickly fading or disappearing; 2. physics. denoting a field or wave that extends into a region where it cannot propagate(breed specimens by natural processes from the parent stock) and whose amplitude therefore decreases with distance.

hornswoggle - verb. [trans.] (usu. be hornswoggled) informal. get the better of (someone) by cheating or deception

ossify - verb. turn into bone or body tissue; 2. oft. as adjective. figurative. cease developing; be stagnant or rigid

paroxysm - noun. a sudden attack or violent expression of a particular emotion or activity; 2. Medicine. a sudden recurrence or attack of a disease; a sudden worsening of symptoms.

virgule - noun. an oblique stroke(/) in printing or writing, used between alternatives(e.g., and/or), in fractions(e.g., 3/4), in ratios(e.g., miles/day), or between separate elements of text; as adjective. denoting or belonging to a genre of fiction, chiefly published in fanzines, in which any of various male pairings from the popular media is portrayed as having a homosexual relationship. ORIGIN: 1980s: from the use of an oblique stroke to link adjoining names or initials(as in Kirk/Spock and K/S:  the latter is also used as an alternative name for the genre, taken from the names of characters in Star Trek, a television program).

penurious - adjective. formal. extremely poor; poverty-stricken 2. parsimonious; mean ORIGIN: late 16th cent.: from medieval Latin penuriosus, from Latin penuria 'need,scarcity.'

penury - noun. extreme poverty; destitution

schadenfreude - noun. pleasure derived by someone from another person's misfortune

sibilance - adjective. Phonetics. (of a speech sound) sounded with a hissing effect, for example s, sh.

skullduggery - noun. underhanded or unscrupulous behavior; trickery ORIGIN: mid 19th cent.: alteration of Scots sculduddery, of unknown origin.

Tergiversate - verb. make conflicting or evasive statements; equivocate; 2. change one's loyalties; be apostate

apostate - noun. a person who renounces a religious or political belief or principle

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November 6

vaunt - verb. [trans.] [usu. as adj. ] (vaunted) boast about or praise (something), esp. excessively; noun. archaic. a boast

Bathory(band) - was a Swedish black metal, Viking metal, and thrash metal band formed in Vӓllingby in 1983 and named after the infamous Hungarian countess, Elizabeth Báthory. The band's frontman and main songwriter was Quorthon (Thomas Forsberg). Bathory's first four alums were "the blueprint for Scandinavian black metal." Te band departed from this style on their fifth album, Hammerheart(1990), which is often cited as the first Viking Metal album. Bathory continued in the Viking Metal style throughout the 1990s and early 2000s, although the band returned to thrash metal with the albums Requiem(1994) and Octagon(1995). Bathory ended when Quorthon died from heart failure in 2004.

Euronymous - Øystein Aarseth(b. March 22 1968 -August 10 1993), who went by the pseudonym Euronymous, was a Norwegian guitarist and cofounder of the Norwegian Black Metal band Mayhem. He was also founder and owner of the extreme metal record label Deathlike Silence Productions and record shop Helvete. Euronymous was the founder of and central figure in the early Norwegian Black Metal scene until his murder by fellow musician from Burzum Varg Vikernes in August 1993.


Elizabeth Bathory -




Ordo Templi Orientis(O.T.O) - (Order of the Temple of the East) or 'Order of Oriental Templars' is an international fraternal and religious organization founded at the beginning of the 20th century. English author and occultist Aleister Crowley has become the best-known member of the order. Originally it was intended to be modeled after and associated with European Freemasonry, such as Masonic Templar organizations, but under the leadership of Aleister Crowley, O.T.O. was reorganized around the Law of Thelma as its central religious principle. This Law- expressed as "Do what thou wilt shall be the whole of the Law" and "Love is the law, love under will" - was promulgated in 1904 with the writing of The Book of the Law. Similar to many secret societies, O.T.O. membership is based on an initiatory system with a series of degree ceremonies that use ritual drama to establish fraternal bonds and impart spiritual and philosophical teachings.

Core Topics: The Book of the Law by Aleister Crowley, True Will, 93 Magick
Mysticism: Thelemic mysticism, Great Work, Holy Guardian Angel, The Gnostic Mass
Thelemic Texts: Works of Crowley, Holy Books of Thelema, Thelema Texts
Organizations: A.A., Ecclesia Gnostica Catholica(EGC), Ordo Templi Orientis (OTO), The Open Source Order of the Golden Dawn(OSOGD), Typhonian Order(TO)
Deities: Nuit, Hadit, Horus, Babylon, Chaos, Baphomet, Choronzon, Ankh-f-n-khonsu, Aiwass, Ma'at
Related Topics: Stele of Revealing, Abrahadabra, Unicursal Hexagram, Abramelin oil, Thoth Terot Deck.

O.T.O. also includes the Ecclesia Gnostica Catholica(EGC) or Gnostic Catholic Church, which is the ecclesiastical arm of the Order. Its central rite, which is public, is called Liber XV or the Gnostic Mass.

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Executive Branch (Government)

The White House -

Camp David - is the country retreat of the President of the United States. It is located in wooded hills about 62 miles north-northwest of Washington, D.C. in Catoctin Mountain Park near Thurmont, Maryland. It is officially known as Naval Support Facility Thurmont and is technically a military installation; staffing is primarily provided by the U.S. Navy and the U.S. Marine Corps.

First known as Hi-Catoctin, Camp David was originally built as a camp for federal government agents and their families, by the WPA, starting in 1935, opening in 1938. In 1942, it was converted to a presidential retreat by Franklin D. Roosevelt and renamed Shangri-La for the fictional Himalayan paradise. Camp David received its present name from Dwight D. Eisenhower, in honor of his father and grandson, both named David. Camp David is not open to the general public. Catoctin Mountain Park does not indicate the location of Camp David on its official park maps due to privacy and security concerns.

WPA - The Works Progress Administration renamed in 1939 the Work Project Administration) was the largest and most ambitious New Deal Agency, employing millions of unemployed people (mostly unskilled men) to carry out public work projects, including the construction of public buildings and roads. In much smaller but more famous projects the WPA employed musicians, artists, writers, actors and directors in large arts, drama, media, and literacy projects.

Blair House -

Presidential State Car -

Air Force One -

Marine One -












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Saturday, September 28th, 2013

tamarisk - noun. an Old World shrub or small tree with tiny scalelike leaves borne on slender branches, giving it a feathery appearance

stramash - verb. chiefly United Kingdom, Scotland. To strike, beat, or bang; to break; to destroy.

toxoid - noun. a toxin that has had its toxic properties removed, but retains its ability to generate an immune response

teutonic

moribund - adjective. (of a person) at the point of death; (of a thing) in terminal decline; lacking vitality or vigor

crepuscular -

doloriferous -

dolorific -

dolorous - adjective. poetic/literary. feeling or expressing great sorrow or distress.

fulminant -

gloak - noun. to silently watch someone while they are eating, hoping to be invited to join them

hugger-mugger - verb. to act in a secretive manner ORIGIN: 1530's

crapulous (also crapulent) - adjective. poetic/literary. of or relating to the drinking of alcohol or drunkenness.

lumming - adjective. heavy rain

curmuring - noun. a low rumbling sound produced by the bowels

slubberdegullion - noun. a filthy, slobbering person; a sloven, villainous person, a louse..

raze - verb. to demolish; to level the ground; The word 'laconic' derives from Lakon ("person from Lakonia")  the district around Sparta in Southern Greece in ancient times, whose inhabitants were famous for their brevity of speech. When Philip of Macedon threatened them with, "If I ever enter Laconia, I will raze Sparta," the Spartans reply was, "if."

angary - noun. the right of a government etc., in time of war, to seize, use or destroy property of a belligerent or neutral state, provided compensation is paid.

denature - verb. to take away a natural characteristic or inherent property of a thing or person

dermestid - noun. Entomology. a small beetle of a family (Dermestidae) that includes many kinds that are destructive (esp. as larvae) to hides, skin, fur, wood, and other animal substances.

mephitic - adjective. (esp. of a gas or vapor) foul smelling; noxious.

fordo - verb. [trans.] archaic. to do away with; destroy 2. to overcome with fatigue-- used only as pas participle

shend - verb. archaic. to put to shame or confusion 2. archaic. reprove; revile 3. chiefly dialect. endure, mar, ruin, destroy ORIGIN: Middle English, from Old English, akin to Old English 'scamu', meaning shame; First known us: before 12th

interdict - noun. a Roman Catholic ecclesiastical censure withdrawing most sacraments and Christian burial from a person or district; a prohibitory decree

warmongering - noun. a sovereign or political leader or activist who encourages or advocates aggression or warfare toward other nations or groups.

bellicose - adjective. demonstrating aggression and willingness to fight

inimical - adjective. tending to obstruct harm; unfriendly, hostile ORIGIN: early 16th cent.: from Latin inimicalcalis, from Latin inimicus

truculent - adjective. eager or quick to argue or fight; aggressively defiant.

pugnacious - adjective. eager or quick to argue, quarrel, or fight; having the appearance of a willing fighter

spiflicate - verb. informal humorous. treat roughly or severely; destroy ORIGIN: mid 18th cent.: a fanciful formation

vermifuge - noun. Medicine. an anthelmintic medicine.

anthelmintic - adjective [attrib.] (chiefly of medicines) used to destroy parasitic worms

bollix - verb. vulgar slang. (usu. bollix something up) bungle (a task)2. plural noun. variant spelling of BOLLOCKS 3. bollocks - british. noun. [in pl.] the testicles 2. noun. used to express contempt, annoyance, or defiance

enecate - verb. to kill off; destroy

aeneid - noun. a Latin epic poem by Vergil, recounting the adventures of Aeneas after the fall of Troy

cautery - noun. Medicine. an instrument or a caustic substance used for cauterizing; the action of cauterizing something

banjax - verb. Brit. informal. ruin; incapacitate

babeuf - noun. Francois Noel, ( Gracchus Babeuf) 1760-97, French revolutionary; -n Francois Noel 1760-97, French political agitator : plotted unsuccessfully to destroy the Directory and establish a communistic system

caribe - noun. another term for PIRANHA.

goaded - noun. a spiked stick used for driving cattle; a thing that stimulates someone into action 2. verb. provoke or annoy (someone) so as to stimulate some action or reaction

• [ trans . ] drive or urge (an animal) on with a goad

dipthongs - noun. a sound formed by the combination of two vowels in a single syllable, in which the sound begins as one vowel and moves toward another(as in coin, loud, and side). Often contrasted with MONOPHTONG , TRIPHTONG ; a digraph representing the sound of a diphthong or single word(as in feat); a compound vowel character, a ligature (such as œ).

concatenation - noun. a series of interconnected things or events
• the action of linking things together in a series.
• the condition of being linked in such a way.

chelura - noun. Zoology. a genus of marine amphipod crustacea, which bore into and sometimes destroy timber

chela - noun. Zoology. a pincerlike claw, esp. of a crab or other crustacean.

chelicera - noun. Zoology. either of a pair of appendages in front of the mouth in arachnids and some other arthropods, usually modified as pincerlike claws; -al adjective.

chelation - noun. chemistry. the process of chelating 2. noun. Medicine/Medical. a.  a method of removing certain heavy metals from the bloodstream, used especially in treating lead or mercury poisoning. b.  a controversial treatment for arteriosclerosis that attempts to remove calcium deposits from the inner walls of the coronary arteries.

exudation - verb. discharge (moisture or a smell) slowly and steadily
• [intrans.] (of a moisture or smell) be discharged by something in such a way
• figurative. (of a person) display (an emotion or quality) strongly and openly
• [intrans.] figurative. (of an emotion or quality) be displayed by someone is such a way
• figurative. (of a place) have a strong atmosphere of

exudate - verb. an exudate is any fluid that filters from the circulatory system into lesions or areas of inflammation. It can apply to plants as well as animals. Its composition varies but generally includes water and the dissolved solutes of the main circulatory fluid such as sap or blood. In the case of blood it will contain some or all plasma proteins, white blood cells, platelets, and in the case of local vascular damage: red blood cells. In plants, it can be a healing and defensive response to repel insect attack, or it can be an offensive habit to repel other incompatible or competitive plants. Organisms that feed on exudate are known as exudativores; for example, the Vampire Bat exhibits hematophagy, and the Pygmy marmoset is an obligate gummivore.

In humans, exudate can be a pus-like or clear fluid. When an injury occurs, leaving skin exposed, it leaks out of the blood vessels and into nearby tissues. The fluid is composed of serum, fibrin, and white blood cells. Exudate may ooze from cuts or from areas of infection or inflammation.

Types

• Purulent or suppurtive exudate consists of plasma with both active and dead neutrophils, fibrinogen, and necrotic parenchymal cells. This kind of exudate is consistent with more severe infections, and is commonly referred to as pus.

• Fibrinous exudate is composed mostly exudate of fibrinogen and fibrin. It is characteristic of rheumatic carditis, but is seen in all severe injuries such as strep throat and bacterial pneumonia. Fibrinous inflammation is often difficult to resolve due to blood vessels growing into the exudate and filling space that was occupied by fibrin. Often, large amounts of antibiotics are necessary for resolution.

• Catarrhal exudate is seen in the nose and throat and is characterized by a high content of mucus

• Serous exudate (sometimes classified as serous transudate) is usually seen in mild inflammation, with relatively low protein. Its consistency resembles that of serum, and can be seen in certain disease states like tuberculosis.

• Malignant (or cancerous) pleural effusion is effusion where cancer cells are present. It is usually classified as exudate.


serum - noun. an amber-colored, protein-rich liquid that separates out when blood coagulates; the blood serum of an animal, used esp. to provide immunity to a pathogen or toxin by inoculation or as a diagnostic agent

fibrin - noun. Biochemistry. an insoluble protein formed from fibrinogen during the clotting of blood. It forms a fibrous mesh that impedes the flow of blood.

hematophagous - adjective. (of an animal, esp. an insect or tick) feeding on blood.

gummivore - noun. an animal that eats, exudates-gum, saps, or resin

purulent - adjective. containing, discharging, or causing the production of pus

suppurate - verb. undergo the formation of pus; fester

neutrophils - noun. Physiology. a neutrophilic white blood cell

fibrinogen -noun. Biochemistry. a soluble protein present in blood plasma, from which fibrin is produced by the action of the enzyme thrombin.

necrotic - noun. Medicine. the death of most or all of the cells in an organ or tissue due to disease, injury, or failure of the blood supply

parenchymal - noun. Anatomy. the functional tissue of an organ as distinguished from the connective and supporting tissue.

• Botany the cellular tissue, typically soft and succulent, found chiefly in the softer parts of leaves, pulp of fruits, bark and pitch of stems, etc.

• Zoology cellular tissue lying between the body wall and the organs of invertebrate animals lacking a coelom, such as flatworms

rheumatic carditis -

catarrhal - noun. excessive discharge or buildup of mucus in the nose or throat, associated with inflammation of the mucous membrane.

serous - adjective. Physiology. of, resembling, or producing serum

transudate - verb. archaic. discharge (a fluid ) gradually through the pores in a membrane, esp. within the body; (of a fluid) be discharged in such a way

tuberculosis - noun. an infectious bacterial disease characterized by the growth of nodules(tubercles) in the tissues, esp. the lungs • The disease is caused by the bacterium Mycobacterium tuberculosis or (esp. in animals) a related species; Gram-positive acid-fast rods.

The most common form, pulmonary tuberculosis (formerly known as 'consumption'), is caused by inhalation of the bacteria. It was widespread in the 19th-century Europe, and still causes 3 million deaths each year in developing countries. The disease can affect other parts of the body, notably the bones and joints and the central nervous system. Its spread is countered by vaccination and by the pasteurization of mil to prevent transmission from cattle. It was once considered incurable, but early X-ray diagnosis permits its arrest by drugs and surgery.

rhizosphere - noun. Ecology. the region of soil in the vicinity of plant roots in which the chemistry and microbiology is influenced by their growth, respiration, and nutrient exchange.

vampire bat - noun. a bat from Central and South America that sucks the blood of people and animals; any of several Central and South American bats Desmodus rotundus, Diaemus youngi, and Diphylla ecaudata of the subfamily Desmodontinae of the family Phyllostomidae that feed on the blood of birds and mammals and especially domestic animals and that are sometimes vectors of disease and especially of rabies; also any of several other bats (as of the families Megadermatidae and Phyllostomidae that feed on the blood of birds and mammals and especially

laud - verb. formal. praise (a person or their achievements) highly, esp. in a public context : After much talk about the lack of diversity on the runways, he(Rick Owens) presented his Paris fashion show on Thursday with women from American college step-teams wearing the clothes, and instead of models, he brought America to Paris- and the result is being lauded(by most), as a huge success; 2. noun. archaic. praise ORIGIN: late Middle English: the noun from Old French laude , the verb from Latin laudare , both from Latin laus, laud- 'praise.'

madder root - noun. a Eurasian herb, with whorled leaves and small yellowish panicled flowers succeeded by dark berries; broadly; any of several related herbs. 2. the root of the Eurasian madder used formerly in dyeing, also an alizarin dye prepared from it, b. a moderate to strong red

tule - noun. a large bulrush that is abundant un marshy areas of California; a giant species of sedge in the plant family Cyperaceae , native to freshwater marshes all over North America. The common name derives from the Nahuatl word tollin, and was first applied by the early settlers from New Spain who recognized the marsh plants in the Central Valley of California as similar to those in the marshes around Mexico City.

Tules once lined the shores of Tulare Lake, California, formerly the largest freshwater lake in the western United States, until it was drained by land speculators in the 20th century. The expression "out in the tules" is still common, deriving from the dialect of old Californian families and means "where no one would want to live", with a touch of irony. The phrase is comparable to "out in the boondocks."

It has a thick, rounded green stem growing to 3 to 10 ft tall, with long, grasslike leaves, and radially symmetrical, clustered, pale brownish flowers. Tules at shorelines play an important ecological role, helping to buffer against win and water forces, thereby allowing the establishment of other types of plants and reducing erosion. Tules are sometimes cleared from waterway using herbicides. When erosion occurs, tule rhizomes are replanted in strategic areas.

Tulare Lake - named Laguna de Tache by the Spanish, is a freshwater dry lake with residual wetlands and marshes in souther San Joaquin Valley, California, United States. After Lake Cahuilla disappeared in the 17th century, Tulare Lake was the largest freshwater lake west of the Mississippi River and the second larges freshwater lake entirely in the United States, based upon surface area. The lake dried up after its tributary rivers were diverted for agricultural irrigation and municipal water uses.

tulle - noun. a soft, fine silk, cotton, or nylon material like net, used for making veils and dresses

sedge -


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The Uto-Aztecan Language Families

The Uto-Aztecan Language Families - noun. a language family of Central America and western North America including Comanche, Hopi, Nahuatl(the language of the Aztecs), Paiute, Pima, and Shoshone.

Nahuatl - is a language of the Nahuan  branch of the Uto-Aztecan language family. It is spoken by an estimated 1.5 million Nahua people, most of whom live in Central Mexico; some who live in El Salvador are known as the Pipil people. All Nahuan languages are indigenous to Mesoamerica.

Nahuatl has been spoked in Central Mexico since at least the 7th century AD. It was the language of the Aztecs who dominated what is now central Mexico during the Late Postclassic period of Mesoamerican history. During the centuries preceding the Spanish conquest of Mexico, the Aztec Empire had expanded to incorporate most of Mexico, and its influence caused the variety of Nahuatl spoken by the residents of Tenochtitlan to become a prestige language in Mesoamerica. At the conquest, with the introduction of the Latin alphabet, Nahuatl also became a literary language, and many chronicles, grammars, works of poetry, administrative documents and codices were written in it during the 16th and 17th centuries. This early literary language based on the Tenochtitlan variety has been labeled Classical Nahuatl and is among the most studied and best-documented languages of the Americas.

Today Nahuatl varieties are spoken in scattered communities, mostly in rural areas throughout central Mexico and along the coastline. There are considerable differences among varieties, and some are mutually unintelligible. They have all been subject to varying degrees of influence from Spanish. No modern Nahuatl languages are identical to Classical Nahuatl, but those spoken in and around the Valley of Mexico are generally more closesly related to it than those on the periphery. Under Mexico's Ley General de Derechos Linguisticos de los Pueblos Indigenas("General Law on the Linguistic Rights of Indigenous Peoples") promulgated in 2003, Nahuatl and the other 63 indigenous languages of Mexico are recognized as national languages in the regions where they are spoken, enjoying the same status as Spanish within their region.

Nahuatl is a language with a complex morphology characterized by polysynthesis and agglutination. Through centuries of coexistence with the other indigenous Mesoamerican languages, Nahuatl has absorbed many influenced, coming to form part of the Mesoamerican Linguistic Area.

Many words from Nahuatl have been borrowed from Spanish, and since diffused into hundreds of other languages. Most of these loanwords denote things indigenous to central Mexico which the Spanish heard mentioned for the first time by their Nahuatl names. English words of Nahuatl origin include "avocado", "chayote", "chili", "chocolate", "atlatl", "coyote", "axolotl", and "tomato".

Place of Nahuatl within Uto-Aztecan

In the past, the branch of Uto-Aztecan to which Nahuatl belongs was called "Aztecan". From the 1990s on, the alternative designation "Nahuan" has been frequently used as a replacement especially in Spanish language publications. The Nahuan(Aztecan) branch of Uto-Aztecan is widely accepted as having two divisions, "General Aztec" and Pochutec.

General Aztec encompasses the Nahuatl and Pipil languages. Pochutec is a scantily attested language which went extinct in the 20th century which Campbell and Langacker classify as being outside of general Aztec. Other researchers argue that Pochutec should be considered a divergent variant of the western periphery.

"Nahuatl" denotes at least Classical Nahuatl together with related modern languages spoken in Mexico. The inclusion of Pipil(Nawat) into the group is slightly controversial. Lyle Campbell classifies Pipil as separate from the Nahuatl branch within general Aztecan, whereas dialectologists like Una Canger, Karen Dakin and Yolanda Lastra prefer to include Pipil in the General Aztecan branch, citing close historical ties with the eastern peripheral dialects of General Aztec.


pochutec -

Nahua people -

Tenochtitlan -

Comanche -

Hopi -

Paiute -

Pima -

Shoshone -

prestige language -

agglutination -

polysynthesis -

morphology -

Mesoamerica history -

Nahua people -

Pipil - Pipil (natively Nawat) is an Uto-Aztecan language which is similar to Nahuatl, and which was spoken in several parts of present-day Central America before the Spanish conquest. Although it has been on the verge of extinction in western El Salvador and has already gone extinct elsewhere in Central America, as of 2012, new second language speakers are starting to appear.

In El Salvador, Nawat was the language of several tribes; Nonualcos, Cuscatlecos, Mazahuas, and Izalcos. The name Pipil for this language is used by the international scholarly community, chiefly to differentiate it more clearly from Nahuatl.

Aztec -

Quechua - noun. (pl. same or Quechuas) a member of an American Indian people of Peru and parts of Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, and Ecuador. 2. the language or group of languages of this people.

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Words of Nahuatl Origin in English

avocado - noun. a pear-shaped fruit with a rough leathery skin, smooth oily edible flesh, and a large stone, also called ALLIGATOR PEAR; a light green color like that of the flesh of avocados 2. the tropical evergreen tree that bears this fruit. It is native to Central America and widely cultivated elsewhere.

Etymology

The word "avocado" comes from the Spanish aguacate which in turn comes from the Nahuatl word ahuacatl which goes back to the proto-Aztecan pa-wa with the same meaning. In some countries of South America, such as Argentina Bolivia, Chile, Peru, and Uruguay, the avocado is known by its Quechua name, palta. In other Spanish-speaking countries it is known by the Mexican name and in Portuguese it is abacate. The fruit is sometimes called an avocado pear or alligator pear(due to its shape and the rough green skin of some cultivars). The Nahuatl ahuacatl can be compounded with other words, as in ahuacamolli, meaning avocado soup or sauce, from which the Spanish word guacamole derives.

The modern English name is not etymologically related to the similar sounding Spanish word abogado, meaning 'lawyer' , but comes through an English rendering of the Spanish "aguacate" as "avogato". The earliest known written use in English is attested from 1697 as "Avogato Pear", a term which was later corrupted as "alligator pear". Because the word avogato sounded like "advocate" several languages reinterpreted it to have that meaning and "advocate"-forms of the word appear in several other Germanic languages, such as the German Advogato-Birne, the Swedish advokatpeer, the old Danish advokat-paere(though today it is called "avocado") and the Dutch advocaatpeer. It is known as "butter fruit" in parts of India. In eastern China it is known as e li(a direct translation of "alligator pear") or hangyou guo("butter fruit").

cultivar - noun. Botany. a plant variety that has been produced in cultivation by selective breeding. Cultivars are usually designated in the style Taxus baccata "Variegata." ORIGIN: 1920s: portmanteau, blend of Cultivate and Variety.

chayote -

chili -

chocolate -

atlatl -

coyote -

axotl -

tomato -

ablutions -

purulent -
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70 Obscure Color Words


aenous - adjective. shining bronze color

albicant - adjective. whitish; becoming white

alizarin - noun. Chemistry. a red pigment present in madder root, used in dyeing; denoting dyes derived from or similar to this pigment alizarin crimson.

albuginous - adjective. white-colored; like the white of an eye or an egg

argent - adjective. the heraldic color silver; white

atrous - adjective. jet black

aubergine - adjective. eggplant; a dark purple color

aurulent - adjective. gold-colored

azuline - adjective. blue

azure - light or sky blue; heraldic color blue

badious - adjective light creamy brown

briljant -

brunneous - adjective. dark brown;

burnet - adjective. dark brown; dark woolen cloth

cadmium red-purple

cadmium yellow lemon -

cadmium yellow -

caesious - adjective. bluish or grayish green

cardinal - adjective. deep scarlet red color

Caribbean blue -

castaneous - adjective. chestnut-colored

castory - adjective. brown color; brown dye derived from beaver pelts

celadon - adjective. pale green

celeste - adjective. sky blue

cerise - adjective. a deep to vivid pinkish red

corbeau - adjective. blackish green

chartreuse -

chlorochrous -

chrysochlorous -

cinerious -

citrine -

claret -

cobalt -

coccineous -

columbine -

coquelicot -

corbeau -

cramoisy -

cremnitz white -

crimson -

cyan -

eau-de-nil -

ebon -

ebony -

eburnean - adjective. made of ivory; white as ivory

delft blue - adjective. denotes pottery made in and around Delft in the Netherlands and the tin-glazed pottery made in the Netherlands from the 16th century.

dioxazine mauve - adjective. a shade of purple

ferruginous - adjective. containing iron oxides or rust

filemot - adjective. pertaining to the color of a dead or faded leaf; dull brown or yellowish brown

flake white -

fluorescent -

fuliginous - adjective. sooty; smoky; of the color of soot, as dark gray

fulvous - adjective. tawny; dull yellowish-gray or yellowish brown

fuscous - adjective. of brownish gray or dusky color

gamboge - noun. also, cambogia. a gum resin from various Asian trees of the genus Garcinia, especially G. hanburyi, used as a yellow pigment and as a cathartic 2. yellow or yellow-orange

gridelin - noun. gray of flax or flax-gray 2. a color mixed of white, and red, or a gray violet. Also written, gredaline, grizelin.

griseous - adjective. gray; pearl-gray

haematic - adjective. Also: haemic relating to, acting on, having the color of, or containing blood

hoary - adjective. gray or white with age; ancient or venerable; tedious from familiarity

ibis - noun. any of several large wading birds of the family Threskiornithidae of warm temperate and tropical regions, related to the herons and storks, characterized by a long, thin, downwardly-curved bill.

icteritious - adjective. Yellow; of the color of the skin when it is affected by the jaundice

indigo - noun. a blue dye obtained from various plants, especially of the genus Indigofera, or manufactured synthetically 2. indigo blue 3. any of numerous hairy plants belonging to the family Indigofera, of the legume family, having pinnate leaves and clusters of usually red or purple flowers 3. a color ranging from a deep violet blue to a dark, grayish blue.

infuscate -

isabelline -

jacinthe -

kermes -

lurid -

lutescent -

madder -

madder crimson -

mars black -

melanic -

melichrous -

niveous -

ochre -

or -

ponceau -

prussian -

rouge -

royal blue -

royal purple -

russet -

sarcoline - adjective. flesh-colored

sarco- or sarc- - 1. Flesh; sarcophagic 2. striated muscle

smalt - adjective. a deep blue pigment consisting of a powdered glass that contains oxide of cobalt ORIGIN: Middle French, from Old Italian 1558: smalto, of Germanic origin; akin to Old High German smelzan, 'to melt.'

terracotta - noun. unglazed, typically brownish-red earthenware, used chiefly as an ornamental building material and in modeling; a statuette or other object made of such earthenware; a strong brownish-red or brownish-orange color.

titian -

umber - noun. a natural pigment resembling but darker than ocher, normally dark yellowish-brown in color(raw umber) or dark brown when roasted (burnt umber);2. a brownish-gray moth with coloring that resembles tree bark ORIGIN:mid 16th cent.:from French (terre d')ombre or Italian (terra di)ombra, literally '(earth of) shadow,' from Latin umbra 'shadow' or Umbra (feminine) 'Umbrian.'

velvet -

vermillion -

vinous -

virescent -

virid -

viridian -

viridian blue -

vitellary -

wallflower -

wheaten - adjective. (esp. of bread) made of wheat; of a color resembling that of wheat; a pale yellow-beige

willowish - adjective. Having the color of the willow; resembling the willow; willowy.

xanthic - adjective. Tending toward a yellow color, or to one of those colors, green being excepted, in which yellow is a constituent, as scarlet, orange, etc.

zinnober - noun. Vermillion is a brilliant red or scarlet pigment originally made from the powdered mineral cinnabar, and is also the name of the resulting color. It was widely used in the art and decoration of Ancient Rome, in the illuminated manuscripts of the Middle Ages, in the paintings of the Renaissance, and in he ar lacquerware of Chine, where it is often called "Chinese Red."


tetrachromacy -  

color space -

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roily - adjective. (chiefly of water) muddy; turbulent

lallation - a lallation (also called cambia-tetras or trova-letra, "letter-changer" , in Latin American countries) is an imperfect enunciation of the letter, "L", in which it sounds like "R", as frequently found in infantile speech. The speech pattern has been particularly associated with the use of Portuguese, Spanish, and English languages by Chinese, Korean, and Japanese people. The use of lallation has thus been a common feature of Western stereotypes of East Asian People.

ambivert - noun. Psychology. a person whose personality has a balance of extrovert and introvert features

eutectic - adjective. relating to or denoting to a mixture of substances (in fixed proportions) that melts and solidifies at a single temperature that is lower than the melting points of the separate constituents or any other mixture of them; noun. a eutectic mixture, short for EUTECTIC POINT Origin: late 19th cent.: from Greek eutektos 'easily melting,' from eu 'well, easily' + tekein 'melt.'

bourse - noun. a stock market in a non-English-speaking country, esp. France
• (Bourse) the Paris stock exchange ORIGIN: mid 16th cent. (as burse, the usual form until the mid 19th cent.) from French, literally 'purse', via medieval Latin from Greek bursa 'leather.'

kettle hole - noun. Geology. a hollow, typically filled by a lake, resulting from the melting of a mass of ice trapped in glacial deposits

kettle - noun. a vessel, usually made of metal and with a handle, used for boiling liquids or cooking foods; a pot.

eustasy - noun. a change of sea level throughout the world, caused typically by movements of parts of the earth's crust or melting of glaciers

glade - noun. an open space in a forest

frazil - noun. soft or amorphous ice formed by the accumulation of ice crystals in water that is too turbulent to freeze solid.

pagophagia - noun. the compulsion to eat ice, typically associated as the symptom of a lack of iron

huronian glaciation - The Huronian glaciation (or Makganyene glaciation) extended from 2400 Mya to 2100 Mya, during the Siderian and Rhyacian periods of the Paleoproterozoic era, following the Great Oxygenation Event(GOE), which oxidized the atmospheric methane.

Makganyene glaciation -

Mya -

Paleoproterozoic Era -

Rhyacian period -

Siderian -

Great Oxygenation Event -

phase rule - noun. Chemistry. a rule relating the possible numbers of phases, constituents, and degrees of freedom in a chemical system.

hummock - noun. a hillock, knoll, or mound; a hump or ridge in an ice field, a piece of forested ground rising above a marsh

floe - noun. a sheet of floating ice

Kara sea - an arm of the Arctic Ocean off the Northern coast of Russia, bounded on the east by the islands of Severnaya Zemlya and on the west by those of Novaya Zemlya

serac - noun. a pinnacle or ridge of ice on the surface of a glacier

cornice - noun. an ornamental molding around the wall of a room just below the ceiling 2. an overhanging mass of hardened snow at the edge of a a mountain preceipice

bombe - noun. a frozen dome-shaped mold in which this dessert is made

crampon - noun. (usu. crampons) a metal plate with spikes fixed to a boot for walking on ice or rock climbing 2. archaic. Grappling hook

logomachy - noun. rare. an argument about words

parley - noun. (pl. -leys) a conference between opposing sides in a dispute , esp. a discussion of terms for an armistice 2. verb. hold a conference with the opposing side to discuss terms

pisciculture - noun. the controlled breeding and rearing of fish

Machinal - Proper Noun. a play written by American playwright and journalist Sophie Treadwell, inspired by the real life case of convicted and executed murderer Ruth Snyder. In 1928 Broadway premiere, directed by Arthur Hopkins, is considered one of the high points of Expressionist theatre on the American stage. It was included in Burn's Mantle's The Best Plays of 1928-1929

macilency - noun. also (macilences) macilent condition, thin, lean; esp. leanness of the body

machicolation - noun. (in medieval fortifications) an opening between the supporting corbels of a projecting parapet or the vault of a gate, through which stones or burning objects could be dropped on attackers

corbels - noun. (pl. -ls) a projection jutting out from a wall to support a structure above it 2. verb. support (a structure such as an arch or balcony) on corbels ORIGIN: late Middle English: from Old French, diminutive of corp 'crow,' from Latin corvus 'raven' (perhaps because of the shape of a corbel, resembling a crow's beak)

madake - noun. large bamboo, having thick-walled culms; Native of China and perhaps Japan, widely grown elsewhere

culms - noun. the hollow stem of a grass or cereal plant, esp. that bearing the flower

madnep -

mactation - noun. Botany. The masterwort; wild parsnip, Earth pitch (biennial weed in Europe and America having large pinnate leaves and yellow flowers and a bitter and somewhat poisonous root; the ancestor of cultivated parsnip.)

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Masterwort


Masterwort - typically refers to the plant Peucedanum ostruthium or Imperatoria ostruthium in the family Apiaceae, and not to be confused with great masterwort, Astrantia major, in the same family.

Habit

Woodland gardens and meadows, in semi shady areas

Use

Masterwort is also used as a flavor for various liqueurs and bitters. Peucedanium ostruthium roots and leaves have been used in the traditional Austrian medicine internally) as tea, liqueurs and wine) and externally (as fumigation, tincture, or incense) for treatment disorders of the gastrointestinal tract, skin respiratory tract, cardiovascular system, infections, fever, flu, and colds.

Chemical constituents

The plant is a source of coumarins, including oxypeucedanin, ostruthol, imperatorin, osthole, isoimperatorin, and ostruthin.

coumarins -

oxypeucedanin -

ostruthol -

imperatorin -

osthole -

isoimperatorin -

ostruthin -

celery - noun. a cultivated plant of the parsley family, with closely packed and succulent leafstalks that are eaten raw or cooked Apium graveolens var. dulce, family Umbelliferae.

Garden Angelica -

cumin -

caraway -

chervil -

cicely -

fennel -

dill -

lovage -

coriander -

celeriac -

ajowan - noun. an annual plant (Trachyspermum ammi) of the parsley family, with feathery leaves and white flowers. Native to India, the aromatic seeds of the ajowan plant, used as a culinary spice, the essential oil of the ajowan plant

asafoetida -

arracacha -

anise - noun. a Mediterranean plant of the parsley family, cultivated for its aromatic seeds, which are used in cooking and herbal medicine 2. an Asian or American tree or shrub that bears fruit with an aiseed-like odor

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pissasphalt -

Edda - either of two 13th-century Icelandic books, the Elder or Poetic Edda (a collection of Old Norse poems on Norse legends) and the Younger or Prose Edda (a handbook to Icelandic poetry by Snorri Sturluson). The Eddas are the chief source of knowledge of Scandinavian mythology.

kalevala -

Homeric - adjective. of or in the style of Homer or the epic poems ascribed to him; epic and large-scale.

bax -

Nibelungenlied - a 13th-century German poem, embodying a story found in the (Poetic) Edda, telling of the life and death of Siegfried, a prince of the Netherlands. There have been many adaptations of the story, including Wagner's epic music dram Der Ring des Nibelungen (1847-74)

Robinia - is a genus of flowering plants in the family Fabaceae, subfamily Faboideae, native to North America and northern Mexico. Commonly known as "locusts", they are deciduous trees and shrubs growing 13-82 feet tall. The leaves are white or pink, in usually pendulous racemes. Many species have thorny shoots, and several have sticky hairs on the shoots.

runes -

kohnur -

divan -

masorete -

epos -

roget -

goliards - noun. a wandering student in medieval Europe disposed to conviviality, license, and the making of ribald and satirical songs.

goliardery - noun. Literature/Poetry. the poems of the goliards

ribald - adjective. characterized by or indulging in vulgar,lewd humor; 2. noun. vulgar, lewdly funny person.

idyls -

bucoliast -

storiology -

sibelius -

hagiology -

mishnah -

almagest -

hexapla -

hakluyt -

xeronisus -

karezza -

fourchette -

kraurosis vulvae -

nymphitis -

episiotomy -

pudendum - noun. a person's external genitals, esp. a woman's

gerundive - noun. Grammar. (in Latin) a form that is derived from a verb but that functions an an adjective, denoting something "that should or must be done."

clitoridectomy -

phimosis - noun. Medicine. a congenital narrowing of the opening of the foreskin so that it cannot be retracted

elephantine -

Brobdingnagian - adjective. gigantic; noun. a giant.

tailpot -

diplodocus -

megalosaur -

ribaudequin -

sciapodous -

prepuce -

immensive -

hama -

pantagruel -

hypermarket -



prattle -

sonant -

phonate -

surd -

rhotacism -

paralalia -

phoneme -

splutter -

malapropism -

euphony -

allophone -

hebephrenia -

bilabial -

labiovelar -

orotund -

fricative -



tantalus -

danaides -

rhabdophobia -

rebuked -

tereus -

jamshid -



enceladus -

procne -

callisto -

pillory -

rusticate -

amerce -

gored -

tumbrel -

castigate -

ferule -


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9/12/13 to 9/29/ Words

burnish - verb. to polish or brighten

secateurs - plural noun. (also a pair of secateurs) chiefly British. a pair of
pruning clippers for use with one hand

stet - verb. (stetted, stetting) let it stand (as an instruction on a printed proof to indicate that a correction or alteration should be ignored)

palmate - adjective. Botany. (of a leaf) having several lobes (typically 5-7) whose midribs all radiate from one point 2. Zoology. (of an antler) in which the angles between the tines are partly filled in to form a broad flat surface, as in fallow deer and moose

tines - noun. a prong or sharp point, such as that on a fork or antler

pip - noun. a small hard seed in a fruit; adjective. pipless

pip 2 - noun. a small shape or symbol, in particular:
• any of the spots on playing cards, dice, or dominoes.
• a single blossom of a clustered head of flowers.
• a diamond-shaped segment of the surface of a pineapple
• an image of an object on a radar screen; blip.
• British. a star (1-3 according to rank) on the shoulder of an army officer's uniform. ORIGIN: late 16th cent. (originally peep, denoting each of the dots on playing cards, dice, and dominoes): of unknown origin

pip 4 - verb. (of a young bird) crack (the shell of the egg) hen hatching. ORIGIN: late 19th cent.: perhaps of imitative origin

pip 5 - (pipped, pipping) British Informal. verb. [trans.] (usually be pipped) defeat by a small margin or at the last moment.
• dated. hit or wound (someone) with a gunshot.

pippin - noun. a red and yellow desert apple, an apple grown from seed; informal. an excellent person or thing

pipless - verb. (of a young bird) crack (the shell of the egg) hen hatching. ORIGIN: late 19th cent.: perhaps of imitative origin

thew - noun. poetic/literary. muscular strength.
• (thews) muscles and tendons perceived as generating such strength; adjective. thewy
ORIGIN: Old English theaw [usage, custom,] (plural) [(personal manner of behaving,] of unknown origin. The sense [good bodily proportions, muscular development] arose in Middle English.

cohort - noun. [treated as sing. or pl.] an ancient Roman military unit, comprising six centuries, equal to one tenth of a legion 2. a group of people banded together or treated as a group 3. a supporter or companion

Nine Shift: Work, Life and Education in the 21st Century

Lindsey Pollak, Getting From College to Career: Your Essential Guide to Succeeding in the Real World

Shame society - In cultural anthropology, a shame culture, also called honor-shame culture or shame society, is the concept that, in a given society, the primary device for gaining control over children and maintaining social order is the inculcation of shame and the complementary threat of ostracism. A shame society is contrasted with a guilt society in which control is maintained by creating and continually reinforcing the feeling of guilt (and the expectation of punishment now or in the afterlife for certain condemned behaviors.

sacrilege - noun. violation or misuse of what is regarded as sacred

parasite single -

NEET(Not in Education, Employment, or Training) -

egosyntonic -

Kodokushi -

cocooning - is the name given to the trend that sees individuals socializing less and retreating into their homes more. The term was coined in the 1990's by Faith Popcorn, a trend forecaster and marketing consultant.

selective mutism - noun. Psychology. Selective Mutism(SM) is a psychiatric disorder in which a person who is normally capable of speech is unable to speak in given situations or to specific people. Selective mutism usually co-exists with shyness or social anxiety. In fact, the majority of children diagnosed with selective mutism also have social anxiety disorder (100% of participants in two studies and 97% in another). Some researchers therefore speculate that selective mutism maybe an avoidance strategy used by a subgroup of children with social anxiety disorder to reduce their distress in social situations.

cosseter - (also Helicopter parent or cosseting parent or cosseter) is a parent who pays extremely close attention to a child's or children's experiences and problems, particularly at educational institutions. Helicopter parents are so named because, like helicopters, they hover overhead.

helicopter parents -

psychographic -

shorn -

lilt - noun. a characteristic rising and falling of the voice when speaking; a pleasant gentle accent; a pleasant, gently swinging rhythm in a song or tune ; archaic. chiefly Scottish. a cheerful tune 2. verb. speak, sing, or sound with a lilt.

malfeasance - noun. Law. wrongdoing. esp. by a public official

fracas - noun. (pl. -cas-es) a noisy disturbance or quarrel. ORIGIN: early 18th cent.: French, from fracasser, from Italian fracassare , from Italian fracassare =  

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Skunks

skunk - noun. (also called polecats in America) are mammals known for their ability to spray a liquid with a strong odor. Different species of skunk vary in appearance from black-and-white to brown or cream colored, but all have warning coloration.

Etymology

The word "polecat" (with "pole" from either the French poule "chicken or puant "stinking"), which in Europe refers to the wild relatives of the ferret, has been attested in the New World to refer to the skunk since the 1680s. The word "squunck" is attested in New England in the Algonquian language, with the Proto-Algonquian form being a compound of the roots*/sek-/ meaning 'to urinate' and* /seka:kwa/ meaning 'fox'. The name of the family and of the most common genus (Mephitidae, Mephitis) means "stench{" , while Spilogale putorius means "stinking spotted weasel".

Physical Description

Skunk species vary in size from about 15.6 to 37 in(40-94 cm) and in weight from about 1.1 lb (0.50 kg) (spotted skunks) to 18 lb (8.2 kg) (hog-nosed skunks). They have moderately elongated bodies with relatively short, well-muscled legs, and long front claws for digging.

Although the most common fur color is black and white, some skunks are brown or grey, and a few are cream-colored. All skunks are striped, even from birth. They may have a single thick stripe across back and tail, two thinner stripes, or a series of white sports (

warning coloration -



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Falklands War

Falklands War - also known as the Falklands Conflict or Falklands Crisis was a 1982 war between Argentina and the United Kingdom. The conflict resulted from the long-standing dispute over the sovereignty of the Falkland Islands and South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands, which lie in the South Atlantic, east of Argentina. The Falklands War began on Friday, 2 April 1982, when Argentine forces invaded and occupied the Falkland Islands and South Georgia. The British government dispatched a naval task force to engage the Argentine Navy and Air Force, and retake the islands by amphibious assault. The resulting conflict lasted 74 days and ended with the Argentine surrender on 14 June 1982, which returned the islands to British control. During the conflict, 649 Argentine military personnel, 255 British military personnel and 3 Falkland Islanders died.

The conflict was the result of a protracted historical confrontation regarding the sovereignty of the islands. Argentina has asserted that the Falkland Islands have been Argentinian territory since the 19th century and, as of 2013, has not relinquished the claim. The claim was added to the Argentine constitution after its reformation in 1994. As such, the Argentine government characterized their initial invasion as the re-occupation of their own territory, whilst the British government saw it as an invasion of a British dependent territory. However, neither state officially declared war and hostilities were almost exclusively limited to the territories under dispute and the local area of the South Atlantic.

The conflict had a strong impact on both countries. Patriotic sentiment ran high in ARgentina, but the outcome prompted large protests against the ruling military government, which hastened its downfall. In the United Kingdom, Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher's government was bolstered by the successful outcome. The war has played an important role in the culture of both countries, and has been the subject of several books, scholarly articles, films, and songs. Over time, the cultural and political weight of the conflict has had less effect on the British public than on that of Argentina, where the war is still a topic of discussion.

Relations between the United Kingdom and Argentina were restored in 1989 following a meeting in Madrid, at which the two governments issued a joint statement which explicitly did not change either side's position on sovereignty.
                                                              


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Philosophy

acatalepsy - noun. Philosophy. (to seize), in Philosophy, is incomprehensibleness, or the impossibility of comprehending or conceiving a thing. The Pyrrhonians attempted to show, while Academic skeptics of the Pyrrhonians attempted to show, while Academic skeptics of the Platonic Academy asserted an absolute acatalepsia; all human science or knowledge, according to them, went no further than to appearances and verisimilitude. It is the antithesis of the Stoic doctrine of catalepsy or Apprehension. According to the Stoics, catalepsy was true perception, but to the Skeptics, all perceptions were acataleptic, i.e. bore no conformity to the objects perceived, or, if they did bear any conformity, it could never be known.

verisimilitude - noun. a philosophical concept that distinguishes between the truth and the falsity of assertions and hypotheses. The problem of verisimilitude is the problem of articulating what it takes for one false theory to be closer to the truth than another false theory.

This problem was central to the philosophy of Karl Popper, largely because Popper was among the first to affirm that the truth is the aim of scientific inquiry while acknowledging that most of the greatest scientific theories in the history of science are, strictly speaking, false. If this long string of purportedly false theories is to constitute progress with respect to the goal of truth then it must be at least possible for one false theory to be closer to the truth than others.

Sir Karl Raimund Popper - (July 28, 1902--September 17, 1994) was an Austro-British philosopher and the professor at the London School of Economics. He is generally regarded as one of the greatest philosophers of science of the 20th century. He also wrote extensively on social and political philosophy. In 1992, he was awarded the Kyoto Prize in Arts and Philosophy for "symbolizing the open spirit of the 20th century" and for his "enormous influence on the formation of the modern intellectual climate." Popper is known for his attempt to repudiate the classical observationalist/inductivist form of the scientific method in favor of empirical falsification. He is also known for his opposition to the classical justificationist account of knowledge which he replaced with critical rationalism, "the first non justificational philosophy of criticism in the history of philosophy." In political discourse, he is known for his vigorous defense of liberal democracy and the principles of social criticism that he came to believe made a flourishing "open society" possible.

Main Interests

Epistemology - noun. Philosophy. the theory of knowledge, esp. with regard to its methods, validity, and scope. Epistemology is the investigation of what distinguishes justified belief from opinion.

Rationality -

Philosophy of Science -

logic -

Social and Political Philosophy -

Metaphysics -

Philosophy of mind -

Origin of Life -

Interpretation of Quantum mechanics -

Notable Ideas

observationalist -

inductivist -

Critical rationalism -

falsification -

evolutionary trial and error view of the growth of knowledge -

propensity interpretation -

open society -

cosmological pluralism -

modified essentialism -

axiomatization of probability -

axiomatization -

active Darwinism -

spearhead model of evolution -

truth-likeness -

hermeneutics - plural noun. [ usu. treated as sing. ] the branch of knowledge that deals with interpretation, esp. of the Bible or literary texts.

objective hermeneutics

the paradox of tolerance

critical dualism (of facts and standards) -

Negative utilitarism -

Kyoto Prize in Arts and Philosophy - is a once yearly awarded Prize for Arts and Philosophy by the Inamori Foundation for lifetime achievements in the arts and philosophy. It is one of three Kyoto Prize categories; the others are the Kyoto Prize in Advanced Technology and the Kyoto Prize in Basic Sciences. The first Kyoto Prize in Arts and Philosophy was awarded to Olivier Messiaen in 1985, the "greatest composer to have emerged from 20th century France". It is widely regarded as the most prestigious award available in fields which are traditionally not honored with a Nobel Prize.










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Aeroplanes, Airplanes, and Things in the Sky


hang gliding - noun. an unpowered flying apparatus for a single person, consisting of a frame with a fabric airfoil stretched over it. The operator is suspended from a harness below and controls flight by body movement.

Cessna Citation Jet -

Grob Aerospace -

Bombardier Aerospace -

Hawker Beechcraft -

Beech Aircraft Company -

Mitsubishi

foot-launched powered hang gliders -

air ambulance - noun. Aviation. air medical services is a comprehensive term covering the use of air transportation to move patients to and from healthcare facilities to improve their level of care. Personnel provide comprehensive prehospital and emergency and critical care to all types of patients during aeromedical evacuation or rescue operations aboard helicopter and propeller aircraft or jet aircraft.

The use of air transport of patients dates to Word War 1, but its role was expanded dramatically during the Korean and Vietnam conflicts. The first hospital-based air medical service began in Denver at St. Anthony hospital in 1972. Helicopters are used to transport patients between hospitals and from trauma scenes; fixed-wing aircraft are used for long-distance transports.

crop dusting -

charter flights -

police air patrols -

forest fire fighting -

Air Creation Tanarg -

Antonov An-225 -


Fighter Aircraft

Lockheed SR-71 -

Sopwith Camel -

A6M Zero -

F-15 -

F-22 -

MiG-29 -

Su-27 -

Ground Attack Aircraft

Junkers Stuka -

A-10 -

Il-2 -

J-22 Orao -

AH-64

Su-25

Bombers

Zeppelin -

Tu-95 -

Mirage IV -

B-52 -

Transport Aircraft

C-17 Globemaster III -

C-130 Hercules -

Mil Mi-26

Surveillance and Reconnaissance Aircraft

Rumpler Taube -

Mosquito -

U-2 -

OH-58

MiG 25R -

Unmanned Aerial Vehicles(UAV)

RQ-7B Shadow -

MQ-8 Fire Scout -

MQ1C Gray Eagle -




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Eclipse Aviation

Eclipse 500 - noun. Aviation. The Eclipse 500 is a small six-seat business jet aircraft manufactured by Eclipse Aviation. Eclipse 500 became the first of a new class of Very Light Jet when it was delivered in late 2006. The aircraft is powered by two lightweight Pratt & Whitney Canada PW610F turbofan engines in aft fuselage-mounted nacelles.

Production of the Eclipse 500 was halted in mid-2008 due to a lack of funding as the result of their November 25, 2008 Chapter 11 bankruptcy declaration. The company then entered Chapter 7 liquidation on February 24, 2008. After lengthy Chapter 7 liquidation procedures, Eclipse Aerospace was confirmed as the new owner of the assets of the former Eclipse Aviation on August, 20, 2009 and opened for business on September 1, 2009. In October 2011 Eclipse Aerospace announced that they would put a new version of the aircraft, called the Eclipse 550 into production with deliveries starting in 2013.

Design & Development

The Eclipse 500 is based on the Williams V-Jet 11, which was designed by Burt Rutan's Scaled Composites in 1997 for Williams International. It was intended to be used as a testbed and demonstrator for their new FJX02 turbofan engine. The aircraft and engine debuted at the 1977 Oshkosh Airshow. The V-Jet II had an all-composite structure with a forward-swept wing, a V-tail, each fin of which was mounted on the nacelle of one of the two engines. Williams had not intended to produce the aircraft, but it attracted a lot of attention, and Eclipse Aviation was founded in 1998 to further develop and produce the aircraft. The prototype and only V-Jet II aircraft was obtained by Eclipse Aviation along with the program, and was donated to the Experimental Aircraft Association AirVenture museum in Oshkosh, Wisconsin in 2001.

June 2008 Grounding

On June 12, 2008, the Federal Aviation Administration issued Emergency Airworthiness Directive(AD) AD 2008-13-51 grounding all Eclipse 500s, following an incident at Chicago's Midway Airport. According to a National Transportation Safety Board investigation, "the airplane was trying to land at Midway when the crew encountered a sudden shift in headwinds, which the pilot sought to counter by increasing power, the standard method. But when the pilot tried to cut power a few seconds later, as the airplane touched down, the engines began accelerating to maximum power." The pilots overshot, gained altitude and shut down one engine, eventually landing without injury or damage except blown out tires.

Reports published on June 16, 2008 indicated that all 500s were compliant with the AD and cleared to fly again within one day of the AD being issued. The company indicated that the final solution to this problem was a software  change to increase the throttle range and prevent an out-of-range condition.
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Airworthiness Directive -
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Mooney Aviation Company(MAC) - noun. Aviation. The Mooney Aviation Company, Inc. (MAC) (formerly the Mooney Aircraft Company i a U.S. manufacturer of single-engined general aviation aircraft. The company has gone bankrupt and changed ownership several times. Though, among its achievements was the first pressurized single-engine, piston-powered aircraft (M22 Mustang), production of the fastest civilian single-engine, piston-powered aircraft in the world (M20TN Acclaim Type S), the first production aircraft to achieve 201 mph (323km/h) on 200 hp (150 kW) (M20J 201) and the fastest transcontinental flight in a single-engine , piston-powered production aircraft(M20k 231). All Mooney aircraft have the signature vertical stabilizer with its vertical leading edge and swept trailing edge that gives the illusion of being forward-swept.
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Federal Aviation Regulations(FAR) - noun. Aviation. The Federal Aviation Regulations, or FARs, are rules prescribed by the Federal Aviation Administration(FAA) governing all aviation activities in the United States. The FARs are part of Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations(CFR). A wide variety of activities are regulated, such as airplane design, typical airline flights, pilot training activities, hot-air ballooning, lighter-than-air aircraft, man-made structure heights, obstruction lighting and marking, and even model rocket launches and model aircraft operation. The rules are designed to promote safe aviation, protecting pilots, flight attendants, passengers and the general public for unnecessary risk.
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hot-air balloon -

United Technologies -

lighter-than-air -

Oshkosh Airshow -

William's International -

Burt Rutan -

Williams V-Jet 11 -

nacelles - noun. a streamlined housing or tank for something on the outside of an aircraft or motor vehicle; the outer casing of an aircraft engine; chiefly historical. the car of an airship
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Pratt & Whitney Canada(PWC or P&WC;) - noun. Aviation. is a Canadian aircraft engine manufacturer. PWC's headquarters are in Longueuil, Quebec, just outside Montreal. It is a division of the larger US-based Pratt & Whitney(P&W;), itself a business unit of United Technologies. United Technologies has given P&WC; a world mandate for smaller aircraft engines while P&W;'s US operations develop and manufacture larger engines.

Although P&WC; is a division of P&W;, it does its own research, development, and marketing , as well as the manufacturing of its engines. The company currently has 9,200 employees worldwide, with 6,200 of them in Canada.

History

The Canadian Pratt & Whitney Aircraft Company, Ltd. was founded in November 1928 to act as a service center for P&W; aircraft engines. During World War II, it assembled Pratt & Whitney Wasp series engines built in the U.S.. In 1952, the production of Wasp engines was transferred to P&WC; so P&W; could concentrate on developing jet engines. In the late 1950's , a team of 12 P&WC; engineers began the development of the first small turbine engine in Canada, the PT6. THe first example was delivered to a customer in 1963. In 1962, the company was renamed United Aircraft of Canada, and assumed its current name in 1975.

Products

Pratt & Whitney JT12 -
Pratt & Whitney Canada JT15D -
Pratt & Whitney Canada PT6A/B/C -
Pratt & Whitney Canada PT6T -
Pratt & Whitney Canada PW100 -
Pratt & Whitney Canada PW200 -
Pratt & Whitney Canada PW300 -
Pratt & Whitney Canada PW400 -
Pratt & Whitney Canada PW500 -
Pratt & Whitney Canada PW600 -
Pratt & Whitney Canada PW700 -
Pratt & Whitney Canada PW800 -
Pratt & Whitney Canada PW900 -

Fleet

Pratt & Whitney Canada operate two Boeing 747SP as test beds for new engines.



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Flora & Fauna: Entomology and the Amateur Naturalist

Mammals

aardwolf - noun. Zoology. South African carnivorous fox-like quadruped

addax - spiral-horned antelope dwelling in the Sahara desert

agouti - noun. a large, long-legged burrowing rodent related to the guinea pig, native to Central and South America

anoa - noun. a small deer-like water buffalo, native to Sulawesi ORIGIN: mid 19th cent. : a local name

aurochs - noun. Zoology. an extinct wild ox

antechinus - noun. Zoology. a marsupial mouse of shrew-like habits and appearance, found in Australia, New Guinea, and Tasmania

aye-aye - noun. Zoology. a rare nocturnal Madagascan primate allied to the lemurs. It has rodent-like incisor teeth and an elongated twig-like finger on each hand with which it pries insects from bark

babirusa - noun. Zoology.a forest-dwelling wild pig with several upturned horn-like tusks, native to Malaysia ORIGIN: late 17th cent. : from Malay, from babi 'hog' + rusa 'deer'

bandicoot - noun. Zoology. a mainly insectivorous marsupial native to Australia and New Guinea

bangtail - noun. Zoology. mustang or wild horse

banteng - noun. Zoology. a wild ox of Southeast Asia

barasingha - noun. Zoology. a deer species found in isolated localities in northern and central India, and southwestern Nepal. Antlers are 10 to 14 tines on a stag, though some have been known to have up to 20

beira - noun. Zoology. a pygmy antelope

bharal - noun. Zoology.a bluish-gray Himalayan goat

binturong - noun. Zoology. a civet of southeastern Asia with a long prehensile tail

biscacha - noun. Zoology. burrowing South American rodent

blauwbok - noun. Zoology.extinct bluish-colored antelope of southern Africa

borzoi - noun. Zoology. a wolf hound

brach - noun. Zoology. a female hunting hound

brachet - noun. Zoology. whelp; brat; bitch hound

bullock - noun. Zoology. an ox or castrated bull

caple - noun. Zoology. a horse

caracal - noun. Zoology. long-legged nocturnal cat of African and Asian savannahs with long ears

dhole - noun. Zoology. a wild asian dog

diprotodon - noun. Zoology. gigantic prehistoric marsupial with two incisors in the lower jaw

dobbin - noun. Zoology. a work horse

douroucouli - noun. Zoology. a small South American nocturnal monkey

isatis - noun. Zoology. Arctic Fox

leveret - noun. Zoology. a hare in its first year; a mistress

Birds


aasvogel - South African vulture

avocet - noun. Zoology. a long-legged wading bird with a slender upturned bill and strikingly patterned plumage

adzebill(pokoriki)- prehistoric flightless bird of New Zealand

aepyornis(Elephant Bird - gigantic flightless bird of Madagascar

aberdevine - alternate name for the siskin

accentor - a songbird

adjutant - noun. a large black and white stork with massive bill and a bare head and neck, found in India and Southeast Asia; a military officer who acts as an administrative assistant to a senior officer

anhinga - noun. Zoology. a long-necked fish-eating tropical American bird

barbet - noun. Zoology. a stout billed tropical bird

bittern - noun. Zoology. a small heron

siskin - a small songbird related to the goldfinch, including the pine siskin of North America with dark-streaked plumage, notched tail, and touches of yellow on its wings and tail

Fish

acipenser - sturgeon

amberjack - noun. Zoology. spiny-finned Atlantic sport fish

blenny - noun. Zoology. a small elongated marine fish

cusk - noun. Zoology. large Atlantic fish-like cod

dabchick - noun. Zoology. small grebe

duarf - noun. Mythology. fictitious nineteen-toed sloth from Erewhon



Amphibian & Reptiles

amphiuma - noun. Zoology. a fully aquatic eel-like American salamander with two pairs of very small limbs, found in stagnant water and swamps in the southeastern U.S.

anole - noun. Zoology. a small, mainly arboreal American lizard with a throat fan that (in the male) is typically bright-colored. Anoles have some ability to change color

axoloti - noun. Zoology. A Mexican salamander which in natural conditions retains aquatic newt-like larval form throughout life but is able to breed

Insects

culex - noun. Zoology. a mosquito

cleg - noun. Zoology. a horse fly


Bodies of Animals

sclerites -

thorax -

notum -

sternum -

pleuron -

scutellum -

coxa -

trochanter - noun. Anatomy. any of two bony protuberances by which muscles are attached to the upper part of the thigh bone; Entomology the small second segment of the leg of an insect, between the coxa and the femur.

femur - noun. the bone of the thigh or the upper hind limb, articulating at the hip and knee;2. Zoology. the third segment of the leg in insects and some other arthropods, typically the longest and thickest segment.

tibial - noun. Anatomy. the inner and typically larger of the two bones between the knee and the ankle(or the equivalent joints in other terrestrial vertebrates), parallel with the fibula; Zoology. the tibiotarsus of a bird; Entomology. the fourth segment of the leg of an insect, between the femur and the tarsus.

fibula - noun. Anatomy. the outer and usually smaller of the two bones between the knee and the ankle in humans(or the equivalent joints in other terrestrial vertebrates), parallel with the tibia 2. Archaeology. a brooch or clasp

tibia - noun. Anatomy. the inner and typically larger of the two bones between the knee and the ankle(or equivalent joints in other terrestrial vertebrates), parallel with the fibula. 2. Zoology. the tibiotarsus of a bird 3. Entomology. the fourth segment of the leg of an insect, between the femur and the tarsus.

tarsus - noun. Anatomy. a group of small bones between the main part of the hind limb and the metatarsus in terrestrial vertebrates. The seven bones of the human tarsus form the ankle and upper part of the foot. They are the talus, calcaneus, navicular, and cuboid and the three cuneiform bones; Zoology. the shank or tarsometatarsus of the leg of a bird or reptile; Zoology. the foot or fifth joint of the leg of an insect or other arthropod, typically consisting of several small segments and ending in a claw 2. Anatomy. a thin sheet of fibrous connective tissue which supports the edge of each eyelid ORIGIN: late Middle English: modern Latin, from Greek tarsos 'flat of the foot, the eyelid.'

Tarsus - an ancient city in southern Turkey, now a market town. It is the birthplace of Saint Paul.

tarsometatarsus - noun. Zoology. a long bone in the lower leg of birds and some reptiles, formed by the fusion of tarsal and metatarsal structures.

tarsal - adjective. Anatomy & Zoology. of or relating to the tarsus; noun. a bone of the tarsus.

metatarsal - noun. any of the bones of the foot; any of the equivalent bones in an animal's hind limbs

metatarsus - noun. the group of bones in the foot, between the ankle and the toes; this part of the foot; the equivalent group of bones in any animal's hind limbs

calcaneus - noun. Anatomy. the large bone forming the heel. It articulates with the cuboid bone of the foot and the talus bone of the ankle, and the Achilles tendon(or tendo calcaneus) is attached to it.

navicular - adjective. chiefly archaic. boat-shaped; 2. noun. (also navicular bone) a boat-shaped bone in the ankle or wrist, esp. that in the ankle between the talus and the cuneiform bones 3. (also navicular disease or navicular syndrome) a chronic disorder of the navicular bone in horses, causing lameness in the front feet ORIGIN: late Middle English : from French naviculaire or late Latin navicularis, from Latin navicula 'little ship,' diminutive of navis.

cuboid - adjective. more or less cubic in shape 2. Geometry. a solid that has six rectangular faces at right angles to each other 3. Anatomy. (also cuboid bone) a squat tarsal bone on the outer side of the foot, articulating with the heel bone and the fourth and fifth metatarsals.

cuneiform - adjective. denoting or relating to the wedge-shaped characters used in the ancient writing systems of Mesopotamia, Persia, and Ugarit, surviving mainly impressed on clay tablets; noun. cuneiform writing 2. Anatomy. denoting three bones of the tarsus(ankle) between the navicular bone and the metatarsals. 3. Chiefly. Biology. wedge-shaped

tibiotarsus - noun. Zoology. the bone in a bird's leg corresponding to the tibia, fused at the lower end with some bones of the tarsus.

pretarsus - noun. the terminal outgrowth of the tarsus.

The Insect Head

vertex -

ocelli -

compound eye -

frons -

palps -

clypeus -

labrum -

antenna -

gena -

mandible -

maxilla -

labium -

Labrum -

palpi -

maxillae -



The Insect Body

abdomen -

labium -

cercus -

spiracles -




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Words of 8:24:13

extirpate - verb. root out and destroy completely

mullein - noun. Botany. a herbaceous plant of the figwort family with woolly leaves and tall spikes of yellow flowers, native to Eurasia but now widely and commonly distributed. Genus Verbascum, family Scrophulariaceae: several species, in particular the widespread common (or great) mullein ( V. thapsus). ORIGIN: late Middle English: from Old French moleine, of Celtic origin; compare with the Breton melen, Cornish and Welsh melyn 'yellow.'

Breton - noun. a native of Brittany 2. the Celtic language of Brittany, related to Cornish; adjective. of or relating to Brittany or its people or language

Andre, Breton -

euthalian apparatus - noun. The Euthalian Apparatus is a collection of additional editorial material, such as divisions of text, lists, and summaries, to the New Testament's Book of Acts, Catholic epistles, and Pauline epistles. This additional material appears at the beginnings of books, in the margin of text, and at the ends of books, as well as in line and paragraph separations. This material is traditionally associated with the name of Euthalius.

euthecodon - noun. Zoology. Euthecodon is an extinct genus of long-snouted crocodyline crocodilians. It was common throughout much of Africa during the Neogene, with fossils being especially common in Kenya. It existed from the Early Miocene to the Early Pleistocene.
eutherapsida -

eutheria - noun. Zoology. a major group of mammals that comprises the placentals.

euthrix potatoria -

euthyphro dilemma -

The Voyage of the Space Beagle(1950) - is a classic novel of science fiction by A.E. van Vogt in the space opera sub-genera. The novel is a "fix-up" compilation of four previously published novels.

fission - noun. the action of dividing or splitting something into two or more parts; short for NUCLEAR FISSION; Biology. reproduction by means of a cell or organism dividing into two or more new cells or organisms; verb. [intrans.] (chiefly of atoms) undergo fission ORIGIN: early 17th cent.: from Latin fissio(n-), from findere 'to split.'


Fission, Nuclear Chemistry, and the Symbols of Science

intransitive - adjective. (of a verb or a sense or use of a verb) not taking a direct object, e.g., look in look at the sky. The opposite of TRANSITIVE.

spontaneous fission(SF) - noun. Chemistry. is a form of radioactive decay that is found only in very heavy chemical elements, because the nuclear binding energy of the elements reaches its maximum at an atomic mass number greater than about 58 atomic mass units (u)

u - abbreviation. Physics. denoting quantum states or wave functions that change sign on inversion through the origin. The opposite of g .

- symbol [in combination]. (in units of measurement micro- (10(-6): : direct readout of concentration in ug or mg/L.

u - noun. (pl. Us or U's). 1. the twenty-first letter of the alphabet; denoting the next after T in a set of items or categories, etc. 2. (U)

g - abbreviation. Chemistry. gas; gelding; gram(s); Physics. denoting quantum states or wave functions that do not change a sign on inversion through the origin. The opposite of u . ORIGIN: from German gerade 'even.'

g - Symbol. Physics. the acceleration due to gravity, equal to 9.81 m s(-2)

s - abbreviation:
• second(s).
• Law. section (of an act).
• shilling(s).
• Grammar. singular.
• Chemistry. soilid.
• (in genealogies) son(s).
• succeeded.
• Chemistry. denoting electrons and orbitals possessing zero angular momentum and total symmetry : s-electrons. [ORIGIN: s from sharp, originally applied to lines in atomic spectra.]

s - symbol. (in mathematical formulae) distance

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The Bauhaus

Bauhaus - noun. Staatliches Bauhaus, commonly known simply as Bauhaus, was a school in Germany that combined crafts and the fine arts, and was famous for the approach to design that it publicized and taught. It operated from 1919 to 1933. At that time the German term Bauhaus, literally "house of construction", stood for "School of Building."

The Bauhaus school was founded by Walter Gropius in Weimar. In spite of its name, and the fact that its founder was an architect, the Bauhaus did not have an architecture department during the first years of its existence. Nonetheless it was founded with the idea of creating a "total" work of art in which all arts, including architecture, would eventually be brought together. The Bauhaus style became one of the most influential currents in Modernist architecture and modern design. The Bauhaus had a profound influence upon subsequent developments in art, architecture, graphic design, interior design, industrial design, and typography.

The school existed in three German cities {Weimar from 1919 to 1925, Dessau from 1925-1932, and Berlin from 1932-1933), under three different architect-directors: Walter Gropius from 1919-1928, Hannes Meyer from 1928 to 1930, and Ludwig Mies van der Rohe from 1930 until 1933, when the school was closed by its own leadership under pressure from the Nazi regime at the beginning of the Degenerative Art Exhibit hosted by Adolf Hitler which set to abolish all artworks which did not exemplify the popularity and beliefs of the Nazi regime.

The changes of venue and leadership resulted in constant shifting of focus, technique, instructors, and politics. For instance: the pottery shop was discontinued when the school moved from Weimar to Dessau, even though it had been an important revenue source; when Mies van der Rohe took over the school in 1930, he transformed it into a private school, and would not allow any supporters of Hannes Meyer to attend it.

Walter Gropius -

Hannes Meyer -

Ludwig Mies van der Rohe -

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Diseases, Bacteria, and Viruses

Malaria - noun. Malaria is a mosquito-borne infectious disease of humans and other animals caused by parasitic protozoans(a type of unicellular microorganism) of the genus Plasmodium. Commonly, the disease is transmitted via a bite from an infected female Anopheles mosquito, which introduces the organisms from its saliva into the person's circulatory system. In the blood, the protists travel to the liver to mature and reproduce. Malaria causes symptoms that typically include fever and headache, which in severe cases can progress to coma or death. The disease is widespread in tropical and subtropical regions in a broad band around the equator, including much of Sub-Saharan Africa, Asia, and the Americas.

Five species of Plasmodium can infect and be transmitted by humans. The vast majority of deaths are caused by P. falciparum and P. vivax, while P. ovale and P. malariae cause a generally milder form of malaria that is rarely fatal. The zoonotic species P. knowlesi, prevalent in Southeast ASia, causes malaria in maquaes

zoonotic -

Yellow fever -

dengue fever -

dysentery -

cholera - noun. Cholera is an infection of the small intestine caused by the bacterium Vibrio cholerae. The main symptoms are watery diarrhea and vomiting. Transmission occurs primarily by drinking water or eating food that has been contaminated by the feces(waste product) of an infected person, including one with no apparent symptoms. The severity of the diarrhea and vomiting can lead to rapid hydration and electrolyte imbalance, and death in some cases. The primary treatment is oral rehydration therapy, typically with oral rehydration solution, to replace water and electrolytes. If this is not tolerated or does not provide improvement fast enough, intravenous fluids can also be used. Antibacterial drugs are beneficial in those with severe disease to shorten its duration and severity. Worldwide, it affects 3-5 million people and causes 100,000 to 130,000 deaths a year as of 2010. Cholera was one of the earliest infections to be studied by epidemiological methods.

turgor - noun. chiefly Botany. the state of turgidity and resulting rigidity of cells(or tissues), typically due to the absorption of fluid; wrinkled-hands

Dukoral - noun. Medicine. an orally administered, inactivated whole cell vaccine for Cholera, has an overall efficacy of about 52% during the first year after being given and 62% in the second yea, with minimal side effects.

ebola -

influenza -

salmonella -

shigella -

enterobacteriacae -

pseudomonas -

moraxella -

heliobacter -

stenotrophomonas -

bdellovibrio -

acetic acid bacteria -

legionella -

cyanobacteria -

spirochaetes -

green sulfur -

green non-sulfur bacteria -

Hemophilus influenze -

Klebsiella pneumonia -

Legionella pneumophila -

Pseudomonas aeruginosa -

rickettsia - any of a group of very small bacteria that includes the causative agents of typhus and various other febrile diseases in humans. Like viruses, many of them can only grow inside living cells, and they are frequently transmitted by mites, ticks, or lice ORIGIN: modern Latin, named after Howard Taylor Ricketts (b. 1871-1910), American pathologist.

Howard Taylor Ricketts -

escherichia coli -

proteus mirabilis -

enterobacter cloacae -

serratia marcescens -

heliobacter pylori -

salmonella enteritidis -

salmonella typhi -

typhus -

tetanus -

tuberculosis -

nosocomial infections -

acinetobacter baumannii -

keratinocytes -

verrucae -

oropharynx - noun. Anatomy. the part of the pharynx that lies between the soft palate and the hyoid bone.

hyoid - noun. Anatomy & Zoology. a U-shaped bone in the neck that supports the tongue; Adjective. of or relating to this bone or structures associated with it. ORIGIN: early 19th cent.: via French from modern Latin hyoides, from Greek huoeides 'shaped like the letter upsilon (y).'

colposcopy -

cauterizing loop -

Papanicolaou -

cervical intraepithelial neoplasia(CIN) -

vulvar intraepithelial neoplasia(VIN) -

penile intraepithelial neoplasia(PIN) -

anal intraepithelial neoplasia(AIN) -

plantar warts -

flat warts -

anogenital warts -

epidermodysplasia verruciformis -

focal epithelial hyperplasia -

oral papillomas -

oropharyngeal cancer -

verrucous cyst -

laryngeal papillomatosis -

vulvar cancer -

vaginal cancer -

penile cancer -

anal cancer -

HPV-positive oropharyngeal cancer (OSCC) -

p53 protein -

ubiquitin ligase -

vertically transmitted infection - noun. Medicine. is an infection caused by bacteria, viruses or, in rare cases, parasites transmitted directly from the mother to an embryo, fetus, or baby during pregnancy or childbirth. Nutritional deficiencies may exacerbate the risks of perinatal infection.

Alternative Terminology

The transmission can also be called mother-to-child transmission.

A vertically transmitted infection can be called a perinatal infection if t is transmitted in the perinatal period, which is the period starting at a gestational age of 22 to 28 weeks (with regional variations in the definition) and ending 7 completed days after birth. The term congenital infection is also sometimes used.

Routes of Transmission

The Main routes of transmission of vertically transmitted infections are across the placenta (transplacental) and across the female reproductive tract during childbirth.

Transplacental

The embryo and fetus have little or no immune function. They depend on the immune function of their mother. Several pathogens can cross the placenta and cause (perinatal) infection. Often microorganisms that produce minor illness in the mother are very dangerous for the developing embryo or fetus. This can result in spontaneous abortion or major developmental disorders. For many infections, the baby is more at risk at particular stages of pregnancy. Problems related to perinatal infections are not always directly noticeable.

The term TORCH complex refers to a set of several different infections that may be caused by transplacental infections.

transplacental -

TORCH complex -

perinatal - adjective. Medicine. of or relating to the time, usually a number of weeks, immediately before and after birth.

afterbirth - noun. the placenta and fetal membranes discharged from the uterus after the birth of offspring.

prenatal -

natal -

embryo -

The Vagina: Sweat, Sex, and Birth

urethra -

uterus - noun. (from Latin "uterus" plural uteri) or womb is a major female hormone-responsive reproductive sex organ of most mammals including humans. One end, the cervix

cervix -

fallopian tube -

pubic bone -

g-spot -

sigmoid colon -

fornix -

rectum -

anus -

bladder -

uterine veins -

ovarian artery -

mullerian duct -

vagina -

vulva -

mons -

labia -

clitoris -

orgasm -

cock -

penis -

phallus -

testicles -

ovary -

anus -

prostate -

nipples -

areolas -

bacteremia -

secondary meningitis -

meningitis -

human papillomavirus -

measles -

mumps -

rubella -

myxomatosis -

purulent - adjective. Medicine. consisting of, containing, or discharging pus

pasteurellosis - noun. a bacterial infection commonly affecting animals and sometimes transferred to humans through bites and scratches. The causative bacteria are Gram-negative rods of the genus Pasteurella, in particular P. multocida. ORIGIN: early 20th cent.: from French pasteurellose (from the name pasteur) + OSIS.

chloroamphenicol -

Pasteurellaceae -

negativicutes -

fusobacteria -

synergistetes -

elusimicrobia -

proteobacteria -

aquificae -

chlamydiae -

bacteroidetes -

chlorobi -

cyanobacteria -

fibrobacteres -

verrucomicrobia -

planctomycetes -

spirochetes -

acidobacteria -

monoderm bacteria -

actinobacteria -

firmicutes -

thermotogae -

chloroflexi -

Hemorrhagic septicemia -

sepsis -

intransigence -  

intransigent -

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Oceania: Countries, Provinces, States, and Societies of the East

Indonesia - officially the Republic of Indonesia, is a sovereign state in Southeast Asia and Oceania. Indonesia is an archipelago comprising approximately 17,508 islands. It encompasses 34 provinces with over 238 million people, making it the world's fourth most populous country. Indonesia's republic form of government comprises an elected legislature and president. The nation's capital is Jakarta. The country shares land borders with Papua New Guinea, East Timor, and Malaysia. Other neighboring countries include Singapore, Philippines, Australia, Palau, and the Indian territory of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. Indonesia is a founding member of ASEAN and a member of the G-20 major economies. The Indonesian economy is the world's 16th largest by nominal GDP.

The Indonesian archipelago has been an important trade region since at least the 7th century, when Srivijaya and then later Majapahit traded with China and India. Local rulers gradually absorbed foreign cultural, religious, and political models from the early centuries CE, and Hindu and Buddhist kingdoms flourished. Indonesian history has been influenced by foreign powers drawn to its natural resources. Muslim traders brought the now-dominant Islam, while European powers brought Christianity and fought one another to monopolize trade in the Spice Islands of Maluku during the Age of Discovery.  Following three and a half centuries of Dutch colonialism, Indonesia secured its independence after World War II. Indonesia's history has since been turbulent, with challenges posed by natural disasters, corruption, separatism, a democratization process, and periods of rapid economic change.

Indonesia consists of hundreds of distinct native ethnic and linguistic groups. The largest- and politically dominant- ethnic group are the Javanese. A shared identity has developed, defined by a national language, ethnic diversity, religious pluralism within a majority Muslim population, and a history of colonialism and rebellion against it. Indonesia's motto, "Bhinneka Tunggal Ika" ("Unity in Diversity", literally, "many, yet one"), articulates the diversity that shapes the country. Despite its large population and densely populated regions, Indonesia has vast areas of wilderness that support the world's second highest level of biodiversity. The country has abundant natural resources, yet poverty remains widespread.
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separatism - noun. the advocacy or practice of separation of a certain group of people from a larger body on the basis of ethnicity, religion, or gender

Islands of Maluku or the Moluccas - are an archipelago within Indonesia. Tectonically they are located on the Halmahera Plate within the Molucca Sea Collision Zone. Geographically they are located east of Sulawesi, west of New Guinea, and north and east of Timor. The islands were also historically known as the "Spice Islands" by the Chinese and Europeans, but this term has also been applied to other islands outside of Indonesia.

Most of the islands are mountainous, some with active volcanoes, and enjoy a wet climate. The vegetation of the small and narrow islands, encompassed by the sea, are very luxuriant; including rain forests, sago, rice, and the famous spices- nutmeg, mace, and cloves, among others. Though originally Melanesian, many island populations especially in the Banda Islands, were killed off in the 17th century during the Spice wars. A second influx of Austronesian immigrants began in the early twentieth century under the Dutch and continued in the Indonesian era.

The Maluku Islands formed a single province since Indonesian independence until 1999 when it was split into two provinces. A new province, North Maluku, incorporates the area between Morotai and Sula, with the arc of islands from Buru and Seram to Wetar remaining within the existing Maluku Province. North Maluku is predominately Muslim and its capital is Ternate. Maluku province has a larger Christian population and its capital is Ambon.

Between 1999 and 2002, a conflict between Muslims and Christians killed thousands and displaced half a million people.

"Spice Islands" most commonly refers to the Maluku Islands and often also the small volcanic Banda Islands, once the only source of mace and nutmeg. This nickname should not be confused with Grenada, which is commonly known as the "Island of Spice". The term has also been used less commonly in reference to other islands known for their spice production, notably Zanzibar Archipelago.

Zanzibar Archipelago -

Banda Islands -

Austronesian -

Morotai -

Sula -

Buru -

Seram -

Wetar -

Ternate -

Ambon -

Molucca Sea Collision Zone -

Halmahera Plate -

Maluku frogfish -

Maluku Tenggara Barat -

Malukugalu -

Maluku Utara -

Age of Discovery -

Srivijaya -

Majapahit -

ASEAN -

G-20 major economies -

Papua New Guinea -

East Timor -

Sulawesi -

Malaysia -

Singapore -

Philippines -

Palau -

Andaman and Nicobar Islands -

Jakarta -

nexian - noun. Telecommunications. a mobile phone company in Indonesia. Started in 2006 by Martano Jayakusuma. They were the first local brand who achieved 100,000 locally produced handsets in six months. Nexian possesses the second largest market share of handheld devices in the world with 25% of mobile phones worldwide. Nexian creates QWERTY phones supported by Indonesian mobile operators. Phones with two SIM card slots retail at a price between 299,000 to 1,299,000 Indonesian rupiah.

Indonesian rupiah - noun. the basic monetary unit of Indonesia, equal to 100 yen.

nexin -

nexis -

nexit -

nexit ventures -

nexito -

nexity -

nexiuz -

nexium -

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Carthage and Punic: Antiquity and Linguistics

Cyrillic -

Coptic -

Glagolitic -

Diacritics -

Latin -

Greek -

Armenian -

Georgian -

Ethiopic -

N'Ko -

abuja -

Tifinagh - noun. Linguistics. is a series of abjad and alphabetic scripts used by some Berber peoples, notably the Tuareg, to write the Berber language. A modern derivate of the traditional script, known as Neo-Tifinagh, was introduced in the 20th century. It is not in widespread use as a means of daily communication, but often serves to a assert a Berber identity politically and symbolically. A slightly modified version of the traditional script called Tifinagh Ircam, is used in a limited number of Moroccan elementary schools in teaching the Berber language to children. The word tifinagh is thought to be a Berberized feminine plural cognate of Punic, through the Berber feminine prefix ti- and Latin Punicus; thus tifinagh could possibly mean "the Phoenician (letters)" or "the Punic letters."

ORIGINS

Tifinagh may have descended from a script sometimes named the Libyan or Libyco-Berber script although the descent is unclear and uncertain. This was widely used by speakers of Berber languages all across North Africa and on the Canary Islands. It is attested from the 3rd century BC to the 3rd century AD. Its origin is uncertain, with some scholars suggesting it is related to the Punic alphabet

punic - The Punic or Carthaginian or Phoenicia-Punic language is an extinct language formerly spoken in the Mediterranean region of North Africa and several Mediterranean islands, by the Punic and Carthaginian people-- who were a Phoenician-descended culture with canaanitized Berbers as a majority, mixed with a minority of Phoenicians, largely from Sidon and Tyre, from ca. 800 BC to 600 AD. The Punic people stayed in contact with Phoenicia until the Destruction of Carthage by the Roman Republic in 146 BC.

DESCRIPTION - Punic is an extinct variety of the Phoenician language spoken in the overseas Phoenician empire in North Africa, including Carthage, and the Mediterranean. It is known from inscriptions (most of them religious formulae)and personal name evidence. The play Poenulus by Plautus contains a few lines spoken in Punic, which have been subject to some research because, unlike inscriptions, they largely preserve the vowels.

The Punic language has 20 consonants.

Augustine of Hippo - is generally considered the last major ancient writer to have some knowledge of Punic, and is considered "our primary source on the survival of [late] Punic". According to him, the Punic language was still spoken in his region (North Africa) in the 5th century AD, centuries after the fall of Carthage, and there were still people who called themselves "chanani" (Canaanite, i.e.: Carthaginian) at that time. Writing around AD 401, he says:

Quae lingua improbatur abs te, nega Punicis libris, ut a viris doctissimis proditur, multa sapienter esse mandata memoriae. Poeniteat te certe ibi natum, ubi huius linguae cunabula recalent.

And if the Punic language is rejected by you, you virtually deny what has been admitted by most learned men, that many things have been wisely preserved from oblivion in books written in the Punic tongue. Nay, you ought even to be ashamed of having been born in the country in which the cradle of this language is still warm.

abjad -

elided -

Hasdrubal - noun. Proper name. (in Latin transliteration; the original Phoenician form of the name was Azruba'al, literally "the help of Baal" was the name of a King and of several Carthaginian generals of the Punic Wars. Among the most famous are:

• original name of Carthaginian Clitomachus (philosopher)
• Hasdrubal I of Carthage was the Magonid king of Ancient Carthage from 530 to 510 BC.
• Hasdrubal (son of Hamilear) fought in Sicily
• Hasdrubal the Fair (c. 270 BC - 221 BC), son-in-law of Hamilcar Barca
• Hasdrubal (Barcid))245-207 BC), son of Hamilcar Barca and brother of Hannibal and Mago
• Hasdrubal Gisco (died 202 BC), another commander in the Second Punic War.
• Hasdrubal the Boeotarch was also the general of Punic forces in the Third Punic War c. 146 BC.
• Hasdrubal, commander of the service corps, a Carthaginian officer in the Second Punic War c. 218 BC

Ugarit - an ancient port and Bronze Age trading city in northern Syria. Its people spoke a Semitic language written in a distinctive cuneiform alphabet.

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Plato

platonism -

epistemology -

idealism -

realism -

demiurge -

theory of forms -

transcendentals -

Form of the Good -

Third man argument -

Euthyphro dilemma -

Five regimes -

Philosopher king -

Atlantis -

Ring of Gyges -

The cave -

The divided line -

The sun -

Ship of state -

Myth of Er -

The chariot -

Socratic problem -


Platonic Academy -

Clitomachus (philosopher) - noun. Greek history. (Clitomachus also Cleitomachus or Kleitomachos; 187/6-110/09 BC) originally named Hasdrubal, was a Carthaginian who came to Athens in 163/2 BC and studied philosophy under the name Carneades. He became head of the Platonic Academy around 127/6 BC. He was an Academic skeptic like his master. Nothing survives of his writings, which were dedicated to making known the views of Carneades, but Cicero made use of them for some of his works.

Platonic Academy -

Lyceum -

Aristotle -

Philo de Larissa

Neoplatonism -

Justinian 1 -

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Languages, Linguistics, Dialectics, and Their Histories


Devanagari -

Old Persian -

Gujarati -

Gurmukhi -

Bengali -

Tamil -

Oriya -

Kannada -

Malayalam -

Limbu -

Sinhala -

Telugu -

Kharoshthi -

Syloti Nagri -

Phags-pa -

Thaana -

Syriac -

Hebrew -

Arabic -

Hiragana -

Katakana -

Hangul -

Bopomofo -

Mongolian -

Radicals -

Kanbun -

Yi Syllables -

Thai -

Khmer -

Myanmar -

Tai Le -

Lao -

Buginese -

Balinese -

Buhid -

Hanunoo -

Tagalog -

Tagbanwa -

Deseret -

Osmanya -

Shavian -
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Ugaritic -

ᚁ beith -

ᚂ luis -

ᚃ fearn -

ᚄ sail -

ᚅ nion -

ᚆ uath -

ᚇ dair -

ᚈ tinne -

ᚉ coll -

ᚊ ceirt -

ᚋ muin -

ᚌ gort -

ᚍ ngeadal -

ᚎ straif -

ᚏ ruis -

ᚐ ailm -

ᚑ onn -

ᚒ ur -

ᚓ eadhadh -

ᚔ iodhadh -

ᚕ eabhadh -

ᚖ or -

ᚗ uilleann -

ᚘ ifin -

ᚙ eamhancholl -

ᚚ peith -

᚛ feather mark -

᚜ reversed feather mark -

  space mark -


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Ogham -

Gothic -

Old Italic -

Runic -

Linear B -

Cypriot Syllabary -

Sumero-Akkadian

Akkadian -

Sumero -

Counting Rod Numerals -



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bastion - noun. a projecting part of a fortification built at an angle to the line of a wall, so as to allow defensive fire in several directions

baize - noun. a coarse, felt-like, woolen material that is typically green, used for covering pool tables, card tables, and aprons. ORIGIN: late 16th cent.: from French baies, feminine plural of bai 'chestnut-colored', treated as a singular noun. The name is presumably from the original color of the cloth, although several colors are recorded.

hutus -

chanson -

labiate -

stridulation - verb. (typically of an insect, esp. a male cricket or grasshopper) make a shrill sound through the practice of by rubbing body parts together

poppet - noun. (also poppet valve) Engineering. a mushroom-shaped valve with a flat end piece that is lifted in and out of an opening by an axial rod 2. chiefly historical. a small figure of a human being used in sorcery and witchcraft 3. British. informal. an endearingly sweet or pretty child or young girl (often used an an affectionate form of address). ORIGIN: late Middle English: based on Latin pup[p]a 'girl, doll.' Compare with PUPPET.

muscadet - noun. a dry white wine from the part of the Loire region in France nearest the west coast. ORIGIN: French, from muscade 'nutmeg, from musc 'musk.'

muscae volitantes - plural noun. Medicine. dark specks appearing to float before the eyes, generally caused by particles in the vitreous humor of the eye. ORIGIN: mid 18th cent.: Latin, literally 'flying flies.'

mistral - noun. a strong, cold northwesterly wind that blows through the Rhone valley and southern France into the Mediterranean, mainly in winter

provender - noun. often humorous. food. dated. animal fodder

ambigram - an ambigram is a word, art form, or other symbolic representation, whose elements retain meaning when viewed or interpreted from a different direction, perspective, or orientation.

demesne - noun. historical. land attached to a manor and retained for the owner's own use 2. the lands of an estate 3. Archaic. a region or domain 4. Historical. Law. possession of real property in one's own right.

circumlocution - (also called periphrasis, circumduction, circumvolution, periphrasis, or ambage) is an ambiguous or roundabout figure of speech

Ambaghai Khan - was a khan of Khamag Mongol in 1149-1156, one of the great grandson Khaidu Khan and the cousin and predecessor of Hotula Khan. During his rule, he was captured by the Tatars under the commands of the Chinese Jin Dynasty in response to the Mongols' growing power.

In 1211 Genghis Khan began the Mongol-Jin Dynasty War, causing the eventual fall of the Jin Dynasty, in sworn revenge of Ambaghai's kidnapping and execution. Ambaghai was a relative of Yesugei and Genghis Khan.

Ambagamuwa Divisional Secretariat - Ambagamuwa Divisional Secretariat is a Divisional Secretariat of Nuwara Eliya District, of Central Province, Sri Lanka.

aphasic - noun/adjective. loss of ability to understand or express speech, caused by brain damage.

effluent - noun. liquid waste or sewage discharged into a river or the sea

ruderal - adjective. Botany. (of a plant) growing on waste ground or among refuse

milfoil - noun. the common Eurasian yarrow 2. (also water milfoil) a widely distributed and highly invasive aquatic plant with whorls of fine submerged leaves and wind-pollinated flowers ORIGIN: Middle English: via Old French from Latin millefolium, from mille 'thousand' + folium 'leaf.'

glebe - noun. historical. a piece of land serving as part of a clergyman's benefice and providing income; archaic. land; fields

arable - adjective. (of land) used or suitable for growing crops

tillage - noun. the preparation of land for growing crops

appurtenance - noun. an accessory or other item associated with a particular activity or style of living

curtilage - noun. Law. an area of land attached to a house and forming one enclosure with it

tilth - noun. cultivation of land; tillage

agrarian - adjective. of or relating to cultivated land or the cultivation of land 2. noun. a person who advocates a redistribution of landed property

peneplain - noun. Geology. a more or less level land surface produced by erosion over a long period, undisturbed by crustal movement

polder - noun. a low-lying land reclaimed from the sea or river and protected by dikes, esp. in the Netherlands

messuage - noun. Law. a dwelling house with outbuildings and land assigned to its use

epistemology - noun. Philosophy. the theory of knowledge, esp. with regard to its methods, validity, and scope. Epistemology is the investigation of what distinguishes justified belief from opinion.

pleionosis - the habit of exaggerating one's own importance

wesolowskana - noun. is a spider genus of the Salticidae family (jumping spiders).Both described species are endemic to the Cape Verde Islands. The genus should possibly be included in the genus Pseudicius. It was renamed from its original name Luxuria, which was already in use for a genus of mollusks.

pilpul - a subtle debate between rabbinical scholars over the details of the Talmud

ungulate - noun. Zoology. a hoofed mammal

Artiodactyla - noun. Zoology. an order of mammals that comprises the even-toed ungulates.

Cetacea - noun. Zoology. an order of marine mammals that comprises the whales, dolphins, and porpoises. These have a streamlined hairless body, no hind limbs, a horizontal tail fin, and a blowhole on top of the head for breathing.

The order Cetacea includes the marine mammals commonly known as whales, dolphins, and porpoises. Cetus is Latin and is used in biological names to mean "whale"; its original meaning, "large sea animal", was more general ORIGIN: Ancient Greek ketos, "whale" or "any huge fish or sea monster." In Greek mythology, the monster Perseus defeated was called Ceto, which is depicted by the constellation of Cetus. Cetology is the branch of marine science associated with the study of cetaceans

malacology - noun. the branch of zoology that deals with mollusks. Compare with Conchology.

Mysticeti -

Odontoceti -

Words For a Ship to Sea Poem

abacinate - verb. to blind by putting a hot copper basin near someone's eyes

abderian - adjective. given to incessant or idiotic laughter

abligurition - verb. excessive spending on food and drink

accidia - adjective. a feeling of being unable to think or act due to excessive sadness

acrasia - verb. acting against one's own judgement, or lacking self-control

acronycal - noun. occurring at sunset

aeolist - noun. a pompous windy bore who pretends to have inspiration

aflunters - adjective. in a messy or disordered state

agelast - noun. a person who never laughs

algophobic - noun. a fear of pain

alterocentric - noun. someone whose life revolves around other people

anogenetic - verb. not producing new work or original knowledge

anthropolatry - verb. the worship of a human as though they were a god

apikoros - noun. a Jewish person who does not follow Jewish law

astereognosis - noun. the loss of the ability to recognize shapes by touch

aubade - noun. a love song which is sung at dawn

aureate - adjective. pertaining to the fancy or flowery words used by poets

autohagiographer - noun. a person who speaks or writes in a smug way about their life and accomplishments

bawd -

clinostat -

lecithin -

asclepias -

vernonia -

adonis -

lenticel -

phyllotaxis -

stoma -

vivarium -

bionomics -

sertule -

hydathode -

zoophyte -

cinquefoil -

phytotoxin -

autotrophic -

desmid - noun. Biology. a single-celled, freshwater alga that appears to be comprised for two rigid cels with a shared nucleus . The presence of desmids is usually an indicator of polliue sor

angioscope -

grain -

leaf -

cotton -

daisy -

seed -

class -

breed -

fix -

puccoon -

edaphic -

myrmecoid -

irido -

integumation -

lorenz oken -

oken -

okenfuss -

Marcello Malpighi -

exodermis -

lychnis -

refugium -

biosatellite -

telome -

lithoid(al) -

quadrat -

tare -

barberry -

silvic -

tapetum -

blanch -

natant -

deciduous -

theobromine -

aegilops -

centaury -

centaure -

holism -

hepatic -

virgin -

lattice -

nomenclature -

sphagnum -

social -

major -

asphodel -

perfect -

prosody -

tobacco -

aconite -

indigo -

florist -

wood -

cram -

grind -

organic -

resin -

leguminous -

studious -

flax -

orthoepy -

jalap -

ginseng -

humanities -

bluebell -

seminar -

health -

marigold -

pergola -

pink -

jute -

divinity -

medical -

salvia -

spurge -

stand -

amaryllis -

clover -

graft -

propagate -

polyphiloprogenitive -

view -

peony -

milk -

mustard -

rhubarb -

blueberry -

strawberry -

raspberry -

papaya -

watermelon -

cantaloupe -

guava -

nectarine -

plum -

avocado -

rhododendron -

rose -

tulip -

buffalo grass -

grass -

cattail -

tulip -

turnip -

potato -

rutabaga -

parsnip -

punish -

disdain -

error -

nuisance -

upset -

anger -

irk -

discipline -

underwater -

water -

lily -

waterlily -

pond -

alligator -

alligator snapping turtle -

painted turtle -

box turtle -

salamander -

newt -

bullfrog -

goldfish -

bluegill -

haddock -

carp -

bulldog fish -

catfish -

heron -

great blue heron -

great horned owl -

barn owl -

owl -

grubs -

mayfly -

greenfly -

biting fly

horsefly -

seashell -

chickweed -

student -

investigate -

study -

caladium -

fat -

dioecious -

floriculture -

flora -

fauna -

greenhouse -

flowerpot -

milkwort -

winterkill -

bookworm -

community -

rubber -

onion -

otter - noun. a semiaquatic fish-eating mammal of the weasel family, with an elongated body, dense fur, and webbed feet. Lutra and other genera, family Mustelidae: several species, including the river otter.

carrot - noun. a tapering orange-colored root eaten as a vegetable. 2. a cultivated plant of the parsley family with feathery leaves, which yields this vegetable. Daucus carota, family Umbelliferae: two subspecies and many varieties; wild forms lack the swollen root. 3. an offer of something enticing as a means of persuasion (often contrasted with the threat of something punitive or unwelcome)

vegetable - noun. a plant or part of a plant used as food, typically as a accompaniment to meat or fish, such as a cabbage, potato, carrot, or bean 2. informal offensive. a person who is incapable of normal mental or physical activity, esp., through brain damage; informal. a person with a dull or inactive life

fruit - noun. the sweet and fleshy product of a tree or other plant that contains seed and can be eaten as food; Botany. the seed-bearing structure of a plant; archaic. poetic/literary. natural produce that can be used for food; Archaic. offspring 2. informal offensive. a male homosexual 3. verb. (of a tree or other plant) produce fruit, typically at a specified time

tomato - noun. a glossy red, or occasionally yellow, pulpy edible fruit that is typically eaten as a vegetable or in a salad, the bright red color of a red tomato 2. The South American plant of the nightshade family that produces this fruit. It is widely grown as a cash crop, and many varieties have been developed.

pumpkin - noun. a large rounded orange-yellow fruit with a thick rind, edible flesh, and many seeds, the flesh of this fruit, esp. used as food, informal. used as an affectionate term of address esp. to a child 2. the plant of the gourd family that produces this fruit having tendrils and large lobed leaves and native to warm regions of America. Genus Cucurbita, Family Cucurbitaceae: several species, in particular C. pepo; British. another term for squash.

berry - noun. a small roundish juicy fruit without a stone; Botany. any fruit that has its seeds enclosed in a fleshy pulp, for example, a banana or tomato; any various kernels or seeds, such as the coffee bean; a fish egg or the roe of a lobster or similar creature.

Chuck Berry - (b. 1931-), U.S. rock-and-roll singer, guitarist, and songwriter; born Charles Edward Berry. One of the first great rock-and-roll stars, his recording career was interrupted by a period of imprisonment 1962-64. Notable songs: "Maybelline" (1955), "Johnny B Goode" (1958), and "My Ding A Ling" (1972).

eggplant -

curse -

sin -

elate -

tree -

area -

pimpernel -

blight -

aphid -

plague -

plaque -

polyp -

geranium -

appraise -

trowel -

seaweed -

otter -

blue whale -

sperm whale -

whale -

porpoise -

dolphin -

sweet -

sour -

bitter -

dracaena -

ekistics -

macroeconomics -

sandwort -

carrel -

ballistics -

bullet -

rifle -

gun -

shotgun - noun. a smoothbore gun for firing small shot at short range. 2. (also shotgun formation) Football. an offensive formation in which the quarterback receives the snap while standing several yards behind the line of scrimmage. 3. adjective. aimed at a wide range of things; with no specific target 2. adjective. (of a house or other structure) with the rooms lined up one behind the other, forming a long narrow whole. 4. verb. shoot at or kill with a shotgun 5. verb. consume (a canned beverage) in one go by punching a hole near the can's base and upturning it over one's mouth

smoothbore - noun. [often as adj.] a gun with an unrifled barrel.

uzi - noun. a type of submachine gun of Israeli design.

submachine gun - noun. a hand-held, lightweight machine gun.

magazine -

cubism -

fascist -

socialism -

nazism -

democracy -

capitalism -

futurism -

renaissance -

rococo -

abstract -

art -

Pablo Picasso -

Francesco Clemente -

Francis Bacon -

Anders Trentemoeller -

Copenhagen, Denmark -

lark -

larkspur -

philate -

ichthy -

garbo -

ichno -

learn -

lucubrate -

neosso -

gram -

hotbed -

tragacanth -

stolon -

tumbleweed -

weed -

marijuana -

heroin -

hero -

heroine -

The Velvet Underground -

The Doors -

Pink Floyd -

incredible -

amazement -

perverse -

perverted -

lolita -

pen -

pencil -

utensil -

writing -

cube -

Martin -

Narrod -

Eric -

ripe -

batik -

license -

trapped -

drown -

death -

morbidity -

steal -

pion -

sion -

orion -

stars -

victim -

skinny -

size -

obese -

ugly -

fuck -

ass -

shit -

piss -

motherfucker -

cocksucker -

tits -

bitch -

cock -

cunt -

quim -

Eukaryota -

Opisthokonta -

Metazoa -

Eumetazoa -

Bilateria -

Deuterostomie -

Chordata -

Craniata -

Vertebrate -

Gnathostomata -

Teleostomi -

Euteleostomi -

Sarcopterygii -

Tetrapoda -

Amniota -

Saurosida -

Testudines -

Cryptodira -

Testudinoidea -

Chelydridae -

Chelydra -

Cheldra Rossignonii -

snapping turtle -

alligator snapping turtle -

odocoileus virginianus leucurus -

neptune -

sun -

galaxy -

alien -

odocoileus -






dock -

iris -

solanaceous -

algology -

astrology -

criminology -

egyptology -

geopolitics -

numerology -

numismatics -

oology - noun. Zoology. Oology is a branch of ornithology that studies birds' eggs, nests, and breeding behavior. Oology can also refer to the hobby of collecting wild birds' eggs, sometimes called egg collecting, bird-nesting, or egging, which is now illegal in several jurisdictions. ORIGIN: Greek "oion", meaning egg



topology -

monogenesis -

lucubration -

semantics -

herbarium -

phrenology -

allometry -

typology -

agrimony -

geology -

graphology -

oncology -

parapsychology -

psephology -

dermatoglyphics -

ecclesiology -

anthropology -

mycology -

ornithology -

phonology -

sinology -

tribology -

leguminous -

papaveraceous -

scopolamine

biogeography -

organogenesis -

speleology -

exobiology -

phytogeography -

anthropogeography -

zootomy -

cetology -

chronobiology -

bioelectricity -

agronomy -

biochemistry -

mycologist -

phyllotaxy -

entomology -

phytology -

paleobotany -

morphology -

dendrology -

palaeobiology -

organology -

synecology -

pteridology -

zoogeography -

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dendrochronology -

agrobiology -

embryology -

phenology -

bryology -

ethology -

sociobiology -

physiology -

thremmatology -

pharmacognosy -

autecology -

paleozoology -

bioclimatology -

ethnobotany -

limnology -

palynology -

eremology -

cytology -

ombrology -

chorology -

phytopathology -

bioastronautics -

cytotaxonomy -

entozoology -

gnotobiotics -

hydrobiology -

microphytology -

thalassography -

zoologize -

zoophysiology -

zoophytology -

phytogeny -

cybernetics -

anthracnose -

phytochemistry -

paleontology -

cryptozoology -

taphonomy -

phytonomy -

hydrophytology -

paleobiology -

paleoecology -

phytogamy -





coquette  - noun. a woman who flirts 2. Noun. Zoology. a crested Central and South American coquettish - adjective. hummingbird,typically with green plumage, a reddish crest, and elongated cheek coquettishly - adverb.feathers ORIGIN: mid 17th cent.: French, feminine of coquet 'wanton,' coquettishness - noun. diminutive of coq 'cock.'

coqui - noun. Zoology. a singing tree frog (Eleutheradactylus coqui), native to Puerto Rico, that has become an invasive pest in Hawaii ORIGIN: imitative of the male's call.

coquito - noun.

couchette - noun. a European railroad car with seats convertible into sleeping berths ORIGIN: 1920s French, literally 'little bed,' diminutive of couche 'a couch.'

coquina - noun. a soft limestone of broken shells, used in road-making in the Caribbean and Florida 2 (also coquina clam) a small bivalve mollusk with a wedge-shaped shell that has a wide of variety of colors and patterns. Genus Donax, family Donacidae: several species, including the edible American coquina (D. variabilis). ORIGIN: mid 19th cent.: from Spanish, literally 'cockle,' based on Latin concha (see CONCH).

demimondaine -

trull -

basorexia - noun. an overwhelming desire to neck or kiss

beaze - verb. to dry in the sun

blellum - noun. an idle boring chatterer

bletcherous - adjective. pertaining to something poorly designed or disgusting in design

caitiff - noun. a despicable or cowardly person

callet - noun. a drab or untidy woman

carker - noun. a mischievous child or brat

cenacle - noun. the large room in which the Last Supper took place.

chiliad - noun. a period of one thousand years

clapperdudgeon - noun. a beggar whose parents were beggars

cloffin - verb. to sit idly by a fire

cockalorum - noun. a person who thinks they are bigger than they are

comestion - noun. a devouring by fire

concilliabule - noun. a secret meeting of people who are hatching a plot

croodle - verb. to coo like a dove

crose - verb. to whine empathetically with someone who is in pain

cruciverbalist - noun. someone who loves doing crossword puzzles

culch - noun. rubbage and refuse of every form

cullion - noun. a rude, mean-spirited person

curglaff - noun. the shock felt when entering cold water

decollate - verb. to remove someone's head or decapitate someone

decubitis - one's position or posture while sleeping

deltiologist - noun. a collector of picture postcards

diurnation - verb. to sleep during the day

dratchell - noun. a slovenly lazy woman

dwaible - adjective. being unstable

dwale - verb. to wander about deliriously

dysesthesia - an impairment of the senses, especially the sense of touch

ectomorphic - adjective. being slender and thin

efter - noun. a thief who robs theater patrons during a show

eisegesis - noun. a faulty interpretation of a text caused by reading in one's own ideas

emacity - noun. an urge to buy or spend money

eroteme - noun. the symbol used in writing known as a question mark

estiferous - adjective. pertaining to something which produces heat

estivation - verb. to go away somewhere for the summer

eximious - adjective. choice, select or excellent
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Lambs

keb - noun. Zoology. ewe that gives birth to a stillborn lamb

backliner - noun. an externally applied medicine, applied along the backline of a freshly shorn sheep to control lice or other parasites. In the British-Isles called pour-on.

bale - noun. a wool pack containing a specified weight of pressed wool as regulated by industry authorities

bell sheep - noun. Zoology. a sheep (usually a rough, wrinkly one) caught by a shearer, just before the end of a shearing run.

black wool - adjective. any wool that is not white, but not necessarily black

ket - noun. matted wool; carrion

dag - noun. dirty tatted tuft of sheep's wool

gid - noun. Zoology & Medicine. brain disease suffered by sheep

kip - noun. skin of a young mammal

mim - adjective. prim, demure

mew - verb. to shed, molt, or change

orf - noun. viral infection of sheep

teg - noun. a sheep in it's second year; the fleece of such a sheep

tod - noun. old unit of weight for wool equal to 28 pounds

tup - noun. a ram; pile-driver; the act of a male having intercourse with a female (chiefly of Sheep)

ovine - adjective. of or related to sheep

ovicide - sheep-killing/ killing insect eggs

argail - noun. Zoology. large-horned Asian wild sheep

jumbuck - noun. an Australian tern for sheep, featured in Banjo Paterson's poem "Waltzing Matilda." It generally denotes a difficulty to shear sheep, either large or untamed

malinois - noun. Zoology. a Belgian sheep-herding dog

mortling - noun. British. wool obtained from dead sheep

oestrus ovis - noun. Sheep Bot Fly. A widespread species of fly of the genus Oestrus. It is a known for its parasitic predation and damage to sheep, deer, and goats, and sometimes cattle.

oviform - adjective. sheep-like

ovivorous - noun. (of predation) a diet of sheep

pinfold - noun. a pound for stray animals

roscommon - a county in the north central part of the Republic of Ireland, in the province of Connacht; pop. 52k

scapegrace - noun. archaic. a mischievous or wayward person, esp. a young person or child; rascal

haggis - noun. a Scottish dish consisting of a sheep's or calf's offal mixed with suet, oatmeal, and seasoning and boiled in a bag, traditionally made from the animal's stomach

suet - noun. the hard white fat on the kidneys and loins of cattle, sheep, and other animals, used to make foods including puddings, pastry, and mincemeat

offal - noun. the entrails and internal organs of an animal used as food

tallow - noun. a hard fatty substance made from rendered animal fat, used in making candles and soap; verb. smear (something, esp. the bottom of a boat) with such a substance

catgut - noun. a material used for the strings of musical instruments and for surgical sutures, made of the dried and twisted intestines of sheep or horses, but not cats ORIGIN: late 16th cent.: the association with CAT remains unexplained

blat - verb. make a bleating sound

dip - verb. to immerse a sheep or hog in a solution to destroy germs and parasites or the like

lanolin - noun. a fatty substance, extracted from wool, used in ointments, cosmetics, waterproof coatings, etc.

cote - noun. a shelter, coop, or small shed for sheep, pigs, pigeons, etc.

bovid - adjective. of or pertaining to the Bovidae, comprising the hollow-horned ruminants, as oxen, antelopes, sheep, and goats

kea - noun. a large, greenish New Zealand parrot

pollard - noun. a tree cut back nearly to the trunk, so as to produce a dense mass of branches; an animal, as a sheep, stag, ox, having no horns

ruminantia - a division of Artiodactyia having four stomachs. This includes sheep, camels, deer, antelopes, goats, neat cattles, and allies

yaff - a bark or yelp

cud - noun. the portion of food that a ruminant returns from the first stomach to the mouth to chew a second time ORIGIN: before 1000; Middle English; Old English cudu, variant of cwiodu, cwidu; akin to Old High German quiti glue, Sanskrit jatu, resin, gum

anthrax - noun. an infectious, often fatal disease of cattle, sheep, and other mammals, transmitted to humans by contaminated wool, raw meat, or other animal products

aoudad - noun. a wild sheep, of Northern Africa, having a long fringe of hair on the throat, chest, and forelegs

mouflon - noun. a wild sheep, inhabiting the mountainous regions of Sardinia and Corsica, the male of which has large curving horns

gid - noun. a disease of cattle and especially sheep in which the brain or spinal cord is infested with larvae of the dog tapeworm producing staggers also sturdy

suint - noun. the natural grease of the wool of sheep, consisting of a mixture of fatty matter and potassium salts, used as a source of potash and in the preparation of ointments

arui - noun. a wild sheep of Northern Africa

cheviot - noun. a British breed of sheep, noted for its heavy fleece of medium length

scrapie - noun. Veterinary Pathology. an infectious, usually fatal brain disease of sheep, characterized by twitching of the neck and head, grinding of the teeth, and scraping of itching portions of skin against fixed objects with a subsequent loss of wool, caused by an unidentified sticky agent that clings to cell membranes

sheepfold - noun. an enclosure for sheep

wether - noun. a castrated male sheep

yean - verb. of a sheep or goat, to bring forth young ORIGIN: 1375-1425; late Middle English yenen, probably continuing to Old English 'geeanian', to bring forth young, Latin 'agnus', Greek amnos 'lamb'

bellwether - noun. a wether or other male sheep that leads the flock, usually wearing a bell; a leader

cimarron - noun. bighorn

drover - noun. a herd or flock of animals being driven in a body; that person who does such droving

exmoor - noun. a moorland in SW England, in Somersetshire and Devonshire: the scene of Blackmore's novel, Lorna Doone

hogget - noun. a hog ORIGIN:1300-1350; Middle English

rambouillet - noun. one of a breed of hardy sheep, developed from the Merino, yielding good mutton and a fine grade of wool

mutton - noun. the flesh of sheep, especially full-grown or more mature sheep, used as food

urial - noun. a wild sheep with long legs and relatively small horns, native to central Asia Asia.

argol - noun. a crude tartar, produced as a by-product in casks by the fermentation of wine grapes, used as a mordant in dyeing, in the manufacture of tartaric acid, and in fertilizers

cabretta - noun. a leather made from the skins of sheep that grow hair rather than wool, tougher than other sheepskins and used chiefly for gloves and shoes

caracul - noun. one of an Asian breed of sheep having curly fleece that is black in the young and brown or gray in the adults: raised especially for lambskins used in the fur industry

cotswold - noun. one of an English breed of large sheep having coarse, long wool

owling - noun. The offense of transporting wool or sheep out of England contrary to the statute formerly existing

sheepcote - noun. a pen or covered enclosure for sheep

toison - noun. a sheep's fleece

alsatian - noun. another term for a German Shepherd; a native or inhabitant of Alsace

ammotragus lervia -

barbary sheep - noun. a short-coated sheep with a long neck ruff, found in the high deserts of northern Africa. Also called aoudad

bharal - noun. also, The Himalayan Blue Sheep, is a caprid found in the high Himalays of Nepal, Tibet, China, India, Pakistan, and Bhutan

caprid - noun. a goat-antelope or caprid is any of the species which make up the medium sized bovids of the subfamily Caprinae

woolbird - noun. a sheep

bot - noun. the larva of the botfly, which is an internal parasite of animals. It lives typically in the stomach, finally passing out in the dung and pupating on the ground.

chamois - noun. an agile goat-antelope with short hooked horns, found in mountainous areas of Europe from Spain to the Caucasus; also, soft pliable leather made from the skin of sheep, goats, or deer

dall's sheep - noun. a white-haired wild sheep, of mountainous regions of northwestern North America

hampshire - noun. also called Hampshire Down, one of an English breed of sheep having a dark face, ears, and legs, noted for the rapid growth of its lambs

hoggerel - noun. a sheep clipped the first year, a sheep of the second year

komondor - noun. one of a Hungarian breed of large dogs having a long, matted, white coat, used for herding sheep

lambkill - noun. a sheep laurel; so-called due to its fatal consumption and poisonous nature to sheep

orf - noun. Veterinarian Science. Technical Name: contagious pustular dermatitis, Also called: scabby mouth; an infectious disease of sheep and sometimes goats and cattle, characterized by scabby pustular lesions on the muzzle and lips; caused by a paramyxovirus 2. also Norfolk International Airport

paramyxovirus - noun. Medicine. any of a group of RNA viruses similar to the myxoviruses but larger and hemolytic, including those causing mumps, measles, distemper, rinderpest, and various respiratory infections (parainfluenza).

distemper - noun. a viral disease of some animals, esp. dogs, causing fever, coughing, and catarrh ORIGIN: mid 16th cent.: (originally in the sense [bad temper,] later [illness] ): from Middle English distemper [upset, derange,] from late Latin distemperare 'soak, mix in the wrong proportions,' from dis- 'thoroughly' + temperare 'mingle.' Compare with TEMPER . Sense 1 dates from the mid 18th cent.

distemper - noun. archaic. political disorder, a condition regarding the aptitude of a society, population, or people 3. noun a kind of paint using glue or size instead of an oil base, for use on walls or for scene-painting, a method of mural and poster painting using this 4. verb[trans.] [often as adj.] paint (something) with distemper ORIGIN: late Middle English (originally as a verb in the senses [dilute] and [steep] ): from Old French destremper or late Latin distemperare 'soak.'

rinderpest - noun. Veterinary Medicine. an infectious disease of ruminants, especially cattle, caused by a paramyxovirus. It is characterized by fever, dysentery, and inflammation of the mucous membranes. ORIGIN: mid 19th cent.: from German, from Rinder 'cattle' + Pest 'plague.'

ruminant - noun. an even-toed ungulate mammal that chews the cud regurgitated from its rumen. The ruminants comprise the cattle, sheep, antelopes, deer, giraffes, and their relatives. Suborder Ruminantia order Artiodactyla: six families 2. a contemplative person; a person given to meditation

even-toed ungulate - noun. a hoofed mammal of an order that includes the ruminants, camels, pigs, and hippopotamuses. Mammals of this group have either two or four toes on each foot

tylopod - noun. Zoology. an even-toed ungulate mammal of a group that comprises the camels, llamas, and their extinct relatives. They are distinguished by bearing their weight on the sole-pads of the feet rather than on the hoofs, and they do not chew the cud

rumen - noun. Zoology. the first stomach of a ruminant, which receives food or cud from the esophagus, partly digests it with the aid of bacteria, and passes it to the reticulum.

reticulum - noun. a fine network or netlike structure 2. Zoology the second stomach of a ruminant, having a honeycomb-like structure, receiving food from the rumen and passing it to the omasum.

omasum - noun. Zoology. the muscular third stomach of a ruminant animal, between the reticulum and the abomasum. Also called psalterium. ORIGIN: early 18th cent.: from Latin, literally 'bullock's tripe.'

psalterium - noun. another term for omasum. ORIGIN: mid 19th cent.: from Latin, literally 'psalter', because of its many folds of tissue, resembling pages of a book

psalter - noun. the Book of Psalms; a copy of the biblical Psalms, esp. for liturgical use ORIGIN: Old English ℗saltere, via Latin psalterium from Greek psalterium 'stringed instrument.'

abomasum - noun. Zoology. the fourth stomach of a ruminant, which receives food from the omasum and passes it to the small intestine.

bullocks - noun. another term for steer.

catarrh - noun. excessive discharge or buildup of mucus in the nose or throat, associated with inflammation of the mucous membrane. ORIGIN: early 16th.: from French catarrhe, from late Latin catarrhus, from Greek katarrhous, from katarrhein 'flow down,' from kata- 'down' + rhein 'flow.'

hemolytic - adjective. Medicine. relating to or involving the rupture or destruction of red blood cells

parainfluenza - noun. Medicine. a disease caused by any of a group of viruses that resemble the influenza virus

race - noun. a competition between runners, horses, vehicles, boats, etc., to see which is the fastest in covering a set course, (the races) a series of such competitions for horses or dogs, held at a fixed time on a set course. [in singular] a situation in which individuals or groups compete to be first to achieve a particular objective 2. archaic. the course of the sun or moon through the heavens 3. a strong or rapid current flowing through a narrow channel in the sea or a river 4. a groove, channel, or passage, in particular: a water channel, especially one built to lead water to or from a point where its energy is utilized, as in a mill or mine as in millrace: noun. the channel carrying the swift current of water that drives a mill wheel. A smooth, ring-shaped groove or guide in which a ball bearing or roller bearing runs.

race - verb. [intrans.] compete with another or others to see who is fastest at covering a set course or achieving an objective, to compete regularly in races as a sport or leisure activity; [trans.] prepare and enter (an animal or vehicle) in races as a sport or leisure activity 2. [intrans.] move or progress swiftly at full speed, figurative. a hurrying of thoughts or ideas that move through the mind swiftly, (of an engine or other machinery) operate at excessive speed, (of a person's heart or pulse) beat faster than usual because of fear or excitement. [trans.] cause to move, progress, or operate swiftly or at excessive speed ORIGIN: late Old English, from Old Norse ras 'current.'  It was originally a northern English word with the sense [rapid forward movement,] which gave rise to the senses [contest of speed] (early 16th cent.) and [channel, path] (i.e. the space traversed). The verb dates from the late 15th century.

ruddle - noun. a red variety of ocher, used for marking sheep, coloring, etc.; to mark or color with ruddle

yeanling - noun. the young of a sheep or goat; a lamb or kid 2. adjective. just born; infant

ammotragus - noun. The Barbary sheep is a species of caprid(goat-antelope) native to rocky mountains in North Africa.

bowyangs - noun. a pair of strings or straps secured round each trouser leg below the knee, worn esp. by sheep shearers and other laborers

cavicom - adjective. Zoology. hollow-horned, as the ruminants with true horns, as distinguished from bony antlers

cockalorum - noun. informal/dated. a self-important little man.

commonable - adjective. British. Chiefly Historical. (of land) allowed to be jointly used or owned; (of an animal) allowed to be pastured on public land

cut of mutton - noun. cut of meat from a mature sheep

depasture - verb. to graze or denude by grazing (a pasture, especially a meadow specially grown for the purpose) 2. transitive verb. to pasture (cattle or sheep).

denude - verb. to make naked or bare; strip 2. Geology. subject to denudation: the act of denuding, the state of being denuded; exposing or laying bare of rock by erosive processes

gourdworm - noun. the fluke of sheep

fluke - noun. the part of an anchor that catches in the ground, especially the flat triangular piece at the end of each arm 2. a barb, or the barbed head, of a harpoon, spear, arrow, or the like 3. either half of the triangular tail of a whale

groenendael - or Belgian Sheepdog, is recognized by all major kennel clubs, a mid-sized, hard-working, square-proportioned breed of dog in the sheepdog family. Posesses a distinctive black coat.

hogg - noun. Farming. a young sheep of either sex from about 9 to 18 months of a age (until it cuts two teeth)

hypopachus - noun. Zoology. a genus of microhylid frogs.

microhylidae - the microhylidae are a geographically widespread family of frogs. The 495 species are in 68 genera and 9 subfamilies, which is the largest number of genera of any frog family.

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Words of Black and Beauty

ebon - noun. poetic/literary. dark brown or black; ebony

drab - adjective. lacking brightness in color

wan - adjective. (of a person's complexion or appearance) pale and giving the impression of illness or exhaustion

achromic - adjective. having no color; colorless

achromatous - adjective. having little or inadequate color

dun - adjective. of a dull grayish-brown color

etiolate - verb. to bleach and alter the natural development of (a green plant) by excluding sunlight; to make pale

hueless - adjective. of something totally lacking in saturation and therefore having no hue

wanness - adjective. lividness: unnatural lack of color in the skin (as from bruising or sickness or emotional distress

tawny - adjective. of an orange-brown or yellowish-brown color; tan

pallor - noun. an unhealthy pale appearance

paly - adjective. divided into equal vertical stripes; pallid, colorless

atonic - adjective. lacking muscle tone

melanize - verb. convert into, or infiltrate with melanin

melanin - noun. a dark brown to black pigment occurring in the hair, skin, and iris of the eye in people and animals. It is responsible for tanning of skin exposed to sunlight.

achromatic - adjective. relating to, employing, or denoting lenses that transmit light without separating it into constituent colors. poetic/literary. without color.

nigrify - verb. blacken; make or become black

calamitous - adjective. (of an event) black; having extremely unfortunate or dire consequences; bringing ruin

mordant - adjective. (esp., of humor) having or showing a sharp or critical quality; biting; noun. a substance, typically inorganic oxide, that combines with a dye or stain and thereby fixes it in a material

niello - noun. a black compound of sulfur with silver, lead, or copper, used for filling in engraved designs in silver or other metals; such ornamental work

mulatto - noun. Derogatory. a person of mixed white and black ancestry, esp. a person with on white and one black parent

pekoe - noun. a high-quality black tea made from young leaves

spade - noun. a tool with a sharp-edged, typically rectangular, metal blade and a long handle, used for digging or cutting earth, sand, turf, etc.; one of the four suits in a conventional deck of playing cards, denoted by a black inverted heart-shaped figure with a small stalk

bohea - noun. a kind of black tea

congou - noun. a black tea grown in China

crape - verb. to cover or drape with a crape

demitasse - noun. a small coffee cup

jackdaw - noun. a small, gray-headed Eurasian crow, that typically nests in tall buildings and chimneys

schipperke - noun. a small black tailless dog of a breed with a ruff of fur around its neck

souchong - noun. a fine black variety of Chinese tea

atrous - adjective. Jet black in color

ecchymosis - noun. Medical. a discoloration of the skin resulting from bleeding underneath

percheron - noun. a powerful draft horse of a gray or black breed, originally from France

schorl - noun. a black iron-rich variety of tourmaline

tourmaline - noun. a brittle gray or black mineral that occurs as prismatic crystals in granitic and other rocks. It consists of a boron aluminosilicate and has pyroelectric and polarizing properties, and is used in electrical and optical instruments and as a gemstone. ORIGIN: mid 18th cent.: from French, based on Sinhalese turamalli, 'carnelian.'

carnelian - noun. a semiprecious stone consisting of an orange or orange-red variety of chalcedony
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Word List of 7/29/13-8/29/13

hellion - noun. informal. a rowdy, mischievous, or troublemaking person, esp. a child. ORIGIN: mid 19th cent.: perhaps from dialect hallion [a worthless fellow,] changed by association with hell.

sorghum - noun. a widely cultivated cereal native to warm regions of the Old World. It is a major source of grain and of feed for livestock

tome - noun. chiefly humorous. a book, especially a large, heavy, scholarly one ORIGIN: early 16th cent.: (denoting one volume of a larger work) from French, via Latin from Greek tomos 'section, roll of papyrus, volume' ; related to temnein 'to cut.'

psychonautics - noun. a sailor of the mind/soul, refers both to a methodology for describing and explaining the subjective effects of altered states of consciousness, including those induced by meditation or mind altering substances, and to a research paradigm in which the researcher voluntarily immerses him/herself into an altered state by means of such techniques, as a means to explore human experience and existence. The term has been applied diversely, to cover all activities by which altered states are induced and utilized for spiritual purposes or the exploration of the human condition, including shamanism, lamas of the Tibetan Buddhist tradition, sensory deprivation, and archaic/modern drug users who use entheogenic substances in order to gain deeper insights and spiritual experiences. A person who uses altered states for such exploration is known as a psychonaut.

lamas - noun. an honorific title applied to a spiritual leader in the Tibetan Buddhism whether a reincarnate lama (such as the Dalai Lama) or one who has earned the title in life. 2. a Tibetan or Mongolian Buddhist monk. ORIGIN: mid 17th cent.: from Tibetan bla-ma (the initial b being silent), literally 'superior one."

Tabernanthe iboga -  noun. Botany. also iboga. A perennial rainforest shrub and hallucinogen, native to western Central Africa. Iboga stimulates the central nervous system when taken in small doses and induces visions in larger doses. In parts of Africa where the plant grows the bark of the root is chewed for various pharmacological or ritualistic purposes. Ibogaine, , the active alkaloid is also used to treat substance abuse disorders. A small amount of ibogaine along with precursors of ibogaine are found in Vacanga africana.

chartulary - noun. A cartulary or chartulary, also called Pancarta and Codex Diplomaticus, is a medieval manuscript volume or roll containing transcriptions of original documents relating to the foundation, privileges, and legal rights of ecclesiastical establishments, municipal corporations, industrial associations, institutions of learning, or private families. THe term is sometimes also applied to collections of original documents bound in one volume or attached to one another so to form a roll.

hemminge - noun. An English actor who edited the first folio of Shakespeare's plays

Edmund Kean - noun. Historical Theater. (b.1787-1833) English actor, especially known for performance of Shakespearean roles.

oberon - Astronomy. a satellite of Uranus, the furthest from the planet, discovered by W. Herschel in 1787. It has a heavily cratered surface and a diameter of 963 miles. ORIGIN: from the name of the king of the fairies in Shakespeare's A Midsummer Night's Dream.

Sir John Lord Cobham Oldcastle - noun. b.1377-1417, English martyr; leader of a Lollard conspiracy; executed for treason and heresy: model for Shakespeare's Falstaff
in Henry IV

Prospero - is a fictional character and the protagonist of William Shakespeare's play The Tempest.

The Tempest - Prospero is the rightful Duke of Milan, who (with his young daughter, Miranda) was put to sea on "a rotten carcass of a butt(boat)" to die by his uprising brother, Antonio, twelve years before the play begins. Prospero and Miranda survived, and found exile on a small island. He has learned sorcery from books secretly given to him (referred to as his "Art" in the play), and uses it while on the island to protect Miranda and control the other characters. On the island, he becomes master of the monster Caliban(the son of Sycorax, a malevolent witch), and Ariel, an elemental who has become enslaved by Prospero after he is freed from his prison inside a tree. However, at the end of the play, Prospero intends to drown his book and renounce magic. In the view of the audience, this may have been required to make the ending ambiguously happy, as magic smacked too much of diabolical works; he will drown his books for the same reason that Doctor Faust, in an earlier play by Christopher Marlowe, promised in vain to burn his books.

Caliban -

sycorax -

teston -

therewithal -

tirrit -

Martin Luther - Martin Luther, b. 1483-1546, German theologian; the principal figure of the German Reformation. Luther preached the doctrine of justification by faith rather than by works and railed against the sale of indulgences and papal authority.

papal - adjective. of or relating to a pope or to the papacy.

Lollardy - also (Lollardry, Lollardism) was a political and religious movement that existed from the mid-14th century to the English Reformation. The term "lollard" refers to the followers of John Wycliffe, a prominent theologian who was dismissed from the University of Oxford in 1381 for criticism of the Church, especially in his doctrine on the Eucharist.The Lollards' demands were primarily for the reform of Western Christianity

The Alexian Brothers - also Alexians or Cellites are a Catholic religious institute or congregation specifically devoted to caring for the sick which has its origin in Europe at the time of the Black Death. They follow the Augustinian rule.

History

The Alexians trace their origin to the early 12th-century Beghards, male counter-arts of the Beguines, the lay women who followed a devout style of life in a limited degree of common life. The men did not get much attention until they made a great contribution in history in the city of Mechelen, in the Duchy of Brabant (in central Flanders, now Belgium), some time in the 14th century, during the terrible ravages of the Black Death. Some laymen united under the guidance of a certain Tobias to succor the plague-stricken, without taking any vows or adopting a monastic lifestyle. One of their most obvious activities was caring for those stricken with the bubonic plague, along with their families, and burying those who died. These laymen lived in little rooms or cells (from Latin, cella 'a cell that gave rise to their early name of Cellites.'

The plague victims became the outcasts of the society and were thrown outside the city walls, along with the other marginalized folk, to die. Moved by compassion, these laymen came together and vowed to take care of these victims who were abandoned by not only the state and the church, but also their families. Later on, the group attracted more men who chose to abandon their secular lives to live in community as brothers and to serve the needs of the poor. Eventually, the Catholic Church saw the utility of the brothers and invited them to be formally recognized as a religious group and subsequently gave them pontifical status. The brothers were associated with a chapel dedicated to Saint Alexius, who had served many years in a hospital at Edessa in Syria, and they began to be called The Brothers at Saint Alexius Chapel, a name that evolved into that of Alexian Brothers, their modern name.

pontifical - adjective. (in the Roman Catholic Church) of or relating to the pope 2. characterized by a pompous and superior air of infallibility

succor - noun. assistance and support in times of hardship and distress 2. verb. give assistance or aid to 3. archaic. reinforcements of troops ORIGIN: Middle English via Old French from medieval Latin succursus, from Latin succurrere 'run to the help of,' from  sub- 'from below' + currere 'run.'

Black Death - the great epidemic of bubonic plague that killed a large part of the population of Europe in the mid 14th century. It originated in central Asia and China and spread rapidly through Europe, carried by the fleas of black rats, reaching England in 1348 and killing between one third and one half of the population in a matter of months

etiology - noun. Medicine. the cause, set of causes, or manner of causation of a disease or condition; the causation of diseases and disorders as a subject of investigation 2. the investigation or attribution of the cause or reason for something, often expressed in terms of historical or mythical explanation

Mechelen - noun. a Dutch-speaking municipality in the province of Flanders, Belgium. The municipality comprises the city of Mechelen proper, some quarters at its outskirts, the hamlets of Nekkerspoel(adjacent) and Battel(a few kilometers away) as well as the villages of Walem, Heffen, Leest, Hombeek, and Muizen. The Dijle flows through the city, hence it is often referred to as the 'Dijlestad "City on the river Dijle").

Nekkerspoel - noun. a hamlet of Mechelen, Flanders, Belgium, immediately east of the city. The name means: pool of one or more Nekkers or water demons (in older Dutch necker, devil, evil spirit; from Latin niger, negr-, black), and it is assumed that in earlier centuries locals taking a shortcut trotting through the marshlands of which the Mechels Broek still remains, may have strayed off safer pathways and lost their lives. In 1904, remnants dating from the La Tene era of a settlement of several wooden houses and an 8.4 meter long canoe cut out of an oak tree-trunk, were found at a depth of 5 meters.

This hamlet was already well-populated and built-up at a time that otherwise mainly a few monasteries were seen outside the city's former walls. Meanwhile, it obtained Mechelen's secondary station on Belgium's major Brussels-Mechelen-Antwerp Railway, and the Toy Museum(in Dutch Speelgoedmuseum) with exhibits covering 7,000 m(2) in the former furniture manufacturer's Nova building.

Duchy of Brabant - noun. The Duchy of Brabant was a State of the Holy Roman Empire established in 1183. It developed from the Landgraviate of Brabant and formed the heart of the historic Low Countries, part of the Burgundian Netherlands from Habsburg, Netherlands from 1492, until it was dismembered after the Dutch revolt.

Present day North Braband (Staats-Brabant) was adjudicated to the Generality Lands of the Dutch Republic according to the 1648 Peace of Westphalia, while the reduced duchy remained in existence with the Southern Netherlands until it was conquered by French Revolutionary forces in 1794.

duchy -

panoche - noun. flamboyant confidence of style or manner 2. historical a tuft of plume of feathers, esp. as a headdress or on a helmet.p

landgrave - noun. Historical. a count having jurisdiction over a territory; the title of certain German princes

fief - noun. historical. an estate of land, esp. one held on condition of feudal service 2. a person's sphere of operation or control

feudalism - noun. Historical. the dominant social system in medieval Europe, in which the nobility held lands from the Crown in exchange for military service, and vassals were in turn tenants of the nobles, while the peasants (villeins or serfs) were obliged to live on their lord's land and give him homage, labor, and a share of the produce, notionally in exchange for military protection.

villein - noun. (in medieval England) a feudal tenant entirely subject to a lord or manor to whom he paid dues and services in return for land

Pancho Villa - (b.1878-1923), Mexican revolutionary; born Doroteo Arango. He helped Venustiano Carranza to overthrow the dictatorial regime of General Victoriano Huerta in 1914, but then helped Emiliano Zapata to rebel against Carranza's regime.

diorite - noun. a speckled, coarse-grained igneous rock consisting essentially of plagioclase, feldspar, and hornblende or other mafic minerals.

mafic - adjective. Geology. relating to, denoting, or containing a group of dark covered, mainly ferromagnesian minerals such as pyroxene and olivine. Often contrasted with felsic

ferric - adjective. of or relating to iron; chemistry. of iron with a valence of three; of iron(III)

ferrous - adjective. Chemistry. of iron with a valence of two; of iron(II); (chiefly of metals) containing or consisting of iron.

felsic - adjective. Geology. of, relating to, or denoting a group of light-colored minerals including feldspar, feldspathoids, quartz, and muscovite.

feldspar - noun. an abundant rock-forming mineral typically as colorless or pale-colored crystals and consisting of aluminosilicates of potassium, sodium, and calcium.

aluminosilicates - noun. Chemistry. a silicate in which aluminium replaces some of the silicon, esp. a rock forming mineral such as feldspar or a clay mineral.

feldspathoids - noun. Geology. any of a group of minerals chemically similar to feldspar but containing less silica, such as nepheline and leucite.

nepheline - noun. a colorless, greenish, or brownish mineral consisting of an aluminosilicate of sodium (often with potassium) and occurring as crystals and grains in igneous rocks

leucite - noun. a gray or white potassium aluminosilicate, typically found in alkali volcanic rocks.

muscovite - noun. a silver-gray form of mica occurring in many igneous and metamorphic rocks; noun. a native or citizen of Moscow; archaic a Russian

plagioclase - noun. a form of feldspar consisting of aluminosilicates of sodium and/or calcium, common in igneous rocks and typically white

hornblende - noun. a dark brown, black, or green mineral of the amphibole group consisting of hydroxyl aluminosilicate calcium, magnesium, and iron, occurring in many igneous and metamorphic rocks.

amphibole - noun. any of a class of rock-forming silicate or aluminosilicate minerals typically occurring as fibrous or columnar crystals.

panchakarma - noun. (in Ayurvedic medicine) a fivefold detoxification treatment and therapeutic way of eliminating toxic elements from the body. There are a set of five (panch = five, in sanskrit) procedures. They are Vamana, Virechana, Basti, Nasya, and Raktomokshana.

Vamana - Vamana Karma also known as medical emesis/medical vomiting is one of the five Pradhana Karma's of Panchakarma which is successfully used in treating Kaphaj disorders. Some clinical trials have used it as a treatment for major depressive disorder. Some studies have shown the effectiveness of this procedure for disorders of various systems of the human body. It is used as a treatment for psoriasis. There are studies for its use in young, pre-diabetics. The majority of the studies reviewed showed positive outcomes for panchakarma and allied therapies when compared to a control.

Virechana - noun. also known as medical purgation. It is one of the Panchakarmas. Its clinical trials have been carried out for bronchial asthma, psoriasis, and diabetes.

Basti - noun. a treatment done with medical substances, like herbal oils and decoctions in a liquid medium, into the rectum of the person.

Nasya - noun. The administration of drugs by the route of the nasal cavity. Randomized controlled clinical trials have shown reduction in the signs and symptoms of cervical spondylosis by nasya. Clinical trials have been carried out for myopia, as well as to treat chronic sinusitis.

cervical spondylosis - noun. Medical. Osteoarthritis between the spinal vertebrae and/or neural foraminae.

decoction - noun. the liquor resulting from concentrating the essence of a substance by heating or boiling, esp. a medical preparation made from a plant; the action or process of extracting the essence of something ORIGIN: late Middle English from late Latin decoctio(n-), from decoquere 'boil down.'

purgation - noun. evacuation of the bowels brought about by laxatives 2. the purification or cleansing of someone or something 3. (in Roman Catholic doctrine) the spiritual cleansing of a soul in purgatory 4. historical the action of clearing oneself of accusation or suspicion by an oath or ordeal

sequela - noun. (usu. sequelae) Medicine. a condition that is the consequence of a previous disease or injury

Kaphalaseri - noun. a village in Bajhang District in the Seti Zone of north-western Nepal. At the time of the 1991 Nepal census it had a population of 4,364 and had 727 houses in the village.

panchayat - noun. Indian. a village council

vassals - noun. Historical. a holder of land by feudal tenure on conditions of homage and allegiance; a person or country in a subordinate position to another

Lotharingia - noun. a region in northwest Europe, comprising the Low Countries, the western Rhineland, the lands today on the border between France and Germany, and what is now western Switzerland. It was born of the triparite division in 855 of the Middle-Francia, itself formed of the threefold division of the Carolingian Empire by the Treaty of Verdun in 843. Neither Lotharingia nor Middle Francia had any natural coherence, but each was conceived as a territorial division of a larger realm.

interregnum -

adjudicated - verb. make a formal judgement or decision about a problem or disputed matter ORIGIN: early 18th cent. (in the sense [award judicially]: from Latin adjudicat- 'awarded judicially,' from the verb adjudicare. The noun adjudication dates from the early 17th century.

Tobias -

bubonic plague -

Edessa in Syria

Beguines and Beghards - were lay Christian religious orders that were active in Germany and the Low Countries in the 13th-18th centuries. Their members lived in semi-monastic communities but did not take formal religious vows. They were influenced by Albigensian teachings and by the Brethren of the Free Spirit, which flourished in and around Cologne at the same time but was later condemned as heretical.

Albigensian - plural noun. the members of a heretical sect in southern France in the 12th-13th centuries, identified with the Cathars. Their teaching was a form of Manichaean dualism, with an extremely strict moral and social code.

Brethren of the Free Spirit -

Jainism -

Augustinian rule -

novitiate - noun. the period or state of being a novice, esp. in a religious order; a place housing religious novices, a novice, esp. in a religious order ORIGIN: early 17th cent.: from ecclesiastical Latin noviciatus, from Latin novicius 'new.'

Alexian Brothers' Novitiate - The Alexian Brother's Novitiate is a manor house located in Gresham, Shawano County, Wisconsin, USA. Originally built in 1939 as a residence, it would be converted into a novitiate for the Alexian Brother's order in 1950 after being donated to them. The building ceased to be used as a novitiate after 1968, following the Second Vatican Council and the reforms from it. It has since been largely vacated and partially demolished, leaving very little of it standing. The building is best known for being seized by the Menominee Indian Reservation. Though successful, it ultimately was returned to Gresham, where it would be largely forgotten.

nontrinitarianism -

troilus - Greek Mythology. a Trojan prince, the son of Priam and Hecuba, killed by Achilles. In medieval legends of the Trojan War he is portrayed as the forsaken lover of Cressida.

Cressida - Greek Mythology. (in medieval legends of the Trojan War) the daughter of Calchas, a priest. She was unfaithful to her lover Troilus,

vagrom -

wappened -

uredo - noun. burning feeling in the skin

urent - adjective. burning;stinging

uranophobia - noun. agoraphobia

unsterocorated - adjective. not manured

untimeous - adjective. untimely

untreasure - verb. to despoil

despoil - verb. (often be despoiled) steal or violently remove valuable or attractive possessions from; plunder

unwithdrawing - noun. liberal; lavish

upas - noun. a tropical Asian tree, the milky sap of which has been used as arrow poison and for ritual purposes; (in folklore) a Javanese(people who descended from Java; the Indonesian language of Java) tree alleged to poison its surroundings and said to be fatal to approach; a tree in the mulberry and fig family Moraceae.

upbuilding - verb. (past and past part. -built) chiefly poetic. literary. construct or develop (something)

univocalic - noun. having only one vowel; written passage using only one vowel

upcast - noun. a shaft through which air leaves a mine; upward throw, material thrown upwards

upher - noun. a rough pole made of fir and used in scaffolding

uprist - adjective. rising, upward

upspeak - verb. to begin to speak

upstay - verb. to sustain

uranic - adjective. of the palate

uraster - noun. starfish

upaithric - noun. roofless, open to the sky

uvid - adjective. moist;wet

usucaption - noun. acquisition of property by long usage and enjoyment

bardolatry -

falstaff -

desdemona -

hathaway -

alarum -

bardolater -

hazlitt -

mongst -

monist -

prithee -

rede -

rsc -

schlegel -

sessa -

varlet -

veronese -

baconian -

burbage -

caliban -

polonius -

shaconian -

acold -

adonis -

antonomasia -

banquo -

bowdler -

churlish -

cressida -

ere -

ern -

expurgated -

fustilarian -

greymalkin -



acumen - noun. the ability to make good judgements and quick decisions, typically in a particular domain.

Abuja - noun. a newly built city in central Nigeria, designated in 1982 to replace Lagos as the national capital; pop. 378,670

sard - noun. a yellow or brownish-red variety of chalcedony

pard - noun. archaic or poetic/literary. a leopard

parados - noun. an elevation of earth behind a fortified place as a protection against attack from the rear, esp. a mound along the back of a trench

paralipsis - noun. Rhetoric. the device of giving emphasis by professing to say little or nothing about a subject ORIGIN: late 16th cent.: via late Latin from Greek paraleipsis 'passing over,' from paraleopein 'omit,' from para- 'aside' + leipein 'to leave.'

lupine - adjective. of, like, or relating to a wolf or wolves; fierce or ravenous as a wolf ORIGIN: mid 17th cent.: from Latin lupinus, from lupus 'wolf.'

cachalot - noun. Zoology. another term for sperm whale. ORIGIN: mid 18th cent.: from French, from Spanish and Portuguese cachalote, from cachola 'big head.'

cachaca - noun. a Brazilian white rum made from sugar cane

cachet - noun. 1. the state of being respected or admired; prestige 2. a distinguishing mark or seal. Philately. a printed design added to an envelope to commemorate a special event 3. a flat capsule enclosing a dose of unpleasant-tasting medicine.  ORIGIN: early 17th cent.: from French, from cacher in the sense 'to press,' based on Latin coactare 'constrain.'

tannin - noun. a yellowish or brownish bitter-tasting organic substance present in some galls, barks, and other plant tissues, consisting of derivatives of gallic acid, used in leather production and ink manufacture ORIGIN: early 19th cent.: from French tanin, from tan 'tanbark (ultimately related to TAN)

cachou - noun. dated. a pleasant smelling lozenge sucked to mask bad breath, variation of catechu

catechu - noun. a vegetable extract containing tannin, esp. one (also called cutch) obtained from the heartwood of an Indian acacia tree, used chiefly for tanning and dyeing

polyphenol - noun. Chemistry. a compound containing more than one phenolic hydroxyl group.

confabulate - verb. formal. engage in conversation; talk 2. Psychiatry. fabricate imaginary experiences as compensation for loss of memory

eristic - formal. adjective. of or characterized by debate or argument. (of an argument or arguer
aiming at winning rather than at reaching the truth 2. noun. a person given to debate or argument; the art or practice or debate or argument ORIGIN: mid 17th cent.: from Greek eristikos, from erizein 'to wrangle,' from eris 'strife.'

cutch - noun. an extract of Acacia

Fabuland - Fabuland was a theme product range of the Lego construction toy, aimed at young children. Introduced in 1979, the range aimed to fill the gap between Duplo and the standard Lego product ranges. Aimed at both boys and girls, the range encouraged storytelling, and was the first theme to be extended into books, clothing, and claymation TV series that aired in the UK and Canada during the 1980's and each Episode of Edward and Friends was 5 minutes in length. Fabuland sets featured anthropomorphic animal characters. These pieces were larger than standard Lego Minifigures, but smaller than Duplo figures, and included movable arms, legs and head. Some of the characters appeared in more than one set, and were given names, and sometimes even stories. Recurring characters included Edward Elephant, Bonnie Bunny, Max Mouse, Clive Crocodile, and Wilfred Walrus.

philately - noun. the study of stamps and postal history and other related items. Philately involves more than just stamp collecting, which does not necessarily involve the study of stamps. It is possible to be a philatelist without owning any stamps. For instance, the stamps being studied may be very rare, or reside only in museums. ORIGIN: mid 19th cent.: from French philatelie, from philo- 'loving' + Greek ateleia 'exemption from payment (from a- 'not' + telos 'toll, tax'), used to mean a franking mark or postage stamp exempting the recipient from payment.

cachinnate - verb. poetic/literary. laugh loudly

tencel - noun. trademark. a cellulosic fiber contained from wood pulp using recyclable solvents' a fabric made from this

algolagnia - noun. Psychiatry. desire for sexual gratification through inflicting pain on oneself or others; sadomasochism.

In 1892, Albert von Schrenck-Notzing introduced the term algolagnia to describe "sexual" masochism, to differentiate it from Fere's earlier term called "algophilia"; Schrenck-Notzing's interpretation was that algolagnia involved lust as Fere interpreted the phenomenon. (It should be cautioned, though, that the definitions regarding sadism and masochism as medical terms have changed over the years (as also noted in the main article for that topic) and are still evolving, and there are also non-medical definitions of sadomasochism.) However, Krafft-Ebing's theories in Pyschopathia Sexualis - where the terms sadism and masochism were used- were adopted by Sigmund Freud and became an integral part of psychoanalysis, thereby ensuring their predominance over the concept of "algolagnia."

anhedonia - noun. Psychiatry. inability to feel pleasure

cyrenaic - adjective. of or denoting the hedonistic school of philosophy, which was founded c. 400 BC by Aristippus the Elder of Cyrene and which holds that pleasure is the highest good and that virtue is to be equated with the ability to enjoy.

Aristippus - (late 5th century BC), Greek philosopher; known as Aristippus the Elder of Cyrene. He is considered the founder of the Cyrenaic school.

Cyrene - an ancient Greek city in North Africa, near the coast in Cyrenaica.

blase - adjective. unimpressed or indifferent to something because one has experienced or seen it so often before

ammophanes - a genus of moths of the Noctuidae family. The Noctuidae or owlet moths are a family of robustly built moths that includes more than 35,000 known species out of possibly 100,000 total, in more than 4,200 genera. They constitute the largest family in the Lepidoptera. Their distribution is worldwide, with about 1,450 species found in Europe.

photophile - adjective. of or pertaining to an organism, as a plant, that is receptive to, seeks, or thrives in light.

sciophilous - in phytogeography, shade-loving; adapted to live in shade.

gerundive - noun. Grammar. (in Latin) a form that is derived from a verb but that functions as an adjective, denoting something "that should or must be done."
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Priests, The Church, the Vestments
sacerdotal - adjective. relating to priests or the priesthood; priestly 2. Theology. relating to or denoting a doctrine that ascribes sacrificial functions and spiritual supernatural powers to ordained priests

sacristy - noun. a room in a church where a priest prepares for a service, and where vestments and other things used in worship are kept

vestments - noun. a chasuble or other robe worn by the clergy or choristers during services 2. Archaic. a garment, esp. a ceremonial or official robe

chasuble - noun. a sleeveless outer vestment worn by a Catholic or High Anglican priest when celebrating Mass, typically ornate and having a simple hole for the head

choristers - noun. a member of a choir, esp. a child or young person singing the treble part in a church choir 2. a person who leads the singing of a church choir or congregation ORIGIN: late Middle English queristre, from Anglo-Norman French variant of Old French cueriste, from quer. The change in the first syllable in the 16th cent. was due to association with obsolete chorist [member of a choir or chorus,] but the older form quirister long survived.

saccade - noun. Technical. a rapid movement of the eye between fixation points ORIGIN: early 18th cent.: from French, literally 'violent pull,' from Old French saquer 'to pull.'

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Archeology, Earth-Dirts, Chemistry, and Medicine

lagerstatte - from Lager 'storage' Statte 'place'; plural Lagerstatten, is a sedimentary deposit that exhibits extraordinary fossils with exceptional preservation-- sometimes including preserved soft tissues. These formations may have resulted from carcass burial in an anoxic environment with minimal bacteria, thus delaying decomposition. Lagerstatten span geological time from the Neoproterozoic era to the present. Worldwide, some of the best examples of near-perfect fossilization are the Cambrian Maotianshan shales and Burgess Shale, the Devonian Hunsruck Slates, the Jurassic Solnhofen limestone, the Carboniferous Mazon Creek and the Cretaceous Yixian Formation localities.

Neoproterozoic - noun. Archeology. The Neoproterozoic Era is the unit of geologic time from 1,000 to 541 million years ago. The terminal Era of the formal Proterozoic Eon (or the informal "Precambrian"), it is further subdivided into the Tonian, Cryogenian, and Ediacaran Periods. The most severe glaciation known in the geologic record occurred during the Cryogenian, when ice sheets reached the equator and formed a possible "Snowball Earth". The earliest fossils of multicellular life are found in the Ediacaran, including the earliest animals.

Ediacaran - named after the Ediacara Hills of South Australia, is the last geological period of the Neoproterozoic Era and of the Proterozoic Eon, immediately preceding the Cambrian Period, the first period of the Paleozoic Era and of the Phanerozoic Eon.

anoxic - noun. Technical. an absence of oxygen 2. Medicine. an absence or deficiency of oxygen reaching the tissues; severe hypoxia

hypoxia - noun. Medicine. deficiency in the amount of oxygen reaching the tissues; oxygen deficiency in a biotic environment leading to this

valence - noun. Chemistry. the combining power of an element , esp. as measured by the number of hydrogen atoms it can displace or combine with 2. adjective. relating to or denoting electrons involved in or available for chemical bond formation 3. Linguistics. the number of grammatical elements with which a particular word, esp. a verb, combines in a sentence

valance - noun. a length of decorative drapery attached to the canopy of a frame of a bed in order to screen the structure or the space beneath it; a length of decorative drapery hung above a window to screen the curtain fittings; an indirect-lighting fixture extending along the top of an interior wall; a dust duffle

valency - noun. Chemistry & Linguistics chiefly Brit. another term for 'valence.'

parthenogenesis - noun. Biology. reproduction from an ovum without fertilization, esp. as a normal process in some invertebrates and lower plants

dinoflagellate - noun. Biology. a single-celled organism with two flagella, occurring in large numbers in marine plankton and also found in fresh water. Some produce toxins that can accumulate in shellfish, resulting in poisoning when eaten. Division Dinophyta or class Dinophyceae, division Chromophycota (or phylum Dinophyta, kingdom Protista).

ephemeroptera - noun. Zoology. an order of insects that comprises the mayflies

deinonychus - noun. a dromaeosaurid dinosaur of the mid Cretaceous period, growing up to 11 feet (3.3m) in length. Genus Deinonychus , family Dromaeosauridae, suborder Theropoda.

deinococcus - a bacterium that can survive extremely high levels of radiation and therefore has high potential for radioactive waste cleanup; the only genus of the deinoccales group from the Deinococcus-Thermus phylum highly resistant to environmental hazards

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Feet & Eyes

sabaton - noun. solleret, armor plate that protects the foot; consists of mail with a solid toe and heel

solleret - armor plate that protects the foot; consists of mail with a solid toe and heel

sabin - adjective. of, relating to, or denoting an ancient Oscan-speaking people of the central Apennines in Italy, conquered and assimilated by the Romans in 290 B.C.

sabliere - noun. a sand pit

sabot - noun. a simple shoe, shaped and hollowed out from a single block of wood 2. A device that ensures the correct positioning of a bullet or shell in the barrel of a gun

sabulous - adjective. sandy or gritty

scotophil - adjective. Biology. growing or functioning best in darkness

scotoma - noun. a partial loss of vision or a blind spot in an otherwise normal visual field

whiting - noun. a slender-bodied marine fish (Merlangius merlangus) of the cod family. It lives in shallow European waters and is a commercially important food fish 2. Ground chalk used for purposes such as whitewashing and cleaning up metal plates

prolix - adjective. (of speech or writing} Using or containing too many words; tediously lengthy

ageusia - noun. Biology. Ageusia is the loss of taste functions of the tongue, particularly the inability to detect sweetness, sourness, bitterness, saltiness, and umami

umami - noun. a category of taste in food(besides sweet, sour, salt, and bitter), corresponding to the flavor of glutamates, especially monosodium glutamate ORIGIN: Japanese, literally 'deliciousness.'

animadversion - noun. Formal. criticism or censure

beadle - noun. British. a ceremonial officer of a church, college, or similar institution

brachymetropia - noun. same as myopia. nearsightedness; lack of imagination, foresight, or intellectual insight

colophon - noun. a publisher's emblem or imprint, esp. one on the title page or spine of a book 2. historical. a statement at the end of a book, typically with a printer's emblem, giving information about its authorship and printing

desquamation - verb. (of a layer of cells, e.g., of the skin) come off in scales or flakes ORIGIN: early 18th cent.: (in the sense [remove scales from] ): from Latin dequamat- 'scaled,' from the verb

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desquamare, from de- 'away from' + squama 'a scale.'

diegesis - noun. a narrative or plot, typically in a movie.

phytogeography - noun. the branch of botany that deals with the geographical distribution of plants

lucifugous - adjective. chiefly Zoology. shunning the light

lucifugal -

solifugous -

heliophobous -

chionophobous -

ombrophobous -

leucophilous -

finifugal -

nidifugous

phototropic -

grelifuge -

ombrophilous -

psammophilous -

dendrophilous -

limnophilous -

oikofugic -

nidicolous -

oenophile - noun. a connoisseur of wines.

oikonomia -

oikonomopoulos -

oikophobia - noun. Psychiatry. Oikophobia, also ecophobia, is a term used in psychiatry to refer to an aversion to home surroundings. It can also be used more generally to mean an abnormal fear of the home, or of the contents of a house ("fear of household appliances, equipment, bathtubs, household chemicals, and other common objects in the home"). The term derives from the Greek words oikos, meaning, 'household, house, or family' + phobia meaning "fear…disproportional to the actual danger posed". In 1808 the poet and essayist Robert Southey used the word to describe a desire (particularly by the English) to leave home and travel. Southey's usage as a synonym for wanderlust was picked up by other nineteenth century writers. In a 2004 book, the word was adapted by the British conservative philosopher Roger Scruton to mean "the repudiation of inheritance and home." He argued that is is "a stage through which the adolescent mind normally passes", but that it is a feature of some, typically leftist, political impulses, and ideologies which espouses xenophilia.

Robert Southey -

oikos - noun. an oikos(plural, English prefix: eco- for ecology and economics) is the ancient Greek equivalent of a household, house, or family.

Halkieriid - noun. Zoology. (also oikozetetes) The halkieriids are a group of fossil organisms from the Lower to Middle Cambrian. Their eponymous genus is Halkieria, which has been found on almost every continent in Lower to Mid Cambrian deposits, forming a large component of the small shelly fossil assemblages. The best known species is Halkieria evangelista, from the North Greenland Sirius Passet Lagerstatte, in which complete specimens were collected on an expedition in 1989. The fossils were described by Simon Conway Morris and John Peel in a short paper in 1990 in the journal Nature. Later a more thorough description was undertaken in 1995 in the journal Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London and wider evolutionary implications were posed.

xenophilia - noun. an individual who is attracted to foreign peoples, manners, or cultures.

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The Magic Lantern and Britain Vs. India

Sciopticon - The magic lantern or Laterna Magica is an early type of image projector developed in the 17th century. The magic lantern has a concave mirror in front of a light source that gathers light and projects it through a slide with an image scanned onto it. The light rays cross an aperture (which is an opening at the front of the apparatus), and hit a lens. The lens throws an enlarged picture of the original image from the slide onto a screen. Main light sources used during the 17th century were candles or oil lamps. These light sources were quite inefficient and produced weak projections.

The invention of the Argand lamp in the 1790s helped to make the projected images brighter. The invention of the limelight in the 1820s made it even brighter, and following that the inventions of the electric arc lamp in the 1860s, and the incandescent electric lamps all further improved the projected image of the magic lantern. It was also an important invention for motion picture film and 45mm projectors because of its ability to screen moving images. To achieve this, mechanical slides were used to make the images move. This was done using two glass slides, one with the part of the picture that would remain stationary and one with the part of the picture that would move on a disc. The glass slides were placed one on top of the other in an orderly fashion and a hand-operated pulley wheel was used to turn the movable disc. The magic lantern also led directly to Eadweard Muybridge's invention of the zoopraxiscope, which was another forerunner for moving pictures.

Lahore Railway Station - The Lahore Junction railway station in Lahore, Pubjab, Pakistan was built by British colonists between 1859-1860 at the cost of half a million Rupees. It is the junction of Lahore-Amritsar railway line. It is of typical grand British architecture in South Asia during the British Raj period. The railway network established by the British was extensive and is one of their lasting contributions to the culture and infrastructure of this region.

The railway station has 11 platforms (1 to 9, with 2 extra platforms, 3A and 6A). Platform No. 1 is of special importance, as this platform is the destination of "Samjhauta Express", the train service between Pakistan and India.

British Raj - The British Raj (lit. "reign" in Hindi) is the term often used for British rule in the Indian subcontinent, usually but not exclusively for the period between 1858 and 1947. The term can also refer to a period of dominion. The region under British control, commonly called India in contemporary usage, included areas directly administered by the United Kingdom (contemporaneously British-India). As India, it was a founding member of the League of Nations and the United Nations, and a participating nation in the Summer Olympics in 1900,1920, 1928, 1932, and 1936

Samjhauta Express - called the Friendship Express, is a twice-weekly train -- Tuesdays and Fridays -- that runs between Delhi and Attari in India and Lahore in Pakistan. The word samjhauta means "agreement", "accord" and "compromise" in both Hindi and Urdu. Until the reopening of the Thar Express, this was the only rail connection between the two countries. The train was started on July 22, 1976 following the Shimla Agreement and ran between Amritsar and Lahore, a distance of about 42 km. Following disturbances in Punjab in the late eighties, due to security reasons Indian Railways decided to terminate the service at Attari, where customs and immigration clearances take place. On April 14, 2000, in an agreement between India Railways and Pakistan Railways (PR), the distance was revised to cover just under three km.

Amritsar - noun. historically also known as Ramdaspur and colloquially as Ambarsar) is a city in the north-western part of India. It is the spiritual center for the Sikh religion and the administrative headquarters of the Amritsar district in the state of Punjab. It is home to the Harmandir Sahib (referred to as the "Golden Temple" in the western media), the spiritual and cultural center for the Sikh religion. This important Sikh shrine attracts more visitors than the Taj Mahal with more than 100,000 visitors on week days alone and is the most popular destination for Non-resident Indians(NRI) in the whole of India. The city also houses the Sikh temporal and political authority, Akal Takht, as well as the Sikh Parliament. The 2011 Indian census reported the population of the city to be 1,132,761. Amritsar is situated 135 miles northwest of the state capital Chandigarh and is 20 miles east of Lahore, Pakistan and therefore, very close to India's western border with Pakistan. The main commercial activities include tourism, carpets and fabrics, farm produce, handicrafts, service trades, and light engineering. The city is known for its rich cuisine and culture, and for the tragic incident of Jallianwala Bagh Massacre in 1919 under British Rule. Amritsar is home to Central Khalsa Orphanage, which was once home to Udham Singh, a prominent figure in the Indian independence movement.

Khalsa Orphanage -

Udham Singh - (b. December 26, 1899--July 31, 1940) was an Indian revolutionary, best known for assassinating Michael O'Dwyer in March 1940 in what has been described as an avenging of the Jallianwala Bagh Massacre. Singh changed his name to Ram Mohammad Singh Azad, symbolizing the equality of all faith and of the three major religions in India: Hinduism, Islam, and Sikhism. Singh is considered one of the best-known revolutionaries of the Indian independence struggle; he is also sometimes referred to as Shaheed-i-Azam Sardar Udham Singh (the expression "Shaheed-i-Azam" means "the great martyr"). Bhagat Singh and Singh along with Chandrasekhar Azad, Rajguru and Sukhdev, were among the most famous revolutionaries in the first half of the 20th-century for India. For their actions, the British government labeled these men as "India's earliest Marxists",

Michael O'Dwyer -

Jallianwala Bagh Massacre - Jallianwala Bagh massacre, involving the killing of over 300 Indian civilians by a senior British military officer, Reginald Edward Harry Dyer. On April 13, 1919, over twenty thousand unarmed Indians (Sikhs & Hindus), peacefully assembled in Jallianwala Bagh, Amritsar, to listen to several prominent local leaders speak out against British colonial rule in India and against the arrest and deportation of Dr. Satya Pal, Dr. Saifuddin Kitchlew, and a few others under the unpopular Rowlatt Act. Singh and his friends from the orphanage were serving water to the crowd.

Rowlatt Act -

Dr. Satya Pal -

Dr. Saifuddin Kitchlew -

Khalsa - The collective body of all initiated Sikhs represented by the five beloved-ones and can be called the Guru Panth, the embodiment of the Guru and the final temporal Guru/leader of the Sikhs. The word Khalsa translates to "Sovereign/Free". Another interpretation is that of being "Pure/Genuine." The Khalsa was inaugurated on March 30, 1699, by Guru Gobind Singh, the tenth Sikh Guru. From then on the temporal leadership of the Sikhs was passed on to the Khalsa with the bestowed title of "Guru Panth" and spiritual leadership was passed on to the Guru Granth Sahib with the Khalsa being responsible for all executive, military, and civil authority in the Sikh society. The Khalsa is also called the nation of the Sikhs.

The Sikhs of the Khalsa can be identified with the given Five Ks and titles of Singh and Kaur. This happens after being baptized to the order of the Khalsa. This happens after being baptized to the order of the Khalsa. The tenth Sikh Guru, Guru Gobind Singh at an event which coincided with the Vaisakhi Day (of the new lunar month Baisakh Samvat 1756) in the year 1699 at Kesgarh, in Anandpur initiated that every Sikh becomes Amritdhari "[Having taken Amrit]" and follow the Five Ks; which are not merely symbols but display commitment to the philosophy of Guru Nanak Dev like a uniform of organization.

Amrit - also Amrita or Amrut is a Sanskrit word that literally means "immortality", and is often referred to in texts as nectar. The word's earliest occurrence is in the Rigveda, where it is one of several synonyms of "soma" as the drink which confers immortality upon the gods. It is related etymologically to the Greek "ambrosia", and it carries the same meaning. It has various significances in different dharmic traditions. "Amrit" or "Amrut" is also a common Hindu first name for men; the feminine form is "Amrita" or "Amruta."

Amrita are also fourteen treasure jewels(Ratnas) that emerged from Samudra manthan ocean. The fourth Ratna which emerged is known as Kaustubha, the divine jewel of Vishnu.

Samudra manthan - In Hinduism, Samudra manthan or Ksheera Sagara Mathanam, meaning Churning of the Ocean of Milk is one of the most famous periods in the Puranas. The story appears in the Bhagavata Purana, the Mahabharata, and the Vishnu Purana. In literal terms, this tale is an allegorical description of what transpires during a kundalini awakening process. Kundalini is a latent energy that lays dormant in the spine. Upon awakening, it rises in a sensation akin to a slithering snake, up the spinal column (Meru-danda, represented by Mount Meru in the story).

Taj Mahal - a mausoleum at Agra, India, built by the Mogul emperor Shah Jahan(b. 1592-1666) in memory of his favorite wife, completed c. 1649. Set in formal gardens, the domed building in white marble is reflected in a pool flanked by cypresses. ORIGIN: perhaps a corruption of Persian Mumtaz Mahal, from mumtaz 'chosen one' (the title of the wife of Shah Jahan) and mahal 'abode.'

cypress - noun. an evergreen coniferous tree with small, rounded, woody cones and flattened shoots bearing small, scalelike leaves. Cupressus Chamaecyparis, and other genera, family Cupressaceae : many species, including the columnar Italian cypress (Cupressus sempervirens), common throughout southern Europe. A tree of this type, or branches from it, is a symbol of mourning.

cuprous - adjective. Chemistry. of copper with a valence of one; of copper

limner - noun. chiefly Historical. a painter, esp. of portraits or miniatures.

columnar - adjective. see also COLUMN

entablature - noun. Architecture. a horizontal, continuous lintel on a classical building supported by columns or a wall, comprising the architrave, frieze, and cornice.

lintel - noun. a horizontal support of timber, stone, concrete, or steel across the top of a door or window ORIGIN: Middle English : from Old French, based on late Latin liminare , from Latin limen 'threshold.'

architrave - noun. 1. (in classical architecture) a main beam resting across the tops of columns, specifically the lower third entablature. 2. the molded frame around a doorway or window; a molding around the exterior of an arch ORIGIN: mid 16th cent.: from French, from Italian, from archi- 'chief' + -trave from Latin trabs, trab- 'a beam.'

frieze - noun. a broad horizontal band of sculpted or painted decoration, esp. on a wall near the ceiling 2. a horizontal paper strip mounted on a wall to give a similar effect. 3. Architecture. the part of an entablature between the architrave and the cornice. 4. noun. heavy, coarse woolen cloth with a nap, usually on one side only.

nap - verb. sleep lightly or briefly, esp. during the day 2. noun. the raised hairs, threads, or similar small projections on the surface of fabric or suede (used especially with reference to the direction in which they naturally lie)  3. noun. a card game resembling whist in which players declare the number of tricks they expect to take, up to five ORIGIN: Early 19th cent.: abbreviation of NAPOLEON, the original name of the card game. 4. verb. (of a horse) refuse, esp. habitually, to go on at the rider's instructions; jib. ORIGIN: 1950s: back-formation from nappy, an adjective first used to describe heady beer (late Middle English), later used in the sense [intoxicated by drink] (early 18th century), and since the 1920s used to describe a disobedient horse.

cornice - noun. an ornamental molding around the wall of a room just below the ceiling, a horizontal molded projection crowning a building or structure, esp. the uppermost member of the entablature of an order, surmounting the frieze. 2. noun. an overhanging mass of hardened snow at the edge of a mountain or precipice

precipice - noun. a very steep rock face or cliff, typically a tall one ORIGIN: late 16th cent. (denoting a headlong fall): from French precipice, or Latin praecipitium 'abrupt descent,' from praeceps, praecip(it)- 'steep, headlong.'

praecox - from Latin, meaning "very early". It is often used as a qualifying adjective in Latin binomials, and could mean "early flowering", "primitive", "premature" or "early onset" (in the case of medical conditions).

binomials - noun. Mathematics. an algebraic expression of the sum or the difference of two terms 2. a two-part name, esp. the Latin name of a species of living organism (consisting of the genus followed by the specific epithet). 3. Grammar. a noun phrase with two heads joined by a conjunction, in which the order is relatively fixed( as in knife and fork).

specific epithet - noun. chiefly Botany & Microbiology. the second element in the Latin binomial name of a species, which follows the generic name and distinguishes the species from others in the same genus.

Shah Jahan - A'la Azad Abul Muzaffar Shahab ud-Din Mohammad Khurram, known by his imperial name Shah Jahan (in Persian: king of the world) also spelled Shah Jehan and Shahjehan(b. January 5,1592--January 22, 1666) was the Indian emperor of the Mughal Empire in South Asia from 1628 until 1658. He was the fifth emperor after Babur, Humayun, Akbar, and Jahangir. While young he was the favorite of his legendary grandfather Akbar the Great. At a young age, he was chosen as successor to the Mughal throne after the death of his father, Emperor Jahangir, in 1627. He is considered one of the greatest Mughals. His reign has been called the Golden Age of the Mughals and one of the most prosperous ages of Indian civilization. Like Akbar, he was eager to expand his vast empire. In 1658, he fell ill and was confined by his son Emperor Aurangzeb in Agra Fort until his death in 1666.

The period of his reign was the golden age of Mughal architecture. Shah Jahan erected many splendid monuments, the most famous of which is the Taj Mahal at Agra, built in 1632-1648 as a tomb for his beloved wife, Empress Mumtaz Mahal. The Moti Masjid, Agra and many other buildings in Agra, the Red Fort and the Jama Masjid in Delhi, mosques in Lahore, extensions to Lahore Fort and a mosque in Thatta also commemorate him. The famous Takht-e-Taus or the Peacock Throne, said to be worth millions of dollars by modern estimates, also dates from his reign. He was also the founder of the new imperial capital called Shahjahanabad, now known as Old Delhi. Other important buildings of Shah Jahan's rule were the Diwan-i-Am and Diwan-i-Khas in the Red Fort Complex in Delhi and the Moti Masjid in the Lahore Fort. Shah Jahan is also believed to have had a very refined taste in the arts and architecture, and is credited with having commissioned about 777 gardens in Kashmir, his favorite summer residence. A few of these gardens survive, attracting thousands of tourists every year.

The Peacock Throne -

Thatta -

Akbar the Great -  

Akal Takht -

Thar Express

temporal -

Taj Mahal -

Bhagavata Purana -

Mahabhrata -

Vishnu Purana -

kundalini -

allegorical -

Puranas -

Kaustubha -

Dharma -

Rigveda -

Sikhism - noun. a monotheistic religion founded in Punjab in the 15th century by Guru Nanak. Sikh teaching centers on spiritual liberation and social justice and harmony, though the community took on a militant aspect during early conflicts. The last guru, Gobind Singh(b.1666-1708), passed his authority to the scripture, the Adi Granth, and to the Khalsa, the body of initiated Sikhs. The term "Sikh" means disciple or student. A Sikh is a disciple/subject of the Guru.

Harmandir Sahib(Golden Triangle) - also Darbar Sahib, is a prominent Sikh Gurdwara located in the city of Amritsar, Punjab, India. It was built by the fifth Sikh guru, Guru Arja, in the 16th Century. In 1604, Guru Arjan completed the Adi Granth, the holy scripture of Sikhism, and installed the Gurdwara. There are four doors to get into the Harmandir Sahib, which symbolize the openness of the Sikhs towards all people and religions. The present day Gurdwara was rebuilt in 1764 by Jassa Singh Ahluwalia with the help of other Sikh Misls. In the early nineteenth century, Maharaja Ranjit Singh secured the Punjab region from outside attack and covered the upper floors of the Gurdwara with gold, which gives it its distinctive appearance and its English name.

Shimla Agreement -

Assassination of Benazir Bhutto -

Indian Parliament -

Swami Aseemanand -

Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh -

limelight - noun. also known as calcium light is a type of stage lighting once used in theaters and music halls. An intense illumination is created when an oxyhydrogen flame is directed at a cylinder of quicklime(calcium oxide), which can be heated to 2,572 ºC(4,662 ºF) before melting. The light is produced by a combination of incandescence and candoluminescence. Although it has long since been replaced by electric lighting, the term has nonetheless survived, as someone in the public eye is still said to be "in the limelight." The actual lights are called limes, a term which has been transferred to electrical equivalents. A pun is sometimes made in theater productions on the two meanings of "lime" by using lime-colored light in a production.

The limelight effect was discovered in the 1820s by Goldsworthy Gurney, based on his work with the "oxy-hydrogen blowpipe," credit for which is normally given to Robert Hare. In 1825, a Scottish engineer, Thomas Drummond (b.1797-1840), saw a demonstration of the effect by Michael Faraday and realized that the light would be useful for surveying. Drummond built a working version in 1826, and the device is sometimes called the Drummond Light after him. Limelight was first used in public in the Convent Garden Theater in London in 1837, and enjoyed widespread use in theaters around the world in the 1860s and 1870s. Limelights were employed to highlight solo performers in the same manner as modern followspots(spotlights). Limelight was replaced by electric arc lighting in the 19th century.

candoluminescence - noun. the light given off by certain materials at elevated temperatures (usually when exposed to a flame) that has an intensity at some wavelengths which can be higher than the blackbody emission expected from incandescence at the same temperature. The phenomenon is notable in certain transition metal and rare earth metal oxide materials(ceramics) such as zinc oxide and cerium oxide or thorium dioxide. The existence of this phenomenon and the underlying mechanism have been the subject of extensive research and debate since the first reports of it in the 1800s. The topic was of a particular interest before the introduction of electric lighting, when most artificial light was produced by fuel combustion. The main alternative explanation for candoluminescence is that it is simply "selective" thermal emission in which the material has a very high emissivity in the visible spectrum, and a very weak emissivity in the part of the spectrum where the blackbody thermal emission would be highest; in such a system, the emitting material will tend to retain a higher temperature because of the lack of invisible radiative cooling.

arc lamp - noun. the general term for a class of lamps that produce light by an electric arc(also called a voltaic arc). The lamp consists of two electrodes, first made from carbon but typically made today of tungsten, which are separated by gas. The type of lamp is often named by the gas contained in the bulb; including neon, argon, xenon, krypton, sodium, metal halide, and mercury, or by the type of electrode as in carbon-arc-lamps. The common fluorescent lamp is a low-pressure mercury arc lamp.

An arc is the discharge that occurs when a gas is ionized. A high voltage is pulsed across the lamp to "ignite" or "strike" the arc, after which the discharge can be maintained at a lower voltage. The "strike" requires an electrical circuit with an igniter and a ballast. The ballast is wired in series with the lamp and performs two functions.

First, when the power is first switched on, the igniter/starter (which is wired in parallel across the lamp) sets up a small current through the ballast and starter. This creates a small magnetic field within the ballast windings. A moment later the starter interrupts the current flow from the ballast, which has a high inductance and therefore tries to maintain the current flow (the ballast opposes any change in current through it); it cannot, as there is no longer a 'circuit'. As a result, a high voltage appears across the ballast momentarily - to which the lamp is connected, therefore the lamp receives this high voltage across it which 'strikes' the arc within the tube/lamp. The circuit will repeat this action until the lamp is ionized enough to sustain the arc.

When the lamp sustains the arc, the ballast performs its second function, to limit the current to that needed to operate the lamp. The lamp, ballast and igniter are rate-matched to each other; these parts must be replaced with the same rating as the failed component or the lamp will not work.

The color of the light emitted by the lamp changes as its electrical characteristics change with temperature and time. Lightning is a similar principle where the atmosphere is ionized by the high potential difference (voltage) between the earth and storm clouds.

The temperature of the arc in an arc lamp can reach several thousand degrees Celsius. The outer glass envelope can reach 500 ºC, therefore before servicing one must ensure the bulb has cooled sufficiently to handle. Often, if these types of lamps are turned off or lose their power supply, one cannot restrike the lamp again for several minutes (called cold restrike lamps). However, some lamps (mainly fluorescent tubes/energy saving lamps) can be restruck as soon as they are turned off (called hot restrike lamps.)

Argand lamp - noun. a home lighting oil lamp producing a light output of 6 to 10 candela  which was invented and patented in 1780 by Aime Argand. Aside from the improvement in brightness, the more complete combustion of the wick and oil required much less frequent trimming of the wick.

In France, they are known as "Quinquets" after Antoine-Arnoult Quinquet, a pharmacist in Paris, who used the idea originated by Argand and popularized it in France. He is sometimes credited with the addition of the glass chimney to the lamp.

The Argand lamp had a sleeve-shaped candle wick mounted so that air can pass both through the center of the wick and also around the outside of the wick before being drawn into the cylindrical chimney which steadies the flame and improves the flow of air. Early models used ground glass which was sometimes tinted around the wick. Later models used a mantle of thorium dioxide suspended over the flame, creating a bright, steady light.

An Argand lamp used whale oil, colza, olive oil, or other vegetable oil as fuel which was supplied by a gravity feed from a reservoir mounted above the burner. A disadvantage of the original Argand arrangement was that the oil reservoir needed to be above the level of the burner because the heavy, sticky vegetable oil would not rise far up the wick. This made the lamps top heavy and cast a shadow in one direction away from the lamp's flame. The Carcel lamp of 1800 and Franchot's moderator lamp of 1835 avoided these problems. The same principle was also used for cooking and boiling water due to its 'affording much the strongest heat without smoke.'

The Carcel Lamp - noun. The Carcel lamp was an efficient lighting device used in the nineteenth century for domestic purposes and in France as the standard measure for illumination. The lamp was invented by the French watchmaker Bernard Guillaume Carcel (b.1750-1818) to overcome the disadvantages of the Argand-type lamps then in use. The vegetable oil - mostly colza - oils then available were thick and would not travel far up a wick. The Argand lamps used a gravity feed which meant that the oil reservoir was located above the burner, casting a shadow, and making the lamp top heavy. Carcel designed a lamp with the oil reservoir under the burner, in the body of the lamp. To keep the oil moving up to the burner, Carcel housed a clockwork mechanism in the lamp base that drove a small pump submerged in the oil tank. The winding key was located at the bottom of the lamp base.

The advantages Carcel claimed for his lamp in his 1800 patent in Paris were that the movement operated unattended, the oil could be used to the last drop, the lamp would stay lit for sixteen hours continuously without refilling, and it provided illumination for several persons at the same time with a single burner. They were more complex devices however, and were not popular outside major European cities. This was partially due to the necessity of having to return them to the (mostly European) manufacturers for repair. The French physical standard Carcel lamp consisted of a cylindrical Argand burner, and gave the standard brightness when 42 grammes of colza oil were consumed per hour. The supply and draught were regulated by clockwork.

inductance - noun. Physics. the property of an electric conductor or circuit that causes an electromotive force to be generated by a change in the current flowing

ionized - verb. (usu. be ionized) convert (an atom, molecule, or substance) into an ion or ions, typically by removing one or more electrons. ionizable adjective, ionization noun.

halide - noun. Chemistry. a binary compound of a halogen with another element or group

metal halides - noun. compounds between metals and halogens. Some such as sodium chloride are ionic, while others are covalently bonded. Covalently bonded metal halides may be discrete molecules, such as uranium hexafluoride, or they may form polymeric structures, such as palladium chloride.

Halide Nusret Zorlutuna - (b. 1901 - June 10, 1984) was a Turkish poet and novelist. Zorlutuna was born in Istanbul, Ottoman Empire as the daughter of Mehmet Selim Bey, a journalist and political prisoner. Brought up in exile with her father, she later married and travelled with an army officer. A teacher of Turkish literature in schools, she took part in movements for the rights of women and children.

Poetry

- Geceden Tasan Dertler (Sorrow Flooding Off Night, 1930)
- Yayla Turkusu (Song of the Plateau, 1943)
- Yurdumun Dort Bucagi (Every Place of My Country, 1950)
- Ellerin Bombos (My Hands Are Empty, 1967)

Novels

- Kuller (Ashes, 1921)
- Sisli Geceler (Misty Nights, 1922)
- Gulun Babasi Kim (Who is Father of Rose, 1933)
- Buyukanne (Grandmother, 1971)
- Aydinlik Kapr (The Bright Gate, 1974)
- Ask ve Zafer (The Love and the Victory, 1978)
- Bir Devrin Romanr (Novel of an Age, 2004).

Short Stories

- Beyaz Selvi (The White Cypress, 1945).

Letters

- Hanim Mektuplari (Lady Letters, 1923)

Autobiography

- Benim Kucuk Dostlarum (My Little Friends, 1977)

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uranium hexafluoride - noun. Chemistry. referred to as "hex" in the nuclear industry, is a compound used in the uranium enrichment process that produced fuel for nuclear reactors and nuclear weapons. It forms solid grey crystals at standard temperature and pressure (STP), is highly toxic, reacts violently with water, and is corrosive to most metals. It reacts mildly with aluminium, forming a thin surface layer of AIF3 that resists further reaction.

Milled uranium ore--U3O8 or "yellowcake"--is dissolved in nitric acid, yielding a solution of uranyl nitrate UO2(NO3)2. Pure uraynl nitrate is obtained by solvent extraction, then treated with ammonia to produce ammonium diuranate ("ADU", (NH4)2U2O7). Reduction with hydrogen gives UO2, which is converted with hydrofluoric acid(HF) to uranium tetrafluoride, UF4. Oxidation with fluorine yields UF6.

During nuclear reprocessing, uranium is reacted with chlorine trifluoride to give UF6 : U + 2 ClF3 →UF6 + Cl2

uranyl - noun. Chemistry. the cation UO 2 2+ , the uraynl ion is an oxycation of uranium in the oxidation state +6, with the chemical formula [UO2]2+. It has a linear structure with short U-O bonds, indicative of the presence of multiple bonds between uranium and oxygen. Four or more ligands are bound to the uranyl ion in an equatorial plane. The uraynl ion forms many complexes, particularly with ligands that have oxygen donor atoms. Complexes of the uraynl ion are important in the extraction of uranium from its ores and in nuclear fuel processing.

ligands - noun. Chemistry. an ion or molecule attached to a metal atom by coordinate bonding 2. Biochemistry. a molecule that binds to another (usually larger) molecule ORIGIN: 1950s: from Latin ligandus 'that can be tied,' gerundive of ligare 'to bind.'

oxycation - noun. Chemistry. a polyatomic ion with a positive charge that contains oxygen

polyatomic ion - noun. Chemistry. also known as a molecular ion, is a charged chemical species (ion) composed of two or more atoms covalently bonded or of a metal complex that can be considered to be acting as a single unit. The prefix "poly-" means "many," in Greek, but even ions of two atoms are commonly referred to as polyatomic. In older literature, a polyatomic ion is also referred to as a radical, and less commonly, as a radical group. In contemporary usage, the term radical refers to free radicals that are (not necessarily charged) species with an unpaired electron.

An example of a polyatomic ion is the hydroxide ion - consisting of one oxygen atom and one hydrogen atom, hydroxide has a charge of -1. Its chemical formula OH−. An ammonium ion is made up of one nitrogen atom and four hydrogen atoms: it has a charge of +1, and its chemical formula is NU4+.

Polyatomic ions are often useful in the context of acid-base chemistry or in the formation of salts. A polyatomic ion can often be considered as the conjugate acid/base of a neutral molecule. For example, the conjugate base of sulfuric acid (H2SO4) is the polyatomic hydrogen sulfate anion (HSO4-). The removal of another hydrogen ion yields the sulfate anion (SO42-). Examples: Acetate(C2H3O2), Benzoate(C6H5COO−), and Cyanide (CN−).

cathode - noun. the negatively charged electrode by which electrons enter an electrical device; the positively charged electrode of an electrical device, such as a primary cell that supplies current ORIGIN: mid 19th cent.: from Greek kathodos 'way down,' from kata 'down' + hados 'way.'

cation - noun. Chemistry. a positively charged ion, i.e. one that would be attracted to the cathode in electrolysis.

anion - noun. Chemistry. a negatively charged ion, i.e. one that would be attracted to the anode in electrolysis

ammonium diuranate -

uranium tetrafluoride -

chlorine trifluoride -

uranyl nitrate -

nitric acid -

polymer - noun. Chemistry. a substance that has a molecular structure consisting chiefly or entirely of a large number of similar units bonded together, e.g., many synthetic organic materials used as plastics and resins ORIGIN: mid 19th cent.: from German, from Greek polumeros 'having many parts,' from polu- 'many' + meros 'a share.'

palladium chloride - noun. Chemistry. also known as palladium dichloride and palladous chloride. are the chemical compounds with the formula PdCl2. PdCl2 is a common starting material in palladium chemistry - palladium-based catalysts are of particular value in organic synthesis. It is prepared by chlorination of palladium.

palladium - noun. Archaic. a safeguard or source of protection. 2. noun. Chemistry. the chemical element of atomic number 46, a rare silvery-white metal resembling platinum ORIGIN: late Middle English (in the Greek sense): via Latin from Greek palladion, denoting an image of the goddess Pallas (Athena), on which the safety of Troy was believed to depend.

organic synthesis - noun. Organic Chemistry. a special branch of chemical synthesis concerned with the construction of organic compounds via organic reactions. Organic molecules can often contain a higher level of complexity compared to purely inorganic compounds, so the synthesis of organic compounds has developed into one of the most important branches of organic chemistry. There are two main areas of research within the general area of organic synthesis: total synthesis and methodology.

methodology - noun. a system of methods used in a particular area of study or activity

lacrimation - also lachrymation is another word for tears.

rhinorrhea - a condition where the nasal cavity is filled with a significant amount of mucous fluid. The condition commonly known as "runny nose", occurs relatively frequently.

tungsten -

krypton -

xenon -

argon -

neon -

ballast -

colza oil - noun. a nondrying oil obtained from the seeds of Brassica rapa, var. oleifera, a variety of the plant that produces turnips. Colza is extensively cultivated in France, Belgium, the United States, the Netherlands, Germany, and Poland. In France, especially, the extraction of the oil is an important industry. In commerce, colza is classed with rapeseed oil, to which it is very closely allied in both source and properties. It is a comparatively nonodoriferous oil of a yellow color, having a specific gravity varying between 0.912 and 0.920. The cake left after extraction of the oil is a valuable feed ingredient for pigs.

thorium dioxide - also called thorium(IV) oxide is a crystalline solid, often white or yellow in color. It was formerly known as thoria or thorina. It is produced mainly as a by-product of lanthanide and uranium production. Thorianite is the name of the mineralogical form of thorium dioxide. It is moderately rare and crystallizes in isometric systems. The melting point of thorium oxide is 3300 ºC -- the highest of all known oxides. Only a few elements (including tungsten and carbon) and a few compounds (including tantalum carbide) have higher melting points.

The compound is radioactive due to the radioactivity of thorium. Thorium dioxide can be used as a nuclear fuel. The high thermal stability of thorium dioxide allows application in flame spraying and high temperature ceramics. Thorium dioxide was the primary ingredient in the X-ray contrast medium Thorotrast

Thorotrast

Thorianite -

lanthanide -

tungsten -

tantalum carbide -

carbon -

vilify - verb. (-fies,-fied) speak or write about in an abusively disparaging manner

opprobrium - noun. harsh criticism or censure; the public disgrace arising from someone's shameful conduct 2. archaic. an occasion or cause of reproach or disgrace ORIGIN: mid 17th cent.: from Latin, literally 'infamy,' from opprobrum, from ob- 'against' + probrum 'disgraceful act.'

denigrate - verb. criticize unfairly; disparage ORIGIN: late Middle English (in the sense [blacken, make dark] ): from Latin denigrat- 'blackened,' from the verb denigrare, from de- 'away, completely' + nigrare (from niger 'black').

calumny - noun. the making of false and defamatory statements in order to damage someone's reputation; slander; a false and slanderous statement

flak - noun. strong criticism 2. anti-aircraft fire

castigate - verb. formal. reprimand (someone) severely ORIGIN: early 17th cent.: from Latin castigare 'reprove,' from castus 'pure, chaste.'

contumely - noun. (pl. -lies) insolent or insulting language or treatment ORIGIN: late Middle English : from Old French contumelie, from Latin contumelia, perhaps from con- 'with' + tumere 'to swell.'

odium - noun. general or widespread hatred or disgust directed toward someone as a result of their actions : her affair had made her the target of opprobrium and odium. 2. disgrace over something hated or shameful

Eadweard Muybridge -

invective -

obloquy - noun. strong public criticism or verbal abuse; disgrace, esp. that brought about by public abuse

brickbat - noun. a remark or comment which is highly critical and typically insulting; a piece of brick, typically when used as a weapon

excoriate - verb. formal. censure or criticize severely 2. chiefly Medical. damage or remove part of the surface(of the skin).

nummamorous -

xerophilous -

anthophilous -

belgard -

hydrophilous -

nemophilous -

philharmonic - adjective. devoted to music (chiefly used in the names of orchestras); noun. a philharmonic orchestra or the society that sponsors it

philippic - noun. poetic/literary. a bitter attack or denunciation, esp. a verbal one

harangue - noun. a lengthy and aggressive speech 2. verb. lecture (someone) at length in an aggressive and critical manner

onslaught - noun. a fierce or destructive attack; a large quantity of people or things that is difficult to cope with ORIGIN: early 17th cent.: (also in the form anslaight): from Middle Dutch aenslag, from aen 'on' + slag 'blow.' The change in the ending was due to association with (now obsolete) slaught [slaughter.]

silage - noun. grass or other green fodder compacted and stored in airtight conditions, typically in a silo, without first being dried, and used as animal feed in the winter

polemic - noun. a strong verbal or written attack on someone or something; (usually polemics) the art or practice of engaging in controversial debate or dispute ORIGIN: mid 17th cent.: via medieval Latin from Greek polemikos from polemos 'war.'

fulmination - noun. (usually fulminations) an expression of vehement protest; a violent explosion or a flash like lightning

psammophile - noun. a sand-loving organism

polytonal - noun. the simultaneous use of two or more keys in a musical composition

photophor - noun. Chemistry. Calcium phosphide (CP, Ca3P2) is a chemical used in incendiary bombs. It has the appearance of red-brown crystalline powder or grey lumps with a melting point of 1600 ºC. Its trade name is Photophor for the incendiary use or Polytanol for the use as rodenticide

arenophile - noun. one who collects sand samples, the interest of the hobby lying in the variety of texture, color, mineralogy, and location. This hobby may include sand deposited on coastlines throughout the world. Some collectors may trade sands with fellow arenophiles.

The rarest sands are found at the sites Pitcairn's Island and Easter Island. Some collectors have included sand from rivers and mineral deposits if they meet the criteria according to diameter and physical properties, ensuring that the samples have met proper sand definition. Only three places on earth have green sand; recently a supply has been found in Brazil. Papakolea Beach (also known as Green Sand Beach, Mahana Beach, and erroneously, Pu'u Mahana) is a green sand beach located at South Point, in the Ka'u district of the island of Hawaii. One of only two green sand beaches in the world, the other being in Guam, the beach gets distinctive coloring from olivine crystals found in a nearby cinder cone.

cinder cone - noun. a cinder cone or scoria cone is a steep conical hill of tephra that accumulates around and downwind from a volcanic vent

pyroclastic - adjective. relating to, consisting of, or denoting fragments of rock erupted by a volcano

tephra -

scoria cone -

olivine - noun. an olive-green, gray-green, or brown mineral occurring widely in basalt, peridotite, and other basic igneous rocks. It is a silicate containing varying proportions of magnesium, iron, and other elements.

basalt -

peridotite - noun. Geology. a dense, coarse-grained plutonic rock containing a large amount of olivine, believed to be the main constituent of the earth's mantle

plutonic - adjective. Geology. relating to or denoting igneous rock formed by solidification at considerable depth beneath the earth's surface 2. relating to the underworld or the god Pluto.

Pluto - noun. Greek Mythology. the god of the underworld. Also called Hades . 2. Astronomy. the most remote known planet of the solar system, usually ninth in order from the sun, discovered in 1930 by Clyde Tombaugh. Pluto usually orbits beyond Neptune at an average distance of 5,900 million km from the sun, although its orbit is so eccentric that at perihelion it is closer to the sun than Neptune (as in 1979-99). Pluto is smaller than earth's moon (diameter about 2,250 km), but it was discovered in 1978 to have its own satellite, Charon, which is so large that the pair should properly be regarded as a double planet.

aphelion - noun. Astronomy. the point in the orbit of a planet, asteroid, or comet at which it is furthest from the sun ORIGIN: mid 17th cent.: alteration of modern Latin aphelium (by substitution of the Greek inflection -on), from Greek aph' helion 'from the sun.'

perihelion - noun. Astronomy. the point in the orbit of a planet, asteroid, or comet at which it is closest to the sun. The opposite of aphelion.

Clyde Tombaugh -

igneous - adjective. Geology. (of rock) having solidified from lava or magma; relating to or involving volcanic processes; rare. of fire, fiery. ORIGIN: mid 17th cent.: from Latin igneus (from ignis 'fire') + -OUS.

silicate - noun. Chemistry. a salt in which the anion contains both silicon and oxygen, esp. one of the anion SiO 4 2− .

Mahanagar - noun. film. a 1963 film directed by Satyajit Ray. Based on a short story, Abataranika Narendranath Mitra, it narrates the story of a housewife who disconcerts her traditionalist family by getting a job as a saleswoman. It marks the first screen appearance of Jaya Bhaduri(now Jaya Bachchan), who later went on to become one of Bollywood's leading actresses.

Papakolea -

Pitcairn's Island -

pygophilous - noun. a strong fondness for buttocks or rumps                                                                              

ternessus -

theophile -

turtledove -

zoophily -

viscerotonic -

bacchant -

coenaculous -

cysteine -

limerence -

passerine -

raffish -

spermophile - noun. any of various burrowing rodents of the squirrel family, especially of the genus Spermophilus or Citellus, sometimes sufficiently numerous to do much damage to crops, as the ground squirrels and susliks.

susliks - noun. a common ground squirrel or spermophile of Europe or Asia 2. noun. the fur of this animal

thermophilic -

uxorial - adjective. of or relating to a wife ORIGIN: early 19th cent.: from Latin uxor 'wife' + IAL

djabelek -

halophile -

omnibenevolence -

ossett -

taraka -

tarok -

austere - adjective. severe or strict in manner, attitude, or appearance 2. (of living conditions or a way of life) having no comforts or luxuries; harsh or ascetic 3. having an extremely plain and simple style or appearance; unadorned 4. (of an economic policy or measure) designed to reduce a budget deficit, esp. by cutting public expenditure.

bebhionn - noun. or Saturn XXXVII (provisional designation S/2004 S 11) is a natural satellite of Saturn. Its discovery was announced by Scott S. Sheppard, David C. Jewitt, Jan Kleyna, and Brian G. Marsden on May 4, 2005, from observations taken between December 12, 2004, and March 9, 2005. Named in April 2007 after Bebinn, an early Irish mythology goddess of birth, who was renowned for her beauty.

blackpool pleasure beach - noun. is a borough, seaside town, and unitary authority area of Lancashire, in North West England. It is situated along England's northwest coast by the Irish Sea, between the Ribble and Wyre estuaries 17.5 miles northwest of Preston, 27 miles north of Liverpool, 30 miles northwest of Bolton and 40 miles northwest of Manchester. It has an estimated population of 142,100, and a population density that makes it the fourth most densely populated borough of England and Wales outside Greater London.

Throughout the Middle Ages and Early Modern period, Blackpool was a coastal hamlet in Lancashire's Hundred of Amounderness, and remained such until the mid-18th century when it became fashionable in England to travel to the coast during the summer to bathe in sea water to improve well-being. In 1781, visitors attracted to Blackpool's 7-mile sandy beach were able to use a newly built private road, built by Thomas Clifton and Sir Henry Hoghton. Stagecoaches began running to Blackpool from Manchester in the same year, and from Halifax in 1782. In the early 19th century, Henry Banks and his son-in-law John Cocker erected new buildings in Blackpool such that its population grew from less than 500 in 1801 to over 2,500 in 1851. St John's Church in Blackpool was consecrated in 1821.

Blackpool rose to prominence as a major center of tourism in England when a railway was built in the 1850s connecting it to the industrialized regions of Northern England. The railway made it much easier and cheaper for visitors to reach Blackpool, triggering an influx of settlers, such that in 1876 Blackpool was incorporated as a borough, governed by its own town council and aldermen. In 1881 Blackpool was a booming resort with a population of 14,000 and a promenade complete with piers, fortune-tellers, public houses, trams, donkey rides, fish-and-chip shops, and theaters. By 1901 the population of Blackpool was 47,000, by which time its place was cemented as "the archetypal British seaside resort." By 1951 it had grown to 147,000 inhabitants.

Shifts in tastes, combined with opportunities for Britons to travel overseas, supplanted Blackpool's status as a leading resort during the late 20th century. Nevertheless, Blackpool's urban fabric and economy remains relatively undiversified, and firmly rooted in the tourism sector, and the borough's seafront continues to attract millions of visitors every year. In addition to its sandy beaches, Blackpool's major attractions and landmarks include Blackpool Tower, Blackpool Illuminations, the Pleasure Beach, Blackpool Zoo, Sandcastle Water Park, the Winter Gardens, and the UK's only surviving first-generation tramway. Blackpool is also noted for its political autonomy, independent of Lancashire County Council.

consecrated - verb. make or declare something sacred

Hundred of Amounderness -

Preston -

Lancashire, North West England -

unitary authority area -

bordar -

bridoon -

calash -

caucasian psychosis -

chariotee -

dative -

delusory -

durante -

dysthymia -

equipage -

euterpe -

felicitate -

freebooter -

genital personality -

gentleman-farmer -

gladstone -

gourmand -

gree -

h'm -

heigh -

keif - noun. a variant spelling of kif, smoking material, such as Indian hemp, used especially in the Maghreb; The euphoria caused by smoking this material

klismaphilia -

lanate - adjective. having or consisting of woolly hairs 2. adjective. Biology. having or consisting of a wooly covering of hairs

planate - adjective. having been flattened; two-dimensional, planar

licentiousness - adjective. promiscuous and unprincipled in sexual matters; archaic. disregarding accepted rules or conversations, esp. in grammar or literary style

lorette - noun. chiefly French. Pommes de terre, a fried potato dish from French cuisine.

manna - noun. (in the bible) the substance miraculously supplied as food to the Israelites in the wilderness (Exodus 16).

• an unexpected gratuitous benefit
• (in Christian contexts) spiritual nourishment, esp. the Eucharist.
• a sweet secretion from the manna ash or a similar plant, used as a mild laxative and as a principal source of mannitol

mathematical beauty -

onanism - noun. formal. 1. masturbation 2. coitus interruptus

pall - noun. a cloth spread over a coffin, hearse, or tomb
• figurative a dark cloud or covering of smoke, dust, or similar matter
• figurative something regarded as enveloping a situation with an air of gloom, heaviness, or fear
2. an ecclesiastical pallium; Heraldry a Y-shaped charge representing the front of an ecclesiastical pallium

pall2 - verb. [intrans.] become less appealing or interesting through familiarity

pallium

parrel -

profligacy -

riant -

risa -

seraglio -

tearpit -

tramper -

trent-sevem waterway -

volante -

wagonette -

worldling -

wry -

ataraxia - noun. a state of serene calmness

Eloi - noun. The Eloi are one of the two post-human races in H.G. Well's 1895 novel The Time Machine.

sonoluminescence - noun. Physics. luminescence excited in a substance by the passage of sound waves through it.

botheration - noun. effort, worry, or difficulty; bother; 2. Exclamation. dated. used to express mild irritation or annoyance.

arthralgia - noun. Medicine. pain in a joint

lenitive - adjective. (of a medicine) laxative; noun. a medicine of this type

dolt - noun. a stupid person

colic - noun. severe, often fluctuating pain in the abdomen caused by intestinal gas or obstruction in the intestines and suffered esp. by babies

indolent - adjective. wanting to avoid activity or exertion; lazy 2. Medicine. (of a disease condition) causing little or no pain

myalgia - noun. pain in a muscle or group of muscles

paregoric - noun. a medicine consisting of opium flavored with camphor, aniseed, and benzoic acid, formerly used to treat diarrhea and coughing in children.

neuralgia - noun. intense, typically intermittent pain along the course of a nerve, esp. in the head or face

throes - plural noun. intense or violent pain and struggle, esp. accompanying birth, death, or great change.

metralgia -

pleurodynia - Bornholm disease or epidemic pleurodynia or epidemic myalgia is a disease caused by the Coxsackie B virus or other viruses.

It is named after the Danish island Bornholm where early cases occurred.

antalgic -

causalgia -

codeine -

empirin -

coxalgia -

hemialgia -

lumbago -

rectalgia -

dolorimetry -

gonalgia -

hypalgesia -

mastalgia -

melalgia -

meralgia -

myodynia -

nociceptive -

palliative -

phenacetin -

pleuralgia -

proctalgia -

protopathic -

psychalgia -

stang -

acetophenetidin -

aeroembolism -

algogenic -

aminopyrine -

chiralgia -

coelialgia -

costalgia -

datril -

interittent claudication -

nephralgia -

odynophibia -

panadol -

pedialgia -

podalgia -

pethidine -

pygalgia -

rend -

rhizotomy -

scelagia -

tabes dorsalis -

talalgia -

acetanilid -

acetphenetidin -

adenalgy -

agliophobia -

algetic -

amidopyrine -

anginal -

anginose -

caisson disease -

cardiacle -

cardialgia -

cephalalgia -

colchine -

coronary thrombosis -

crick -

darvon -

delenifical -

dolor -

dolorifical -

dorsodynia -

dysmenorrhea -

enteralgia -

fulgurating -

gehenna -

glossalgia -

glossodynia -

gyp -

hyperaesthesia -

lancinate -

melagra -

notal -

notalgia -

otalgia -

otalgy -

penance -

phantom limb -

photalgia -

photophobia -



bes -

macarism -

nikhedonia -

oblectation -

slattern -

confelicity -

epicaricacy -

gladsome -

scopolagnia -

algedonica -

algophilia -

bawd -

caroche -

carpetmonger -

cocotte -

cyprian -

deduit -

demimondaine -

disport -

ese -

franion -

herber -

lechery -

renifleur -

pedalo -

quodlibetarian -

regale -

strikhedonia -

swingle -

tootle -

venery -

volupty -

wet blanket -

winsome -

epicurean -

gad -

preterist -

abnegate -

algedonic -

epicurus -

irredeemable -

luxuriate -

utilitarianism -

surrey -

sybarite -


• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •


Uncommon Awesome Easy-to-Use Words & Linguistics


acumen - noun. the ability to make good judgements and quick decisions, typically in a particular domain ORIGIN: late 16th cent. : from Latin, ' sharpness, point.'

deicide - verb. destruction or killing of a god

prater - verb. [intrans.] talk foolishly or tediously about

hassock - noun. an ottoman; a rank tuft of coarse grass or sedge, as in a bog.

taw - verb. to prepare skins by soaking, salting, stretching and paring without tannin, esp. with alum and salt; noun. a large marble

ursicide - the killing or killer of a bear

verbicide - destroying the meaning of a word

vulpicide - the killing of a fox

yen - noun. a longing or yearning

kir - noun. drink of black currant syrup and white wine

kef - noun. state of dreamy or drug-induced repose

fie - noun. expression of disgust or disapproval

fub - verb. to put off

gad - verb. to wander about idly or in pursuit of pleasure

eft - noun. again; afterwards; also. newt

eke - noun. in addition; also; likewise

ere - article. before

dit - noun. poem; words of a song

mel - noun. honey

jow - verb. to ring a bell; a stroke of a bell

mow - verb. to make a grimace

ret - verb. to expose to moisture; to soak; to soften by soaking


Types of Speech and Types of Killing


altiloquence - pompous or high speech

anteloquy - speaking against some idea; contradicting or gainsaying

breviloquence - short-windedness; tendency towards brevity in speech

blandiloquence - complimentary speech or flattery

doctiloquent - speaking learnedly

dulciloquent - speaking sweetly

falsiloquence - deceitful speech

ineloquence - unappealing speech

longiloquence - long-winded speech

parciloquy - laconic speech

pauciloquent - of a few words; speaking a little

pectoriloquy - sound of a patient's voice through stethoscope

tardiloquent - speaking slowly

tristiloquy - mournful speech

amicidel - verb. the desire to murder a friend

avicidel - verb. the desire to kill birds

bovicide - noun. the slaughter of cattle

femicide - killing of a woman

fillicide - killing of one's own child

floricide - killing of flowers

fratricide - killing of one's brother

giganticide - killing of a giant

gynaecide - killing of women

liberticide - destruction of liberty

lupicide - the killing of a wolf

menticide - the reduction of mind by psychological pressure

neomaticide - the killing or killer of a newborn/neonatal infant

senicide - the killing of old men

regicide - the killing of a monarch

serpenticide - the killing of a snake

sororicide - the killing of one's own sister

urbicide - destruction of a city

utricide - one who stabs an inflated skin vessel instead of killing someone

uxoricide - the killing of one's own wife

vaticide - the killing or killer of a prophet

viricide - killing of viruses

-

scop - noun. poet. An Old English poet, the Anglo-Saxon counterpart of the Old Norse skald. Wrote mostly epic poetry.

poetaster - noun. a person who writes inferior poetry

alcaeus - noun. A Greek poet. He invented the lyric meter alcaic.

thanatopsis - an essay expressing a view on the subject of death

monody - noun. an ode sung by a single actor in a greek tragedy; a poem lamenting a person's death

telestich - noun. a poem in which the last letters of successive lines form a word, phrase, or consecutive letters of the alphabet.

eclogue - noun. a short poem, esp. a pastoral dialogue

desiderata - noun. something that is needed or wanted.

threnody - noun. a lament; dirge, elegy.

lapidate - verb. stone; to kill by throwing stones at




Uncommon 3-Letter Words


tot - noun. bone or other object retrieved from garbage pile

tow - noun. bundle of untwisted natural fibers

tye - noun. inclined trough for washing ore

ure - use; custom

vis - adjective. force; power

yeo - noun. stream or drain used in mining

zek - noun. a Russian slang term for a prison inmate

zho - noun. Zoology. a cross between a yak and a cow

zug - noun. a waterproof leather used for boots

vug - noun. a small cavity within rock

wen - noun. an enormously congested city

wis - verb. to know, to believe

wyn - an old English rune having value 'w'

yad - noun. rod used by readers of the Torah as a pointer for following text

yag - noun. a synthetic diamond made of yttrium aluminum garnet

yam - noun. a posting house alongside a road

yaw - verb. to move unsteadily side-to-side

yex - verb. to hiccup, belch, or spit

yew - verb. to rise as a layer of froth in a boiling liquid

yok - a pejorative Jewish term for a non-Jew

pug - noun. ground clay mixed with water

ria - noun. normal drowned valley; long wide creek

roc - noun. enormous legendary Arabian bird

rya - noun. colorful Scandinavian knotted-pile rug

sal - noun. salt

saw - noun. a saying or proverb

say - noun. delicate woolen fabric

sic - adverb. thus

suq - noun. a Middle Eastern marketplace

pyx - noun. box or vessel in which coins or consecrated Eucharist are kept

qat - noun. leaves chewed or brewed in tea as a stimulant

qua - adjective. in the capacity of

ras - noun. headland

rep - noun. plain-woven fabric with crosswise ribs

puy - noun. Geology. a small volcanic cone

nim - verb. to steal; to pilfer

ord - noun. point of a weapon; a beginning

ort - noun. a scrap of food; morsel

kit - noun. a small pocket violin

kop - noun. bank of terracing at a football field

lac - noun. dark red transparent resin used to make shellac

lar - noun. local god of house

lev - noun. monetary unit of Bulgaria

ley - noun. mystical straight line between features of a landscape

neb - noun. Scottish & Northern English. a projecting part of something, in particular a nose or snout, a bird's beak or bill, the brim of a cap

aby - verb. to make amends; atone; pay a penalty

alt - noun. a small island in a lake or river

ama - noun. a Japanese pearl diver

ana - noun. in equal qualities

ard - verb. plough used to scratch top surface of soil

cwm - noun. valley or glen

cirque - noun. Geology. a half-open steep-sided hollow at the head of a valley or on a mountainside, formed by glacial erosion; poetic & literary. a ring, circlet, or circle ORIGIN: late 17th cent. from Latin circus

corrie - noun. a cirque, esp. one in the mountains of Scotland ORIGIN: mid 16th cent. : from Scottish Gaelic and Irish coire 'cauldron, hollow'

dol - noun. Medicine. unit for measuring pain

dop - noun. copper cup used to hold a diamond while cutting it

eth -  noun. Grammar. old English letter for voiced 'th' sound

fid - noun. conical wood pin used to splice strands of rope

gar - noun. a mild oath

fug - adjective. hot; close; smoky state of atmosphere

gat - noun. opening or strait between two sandbanks

hoc - noun. card game now obsolete

hod - noun. v-shaped trough for carrying bricks or mortars on the shoulders

hoy - noun. large one-decked boat

ife - noun. Botany. tropical African fibrous plant

iff - noun. if and only if

ivi - noun. Botany. Tahitian chestnut tree

jib - noun. small triangular sail extending from the head of the foremast

jud - noun. mass of coal ready for final removal

jug - noun. sound of the nightingale

jus - noun. law; legal right

ked - noun. Zoology. wingless fly that feeds on livestock

kep - verb. to catch an approaching object or falling liquid

kex - noun. dry, hollow plant stalk

kif - noun. drug like Marijuana smoked in North Africa
-
lea - arable land left fallow or used for pasture

arable - adjective. (of land) used or suitable for growing crops; noun. land or crops of this type. ORIGIN: late Middle English : from Old French, or from Latin arabilis, from arare 'to plow.'

fallow - adjective. (of farmland) plowed or harrowed but left unsown for a period in order to restore its fertility as part of a crop rotation or to avoid surplus production; also. a pale brown or reddish yellow color

blastogenesis - verb. reproduction by budding

cariogenic - verb. causing dental cavities

diplogenesis - verb. doubling of ordinarily single organ or part

anogenic - noun. formed from below or beneath

gelogenic - adjective. tending to produce laughter

electrogenesis - verb. production of electricity

nubigenous - cloud born

nepheligenous - causing smoke in clouds

noegenesis - production of knowledge

thymogenic - due to emotion


Wave Words, Snow, and Colors 8/9-8/31


niveous - adjective. poetic/literary. snowy or resembling snow. ORIGIN: Latin knives (from nix, niv- 'snow')

neige - noun. French. snow

tenesmus - noun. Pathology. an ineffective painful straining to empty the bowels in response to the sensation of a desire to defecate, without producing a significant quantity of feces.

verglas - noun. a thin coating of ice or frozen rain on an exposed surface

runnel - noun. a narrow channel in the ground for liquid to flow through, a brook or rill

rivulet - noun. a very small stream

freshet - noun. the flood of a river from heavy rain or melted snow, a rush of fresh water flowing into the sea

bourn - noun. dialect. a small stream, esp. one that flows intermittently or seasonally

attrit - verb. wear down (an opponent or enemy) by sustained action. his defense was meant to attrit us.

regelate - verb. technical. (chiefly of pieces of ice thawed apart) freeze together again.

besnow - verb. to scatter like snow; to cover thick, as with snow flakes.

unsullied - adjective. not stained or tarnished. spotlessly clean and fresh. the unsullied snow of mountains.

nival - adjective. of, relating to, or characteristic of a region of perpetual snow.

hoarfrost - adjective. a grayish-white crystalline deposit of frozen water vapor formed in clear still weather on vegetation, fences, etc.

rime - noun. frost formed on cold objects by the rapid freezing of water vapor in cloud or fog.

verb. cover (an object) with hoarfrost : he does not brush away the hoarfrost that rimes his beard.

polynya - noun. a stretch of open water surrounded by ice

hydrophyte - noun. a plant that grows only in water.

hard rime: white ice that forms when water droplets in fog freeze on the outer surfaces of objects, such as trees.

soft rime: feathery and milky in appearance.

hypolimnion - noun. the lower layer of water in a stratified lake, typically cooler than the water above and relatively stagnant

thermocline - noun. a steep temperature gradient in a body of water such as a lake, marked by a layer above and below which the water is at different temperatures

epilimnion - noun. the upper layer of water in a stratified lake

seiche - noun. a temporary disturbance or oscillation in the water level of a lake or partially enclosed body of water, esp. one caused by changes in atmospheric pressure

coniston - in Cumbria, England is the third largest lake in the English Lake district. It is five miles long, half a mile wide, with a maximum depth of 184 feet and covers an area of if 1.89 square miles. The lake has an elevation of 143 feet above see level, and drains to the sea via the River Crake.

crake - noun. a bird of the rail family, esp. one with a short bill like the corn crake; the rasping cry of the corn crake

demersal - adjective. (typically of fish) living close to the floor of the sea or lake. often contrasted with pelagic.

hamlet - noun. a small settlement, generally smaller than a village.

ouananiche - noun. Canadian. a salmon of the landlocked populations living in lakes in Labrador and Newfoundland

tantalus - noun. chiefly British. a stand in which decanters of liquor can be locked up though still visible 2. Greek Mythology. a Lydian king, son of Zeus and father of Pelops. As punishment for his crimes (which included killing Pelops), he was forced to remain in chin-deep water with fruit-laden branches over his head, both of which receded when he reached for them. His name is the origin of the word tantalize.

limonite - noun. an amorphous brownish, secondary mineral consisting of a mixture of hydrous ferric oxides, important as iron ore.

limnetic  zone - noun. the well-lit, open surface waters in a lake, away from the shore. The vegetation of the littoral zone surrounds this expanse of open water and it is above the profundal zone. This is the main photosynthetic body of the lake. This zone produces the oxygen and food that support the lake's consumers.

profundal zone - noun. the profundal zone is a deep zone of an inland body of freestanding water, such as a lake or pond, located below the range of effective light penetration. This is typically below the thermocline, the vertical zone in the water through which temperature drops rapidly.The lack of light in the profundal zone determines the type of biological community that can live in this region which is distinctly different from the community in the overlying waters. The profundal zone is part of the aphotic zone.

aphotic zone - noun. From Greek, lit. "without light," is the portion of lake or ocean where there is little or no sunlight. It is formally defined as the depths beyond which less than 1% of sunlight penetrates. Consequently, bioluminescence is essentially the only light found in this zone. Most food comes from dead organisms sinking to the bottom of the lake or ocean from overlying waters. The depth of the aphotic zone can be greatly affected by such things as turbidity and the season of the year. The aphotic zone underlies the photic zone, which is that portion of the lake or ocean directly affected by sunlight.

photic zone - Greek for "well lit," or sunlight zone is the depth of the water in a lake or ocean that is exposed to sufficient sunlight for photosynthesis to occur. It extends from the surface down to a depth where light intensity falls to one percent of that at the surface, called the euphotic depth. Accordingly, its thickness depends on the extent of light attenuation in the water column. Typical euphotic depths vary from only a few centimeters in highly turbid eutrophic lakes, to around 200 meters in the open ocean. It also varies with seasonal changes in turbidity. Since the photic zone is where almost all of the primary productivity occurs, the depth of the photic zone is generally proportional to the level of primary productivity that occurs in that area of the ocean. About 90% of all marine life lives in the photic zone. A small amount of primary production is generated deep in the abyssal zone around the hydrothermal vents which exist along some mid-oceanic ridges.

benthic - noun. Ecology. the flora and fauna found on the bottom, or in the bottom sediments of a sea, lake, or other body of water.

turbidity - adjective. (of a liquid) cloudy, opaque, or thick with suspended matter.

eyre - noun. historical. a circuit court held in medieval England by a judge (a justice in eyre) who rode from county to county for that purpose.

nekton -

lasher -

noria -

lough -

seine -

ijsselmeer -

fen -

onondaga -

lecanomancy -

wampee -

neritic zone -

spindrift -

groundswell -

wave son -

spoon drift -

over rake -

breakwater -

broach -

kymatology -

coseismal -

lido -

euphotic -

polder -

dropwort -

subaqueous -

ling -

mere -

misdirect -

ponding -

millpond -

horsepond -

croak -

lochan -

nursepond -

piscary -

plashnet -

soal -

spatterdock -

spike-rush -

sump -

piddle -

hidrosis -

brine -

clepsydra -

aspersorium -

vichy water -

carabao -

dowser -

narghile -

water caltrop -

affusion -

blanch -

jesuit's nut -

ling ko -

phreatic -

anhydrous -

calcimine -

lecanomancy -

lentic -

epilimnion -

bletonism -

vadose -

stagnicolous -

headrace -

formalin -

evapotranspiration -

ewer -

cryptocorene -

krasis -

natant -

nenuphar -

offing -

pistia -

plimsoil -

riparian -

sparge -

velamen -

yanquapin -

casein -

catechu -

Bilajer -

echard -

elydoric -

gallinule -

grilse -

catabolism - noun. Biology. the breakdown of complex molecules in living organisms to form simpler ones, together with the release of energy; destructive metabolism.

hyrdromel -

ice lolly -

intertidal - adjective. Ecology. of or denoting the area of seashore that is covered at high tide and uncovered at low tide

intumesce - verb. Rare. swell up

intussusception - noun. Medicine. the inversion of one portion of the intestine within another 2. Botany. the growth of a cell wall by the deposition of cellulose.

deamination - noun. Biochemistry. the removal of an amino group from an amino acid or other compound.

kaolin - noun. a fine, soft white clay, resulting from the natural decomposition of other clays or feldspar. It is used for making porcelain and china, as a filler in paper and textiles, and in medicinal absorbents. Also called China Clay.

hadal - adjective. of or relating to the zone of the sea greater than approximately 20,000 feet(6,000 m) in depth (chiefly oceanic trenches) ORIGIN: mid 20th cent.: from HADES + -AL

hadhramaut -

Kuroshio -

mola - noun. another term for sunfish ORIGIN: late 16th cent.: from Latin literally 'millstone,' with reference to the shape.

neptune -

The Archipelago of the Azores -

greenling - noun. a spiny-finned, edible fish of the North Pacific

padang - noun. a seaport in Indonesia, the largest city on the west coast of Sumatra; pop. 481,000

cofferdam - noun. a watertight enclosure pumped dry to permit construction work below the waterline, as when building bridges or repairing a ship

alga - noun. a simple nonflowering plant of a large group that includes the seaweeds and many single-celled forms. Algae contain chlorophyll but lack true stems, roots, leaves, and vascular tissue; DERIVATIVES: algal: adjective. ORIGIN: mid 16th cent.: from Latin, "seaweed."

accretion - noun. the process of growth or increase, typically by the gradual accumulation of additional layers or matter 2. Astronomy. the coming together and cohesion of matter under the influence of gravitation to form larger bodies.

Waveski - Waveski Surfing is a dynamic sport combining the paddle power of a sit on and strap in kayak with the maneuverability and performance of a surfboard. A Waveski resembles a larger surfboard, with a seat, fins, foot straps, and seat belt, enabling the rider to 'eskimo roll' if overturned. The waveski rider or waveski surfer then uses a double ended paddle for motion while seated on the waveski. The origins are obscure, but wave skis have been around for over forty years. Danny Broadhurst, a Long Island, New York, surfer created some early wave skis in the 1970s, although these were heavy, bulky and not particularly maneuverable. The sport experienced its major growth in the 80's with manufactures like Macski being a dominant force in the market exporting worldwide to countries like Australia, USA, and Europe. Original boards had wooden frames covered in glass fiber then became foam injected and soon custom hand made boards were being shaped and glassed out of Polystyrene foam and epoxy resins. Nowadays boards are shaped in precision CNC machines and weigh around 6 kg when completed.

photogrammetry -

eagre - noun. dialect term for BORE3

embillow -

bore - noun. a steep-fronted wave caused by the meeting of two tides or by the constriction of a tide rushing up a narrow estuary. ORIGIN: early 17th cent.: perhaps from Old Norse bara 'wave' ; the term was used in the general sense [billow, wave] in Middle English.

tyramine - noun. Biochemistry. a compound that occurs naturally in cheese and other foods and can cause dangerously high blood pressure in people taking a monoamine oxidase inhibitor; An amine related to tyrosine; chem. formula: C 6 H 4 (OH)CH 2 CH 2 NH 2.

levodopa - noun. Biochemistry. also L-dopa. the levorotatory form of dopa, used to treat Parkinson's disease.

levorotatory - adjective. Chemistry. (of a compound) having the property of rotating the plane of a polarized light ray to the left, i.e. counterclockwise facing the oncoming radiation. The opposite of dextrorotatory.

dextrorotatory - adjective. Chemistry. (of a compound) having the property of rotating the plane of a polarized light ray to the right, i.e., clockwise facing the oncoming radiation.

dopa - noun. Biochemistry. a compound that is present in nervous tissue as a precursor of dopamine, used in the treatment of Parkinson's disease.; An amino acid; alternative name: dihydroxyphenylalanine; chem. formula: C 9 H 11 NO 4.

catecholamines - noun. Biochemistry. any of a class of aromatic amines that includes a number of neurotransmitters such as epinephrine and dopamine.

aromatic - adjective. having a pleasant and distinctive smell 2. Chemistry.

cytoplasmic -

vesicular monoamine transporter -

adrenergic nerve terminals -

decarboxylated -

tyrosine -

coston lights -

guidon - noun. a pennant that narrows to a point or fork at the free end, esp. one used as the standard of a light cavalry regiment

klatch - noun. a social gathering, esp. for coffee and conversation ORIGIN: mid 20th cent.L from German Klatsch 'gossip.'

thelodonti -

Cometicerus - noun. Zoology. is an extinct genus of thelodonti which lived in Canada during the Early Devonian period. It is only known from its caudal fin and parts of its dorsal surface, including its dorsal fin. Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Chordata Subphylum: Vertebrata Class: Thelodonti (Unranked) Furcacaudiformes

Chordate -

deuterostomes animals -

notochord -

pharyngeal -

endostyle -

Tunicata -

salps - noun. a free-swimming marine invertebrate related to the sea squirts with a transparent, barrel-shaped body

sea squirts - noun. a marine tunicate that has a baglike body with orifices through which water flows into and out of a central pharynx

Cephalochordata -

lancelets

acorn worms -

osteichthyes -

Xenoturbellida -

atriopore -

pharynx -

oral cirri -

metapleural fold -

hepatic caccum -

Craniata -

neural arches -

molecular phylogenetics -

entropneusts -

pterobranchs -

graptolites -

crinoids -

protostomes -

deuterostomes -

Kimbrella -

Chengjiang fauna -

Yunnanozoon -

Haikouella lanceolata -

Haikouichthys -

myllokunmingia -

clade -

cladogram -

Linnaean taxonomy -

agnatha paraphyletic -

Myxini -

Petromyzontida -

Hyperoartia -

Conodonta -

Pteraspidomorphi -

Anaspids -

Cephalaspid

kenning - noun. a compound expression in Old English and Old Norse poetry with metaphorical meaning, e.g., oar-steed = ship.

aegir - (Old Norse "sea") is a sea giant, god of the ocean and king of the sea creatures in Norse mythology. He is also known for hosting elaborate parties for the gods. AEgir's servants are Fimafeng(killed by Loki) and Eldir.

Euripus - noun. Zoology. Euripus is a genus of butterflies in the family Nymphalidae. The three species in the genus are native to South and Southeast Asia.

electroencephalography - noun. the measurement of electrical activity in different parts of the brain and the recording of such activity as a visual trace (on paper or on an oscilloscope screen.)

Paphos - noun. also known as Pafos, is a coastal city in the southwest of Cyprus  and the capital of the Paphos District. In antiquity, two locations were called Paphos: Old Paphos and New Paphos. The currently inhabited city is New Paphos. It lies on the Mediterranean coast, about 31.07 miles west of the Limassol(the biggest port in island), which has an A6 highway connection. Paphos International Airport is the country's second largest airport.

Near Palaepaphos(Old Paphos) at the seaside of Petra tou Romiou is the mythical birthplace of Aphrodite, the Greek goddess of love and beauty and the founding myth is interwoven with the goddess at every level, so that Old Paphos became the most famous and important place for worshipping Aphrodite in the ancient world. In Greco-Roman times Paphos was the island's capital, and it is famous for the remain of the Roman governor's palace, where extensive, fine mosaics are a major tourist attraction. The apostle Paul of Tarsus visited the town during the 1st century AD. The town of Paphos is included in the official UNESCO list of cultural and natural treasures of the world's heritage.

Paphos enjoys Subtropical-Mediterranean climate, with the mildest temperatures on the island. The typical summer's season lasts about 8 months, from April to November, although in March and December temperatures may also reach 68 ºF.

Paphos has been selected as the European Capital of Culture for 2017 along with Aarhus.

Aarhus - noun. is the second-largest city in Denmark. The principal port of Denmark, Aarhus is on the east side of the peninsula of Jutland in the geographical center of Denmark. Aarhus is the seat of the council of Aarhus municipality with 319,094 inhabitants and 256,018(Jan 2013) in the inner urban area. According to Aarhus municipality, the "Greater Aarhus" area has a population of about 1.25 million people. The city claims the unofficial title "Capital of Jutland."

Aarhus is the main and biggest city in the East Jutland metropolitan area, which is a co-operation in eastern Jutland with 17 municipalities. With more than 1.2 million people living in the East Jutland metropolitan area it represents approximately 23% of the population of Denmark. Aarus has the second largest urban area in Denmark after Copenhagen.

squall - noun. a sudden violent gust of wind or a localized storm, esp. one bringing rain, snow, or sleet; a loud cry 2. verb. (of a baby or small child) cry noisily and continuously

abaca - noun. a large herbaceous Philippine plant of the banana family that yields Manila hemp ORIGIN: mid 18th cent.: via Spanish from Tagalog abaka.

Etruscan - adjective. of or relating to ancient Etruria, its people, or their language. The Etruscan civilization was at its height c. 500 BC and was an important influence on the Romans, who subdued the Etruscans by the end of the 3rd century BC. 2. noun. a native of ancient Etruria. 2. noun. the language of ancient Etruria, of unknown affinity, written in an alphabet derived from Greek.

Safaitic dialect - noun. is the name given to an Old North Arabian dialect, preserved in the form of inscriptions which are written in a type of South Semitic script. These inscriptions were written by bedouin and semi-nomadic inhabitants of the Syro-Arabian desert. Dating of the inscriptions, although problematic, is conventionally placed between the 1st century BC and the 4th century AD.

Athenian Agora - The Ancient Agora of Classical Athens (aka Forum of Athens) is the best known example of an ancient  Greek agora, located to the northwest of the Acropolis and bounded on the south by the hill of the Areopagus and on the west by the hill known as the Kolonus Agoraios, also called Market Hill.

uncial - adjective. of or written in a majuscule script with rounded unjoined letters that is found in European manuscripts of the 4th-8th centuries and from which modern capital letters are derived 2. adjective. rare. of or relating to an inch or an ounce 3. noun. unofficial. an uncial letter or script ORIGIN: mid 17th cent.: from Latin uncialis, from uncia 'inch.' Sense 1 is in the late Latin sense of unciales litterae 'uncial letters,' the original application of which is unclear.

denarius - noun. an ancient Roman silver coin, originally worth ten asses; a unit of weight equal to that of a silver denarius; an ancient Roman gold coin worth 25 silver denarii.

Fayum alphabet - noun. the Fayum alphabet is an Ancient Greek abecedary inscribed on four copper plates, purportedly from Fayum, Egypt. It may preserve the earliest form of the Greek alphabet. It is the only known Greek abecedary which ends in the letter tau(T), as does the ancestral Phoenician alphabet; all other Greek abecedaries have at least the addition of non-Phoenician upsilon (Y).

abecedarium - noun. an abecedarium or abecedary is an inscription consisting of the letters of an alphabet, almost always listed in order. Typically abecedaria (or abecedaries) are practice exercises.

abecedarian - adjective. arranged alphabetically 2. adjective. rudimentary; elementary 3. noun. a person who is just learning; a novice


Sylvanite - noun. silver gold

hoar - adjective. poetic/literary. grayish white: gray or gray-haired with age

barite - noun. a mineral consisting of barium sulfate, typically ocurring as colorless prismatic crystals or thin white flakes

cruse - noun. archaic. an earthenware pot or jar

albicant - whitish; becoming white

albugineous - like the white of an eye or an egg; white colored

argent - the heraldic color silver or white

heraldry - noun. the system by which coats of arms and other armorial bearings are devised, described, and regulated. All the pomp and heraldry provided a splendid pageant.

gramercy - noun. interjection. archaic. used as an exclamation expressing surprise or sudden strong feeling; thanks

beholden - adjective. obligated; indebted

donativum - the name given to the gifts of money dispersed to the soldiers of the Roman legions or to the Praetorian Guard by the Roman Emperors

aurulent - gold colored

celadon - noun. a willow-green color, as adjective. paneling painted in celadon green. ORIGIN: mid 18th cent.: from French celadon, a color named after the hero in d'Urfe's pastoral romance L'Astree(1607-27)

cinerious - ashen; ash-grey

columbine - of or like a dove ORIGIN: from French Columbine, from Italian colombina, from feminine of colombino 'dovelike', from colombo 'dove'

cretaceous - of or resembling chalk; of a whitish color ORIGIN: 17th cent.: from Latin cretaceus, from creta, 'chalk'

eburnean - adjective. made of, or relating to ivory

frostbow - noun. a white arc or circle in the sky attending frosty weather and formed by reflection of sunlight from ice crystals floating in the air

griseous - pearl-grey or blue-grey; grizzled

leucochroic - adjective. anthropology. having a light-colored skin or abnormally light, in color; albinotic

analcime - weak, a white, grey, or colourless tectosilicate mineral, tetragonal

Marl - noun. an unconsolidated sedimentary rock or soil consisting of clay and lime, formerly used typically as fertilizer. verb. [trans.] marled. apply marl to. ORIGIN: Middle English: from Old French marl, from medieval Latin margila, from Latin marga, of Celtic origin.

podsol - noun. Soil Science. an infertile acidic soil having an ash-like subsurface layer)from which minerals have been leached) and a lower dark stratum, occurring typically under temperate coniferous woodland.

galumph - verb. informal. move in a clumsy, ponderous, or noisy manner. ORIGIN: 1871 (in the sense [prance in triumph] ): coined by Lewis Carroll in Through the Looking Glass: perhaps a blend of GALLOP and TRIUMPH.

begrime - verb. blacken with ingrained dirt

ambiguphobia - noun. a fear of being misunderstood

amomaxiaphobia - noun. the fear of making love in an automobile

bemire - verb. archaic. cover or stain with mud ORIGIN: 16th cent.: from BE-(expressing transivity) + mire

colly - verb. British. 1. to blacken as with coal dust; begrime. 2. noun. grime;soot. ORIGIN: 1555-65; variant of collow(v.), Middle English colwen, derivative of Old English col or coal

collow - noun. soot; smut.

gudgeon - noun. a small, edible, European freshwater fish(Gobio gobio) of the minnow family, often used as fishing bait 2. A pivot or spindle on which a bell or other object swings or rotates

hyaloid - adjective. glassy; transparent

hyaline - adjective. having a glassy, translucent appearance. noun. a thing that is clear and translucent like glass, esp. a smooth sea or a clear sky




Eye Words

hyperopia - noun. farsightedness

lagophthalmus - noun. the inability to close the eyelids completely

iridocyclitis - noun. inflammation of the iris and ciliary body of the eye.

keratoconus - noun. abnormal cone-shaped protrusion of the cornea of the eye; can be treated by epikeratophakia

epikeratophakia - noun. Medical. the surgical correction of aphakia. It is a refractive surgical procedure in which a donor cornea is transplanted to the anterior surface of the patient's cornea. A lamellar disc from a donor cornea is placed over the de-epithelialized host cornea and sutured into a prepared groove on the host cornea. Indications include aphakia and refractive errors which cannot be corrected with conservative methods.

epithelialize - verb. cover or become covered with epithelial tissue, e.g. during the healing of a wound.

aphakia - noun. the absence of the lens of the eye, due to surgical removal, a perforating wound or ulcer, or congenital anomaly. It causes loss of accommodation, far sightedness(hyperopia), and a deep anterior chamber. Complications include detachment of the vitreous humour or retina, and glaucoma.

vitreous humour - noun. the clear gel that fills the space between the lens and the retina of the eyeball of humans and other vertebrates. It is often referred to as the vitreous body or simple "the vitreous." ORIGIN: Late Middle English : from Latin vitreus (from vitrum 'glass') + -OUS

cicatrisation - verb. (with reference to a wound) heal by scar formation ORIGIN: late Middle English : from Old French cicatriser, from cicatrice 'scar'

monoblepsia - noun. a defect of the eyesight in which vision is best when only one eye is open; blindness to all colors but one

diplontic - noun. genetics. (of an alga or other lower plant) having a life cycle in which the main form, except for the gametes, is diploid.

diploid - adjective. (of a cell or nucleus) containing two complete sets of chromosomes, one from each parent.

ploidy - noun. genetics. the number of sets of chromosomes in a cell, or in the cells of an organism

polity - noun. a form or process of civil government or constitution; an organized society; a state as a political entity

beauty - a combination of qualities, such as shape, color, or form, that pleases the aesthetic senses, esp. the sight; a combination of qualities that pleases the intellect or moral sense; denoting something intended to make a woman more attractive; a beautiful or pleasing thing or person, in particular: a beautiful woman, an excellent specimen or example of something(the beauties of) the pleasing or attractive qualities or features of something ORIGIN: Middle English : from Old French beaute , based on Latin bellus 'beautiful, fine'

ommatophore - noun. Zoology. a part of an invertebrate animal, esp. a stalk or tentacle, that bears an eye ORIGIN: late 19th cent.: from Greek omma, ommat-'eye' + -PHORE

histopathology - noun. the study of changes in tissues caused by disease ORIGIN : Greek, from histos 'tissue', pathos 'disease-suffering', and -logia. Scientifically histopathology refers to the microscopic examination of tissue in order to study the manifestations of disease. Specifically, in clinical medicine, histopathology refers to the examination of a biopsy or surgical specimen by a pathologist, after the specimen has been processed and histological sections have been placed onto glass slides. In contrast, cytopathology examines free cells or tissue fragments

cytopathology - noun. Medicine. The study and diagnosis of diseases on the cellular level. The discipline was founded by Rudolf Virchow in 1858. It's common application is used in the Pap smear, thyroid lesions, diseases involving sterile body cavities(peritoneal, pleural, and cerebrospinal), and a wide range of other body sites. ORIGIN: Greek from kytos 'a hollow', pathos 'fate, harm'

peritoneum - noun. Medicine. the serous membrane that forms the lining of the abdominal cavity or the coelom - it covers most of the intra-abdominal (or coelomic) organs - in amniotes and some invertebrates(annelids, for instance). It is composed of a layer of mesothelium supported by a thin layer of connective tissue. The peritoneum both supports the abdominal organs and serves as a conduit for their blood and lymph vessels and nerves.

serous membrane - noun. Medicine. the smooth membrane consisting of a thin layer of cells, which secrete serous fluid, and a thin epithelial layer. Serous membranes line and enclose several body cavities, know as serous cavities, where they secrete a lubricating fluid which reduces friction from muscle movement. Serosa is not to be confused with adventitia, a connective tissue layer which binds together structures rather than reducing friction between them.

adventitia - noun. Medicine. the outermost connective tissue covering of any organ, vessel, or structure. It is also called the tunica adventitia or the tunica externa.

coelom - noun. Medicine. the fluid cavity formed within the mesoderm of some animals. Coeloms developed in diploblasts but were subsequently lost in several lineages. Loss of coelom is correlated with reductions in body size. Coelom is sometimes, though incorrectly) used to refer to any developed digestive tract. Some organisms may not possess a coelom or may have a false coelom. Animals who have coelom are called coelomates.

diploblasts - noun. Medicine. a condition of the blastula in which there are two primary germ layers; the ectoderm(outer skin) and endoderm(gut). Diploblastic organisms are organisms which develop from such a blastula, and include cnidaria and ctenophora.

blastula -

annelid - noun. Zoology. a large phylum that comprises the segmented worms, which include earthworms, lugworms, and leeches ORIGIN: modern Latin, from French(animaux) anneles 'ringed(animals)', from Old French anel 'a ring,' from Latin anellus, diminutive of 'a ring.'

cnidaria - noun. Zoology. (with a silent C) also Coelenterata is a phylum containing over 10,000 species of animals found exclusively in aquatic and mostly marine environments. Their distinguishing feature is cnidocytes, specialized cells that they use mainly for capturing prey. Their bodies consist of mesoglea, a non-living jelly-like substance, sandwiched between two layers of epithelium that are mostly one cell thick.

cnidocytes - noun. Scientific. an explosive cell containing one giant secretory organelle or cnida(plural cnidae) that defines the phylum Cnidaria (corals, sea anemones, hydrae, jellyfish, etc.). Cnidae are used for prey capture and defense from predators. Despite being morphologically simple, lacking a skeleton and usually being sessile, cnidarians prey on fish and crustaceans. A cnidocyte fires a structure that contains toxin, from a characteristic sub-cellular organelle called a cnidocyst (also known as a cnida or nematocyst). This is responsible for the stings delivered from jellyfish.

sessile - noun. Zoology. Sessility is a characteristic of some animals, such that they are not able to move about. Sessile animals are usually permanently attached to a solid substrate of some kind, such as a part of a plant a dead tree trunk, or a rock. For example, barnacles attach themselves to the hull of a ship, but corals lay down their own substrate. Sessile animals typically have a motile phase in their development.

motile - noun. Biology. the ability to move spontaneously and actively, consuming energy in the process. Most animals are motile but the term applies to unicellular and simple multicellular organisms, as well as to some mechanisms of fluid flow in multicellular organs, in addition to animal locomotion. Motile marine animals are commonly called free-swimming.

substrate - noun. Biology. the surface on which a plant or animal lives. A substrate can include biotic or abiotic materials and animals.

mesoglea - noun. Biology. a translucent, jelly-like substance found between the two epithelial cell layers in the bodies of coelenterates. The mesoglea is mostly in water. Other than water, the mesoglea is composed of several substances including fibrous proteins like collagen and heparan sulphate proteoglycans. The mesoglea is mostly acellular, but in both cnidaria and ctenophora the mesoglea contains muscle bundles and nerve fibers. Other nerve and muscle cells lie just under the epithelial layers.

heparan sulphate - noun. Biology. a linear polysaccharide found in all animal tissues. It occurs as a proteoglycan(HSPG) in which two or three HS chains are attached in close proximity to cell surface or extracellular matrix proteins.

proteoglycan - noun. Biology. Proteins that are heavily glycosylated. The basic proteoglycan unit consists of a "core protein" with one or more covalently attached glycosaminoglycan(GAG) chain(s). The point of attachment is a Ser residue to which the glycosaminoglycan is joined through a tetrasaccharide bridge (For example: chondroitin sulfate-GlcA-Gal-Gal-Xyl-PROTEIN). The Ser residue is generally in the sequence -Ser-Gly-X-Gly- (where X can be any amino acid residue), although not every protein with this sequence has an attached glycosaminoglycan. The chains are long, linear carbohydrate polymers that are negatively charged under physiological conditions, due to the occurrence of sulfate and uronic acid groups. Proteoglycans occur in the connective tissue.

covalent bond - noun. Biology. The chemical bond that involves the sharing of pairs of electrons between atoms. The stable balance of attractive and repulsive forces between atoms when they share electrons is known as covalent bonding

glycosylation - noun. Biology. the reaction in which a carbohydrate is attached to a hydroxyl or other functional group of another molecule(a glycosyl acceptor). In Biology glycosylation refers to the enzymatic process that attaches glycans to protein lipids, or other organic molecules. This enzymatic process produces one of the fundamental biopolymers found in cells (along with DNA, RNA, and proteins). Glycosylation is a form of cotranslational and post-translational modification. Glycans serve a variety of structural and functional roles in membrane and secreted proteins. The majority of proteins synthesized in the rough ER undergo glycosylation. It is an enzyme-directed site-specific process, as opposed to the non-enzymatic chemical reaction of glycation. Glycosylation is also present in the cytoplasm and nucleus as the O-GlcNAc modification. Five classes of glycans are produced:

• N-linked glycans attached to a nitrogen of asparagine or arginine side-chains. N-linked glycosylation requires participation of a special lipid called dolichol phosphate

• O-linked glycans attached to the hydroxy oxygen of serine, threonine, tyrosine, hydroxylysine, or hydroxyproline side-chains, or to oxygens on lipids such as ceramide

• phospho-glycans linked through the phosphate of a phospho-serine;

• C-linked glycans, a rare form of glycosylation where a sugar is added to a carbon on a tryptophan side-chain

• glypiation, which is the addition of a GPI anchor that links proteins to lipids through glycan linkages

cotranslational and post-translational modification -

mesothelium - noun. Anatomy. the epithelium that lines the pleurae, peritoneum, and pericardium. Embryology. the surface layer of the embryonic mesoderm, from which this is derived. ORIGIN: late 19th cent.: from MESO- 'middle'

glycans - noun. Biology. a polysacchride or oligosaccharide. Glycans usually consist of O-glycosidic linkages of monosaccharides. For example, cellulose is a glycan(or to be more specific, a glucan) composed ß-1, 4-liked D-glucose, and chitin is a glycan composed of ß-1, 4-linked N-acetyl-D-glucosamine. Glycans can be homo- or heteropolymers of monosaccharide residues, and can be linear or branched. Glycan may also be used to refer to the carbohydrate portion of a glycoconjugate, such as a glyco-'protein', glyco-'lipid', or a 'proteo'-glycan.

glycosaminoglycan(GAGs) or mucopolysaccharides - are long unbranched polysaccharides consisting of a repeating disaccharide unit. The repeating unit (except for keratan) consists of an amino sugar (N-acetylglucose amine or N-acetylgalactose amine) along with a uronic sugar (glucuronic acid or iduronic acid) or galactose.

keratin - noun. a fibrous protein forming the main structural constituent of hair, feathers, hoofs, claws, horns, etc. ORIGIN: mid 19th cent.: from Greek keras, kerat- 'horn'

galactose - noun. Chemistry. a sugar of the hexose class that is a constituent of lactose and many polysaccharides. ORIGIN: mid 19th cent.: from Greek gala, galakt 'milk'

mucocutaneous leishmaniasis - noun. Medicine. A disease caused by protozoan parasites that belong to the genus Leishmania and is transmitted by the bite of certain species of sand fly(sub family Phlebotominae). Although the majority of the literature mentions only one genus transmitting Leishmania to humans(Lutzomyia) in America, a 2003 study by Galati suggested a new classification for American sandflies, elevating several subgenera to the genus level. Elsewhere in the world, the genus Phlebotomus is considered the vector of leishmaniasis.

Cutaneous leishmaniasis is the most common form of leishmaniasis. Visceral leishmaniasis is a severe form in which the parasites migrate to the vital organs.

mucopolysaccharides -

iduronic acid -

polysacchride - noun. Chemistry. Long carbohydrate molecules of repeated monomer units joined together by glycosidic bonds. They range in structure from linear to highly branched. Polysaccharides are often quite heterogeneous, containing slight modifications of the repeating unit. Depending on the structure, these macromolecules can have distinct properties from their monosaccharide building blocks. They may have amorphous or even insoluble in water.

oligosaccharide - noun. Biochemistry. a carbohydrate whose molecules are composed of a relatively small number of monosaccharide units.

monosaccharide - noun. Chemistry. any of the class of sugars(e.g. glucose) that cannot be hydrolyzed to give a simpler sugar

cytoplasm - noun. Biology. the material or protoplasm within a living cell, excluding the nucleus

saccharide - noun. Biochemistry. any of the class of soluble, crystalline, typically sweet-tasting carbohydrates found in living tissues and exemplified by glucose and sucrose

chondroitin sulfate - noun. Biology. a sulfated glycosaminoglycan(GAG) composed of a chain of alternating sugars(N-acetylgalactosamine and glucuronic acid) It is usually found attached to proteins as part of a proteoglycan. A chondroitin chain can have over 100 individual sugars, each of which can be sulfated in variable positions and quantities. Chondroitin sulfate is an important structural component of cartilage and provides much of its resistant compression. Along with glucosamine, chondroitin sulfate has become a widely used dietary supplement for the treatment of osteoarthritis.

hydroxylysine - noun. Biochemistry. an amino acid with the molecular formula C6H14N2O3. It was first discovered in 1921 by Donald Van Syke as the 5-Hydroxylysine form. It arises from a post-translational hydroxy modification of lysine. It is most widely known as a component of collagen.

hydroxyproline - noun. Biochemistry.(2S,4R)-4-Hydroxyproline is a common non-proteingenic amino acid, abbreviated as HYP, e.g., in Protein Data Bank. It is produced by the amino acid proline by the enzyme prolyl hydroxylase following protein synthesis(as a post-translational modification). The enzyme catalyzed reaction takes place n the lumen of the endoplasmic reticulum. Although it is not directly incorporated into proteins, hydroxyproline comprises roughly 4% of all amino acids found in animal tissue, an amount greater than seven other amino acids that are translationally incorporated.

serine - noun. Biochemistry. Abbreviated Ser. is an amino acid with the formula HO2CCH(NH2)CH2)OH. It is one of the proteingenic amino acids. Its codons in the genetic code are UCU, UCC, UCA, UCG, AGU and AGC. By virtue of the hydroxyl group, serine is classified as a polar amino acid

threonine - noun. Biochemistry. Abbreviated Thr or T. is an a-amino acid with the chemical formula HO2CCH(NH2)CH(OH)CH3. Its codons are ACU, ACA, ACC, and ACG. This essential amino acid is classified as polar. Together with serine, threonine is one of two proteingenic amino acids bearing an alcohol group(tyrosine is not an alcohol but a phenol, since its hydroxyl group is bonded directly to an aromatic ring, giving it different acid/base and oxidative properties). It is also one of two common amino acids that bear a chiral side chain, along with isoleucine.

isoleucine - noun. Biochemistry. a hydrophobic amino acid that is a constituent of most proteins. It is an essential nutrient in the diet of vertebrates.

chiral - adjective. Chemistry. asymmetric in such a way that the structure and its mirror image are not superimposable. Chiral compounds are typically optically active; large organic molecules often have one or more chiral centers where four different groups are attached to a carbon atom ORIGIN: late 19th cent.: from Greek kheir 'hand'

tyrosine - noun. Chemistry. a hydrophilic amino acid that is a constituent of most proteins and is important in the synthesis of some hormones.

ceramide -

glypiation -

phospho-serine -

chondroitin sulfate -

cerebrospinal - adjective. Anatomy. of or relating to the brain and spine

uronic acid - noun. Biology. A class of sugar acids with both carbonyl and carboxylic acid functional groups. They are sugars in which the terminal carbon's hydroxyl group has been oxidized to a carboxylic acid. Oxidation of the terminal aldehyde instead yields an aldonic acid, while oxidation of both the terminal hydroxyl group and the aldehyde yields aldaric acid. The names of uronic acids are generally based on their parent sugars, however some of the most common do not have direct parents, and formed by epimerization (e.g. iduronic acid is an epimer of glucuronic acid). Uronic acids that have six carbons are called hexuronic acids.

amniote - noun. Zoology. A group of tetrapods(four-limbed animals with backbones or spinal columns) that have an egg equipped with an amnios, an adaption to lay eggs on land rather than in water as anamniotes do. They include synapsids (mammals along with their extinct kin) and sauropsids (reptiles and birds), as well as their fossil ancestors.

hexuronic - noun. a Uronic acid that includes six carbons.

epimerization -

epithelium -

pleural - noun. each pair of serous membranes lining the thorax and enveloping the lungs in humans and other mammals; a lateral part in an animal body or structure. ORIGIN: late Middle English : via medieval Latin from Greek, literally 'side of the body, rib.'

peritoneum - noun. Anatomy. the serous membrane lining the cavity of the abdomen and covering abdominal organs. ORIGIN: late Middle English: via late Latin from Greek peritonaion, from peritonos 'stretched around,' from peri- 'around' + -tonos 'stretched.'

ctenophora - noun. Zoology. commonly known as 'comb jellies' or 'crane flies.' are a phylum of animals that live in marine waters worldwide. ORIGIN: from Greek kteis 'comb' and phero ' carry'

numinous - adjective. having a strong religious or spiritual quality; indicating or suggesting the presence of divinity ORIGIN: mid 17th cent.: from Latin numen, numin- 'divine power'

aonb(AONB) - An Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty is an area of countryside considered to have significant landscape value in England, Wales, and Greater Britain.

pepi ii neferkare - Pepi II (reigned c. 2278 BC - c. 2184 BC) was a pharaoh of the Sixth dynasty in Egypt's Old Kingdom. His throne name, King Neferkare.

cepheus - noun. Astronomy. a constellation near the north celestial pole ORIGIN: from the name of a king of Ethiopia, the husband of Cassiopeia

vamoose - verb. to run

devenustate - noun. obsolete. to deprive of beauty or comeliness.

callisteia - noun. Greek Mythology. A festival or perhaps merely a part of one, held by the women of Lesbos

cosmesis - noun. Medicine. the preservation, restoration, or bestowing of bodily beauty. Usually by surgical correction.

kalology - noun. the study of aesthetics

resplendence - adjective. attractive and impressive through being richly colorful or sumptuous ORIGIN: late Middle English : from Latin resplendent- 'shining out' from re- 'expressing intense force + splendere 'to glitter'

cogent - adjective. (of an argument or a case) clear, logical, and convincing. ORIGIN: mid 17th cent.: from Latin cogent- 'compelling,' from the verb cogere, from co- 'together' + agere 'drive'

tourmaline - noun. Geology. a crystal boron silicate mineral compounded with elements such as aluminium, iron, magnesium, sodium, lithium, or potassium. Tourmaline is classified as a semi-precious stone and the gemstone comes in a wide variety of colors. The name come from the Sinhalese word "Thuramali" which applied to different gemstones found in Sri Lanka.

wolframite - noun. Geology. (Fe,Mn)WO4, is an iron, manganese tungstate mineral that is the intermediate between ferberite (Fe2+ rich) and huebernite (Mn2+ rich). Along with scheelite, the wolframite series are the most important tungsten ore minerals. Wolframite is found in quartz veins and pegmatites associated with granitic intrusives. Associated minerals include cassiterite, scheelite, bismuth, quartz, pyrite, galena, sphalite, and arsenopyrite.

ferberite -

huebernite -

sphalite -

galena -

arsenopyrite -

bilberry - noun. Botany. is any of several species of low-growing shrubs in the genus Vaccinium bearing edible berries. The species most often referred to is Vaccinium myrtillus (blueberries)

cassock - noun. a full-length garment of a single color worn by certain Christian clergy, members of church choirs, acolytes, and others having some particular office or role in a church

capulin - noun. Botany. a species of Cherry, found in Mexico and Columbia it is also called, cerezo, detse, detze, taunday, jonote, puan, palman, or xengua.

guillemot - noun. Zoology. the common name for several species of seabird in the auk family.

paradoxical sleep - see REM sleep.

Defensive immobilization: the precursor of dreams

According to Tsoukalas (2012) REM sleep is an evolutionary transformation of a well-known defensive mechanism, the tonic immobility reflex. This reflex, also known as animal hypnosis or death feigning, functions as the last line of defense against an attacking predator and consists of the total immobilization of the animal: the animal appears dead(cf."playing possum"). The neurophysiology and phenomenology of this reaction shows striking similarities to REM sleep, a fact which betrays a deep evolutionary kinship. For example, both reactions exhibit brainstem control, paralysis, sympathetic activation, and controlled hypothermia. This theory integrates many earlier findings into a unified, and evolutionary well informed, framework.

Yet another theory suggests that monoamine shutdown is required so that the monoamine receptors in the brain can recover to regain full sensitivity. Indeed, if REM sleep is repeatedly interrupted, the person will compensate for it with longer REM slee, "rebound sleep", at the next opportunity.

It has been suggested that acute REM sleep deprivation can improve certain types of depression when depression appears to be related to an imbalance of certain neurotransmitters. Although sleep deprivation in general annoys most of the population, it has repeatedly been shown to alleviate depression, albeit temporarily. More than half the individuals who experience this relief report it to be rendered ineffective after sleeping the following night. Thus, researchers have devised methods such as altering the sleep schedule for a span of days following a REM deprivation period and combining sleep-schedule alterations with pharmacotherapy to prolong this effect. Though most antidepressants selectively inhibit REM sleep due to their action on monoamines, this effect decreases after long-term use. It is interesting to not that REM sleep deprivation stimulates hippocampal neurogenesis much the same as anti-depressants.

hippocampal - noun. the hippocampal is located in the medial temporal lobe of the brain. The hippocampus is a major component of the brains of humans and other vertebrates. It belongs to the limbic system and plays important roles in the consolidation of information from short-term memory to long-term memory and spatial navigation. Humans and other mammals have two hippocampi, one in each side of the brain. The hippocampus is part of the cerebral cortex, and in primates it is located in the medial temporal lobe, underneath the cortical surface. It contains two main interlocking parts: Ammon's horn and the dentate gyrus.

Apparent Death

Apparent death, colloquially known as playing dead or playing possum, is a behavior observed in a wide range of animals in which they take on the appearance of being dead to an observer. This could either be an involuntary reflex action, as in tonic immobility; or an adaptive behavior as in thanatosis, in which is used both as a defense mechanism and as a form of aggressive mimicry.

monoamine - noun. Chemistry. a compound having a single amine group in its molecule, esp. one that is a neurotransmitter (e.g. serotonin, norepinephrine).

dentate gyrus - noun. a part of the hippocampal formation. It is thought to contribute to the formation of new memories, among other functions.

pterygium - noun. Biology. refers to any winglike triangular membrane occurring in the neck, eyes, knees, elbows, ankles, or digits. ORIGIN: from Greek pterygion 'wing'

jabberwock - noun. nonsense, gibberish

jabot - Lace frill worn on a shirt of on the front of a dress

jacent - adjective. lying flat; sluggish

jacinth - noun. a reddish-orange gem variety of zircon ORIGIN: Middle English : from Old French iacinte or medieval Latin iacinthus, alteration of Latin hyacinthus or Hyacinth(flower)

merlin - noun. a small dark falcon that hunts small birds, found throughout most of Eurasia and much of North America

jack - noun. a medieval leather coat worn as armor

jacobin - noun. Politics. an extremist or radical in politics.

jaconet - noun. a lightweight cotton cloth with a smooth and slightly stiff finish

jacquard - noun. an apparatus with perforated cards, fitted to a loom to facilitate the weaving of figured and brocaded fabrics

jactancy - adjective. boastfulness; vainglory

jacitation - noun. a tossing, twitching, or jerking of the body; a false claim

jactation - noun. throwing or boasting

jaculation - the act of throwing or hurling

jaculiferous - adjective. having arrow-like prickles

jambiya - noun. a curved dagger with two edges

janitrix - noun. a female janitor

jade - noun. a pitiful horse; nag

jaggery - noun. coarse and dark sugar

jalouse - verb. to suspect; to be jealous of

jebel - noun. Geography. a hill or mountain

jaspe - noun. cotton or rayon cloth with a shaded effect

jawhole - noun. a cesspool or sewer entrance

jargonelle - noun. an early pear

jejunator - noun. one who fasts

jaunce - verb. to prance; to cause a horse to prance

jasperated - adjective. mottled; streaked with various colors

jactigation - noun. wagging; tremulous movement

jargoon - adjective. brilliant pale or colorless zircon

jazzetry - noun. poetry read to jazz accompaniment

jecoral - adjective. of, like, or pertaining to the liver

jellygraph - noun. an old device for copying that used a plate of jelly

jemadar - an Indian police or customs officer

jennet - noun. a small Spanish horse

jeofall - noun. official or legal acknowledgment of a mistake

jeremiad - noun. prolonged complaint; angry or cautionary harangue; lamentation

jess - noun. a ringed strap tied to the leg of a falcon or hawk

jetavator - control surface for deflecting rocket exhaust

jibboom - noun. spar forming an extension of the bowspit

jeton - noun. stamped metal token used in card-playing or reckoning accounts

jettatura - noun. the evil eye

jibe - verb. to change a ship's course to make the bow switch sides

jigamaree - a thingamajig; a cunning manoeuvre

jiggumbob - a thingamabob; a gadget; a whatsit; a gewgaw

gewgaws - noun. a showy thing, esp. one that is useless or worthless

jimswinger - noun. a frock coat

jink - verb. to move quickly with several turns or kinks

jinker - noun. a light horse drawn passenger carriage

jitney - noun. a small passenger vehicles

jobation - tedious scolding

jobbernowl - a blockish or stupid head

spinthariscope - noun. Physics. an instrument that shows the incidence of alpha particles by flashes on a fluorescent screen

anaxiphillia - noun. the act of falling in love with the wrong person.

anadipsia - noun. excessive thirst

ligneous - adjective. made, consisting of, or resembling wood; woody ORIGIN: 17th cent. from Latin ligneous 'relating to wood'

lignite - noun. a soft, brownish-black coal in which the alteration of vegetable matter has proceeded further than in peat but not as far as in bituminous coal. Also called brown coal. Also: lignitic

sabicu - noun. the wood of the sabicu which resembles mahogany. 2. small genus of tropical American trees and shrubs with pinnate leaves and flat straight pods

calambou - noun. A species of agalloch, or aloes wood, of a dusky or mottled color, of a light, friable texture, and less fragrant than calambac -- used by cabinet makers.

agalloch - noun. the fragrant, resinous wood of an East Indian tree, Aquilaria agallocha, used as incense in the Orient.

mottle - verb.(used with object) to mark or diversify with spots or blotches of a different color or shade.

noun. a diversifying spot or blotch of color, mottled coloring or pattern ORIGIN: 1350-1400; Middle English; mote. mote ORIGIN: before 1000; Middle English, Old English mot speck; cognate with Dutch mot, grit, sawdust, Norwegian mutt speck

friable - adjective. easily crumbled; frail, brittle

rasp - verb. to file or scrape, with a coarse file having sharp projections. to grate on(nerves or feelings)

quoin - noun. 1: an exterior angle of a wall or other piece of masonry. 2. any of the stones used in forming such an angle, often being of large size and dressed or arranged so as to form a decorative contrast with the adjoining wall. 3. A keystone. 4. Printing. a wedge-shaped bloke used to lock type in a chase

badigeon - noun. [French] A cement or paste (as of plaster and freestone, or a of sawdust and glue or lime) used by sculptors, builders, and workers

automysophobia - noun. a fear of being dirty, unclean, or smelling bad ORIGIN: auto 'self, one's own' + Greek mysos 'dirt'

augean - adjective. resembling the Augean stables in filthiness or degradation. 2. difficult and unpleasant. ORIGIN: 1590-1600; < Latin auge (us) of Augeas  (Geek Augei (as) + -us adj. suffix

sully - verb. poetic/literary or ironic. damage the purity of integrity of; defile. ORIGIN: late 16th cent.: perhaps from French souiller 'to soil.'

frowzy - adjective. (aslo frowsy.frowzier. frowziest) scruffy and neglected in appearance. ORIGIN: late 17th.

slovenly - adjective. (esp. of a person or their appearance) messy and dirty. (esp. of a person or action) careless; excessively casual

trollop - noun. dated or humorous. a woman perceived as sexually disreputable or promiscuous. ORIGIN 17th cent.: perhaps related to TRULL.

trull - noun. archaic. prostitute.

slattern - noun. a slovenly, untidy woman or girl 2. a slut; harlot.

borborygmus - noun. (pl. -mi) technical. a rumbling noise or gurgling noise made by the movement of fluid and gas in the intestines.

bruckle - verb. chiefly Scottish. easily broken or crumbled

daglock - noun. a dirty or matted lock of fur, hair, or wool

eschrolalia - noun. 1. meaningless repetition of another person's spoken words as a symptom of a psychiatric disorder. 2. Repetition of speech by a child learning to talk.

Fouque - noun. Friedrich Heinrich Karl, Baron de la Motte. 1777-1843, German romantic writer; author of Undine 1811

fique - noun. a natural fibre that grows in the leaves of the fique plant, Furcraeae andina, a xerophytic monocot native to the Andes.

froe - noun. frow

frow - noun. a cleaving tool having a wedge-shaped blade, with a handle set at right angles to it, also froe. ORIGIN: 1615-25; earlier frower, perhaps a noun use of froward in literal sense "turned away.

froward - adjective. willfully contrary; not easily managed ORIGIN: 1150-1200; Middle English froward, fraward.

grotty - adjective. slang. apparently not akin to grody

cruft - noun. an unpleasant substance. superfluous junk; excess

halvans - noun. Mining. impure ore; dirty ore.

manky - adjective. worthless, rotten, or in bad taste; filthy or bad ORIGIN: from Italian manacare 'to be lacking.'

mussy - adjective. untidy, messy, or rumpled ORIGIN: 1855-60, Americanism; muss+ y

muxy - adjective. soft; sticky, and dirty

peasouper - noun. pea soup. 2. informal. fog; pea soup fog.

reechy - adjective. smoky or sooty

slovenly - adjective. untidy or unclean in appearance or habits

sloven - noun. a person who is habitually negligent of neatness or cleanliness in dress, appearance, etc.

smoterlich - adjective. dirty foul

sump - noun. a pit, well, or the like in which water or other liquid is collected. 2. chiefly Brit. a swamp, bog, or muddy pool.

crankcase - noun. (in an internal-combustion engine) the housing that encloses the crankshaft, connecting rods, and allied parts.

tatterdemalion - noun. a person in tattered clothing; a shabby person. adjective. ragged; unkempt or dilapidated.

tidemark - noun. the point that something or someone has reached, receded below, or risen above.

bedaub - verb. (used with object) to smear all over; besmear; soil. 2. to ornament gaudily or excessively. ORIGIN: 1545-55; be- + daub 'to cover or coat with soft, adhesive matter, as plaster or mud'; to smear, apply, to daub something. verb (used with object)

hovel - noun. a small, very humble dwelling house; a wretched hut. 2. any dirty, disorganized dwelling 3. an open shed, as for sheltering cattle or boots

scut work - noun. informal. menial, routine work, as that done by an underling

scut - noun. a short tail, especially that of a hare, rabbit, or deer. 2. slang. a worthless, contemptible person.

boiler suit - noun. coveralls

chafeweed - noun. a weedy, composite plant, Gnaphalium sylvaticum, of the North Temperate Zone, having wooly foliage and numerous, dirty-white flowerheads in leafy spike.

clarty - adjective. dirty; esp. covered in mud

coom - noun. chiefly Scot. and North England. soot; coal dust; smut. variant of culm. 2. grease from bearings, axles, etc.

drabble (-ed, -ing) - verb. make or become wet and dirty

guttersnipe - noun. a person belonging to or characteristic of the lowest social group in a city; a street urchin

maculate - adjective. spotted; stained. archaic: defiled; impure ORIGIN: 1375-1425; late Middle English < Latin maculatus (past participle of maculare to spot, stain.

miry - adjective. of the nature of the mire; swampy. covered or bespattered with mire.

mysophilia - noun. Psychiatry. a pathological attraction to dirt or filth.

plica - noun. zoology, anatomy. a fold or folding.

qdos - operating system. Quick DOS. quick and dirty operating system.

saur - a combining form used in the names of extinct reptiles, especially archosaurs, usually Anglicized forms of Latin taxonomic names: dinosaur, pterosaur.

scutcheon - noun. zoology. a scute

omorashi - a Japanese fetish subculture, in which participants experience sexual arousal from having a full bladder or a sexual attraction to someone else experiencing the feeling of a full urinary bladder.

scute - noun. zoology. a large scale; a dermal bony plate, as on an armadillo, or a large horny plate, as on a turtle.

ellinikon international airport - was the International Airport of Athens Greece for 60 years.

cabal - noun. a small group of secret plotters, as against a government or person in authority.

tetrad -  noun. a group of four; the number 4.

bevy - noun. a group of birds, as larks or quail, or animals, as roebuck, in close association

panicle - noun. Botany. any loose, diversely branching flower cluster

fascicle - noun. a section of a book or set of books being published in installments as separate pamphlets or volumes; a small bundle, tight cluster, or the like 2. anatomy. a small bundle of nerve or muscle fibers.

grapeshot - noun. a cluster of small cast-iron balls formerly used as a charge for a cannon.

raceme - noun. Botany. a simple indeterminate inflorescence in which the flowers are borne on short pedicels lying along a common axis, as in the lily of the valley. ORIGIN: 1775-85; Latin racemus 'cluster of grapes, bunch of berries.'

anthotaxy - noun. Botany. the arrangement of flowers on a stem or parts of a flower.

asterism - noun. astronomy. a group of stars, a constellation; three asterisks in a triforce printed to draw attention to a passage it precedes

girandole - noun. a rotating and radiating firework; an ornate bracket for candelabra or the like, sometimes with a reflecting mirror at the back of the shelf 3. a brooch or earring consisting of a central ornament with usually three smaller ornaments hanging from it.

glomerule - noun. Botany. a cyme condensed into a head-like cluster.

cyme - noun. an inflorescence in which the primary axis bears a single central or terminal flower that blooms first.

bract - noun. Botany. a specialized leaf or leaflike part, usually situated at the base of a flower or inflorescence.

botryoid - adjective. Mineralogy. having the form of a bunch of grapes.

hyades - noun. astronomy. (used with a plural verb) 1. a group of stars comprising a moving cluster in the constellation Taurus, supposed by the ancients to indicate the approach of rain when they rose with the sun. 2. Classical Mythology. a group of nymphs and sisters of the Pleiades who nurtured the infant Dionysus and were placed among the stars as a reward.

pinaster  - noun. a species of pyramid-shaped pine tree, growing in southern Europe and having clustered needles.

swad - noun. a bunch; a thick bramble of plants

tussock - noun. a tuft of growing grass or the like

asterope - noun. Astronomy. a double star in the Pleiades (21K and 22L Pleiadum, of the 5.8 and 6.4 magnitude respectively), appearing as a single star of the 5.3 magnitude to the naked eye

floret - noun. a smaller flower.

guar - noun. a plant, Cyamopsis tetragonolobus, of the legume family, grown as a forage crop and for its seeds, which produce a gum(guar gum) used as thickening agent and stabilizer in foods and pharmaceuticals and as sizing for paper and cloth.

moly - noun. an herb given to Odysseus by Hermes to counteract the spells of Circe.

molybdenum - noun. Chemistry. a silver-white metallic element, used as an alloy with iron in making hard, high-speed cutting tools. Symbol: Mo; atomic weight 95.94; atomic number 42; specific gravity: 10.2

uvelloid - noun. resembling a cluster of grapes

whorl - noun. a circular arrangement of like parts, as leaves or flowers, around a point on an axis; vertical.

umbel - noun. Botany. an inflorescence in which a number of flower stalks or pedicels, nearly equal to the length, spread from a common center.

corymb - noun. Botany. a flower cluster whose lower stalks are proportionally longer so that the flowers form a flat or slightly convex head.

aciniform - adjective. clustered like grapes.

peduncle - noun. Botany. a flower stalk, supporting either a cluster or a solitary flower. the stalk bearing the fruiting body. fungi

aldebaran - noun. Astronomy. the brightest star in the constellation Taurus. It is a binary system of which the main star is a red giant. ORIGIN: Arabic, 'the follower (of the Pleiades)"

loess - noun. Geology. a loosely compacted yellowish-gray deposit of windblown sediment of which extensive deposits occur.

pruinose - adjective. Botany. (of a surface, such as that of a grape) covered with white powdery granules; frosted in appearance. ORIGIN: early 19th cent. : from Latin pruinosus, from pruina 'hoarfrost'.

lampblack - noun. a pigment made from soot

briquet - noun. a block of compressed charcoal or coal dust used as fuel

graywacke - noun. geology. a dark-gray coarse-grained wacke.

wacke - noun. a poorly sorted sandstone containing fragments of rock and minerals in a clayey matrix

hoary - adjective. grayish-white; old and trite

brindled - noun. a brownish or tawny color of animal fur, with streaks of other color; speckled, flecked, spotted, streaked.

blae - adjective. Scot and North England. bluish-black; blue-gray. ORIGIN: 1150-1200; Middle English (north) bla < Old Norse bla- blackish blue; blue.

fuscous - adjective. technical or poetic/literary. dark and somber in color.

cinereous - adjective. in the state of or reduced state of ashes; resembling ashes, ashen; ash-colored; grayish ORIGIN: 1655-65; < Latin cinereus, equivalent to ciner- 'stem of ashes' , ashes.

trona - noun. a gray mineral that occurs as an evaporite in salt deposits and consists of a hydrated carbonate and bicarbonate of sodium.

sot - noun. a habitual drunkard ORIGIN: late Old English sott [foolish person] , Latin sottus , reinforced by Old French sot 'foolish.' The current sense of the noun dates from the late 16th century.

stotious - adjective. Irish. drunk; inebriated

souse - verb. soak in or drench with liquid. informal. drunk.

nimptopsical - adjective. drunk.

rummy - noun. a card game; rum, as in rum drink.

squiffy - adjective. informal. chiefly Brit. slightly drunk.

crocked - adjective. informal. drunk.

maudlin - adjective. self-pitying or tearfully sentimental, often through drunkenness.

sorbile - adjective. to suck in, to drink down. Fit to be drunk or sipped.

dipsomaniac - noun. alcoholism, specifically, in a form characterized by intermittent bouts of craving for alcohol. ORIGIN: Greek, dipso 'thirst' + maniac 'mania'

tiddly - adjective. slightly drunk.

besotted - adjective. strongly infatuated. archaic. intoxicated; drunk.

fuddle - verb. archaic. go drinking on a bout;  confuse or stupefy(someone) esp. with alcohol

half seas over - adjective. chiefly Brit. informal or dated. fairly drunk.

slew - verb. (of a vehicle or person) turn or slide violently or uncontrollably in a particular direction 2. noun. a violent or uncontrollable sliding movement.

bacchic - adjective. [lowercase] riotously or jovially intoxicated; drunken OR  of, pertaining to, or honoring Bacchus

carouse - verb. drink plentiful amounts of alcohol and enjoy oneself with others in a noisy, lively way.

fap - adjective or noun. Late 16th cent. drunk

fou - adjective. Scottish. drunk.

oenophilia - noun. a person who enjoys wines, usually as a connoisseur

tipple -  verb. to drink intoxicating liquor, especially habitually or to some excess; intoxicating liquor.

hidrosis - noun. Medicine. sweating ORIGIN: mid 19th cent.: from Greek hidr0sis, from hidros 'sweat'

sudor - noun. sweat. ORIGIN: late 16th cent.: Latin sudorifer, 'sweat'

diaphoresis - noun. technical. sweating especially to an unusual degree as a symptom of disease or a side effect of a drug ORIGIN: via late Latin from Greek from diaphorein 'carry off, sweat out,' from dia 'through' + phorein 'carry'

drudgery - noun. hard, menial, or dull work: domestic drudgery

swither - noun. a shunting engine. 2. a device used to select or combine different video and audio signals.

travail - noun. painful or laborious effort. verb. engage in painful or laborious effort.

sudoriferous - adjective. (of a gland) secreting sweat.

sudorific - adjective. relating to or causing sweating

bromidrosis - noun. the bacterial breakdown of sweat and cellular debris resulting in a foul odor. ORIGIN: Greek bromos 'stench', hidros 'sweat'

syringadenous - adjective. of or relating to sweat glands

exocrine gland - an exocrine gland is distinguished by the fact that it excretes its essential products by way of a duct to some environmental external to itself, be it either inside the body or on a surface of the body. Examples include: sweat glands, salivary glands, mammary glands, pancreas, and liver.

osmidrosis - noun. body odor.

salient - adjective. 1. most noticeable or important. prominent; conspicuous.1. [postpositive] Heraldry. (of an animal) standing on its hind legs with the forepaws raised, as if leaping.

heraldry - noun. the system by which the coats of arms and other armorial bearings are devised, described, and regulated.

pruritic - noun. Medicine. severe itching of the skin, as a symptom of various ailments.

detrition - noun. rare. the action of wearing away by friction

muck sweat - noun. informal. a state of perspiring profusely.

sudatorium - in architecture, a sudatorium is a vaulted sweating room, of the Roman baths or thermae. The Roman architectural writer Vitruvius refers to it as a concamerata sudatio.

sudatory - noun. a sauna

sudorous - adjective. sweating.

supererogation - noun. the performance of more work than duty requires

swate - noun. sweat

swatte - noun. sweat

xeroderma - noun. excessive or abnormal dryness of the skin, as in ichthyosis.

ichthyosis - noun. a congenital, often hereditary skin disease marked by dry, thickened, scaly skin.

miliaria - noun. heat rash

gaum - noun. to stare vacantly or handle in a clumsy matter

sudarium - noun. another word for sudatorium or sweat lodge; sauna.

diaphoretic - adjective. producing or increasing perspiration

eccrine - Merocrine. is a term used to classify exocrine glands and their secretions in the study of histology. A cell is classified as merocrine if the secretions of that cell are excreted via exocytosis from a secretory cells into an epithelial-walled duct of ducts and thence onto a bodily surface or into the lumen.

hydrophobia - noun. extreme or irrational fear of water, esp. as a symptom of rabies in humans. 2. Rabies in humans.
forswat - adjective. spent with heat; covered with sweat.

lysozyme - noun. an enzyme that catalyzes the destruction of the cell walls of certain bacteria, occurring notably in tears and egg whites.

muramidase - a lysozme. an enzyme found in saliva and sweat and tears that destroys the cell walls of certain bacteria.

osmidrosiphobia - noun. a feat of body odour

popanoic acid - a liquid fatty acid found in milk and sweat and in fuel distillates.

propionic acid - noun. a colorless pungent liquid organic acid. C2H5COOH, produced in some forms of fermentation and used for inhibiting.

stumer - something bogus or fraudulent.

copal - is a name given to tree resin that is particularly identified with the aromatic resins used by the cultures of pre-Columbian Mesoamerica as ceremonially burned incense and other purposes. More generally, the term copal describes resinous substances in an intermediate stage of polymerization and hardening between "gummier" resins and amber. The word copal is derived from the Nahauatl language word copalli, meaning 'incense.'

sluice - from the Dutch word 'sluis' is a water channel controlled at its head by a gate. A Millrace, leet, flume, penstock or lade is a sluice channeling water toward a water mill. The terms sluice, sluice gate, knife gate, and slide gate are used interchangeably in the water and wastewater control industry.

flume - a man made channel for water

leet - noun. historical. (in England) a yearly or half-yearly court of record that the lords of certain manors. the Jurisdiction of the court. 2. a manmade channel for water

penstock - a gate or intake structure that controls water flow.

lade - verb. archaic. load(a ship or other vessel); ship(goods) or cargo) intrans. take on cargo ORIGIN: Old English hladan, of the West Germanic origin; related to Dutch and German laden 'to load', also Ladle and perhaps Lathe

bilge - noun. the area on the outer surface of a ship's hull where the bottom verb. archaic. break a hole in the bilge of a ship ORIGIN: 15th cent. probably a variant of bulge.

catchment - noun. the action of collecting water, esp. the collection of rainfall over a drainage area

naiad - noun. in classical mythology. a water nymph. the aquatic larva

undine - noun. a female spirit or nymph inhabiting water

sudamen - noun. medicine. a skin disease in which sweat accumulates under the superficial horny layers of the epidermis to form small, clear, transparent vesicles.

transude - verb. an edematous fluid that collects in the body's cavities as a result of disturbances in the circulation of blood or in flow of lymph(such as ascites, or abdominal dropsy, in cases of cardiac insufficiency or cirrhosis of the liver)

edema(formerly known as dropsy) - is an abnormal accumulation of fluid in the interstitium, which are locations beneath the skin or in one or more cavities of the body. It is clinically shows as swelling. Generally, the amount of interstitial fluid is determined by the balance of fluid homeostasis, and increased secretion of fluid into the interstitium or impaired removal of this fluid may cause edema.

cirrhosis - is a consequence of chronic liver disease characterized by replacement of liver tissue by fibrosis, scar tissue and regenerative nodules(lumps that occur as a result of a process in which the damaged tissue is regenerated, leading to a loss of liver function. Cirrhosis is most commonly caused by alcoholism, hepatitis B and hepatitis C, and fatty liver disease, but has many other possible causes. Some cases are idiopathic(i.e. of no cause).


prickly heat - noun. an itchy inflammation of the skin, typically with a rash of small vesicles, common in hot moist weather. Also called Miliaria

Miliaria rubra - proper noun. a heat rash, is a skin condition that appears to discrete extremely pruritic, erythematous papulovesicles  accompanied by a sensation of prickling, burning, or tingling. Differential diagnosis should be used to rule out polycythemia vera, which is a rare hematological disorder and appears more often in males than females, and generally not before the age of 40. Both disorders share the common denominator of appearing after taking a hot shower.

polycythemia vera (PV, PCV) - also known as erythremia primary polycythemia and polycythemia rubra vera is a myeloproliferative

myeloproliferative diseases(MPDs) or myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPNs) - are a group of diseases of the bone marrow in which excess cells are produced. They are related to, and may evolve into, myelodysplastic syndrome and acute myeloid leukemia, although the myeloproliferative diseases on the whole have a much better prognosis than these conditions. The concept of myeloproliferative disease was first proposed in 1951 by the eminent hematologist William Dameshek. In the most recent World Health Organization classification of Hematologic malignancies, this group of diseases was renamed from "myeloproliferative diseases" to "myeloproliferative neoplasms". This reflects the underlying clonal genetic changes that are a salient feature of this group of diseases.

erythematous - noun. Medicine. superficial reddening of the skin, usually in patches, as a result of injury or irritation causing dilatation of the blood capillaries ORIGIN: 18th cent.: from Greek eruthema, from eruthainein 'be red,' from eruthros 'red'

frontlet - noun. an ornamental piece of cloth hanging over the upper part of an altar frontal; dated. a decorative band or ornament worn on the forehead

metopic - noun. of or pertaining to the forehead

sinciput - noun. Anatomy. the front of the skull from the forehead to the crown

frisette - noun. a fringe of curled, often artificial hair.

linnet - noun. a mainly brown and gray finch with a reddish breast and forehead

bausond - noun. Zoology. having white spots on a black or bay background

bay - adjective. Zoology. of a horse, brown with black points

nasion - noun. Craniometry. the intersection of the internasal

forelock - noun. a lock of hair growing just above the forehad

kowtow - verb. historical. to kneel and touch the ground with the forehead in worship or submission as part of Chinese custom.

phylactery - noun. a small leather box containing Hebrew texts on vellum, worn by Jewish men at morning prayer as a reminder to keep the law.

capuchin - noun. a friar belonging to a branch of the Franciscan order that observes a strict rule drawn up in 1529; a cloak and hood formerly worn by women; A South American monkey with a cap of hair on the head that has the appearance of a cowl; also, a pigeon of a breed with head and neck feathers resembling a cowl

crinion - noun. point where the hairline meets the midpoint of the forehead.

cymbiform - adjective. boat-shaped; describing pollen with a single linear pore

glabella - noun. the smooth part of the forehead above and between the eyebrows

lour - verb. lower; set lower

cosmocracy - noun. rule of the whole world

uranology - the branch of physics that studies celestial bodies and the universe as a whole

panentheism - noun. the belief that the world is a part of God.

omega particle - noun. a subatomic particle in the baryon family having a mass 3,272 times that of the electron, containing neither up nor down quarks.

pancosmism  - noun. a belief that nothing exists beyond the material universe.

pancosmic - adjective. pertaining to pancosmism, or to the universe in its entirety.

pancratic - adjective. athletic; pertaining to or having ability in all matters.

pandiculation - noun. stretching and yawning

pangram - noun. a sentence containing all 26 letters of the alphabet.

pangrammatist - noun. a person that composes sentences using all 26 letters of the alphabet.

panorpid - noun. scorpion fly

pantoglot - noun. a speaker of all languages

pantomorphic - adjective. taking on all shapes

paracoita - noun. a female sexual partner

paracoitus - noun. a male sexual partner

a corps perdu - phrase. 'with lost body'; impetuously, in desperation

a fond - phrase. 'to the bottom'; thoroughly

a mensa et thoro - phrase. 'from table to bed'; applied to judicial separation of husband and wife

a outrance - phrase. 'to the utmost'; to the death

ab initio - phrase. from the beginning; from the very start or outset

ab irato - phrase. from an angry man: hence, not to be taken too seriously

abderian - adjective. pertaining to foolish or excessive laughter

ablutomania - noun. a mania for washing oneself

acalculia - noun. the inability to work with numbers

acephalist - noun. the balky maverick who acknowledges no head or superior authority

abscission - noun. botany. the natural detachment of parts of a plant, typically dead leaves and ripe fruit.: any act of cutting off. ORIGIN: early 17th cent.: from Latin abscissio(n-), from abscindere, from ab- 'off, away' + scindere 'to cut.'

acarpous - adjective. botany. not yielding fruit

accismus - noun. rhetorical device of pretending to refuse

accolent - adjective. neighboring

accubation - noun. act or state of reclining at a table

aceldama - noun. field or scene of bloodshed

acerose - adjective. pertaining to the needle

acervate - adjective. botany. growing in heaps or clusters

acerous - adjective. without horns or antennae

acescent - adjective. becoming, or tending to be, sour

acherontic - adjective. dark, gloomy, forbidding

acholous - adjective. lacking bile

achor - noun. medicine. archaic. eruption on the scalp

acronychal - adjective. occurring at nightfall

achroous - adjective. colorless

acidulous - adjective. sharp or sour in taste or manner, acidulate.

acor - noun. medicine. stomach acidity

acouasm - noun. a ringing sound in the head

acraein - noun. foul-tasting butterfly's juice

acrasy - noun. anarchy, disorder

acratia - noun. impotence

acroatic - adjective. pertaining to profound knowledge

acrolith - noun. a statue with a wooden trunk and stone head and extremities.

acrophony - noun. The use of a word starting with a letter of the alphabet the same as the name of the letter.

acushla - noun. term of address: darling.

acyrology - noun. incorrect diction

ad captandum - phrase. 'to capture' the affection or suit the taste (of the crowd)

ad hunc vocem - phrase. 'to this word'

ad hunc locum - phrase. law. 'at this place'; on this passage

ad libitum - adj. 'at one's pleasure'; as much or long as desired

ad misericordiam - phrase. to compassion; appealing to a sense of pity or mercy; asking compassion

ad rem - phrase. pertinent to the matter

ad unguem - phrase. to the fingernail; with great precision

ad valorem - adjective. in proportion to value, especially of import duties of a percentage of the value of the imports

ad verbum - phrase. to the word: word for word; literally; verbatim

adaxial - on, beside, or turned towards, axis of an organ, organism, or plant.

adient - adjective. tending to expose an organism to, or turn it towards, a stimulus or situation

adipescent - adjective. becoming fatty

adipic - adjective. chemistry. pertaining to fatty or greasy substances

adipsy - noun. lack of thirst. quenching thirst

adit - noun. entrance, especially horizontal passage into a mine

adjectitious - adjective. added, thrown in

Pelagic zone - Any water in a sea or lake that is neither close to the bottom nor near the shore can be said to be in the pelagic zone. The word pelagic comes from the Ancient Greek pelages "open sea". The pelagic zone can be though of in terms of an imaginary cylinder or water column that goes from the surface of the sea almost to the bottom. Conditions change deeper down the water column; the pressure increases, the temperature drops and there is less light. Depending on the depth, the water column, rather like the Earth's atmosphere can be divided into different layers.

Depth and Layers

Depending on how deep the sea is, the pelagic zone can extend over up to five horizontal layers in the ocean. From top down, these are:

Epipelagic(sunlit) - From the surface  (MSL or mean sea level) down to around 200 m (650 ft) the illuminated zone at the surface of the sea where there is enough light for photosynthesis. Nearly all primary production in the ocean occurs here. Consequently plants and animals are largely concentrated in this zone.

Mesopelagic(twilight) - From 200 meters down to around 1,000 meters (3,300 ft). The name for this zone stems from the Ancient Greek: meson, "middle". Although some light penetrates this second later, it is insufficient for photosynthesis. At about 500 m the water also becomes depleted of oxygen. Still, life copes, with gills that are more efficient or by minimizing movement.

Bathypelagic(twilight)- From 1,000 m down to around 4,000 m (13,000 ft). The name stems from the Ancient Greek bathes, "deep". At this depth the ocean is pitch black, apart from occasional bioluminescent organisms, such as lanternfish. There is no living plant life. Most animals living here survive by consuming the detritus falling from the zones above, which is know as "marine snow", or like the marine hatchetfish, by preying on other inhabitants of this zone.

Abyssopelagic(lower midnight) - From 4,000 m down to above the ocean floor. The name is derived from the Ancient Greek: abysso, "bottomless" (a holdover from the times when the deep ocean, or abyss, was believed to be bottomless). Very few creatures are sufficiently adapted to surviving in the cold temperatures, high pressures, and complete darkness of this depth. Among the species found in this zone are several species of squid; echinoderms including the basket star, swimming cucumber, and the sea pig; and rain arthropods including the sea spider. Many of the species living at these depths have adapted to be transparent and eyeless as a result of the total lack of light in this zone.

Hadopelagic - The deep water in ocean trenches. The name is derived from the Ancient Greek: Haides, "Hades", the classical Greek underworld. This zone is mostly unknown, and very few species are known to live here (in the open areas). However, many organisms live in hydrothermal vents in this and other zones. Some define the hadopelagic as waters below 6,000 m (19,685 ft), whether in a trench or not. The bathypelagic, abyssopelagic, and hadopelagic zones are very similar in character, and some marine biologists combine them into a single zone or consider the latter two to be the same. The abyssal plain is covered with soft sludge composed of dead organisms from above.

benthos - noun. Ecology. the flora and fauna found on the bottom, or in the bottom sediments, of a sea, lake or other body of water. ORIGIN: late 19th cent: from Greek, 'depth of the sea'.

vitrify - verb. convert(something) into glass or a glasslike substance, typically by exposure to heat

flit - noun. the mixture of silica and fluxes that is fused at high temperatures to make glass.
- a similar calcined and pulverized mixture used to make soft-paste porcelain or ceramic glazes. make into fit.

fulgurite - noun. Geology material formed of sand or other sediment fused by lightning

Spanish broom - noun. a Mediterranean broom with fragrant yellow flowers and almost leafless stems that were formerly used in basketry.

rabbet - noun. a step-shaped recess cut along the edge or in the face of a piece of wood, typically forming a match to the edge or tongue of another piece. : [as adj.] a rabbet joint.

verb. (-bet-ed, -bet-ing) make a rabbet in, trans. join or fix (a piece of wood to another with a rabbet)

cullet - noun. recycled broken or waste glass used in glassmaking

vitrescent - adjective. capable of or susceptible to being turned into glass

carboy - noun. a large globular plastic bottle with a narrow neck, typically protected by a frame and used for holding acids or other corrosive liquids

devitrify - verb. (-fies, -fied) [intrans.]
(of glass or vitreous rock) become hard, opaque, and crystalline.
- [trans.] make hard, opaque, and crystalline

cheval-de-frise - noun. 1. a portable obstacle, consisting of a wooden frame covered with spikes or barbed wire, used by the military to close off a passage or block enemy advancement. 2. shards of glass or spikes set into masonry along the top of a wall

Geissler tube - noun. a sealed tube of glass or quartz with a central constriction, filled with vapor for the production of a luminous electrical discharge.

bugloss - noun. a bristly plant of the borage family, with bright blue flowers. Anchusa, Lycopsis, and other genera, family Boraginaceae: several species, including the small bugloss and the widespread viper's bugloss. ORIGIN: late Middle English : from Old French buglosse or Latin buglossus, from Greek bouglossos 'ox-tongued,' from bous 'ox' + glossa 'tongue'

perlite - noun. a form of obsidian characterized by spherulites formed by cracking for the volcanic glass during cooling, used as insulation or in plant growth media

calx - noun. a powdery metallic oxide formed when an ore or mineral has been heated.

actinism - adjective. (of light or lightning) able to cause photochemical reactions, as in photography, through having a significant short wavelength or ultraviolet component.- relating to or caused by such light

spalt - adjective. (of wood) containing blackish irregular lines as a result of a fungal decay, and sometimes used to produce a decorative surface

swizzle - noun. a mixed alcoholic drink, esp. a frothy one of rum or gin and bitters

Prince Rupert's Drops, also Rupert's Balls or Dutch Tears - noun. glass objects created by dripping molten glass into cold water. The glass cools into a tadpole-shaped droplet with a long thin tail. The water rapidly cools the molten glass on the outside of the drop, while the inner portion of the drop remains significantly hotter. When the glass on the inside eventually cools, t contracts inside the already solid outer part. This contraction sets up very large compressive stresses on the exterior, while the core of the drop is in a state of tensile stress. The very high residual stress within the drop gives rise to unusual qualities, such as the ability to withstand a blow from a hammer on the bulbous end without breaking, while the drop will disintegrate explosively if the tail is even slightly damaged.

soda lime - noun. a mixture of calcium oxide and sodium hydroxide

Kristallnact - the occasion of concerted violence by Nazis throughout Germany and Austria against the Jews and their property on the night of November 9-10, 1938

ORIGIN: German, literally 'night of crystal', referring to the broken glass produced by the
smashing of store windows

potsherd - noun. a broken piece of ceramic material, esp. one found on an archaeological site.

Rabat - proper noun. the capital of Morocco, an industrial port on the Atlantic coast; pop. 1,220,000. It was founded as a military fort in the 12th century by the Almohads.

Almohad - noun. (pl. -hads) a member of a Berber Muslim movement an

vitriol - noun. archaic or poetic/literary. sulfuric acid. - figurative. cruel and bitter criticism. fury and vitriol.

aglet - noun. a metal or plastic tube fixed tightly around each end of a shoelace.

caldera - noun. a large volcanic crater, typically one formed by a major eruption leading to the collapse of the mouth of the volcano. caldaria, latin, "cooking pot" ,

Tenerife - a volcanic island in the Atlantic Ocean, the largest of the Canary Islands; pop 771,000; capital, Santa Cruz

toponymy - noun. the study of place names

demonic  - noun. also, gentilic, is a name for a resident of a locality. Although not always derived from the name of the locality. The name for a resident of Britain is Briton, and the demonic for a resident of Turkey is Turk. Yet the most common demonic is for the people of the Netherlands, Dutch. Though Netherlander is also used.

orography - noun. the branch of physical geography dealing with mountains

gregarious - adjective. (of a person) fond of company; sociable: he was a popular and sociable man. (of animals) living in flocks or loosely organized communities: gregarious species forage in flocks from colonies or roosts. (of plants) growing in open clusters or in pure associations. ORIGIN: mid 17th century.: from Latin gregarious (from grex, greg-'a flock') + OUS.

Herd behavior - Herd behavior describes how individuals in a group can act together without planned direction. The term pertains to the behavior of animals in herds, flocks, and schools, and to human conduct during activities such as stock market bubbles and crashes, street demonstrations, riots, and general strikes, sporting events, religious gatherings, episodes of mob violence and everyday decision making, judgement, and opinion-forming. Raafat, Chater, and Frith proposed an integrated approach to herding, describing two key issues, the mechanisms of transmission of thoughts or behavior between individuals and the patterns of connections between them. They suggested that bringing together diverse theoretical approaches of herding behavior illuminates the applicability of the concept to many domains ranging from cognitive neuroscience to economics.

Herd Behavior in Animals

A group of animals fleeing from a predator shows the nature of herd behavior. In 1971, in the oft cited article "Geometry For The Selfish Herd," evolutionary biologist W.D. Hamilton asserted that each individual group member reduces the danger to itself by moving as close as possible to the center of the fleeing group. Thus the herd appears as a unit in moving together, but its function emerges from the uncoordinated behavior of self-serving individuals.

Buridan's ass - noun. theory. an illustration of a paradox in philosophy in the conception of free well. It refers to a hypothetical situation wherein an ass that is equally hungry and thirsty is placed precisely between a stack of hay and a pail of water. Since the paradox assumes the ass will always go to whichever is closer, it will die of both under and thirst since it cannot make any rational decision to choose one over the other. The paradox is named after the 14th century French philosopher Jean Buridan, whose philosophy of moral determinism it satirizes. A common variant of the paradox substitutes two identical piles of hay for the hay and water; the ass, unable to choose between the two, dies of hunger.

Selfish Herd Theory - The Selfish herd theory states that individuals within a population attempt to reduce their predation risk by putting other conspecifics between themselves and predators. Such behavior inevitably results in aggregations. The theory was proposed by W.D. Hamilton in 1971 in an attempt to explain the gregarious behavior witnessed by a variety of animals. It contrasted the popular hypothesis that evolution of such social behavior was based on mutual benefits of a population. The basic principle governing the Selfish Herd Theory is that in aggregations, predation risk is greets on the periphery and decreases toward the center. More dominant animals within the population are supposed to obtain low-risk central positions, whereas, subordinate animals will be forced into higher risk positions. Many researches used this idea to explain why population at higher predation risks often form larger, more compact groups. It also may explain why these aggregations are often sorted by phenotypic characteristics such as strength.

Phenotype - noun. Biology. the set of observable characteristics of an individual resulting from the interaction of its genotype with the environment. ORIGIN: sense 1 from French 'pheynl,' from Greek phaino- 'shining'; both senses from Greek phainein 'to show'

benzene - noun. a colorless volatile liquid hydrocarbon present in coal tar and petroleum, used in chemical synthesis. Its use as a solvent has been reduced because of its carcinogenic properties. Chem. formula. C6H6

salano - the local name for an eastern wind in Spain. It is also used for hot suffocating winds of any origin in Burgos and the Basque Country.

Voronoi diagram - In mathematics, a Voronoi diagram is a way of dividing space into a number of regions. A set of points (called seeds, sites, or generators) is specified beforehand and for each seed there will be a corresponding region consisting of all points closer to that seed than to any other. The regions are called Voronoi cells. It is dual to the Delaunay triangulation. It is named after Georgy Voronoi, and is also called a Voronoi tessellation, a Voronoi decomposition, or a Dirichlet tessellation(after Lejeune Dirichlet). Voronoi diagrams can be found in a large number of fields in science and technology, even in art, and they have found numerous practical and theoretical applications.

Delaunay triangulation - In mathematics and computational geometry, a Delaunay triangulation for a  set of P of points in a plane is a triangulation DT( P) such that no point in P is inside the circumscircles of any triangle in DT( P). Delaunay triangulations maximize the minimum angle of all the angles of the triangles in the triangulation; they tend to avoid skinny triangles. The triangulation is named after Boris Delaunay for his work on this topic from 1934.

Moroni - proper noun. the capital of Comoros, on the island of Grande Comore; pop. 22,000

aggregate - noun. 1 a whole formed by combining several (typically disparate) elements: his love life was combined of three aggregate women. - the total number of points scored by a player or team in a series of sporting contests. 2 a material or structure formed from a loosely compacted mass of fragments or particles.

adjective. formed or calculated by the combination of many separate units or items; total : the aggregate amount of poems written. Botany. (of a group of species) comprising several very similar species formerly regarded as a single species. Economics. denoting the total supply or demand for goods and services in an economy at a  particular time: aggregate demand\aggregate supply.

verb. form or group into a class or cluster: [intrans.] the butterflies aggregate in dense groups.

ORIGIN: late Middle English: from Latin aggregat- 'herded together,' from the verb aggregate, from ad- 'toward' + grex, greg- 'a flock.'

massif - non. a compact group of mountains, esp. one that is separate from other groups. ORIGIN: early 16th cent. (denoting a large building): French adjective meaning 'massive,' used as a noun.

Gallotia - noun. the genus of lacertids(wall lizards) of the Canary Islands. This genus consists of a group that has been evolving there ever since the first islands emerged from the sea over 20 million years ago. The endemic species and subspecies of this group have a number of characteristics that make them quite special within their family (Lacertidae); their only close relatives are the sandrunner lizards (Psammodromus) of the western Mediterranean region. Gallotia are characteristic for eating significant quantities of plants, and for several lineages having evolved from insular gigantism.

Insular gigantism - noun. theory. Island gigantism or insular giantism us a biological phenomenon in which the size of animals isolated on an island increases dramatically in comparison to their mainland relatives. Island gigantism is one aspect of the more general, "island rule", which posits that when mainland animals colonize islands, small species tend to evolve larger bodies, and large species tend to evolve smaller bodies. With the arrival of humans and associated predators (dogs, cats, rats, pigs) many giant island endemics have become extinct.

Possible Causes of island gigantism

Large mammalian carnivores are often absent on islands, due to insufficient range or difficulties in over-water dispersal. In their absence, the ecological niches for large predators may be occupied by birds or reptiles, which can then grow to larger-than-normal size. For example, on prehistoric Gargano Island in the Miocene-Pliocene Mediterranean, on islands in the Caribbean like Cuba, and on Madagascar and New Zealand, some or all apex predators were birds like eagles, falcons, and owls, including some of the largest known examples of these groups. However, birds and reptiles generally make less efficient large predators than advanced carnivorans. Since small size usually makes it easier for herbivores to escape or hide from predators, the decreased predation pressure on islands can allow them to grow larger. Small herbivores may also benefit from the absence of competition from missing types of large herbivores. Thus, island gigantism is usually an evolutionary trend resulting from the removal of constraints on the size of small animals related to predation and/or competition. Such constraints can operate differently depending on the size of the animal, however; for example, while small herbivores may escape predation by hiding, large herbivores may deter predators by intimidation. As a result, the complementary phenomenon of island dwarfism can also result from the removal of constraints related to predation and/or competition on the size of large herbivores. In contrast, insular dwarfism among predators more commonly results from the imposition of constraints associated with the limited prey resources available on islands. As opposed to island dwarfism, island gigantism is found in most major vertebrate groups and in invertebrates. A further means of establishing island gigantism may be a founder effect operative when larger members of a mainland population are superior in their ability to colonize islands.

Optimal foraging theory - Optimal foraging theory is an idea in ecology based on the study of foraging behavior and states that organisms forage in such a way as to maximize their net energy intake per unit time. In other words, they behave in such a way as to find, capture and consume food containing the most calories while expending the least amount of time possible in doing so.

The Functional Classes of Predators

Optimal foraging theory uses predators as the object of analysis.
There are four functional classes of predators:

-True predators attack large numbers of their prey throughout their life. They kill their prey immediately, or shortly after the attack. They may eat all or only part of their prey. True predators include tigers, lions, plankton-eating whales, seed-eating birds, ants, and humans.

-Grazers attack large numbers of their prey throughout their lifetime and eat only a portion of their prey. They harm the prey, but rarely kill it. Grazers include locusts, leeches, and mosquitos.

-Parasites, like grazers, eat only a part of their prey(host) but rarely the entire organism, and spend all or a large portion of their life cycle living in/on a single host. This much more intimate relationship is typical of tapeworms, liver flukes, and plant parasites such as the potato blight.

-Parasitoids are mainly typical of wasps(order Hymenoptera), and some flies(order Diptera). Eggs are laid inside the larvae of other arthropods which hatch and consume the host from the inside, killing it. This intimate predator-host relationship is typical of about 10% of all insects. Many viruses that attack single-celled organisms (such as bacteriophage) are also parasitoids, in that they reproduce inside a single host that is inevitably killed by the association.

Basic Variables of OFT

The OFT attempts to explain predator behavior since no predator eats everything available. This is typically due to habitat and size constraints, but even within habitats, predators eat only a proportion of what is available.

E is the amount of energy(calories) from a prey item. h is the handling time, which includes capture, killing, eating, and digesting. h starts once the prey has been spotted. E/h is therefore the profitability of the prey item.

Miocene - adjective. of, relating to, or denoting the fourth epoch of the Tertiary period, between the Oligocene and Pliocene epochs. (the Miocene) the Miocene epoch or the system of rocks deposited during it. The Miocene Epoch lasted from 23.3 million to 5.2 million years ago. During this time, the Alps and Himalayas were being formed and there was diversification of the primates, including first apes. The Miocene is a geological epoch of the Neogene Period and extends from about 23.03 to 5.332 million years ago. The Miocene was named by Sir Charles Lyell. Its name comes from the Greek words meaning "less," and "new" and means "less recent" because it has 18% fewer modern sea invertebrates than the Pliocene Epoch. The Miocene is the first epoch of the Neogene Period.

Pliocene - adjective. Geology. of, relating to, or denoting the last epoch of the Tertiary period, between the Miocene and Pleistocene epochs. (the Pliocene) the Pliocene epoch or the system of rocks deposited during it.

Lagomorpha - Zoology. an order of mammals that comprises the hares, rabbits, and pikas. They are distinguished by the possession of double incisor teeth, and were formerly placed with the rodents. The two living families: the Leporidae(hares and rabbits) and the Ochotonidae(pikas). The name of the order is derived from the Greek ,lagos, "hare" and morphe "form."

Foster's Rule - Foster's Rule also known as "island rule," is a principle in evolutionary biology stating that members of a species get smaller or bigger depending on the resources available in the environment. This is the core of the study of island biogeography. For example, it is known that pygmy mammoths evolved from normal mammoths on small islands. Similar evolutionary paths have been observed in elephants, hippopotamuses, boas, deer, and humans.

Bergmann's Rule - an ecogeographic principle that states that within a broadly distributed taxonomic clade, populations and species of larger size are found in colder environments, and species of smaller size are found in warmer regions. Although originally formulated in terms of species within a genus, it has often been recast in terms of populations within a species. It is also often cast in terms of latitude. The rule is named after a nineteenth-century German biologist, Carl Bergmann, who among the first to describe the pattern in 1847. Bergmann's rule is most often applied to mammals and birds which are endotherms, but some researchers have also found evidence for the rule in studies of ectothermic species such as the ant Leptothorax acervorum(red ant). While Bergmann's rule appears to hold true for many mammals and birds, there are exceptions.

Endotherm - An endotherm (Greek: endon = "within", theorem = "heat") is an organism that maintains its body at a metabolically favorable temperature, largely by use of a heat set free by its internal bodily functions instead of relying almost purely on ambient heat. Such internally generated heat is mainly an incidental product of the animal's routine metabolism, but under conditions of excessive cold or low activity an endotherm might apply special mechanisms adapted specifically to heat production. Examples include special-function muscular exertion such as shivering, and uncoupled oxidative metabolism such as within brown adipose tissue.

brown adipose tissue - Brown adipose tissue (BAT) or brown fat is one of two types of fat or adipose tissue (the other being white adipose tissue) found in mammals. It is especially abundant in newborns and in hibernating mammals. Its primary function is to generate body heat in animals or newborns that do not shiver. In contrast to white adipocytes (fat cells), which contain a single lipid droplet, brown adipocytes contain numerous smaller droplets and a much higher number of (iron containing) mitochondria, which make it brown. Brown fat also contains more capillaries than white fat, since it has a greater need for oxygen than most tissues.

Biochemistry

The mitochondria in a eukaryotic cell utilize fuels to produce energy(in the form of ATP). This process involves storing energy as a proton gradient, also known as the proton motive force(PMF), across the mitochondrial inner membrane. This energy is used to synthesize ATP when the protons flow across the membrane (down their concentration gradient) through the ATP synthase enzyme; this is known as chemiosmosis (the movement of ions across a selectively permeable membrane, down their electrochemical gradient). In warm-blooded animals, body heat is maintained by signaling the mitochondria to allow protons to run back along the gradient without producing ATP. This can occur since an alternative return route for the protons exists through an uncoupling protein in the inner membrane. This protein, known as uncoupling protein 1 (thermogenin), facilitates the return of the protons after they have been actively pumped out of the mitochondria by the electron transport chain. This alternative route for protons uncouples oxidative phophorylation(OXPHOS, is a metabolic pathway that uses energy released by the oxidation of nutrients to produce adenosine triphosphote) and the energy in the PMF is instead released as heat. To some degree, all cells of endotherms give off heat, especially when body temperature is below a regulatory threshold. However, brown adipose tissue is highly specialized for this non-shivering thermogenesis. First, each cell has a higher number of mitochondria compared to more typical cells. Second, these mitochondria have a higher-than-normal concentration of thermogenin in the inner membrane

eclosion - verb. [intrans.] Entomology. (of an insect) emerge as an adult from the pupa or as a larva from the egg.

abele - noun. a white poplar tree

abasement - verb. behave in a way so as to belittle or degrade (someone)

abaft - adverb. Nautical. in or behind the stern of a ship.

abditive - adjective. having the quality of hiding

aberuncators - noun. a large tool for pruning tall branches

abscind - to pare, reduce, cut off or away

abscond - verb. leave hurriedly and secretly, typically to avoid detection

aeolistic - long winded

advesperate - darken; or become late

aeolian - adjective. poetic/literary. characterized by a sighing or moaning sound as if produced by the wind.

aerolith - a stone that falls from the sky; meteorite.

aeviternal - everlasting; endless.

zelkova - noun. an Asian tree of the elm family, often cultivated as an ornamental for its timber, or as a bonsai tree.

afflated- inspired.

agromania - intense desire to be in open spaces

agrypnia - insomnia

ahuli - with sails furred and helm lashed to the lee-side

aiger - tidal wave occurring in rivers

allision - intentional collision of two ships

altricial - adjective. (of a young bird or other animal) hatched or born in an undeveloped state requiring care and feeding by the parents
ALSO NIDICOLOUS. Often contrasted with PRECOCIAL.

amidship - adverb. adjective. in the middle of a ship

alopecoid - of or resembling a fox

amrita - noun. a syrup considered divine by Sikhs, Hindu ambrosia bestowing immortality

ancon - noun. elbow

anteloquy - preface

anteprandial - before dinner

anthophilous - loving or frequenting flowers

anurous - tallness

aphrasia - inability to speak

apodysophilia  - feverish desire to undress

chunter - speak in a soft voice, mumble

sirocco - noun. a hot wind often dusty or rainy, blowing from North Africa across the Mediterranean to southern Europe

hypocaust - noun. a hollow space under the floor of an ancient Roman building, into which hot air was sent for heating  a room or a bath

palaver - noun. prolonged and idle discussion. an hour of aimless palaver

fug - noun. a warm stuffy or smoky atmosphere in a room. the cozy fugue of the music halls.

simoom - noun. a hot, dry, dust-laden wind blowing in the desert, esp. in Arabia. ORIGIN: from Arabic samma 'to poison'

chinook - noun. (also chinook wind) a warm dry wind that blows down the east side of the Rocky Mountains at the end of winter.

khamsin - noun. an oppressive, hot southerly or southeasterly wind blowing in Egypt in spring. ORIGIN: late 17th cent.: from Arabic kamsin, from kamsun 'fifty' (being the approx. duration in days)

ghibli - noun. Arabic. a hot wind from the Sahara desert.

Harmattan - a dry and dusty West African trade wind. It blows south from the Sahara into the Gulf of Guinea between the end of November and the middle of March.

Brickfielder - a hot and dry wind in the desert of Southern Australia that occurs in the summer season.

badinage - playful repartee or banter

bailment - noun. Law. delivery of goods in trust

balbutier - verb. to stammer; to stutter

baiseman - noun. a kiss on the hand

balbriggan - knitted cotton fabric

baragouin - any jargon or unintelligible language

maenad - noun. (in ancient Greece) a female follower of Bacchus, traditionally associated with divine possession and frenzied rites.

basiation - kissing

dither - verb. be indecisive.

phlegmatic - adjective. (of a person) having an unemotional and stolidly calm disposition.

commove - verb. move violently; agitate or excite

corybantic - adjective. wild frenzied

tizzy - noun. a state of nervous excitement or agitation. he got into a tizzy and was talking absolute nonsense.

het up - adjective. angry and agitated. her husband got all het up about something.

pother - noun. a commotion or fuss. don' t make such a pother.

salacious - adjective. (of writing, pictures, or talk) treating sexual matters in an indecent way and typically conveying undue interest in or enjoyment of the subject: salacious stories. lustful; lecherous ORIGIN: mid 17th century: from Latin salax, salac- from salire 'to leap' + -IOUS

virga - noun. a mass of streaks of rain appearing to hang under a cloud and evaporating before reaching the ground.

strombuliform - adjective. formed or shaped like a top, coiled into the shape of a screw or a helix

bavian - insignificant or unskilled poet

bellonephlia - sexual obsession with sharp objects

bathylkopian - deep bosomed

bullace - wild plum

bibliophagist - one who devours books literally or figuratively

biduous - lasting two days

bletherskate - a garrulous talker of nonsense

bloviate - to write or speak windily

bodement - prediction or prophecy

brasero - a place where criminals and heretics are burned

breme - fierce; cruel, keen

brigue - to intrigue

bilocation - ability to be in two places at once

anemometer - noun. a device for measuring wind speed. ORIGIN: Greek from anemos 'wind'.

foehn wind - noun. any of the dry winds that down slope on the lee(downside) of a mountain range.

eddy - a circular movement of water, counter to a main current, causing a small whirl pool ORIGIN: probably German -ed 'again, back'

bora - noun. a strong, cold, dry northeast wind blowing in the upper Adriatic

caecias - noun. a wind from the Northeast.

tepefy - verb. to make or become tepid

tepor - noun. gentle heat; moderate warmth; tepidness

toper - verb. [intrans.] archaic. poetic\literary. drink alcohol to excess, esp. on a regular basis. ORIGIN: mid 17th century.: perhaps an alteration of obsolete top(overbalance) ; perhaps from Dutch toppen 'slant or tilt a ship's yard.'

lew - adjective. lukewarm, tepid

rubicon - noun. a point of no return; (in piquet) an act of winning a game against an opponent whose total score is less than 100, in which case the loser's score is added to rather than subtracted from the winner; ALSO: a stream in northeastern Italy that marked the ancient boundary between Italy and Cisalpine Gaul. Julius Caesar led his army across it into Italy in 49 BC, breaking the law forbidding a general to lead an army out of his province, and so committing himself to war against the Senate and Pompey. The ensuing civil war resulted in victory for Caesar after three years

piquet - noun. a trick-taking card game for two players, using a 32-card deck consisting of cards from the seven to the ace

April 13th, 2013

indusium - noun. Botany. a thin membranous covering, esp. a shield covering a sorus on a fern frond ORIGIN: early 18th cent.: from Latin, literally 'tunic,' from induere 'put on, to don.'

sorus - noun. Botany. a cluster of spore-producing receptacles on the underside of a fern frond. A gamete-producing or fruiting body in certain algae and fungi. ORIGIN: mid 19th cent.: modern Latin, from Greek suros 'heap.'

scamp - noun. Informal. a person, esp. a child, who is mischievous in a likable or amusing way; a wicked or worthless person; a rogue; verb. dated. do (something) in a perfunctory or inadequate way. ORIGIN: mid 18th cent.: (denoting a highwayman): from obsolete scamp [rob on the highway.] Probably from Middle Dutch schampen 'slip away,' from Old French eschamper 'flee the battlefield,' from champ 'field.'

hellion - noun. informal. a rowdy, mischievous, or troublemaking person, esp. a child ORIGIN: mid 19th cent.: perhaps from dialect hallion (a worthless fellow,] changed by association with hell.

Fox - noun. a member of an American Indian people formerly living in southern Wisconsin, and now mainly in Iowa, Nebraska, and Kansas; the Algonquian language of this people; adjective. of or relating to this people or their language.

scalawag - noun. informal. a person who behaves badly but in an amusingly mischievous rather than harmful way; a rascal. 2. historical. a white Southerner who collaborated with northern Republicans during Reconstruction, often for personal profit. The term was used derisively by white Southern Democrats who opposed Reconstruction legislation. ORIGIN: mid 19th cent.: of unknown origin. also scallywag.

varmint - noun. dialect/informal. a troublesome wild animal, esp. a fox; a troublesome and mischievous person, esp. a child. ORIGIN: mid 16th cent.: alteration of vermin.

rapscallion -  noun. archaic or humorous. a mischievous person. ORIGIN: late 17 cent.: alteration of earlier rascallion, perhaps from rascal.

scapegrace - noun. archaic. a mischievous or wayward person, esp. a young person or child; a rascal. ORIGIN: early 19th cent.: from scape + grace, literally denoting a person who escapes the grace of God.

anallantoic - adjective. Anatomy. without, or not developing, an allantois

allantaois - noun. Embryology. Zoology. a vascular, extraembryonic membrane of birds, reptiles, and certain mammals that develops as a sac or diverticulum from the ventral wall of the hindgut. ORIGIN: 1640-50
anamniotic -

azygous - adjective. Anatomy/Biology. (of an organic structure) single; not existing in pairs. ORIGIN: mid 19th cent.: from Greek azugos 'unyoked' (from a- 'without' + zugon 'yoke') + -OUS

biennial - adjective. taking place every other year; of a plant. living or lasting two years

emergent - adjective. 1. in the process of coming into being or becoming prominent :  the emergent poetic works of Martin Narrod. 2. Philosophy. (of a property) arising as an effect of complex causes and not analyzable simply as the sum of their effects 3. Botany. of or denoting a plant that is taller than the surrounding vegetation, esp. a tall tree in a forest 4. Botany. of or denoting a water plant with leaves and flowers that appear above the water surface 5. arising and existing only as a phenomenon of independent parts working together, and not predictable on the basis of their properties 6. Philosophy. noun. an emergent property; Botany. an emergent tree or other plants. ORIGIN: late Middle English (in the sense [occurring unexpectedly] ) from Latin emergent- 'arising from,' from the verb emergere.

exogenous - adjective. of, relating to, or developing from external factors

phobophobia - noun. an abnormal fear of developing a phobia; anxiety about showing symptoms of phobia.

scutellum - noun. Biology & Zoology. a small shield-like structure, in particular: a modified cotyledon in the embryo of a grass seed, or the third dorsal sclerite in each thoracic segment of an insect.

spinescent - noun. Botanical Morphology. thorns, spines, and prickles are hard structures with sharp, or at least pointed, ends. In spite of this common feature, they differ in their growth and development on the plant; they are modified versions of different plant organs, stems, stipules, leaf veins, or hairs. In nontechnical usage, the terms may be synonyms.

stipule - noun. Botany. a small leaflike appendage to a leaf, typically borne in pairs at the base of the leaf stalk. ORIGIN: late 18th cent.: from French stipule or Latin stipula 'straw.'

stipple - verb. (in drawing, painting, and engraving) mark (a surface) with numerous small dots or specks ORIGIN: mid 17th cent.: from Dutch stippelen frenquentative of stippen 'to prick,' from stip 'a point.'

frequentative - adjective. (of a verb or verbal form) expressing frequent repetition or intensity of action d

derisively - adjective. expressing contempt or ridicule ORIGIN: mid 17th cent.: from derision , on the pattern of the pair decision, decisive.

efflorescence - verb. [intrans.] (of a substance) lose moisture and turn to a fine powder upon exposure to air. 2. (of salts) come to the surface of a brickwork, rock, or other material and crystallize there 3. (of a surface) become covered with salt particles. 4. reach an optimum stage of development. ORIGIN: late 18th cent.: from Latin efflorescere , from e- (variant of ex-) 'out' + florescere ' begin to bloom' (from florere 'to bloom,' from flos, flor 'flower.'

acropetal - adjective. Botany. (of a growth or development) upward from the base or point of attachment. The opposite of BASIPETAL. 2. (of the movement of dissolved substances) outward toward the shoot and root apexes.

algerining - verb. sneaking around with the intent of committing a burglary.

autolatrist - noun. one who worships themselves

autotonsorialist - one who cuts their own hair

batrachophagous - noun. someone who eats frogs

dactylion - noun. the tip of the middle finger

eccedentesiast - noun. one who fakes a smile, esp. on television

fabiform - adjective. in the shape of a bean

filipendulous - adjective. Botany. suspended by, or strung upon, a thread; said of tuberous swellings in the middle or at the extremities of slender, threadlike rootlets ORIGIN: from Latin filum 'a thread' + 'pendulus 'hanging,' from French pendre ' to hang.]

affricate - noun. Phonetics. a phoneme that combines a plosive with an immediately following fricative or spirant sharing the same place of articulation. e.g., ch as in chair and j as in jar. ORIGIN: late 19th cent. : from Latin affricatus, past participle of affricare, from ad- 'to' + fricare 'to rub'

allantois - noun. the fetal membrane lying below the chorion in many vertebrates, formed as an outgrowth of the embryo's gut. In birds and reptiles it grows to surround the embryo; in eutherian mammals it forms part of the placenta.

Eutheria - Zoology. a major group of mammals that comprises placentals. Compare with Metatheria. Infraclass Eutheria, subclass Theria ORIGIN: modern Latin (plural), from EU- [well, prospering] + Greek therion 'wild beast.'

thermion - noun. an ion or electron emitted by a substance at high temperature ORIGIN: early 20th cent.: from THERMO- 'of heat' + ION.

thereon - adverb. formal. on or following from the thing just mention: the prurient fellatio the foyer and the coitus in the master bedroom thereon.

amnion - noun. the innermost membrane that encloses the embryo of a mammal, bird, or reptile. ORIGIN: mid 17th cent.: from Greek, 'caul,' diminutive of amnos 'lamb.'

epitasis - noun. plural. the part of an ancient drama, following the protasis, in which the main action is developed. ORIGIN: 1580-90 from Greek epitasis 'emphasis, increase intensity, stretching,' equivalent to epi- + ta- (variant of stem of teinein 'to stretch') +  -sis.

achene - noun. Botany. a small, dry, one-seeded fruit that does not open to release the seed. ORIGIN: mid 19th cent.: from modern Latin achaenium, derived irregularly from a- 'not' + Greek khainein 'to gape.'

amalgam - noun. a mixture or blend

folkpartiet - noun. a liberal and conservative-liberal political party in Sweden

clannasaor - noun. a small political party out of Scotland

liege - adjective. relating to the relationship between a feudal superior and a vassal

vassal - noun. historical. a holder of land by feudal tenure on conditions of homage and allegiance

fealty - noun. a feudal tenant's or vassal's sworn loyalty to a lord; allegiance

mittimus - noun. an arrest warrant issued by and on behalf of the state.

renege - verb. go back on a promise

gabelle - noun. a tax on salt.

gossolalia - adjective. fluent nonsense

gossypiboma - noun. a sponge accidentally left inside one's body during surgery.

hemolysis - verb. breaking open a red blood cell

hieracosphinx - noun. a sphinx with the head of a hawk

jentacular - adjective. having to do with breakfast

jumentous - adjective. smelling similar to or like horse urine

kakorrhaphiophobia - noun. a fear of failure

knismesis - noun. light tickling

kyphorrhinos - adjective. to have a nose with a bump on it

labrose - adjective. to have large lips

catarrhines - adjective. belonging to or pertaining to the group Catarrhini, comprising humans, anthropoid apes, and Old World monkeys, having the nostrils close together and opening downward and a nonprehensile, often greatly reduced or vestigial tail. 2. noun. a catarrhine animal. ORIGIN: mid 19th cent.: from Neo-Latin Catarrhini, plural of catarrhinus, from Greek katarrhin 'hook-nosed,' equivalent to kata- cata- + -rhin 'nosed,' adjective. derivative of rhis- 'nose, snout.'

lythcoop - verb. an auction of household goods

mortress - noun. a dish of meats and other ingredients, cooked together; an 'ollapodrida' - Chaucer. Bacon

synodite - noun. a traveling companion

lusory - adjective. used in play; playful; sportive.

donnerd - adjective. grossly stupid; stunned; dazed.

grobianism - noun. a rude or clownish person; boor; lout.

lout - noun. an uncouth or aggressive man or boy ORIGIN: mid 16th. cent.: from archaic lout [to bow down,] of Germanic origin.

mundungus - adjective. offal; waste animal product; organic matter unfit for consumption.

parthenocarpy - noun. Botany. the development of a fruit without prior fertilization. ORIGIN: early 20th cent.: from german Parthenocarpie, from Greek parthenos 'virgin' + karpos 'fruit.'

whinyard -

weisure -

ninmiety -

panurgic -

chapfallen -

billingsgate -

latration -

witticaster -

sliteroo -

rux -

mirliton -

ruelle -

prolix -

ageusia -

animadversion -

arabesque -

beadle -

brachymetropia -

colophon -

desquamation -

diegesis -

vinny -

spleenful -

crocodilne -

subdolous -

apivorous -

lowlily -

capriped -

agazed -

daring-hardy -

saturnine - adjective. (of a person or their manner) slow and gloomy; (of a person) dark in coloring and moody or mysterious; 3. (of a place or occasion) gloomy. ORIGIN: late Middle English (as a term in astrology): from Old French saturnin, from medieval Latin Saturninus 'of Saturn' (identified with lead by the alchemists and associated with slowness and gloom by astrologers).

swarthy - adjective. dark-skinned ORIGIN: late 16th cent.: alteration of obsolete swarty

swart - adjective. archaic. poetic/literary. swarthy. ORIGIN: Old English sweart, of Germanic origin: related to Dutch zwart and German schwarz.

mercurial - adjective. (of a person) subject to sudden or unpredictable changes of mood or mind 2. (of a person) sprightly; lively 3. of or containing the element mercury. 3. (Mercurial) of the plant Mercury 4. noun. a drug or other compound related to Mercury. ORIGIN: late Middle English (sense 3) : from Latin mercurialis 'relating to the god Mercury,' from Mercurius 'Mercury.' (Sense 1) dates from the mid 17th century.

sprightly - adjective. (esp. of an old person) lively; full of energy. ORIGIN: late 16th cent.: from spright (a rare variant of SPRITE)

plaintive - adjective. sounding sad and mournful ORIGIN: late Middle English : from Old French plaintif -ive , from plainte 'lamentation.'

dour - adjective. relentlessly severe, stern, or gloomy in manner or appearance ORIGIN: late Middle English (originally Scots) probably from Scottish Gaelic dur 'dull, obstinate, stupid,' perhaps from Latin durus 'hard.'

perendinate -

dysbulia -

kalon -

tycolysis -

fungible -

cibarious -

gradine -

worricow -

fritinancy -

proditorius -

mycterism -

roorback -

troorback -

kyphotic -

corody -

cordon -

suoid -

burdalane -

ryotwar -

branular -

tremellose -






claudel - noun. a French sculpture best known for her bust models o Auguste Rodin (1864-1943)

deontology - noun. Philosophy. the study of the nature of duty and obligation.

incurrence - verb. become subject to something unwelcome or unpleasant as a result of one's own behavior or actions ORIGIN: late Middle English : from Latin incurrere, from in- 'toward' + currere 'run'

recant - verb. say that one no longer holds an opinion or belief

espousal - noun. an act of adopting or supporting a cause, belief, or way of life

marasmus - noun. Medicine. severe undernourishment causing an infant's or child's weight to be significantly low for their age (e.g. below 60 percent of normal.

dote - verb. to bestow or express excessive love or fondness habitually (usually followed by on or up), 2. to show a decline of mental faculties, especially with old age. 3. decay of wood. ORIGIN: 1175-1225; Middle English, doten, to behave foolishly, become feeble minded; cognate with Middle Dutch doten.

amatory - adjective. of or pertaining to lovers or lovemaking; expressive of love: amatory poems; an amatory look. ORIGIN: 1590-1600; < Latin amatorius. ama- stem of amara+ to love.

sapphic - adjective. pertaining to sappho or toe certain meters or a for of strophe or stanza used by or named after her. Lesbian. a sapphic verse.

byblis - pursuant goddess of Caunus(brother of byblis) when he fled, she chased him, having torn off her clothes, dying along and having cried so often she was made into a Spring.

oshun - in the Yoruba Religion of Nigeria, Oshun is an Orisha who reigns over love, intimacy, beauty, wealth, and diplomacy. She is worshipped also in Brazilian Candomble Ketu with the name Oxum

ardent - adjective. having, expressive of, or characterized by intense feeling; passionate; fervent; an ardent vow. intensely devoted, eager, or enthusiastic; burning; firey; hot. ORIGIN: Latin, ardere, to burn

deflagrate - verb. to burn, especially suddenly and violently. ORIGIN: Latin deflagrare to burn.

igneous - adjective. geology. produced under conditions involving intense heat. as rocks of volcanic origin or rocks crystallized from molten magma. of, pertaining to, or characteristic of fire. ORIGIN: Latin igneus, equivalent to ign(is) fire.

fervid - adjective. heated or vehement in spirit; enthusiasm. ORIGIN: Latin, fervidus: boiling.

perfervid - adjective. very fervent; very ardent; impassioned

zelophobia - noun. the fear of jealousy

onomatomania - the obsession with a particular word which the person uses repeatedly or which intrudes into consciousness

incubus - noun. a male demon believed to have sexual intercourse with sleeping women. 2. figurative - a cause of distress of anxiety 3. archaic - a nightmare ORIGIN: Middle English : Latin form of Latin incubo 'nightmare,'incubare 'lie on'

loganamnosis - noun. an obsession with trying to recall a forgotten word

anglomania - noun. an excessive admiration of English customs

plutomania - noun. a passion or craving for wealth, obsession with money; delusion that on is wealthy

rhytiscopia - noun. an obsession with searching for wrinkles; especially, on the face

anthomania - noun. an extravagant passion for flowers

cacospectamania - noun. an obsession at staring at something which is repulsive

catapedamania - noun. the irrational obsession with jumping from high places

dacnomania - noun. an obsession with killing

dacoitage - noun. robbery by gang or mob

doramania - noun. the compulsion to own furs; the abnormal interest in fur.

erastophilia - noun. reference to a personality trait which assesses an individuals disposition to respond to sexual cues in either a positive or a negative manner.

francomania - noun. an obsession with French culture, language, or people

gallomania - noun. a strong predilection for anything French; an excessive admiration for anything French.

gamomania - noun. an obsessive desire for making bizarre marriage proposals.

gigmania - noun. the smug obsession with attaining middle class respectability

girouettism - noun. altering one's opinions to match public trends

grandgousier - one who will eat as much as possible of anything

graptomancy - divination using hand writing

gressible - noun. able to walk

griffonage - noun. sloppy or illegible hand writing

gaberluzie - noun. a wandering beggar or a harmless homeless person.

galea - noun. a headache which covers the entire head

galeanthropy - noun. the delusion that one is a cat

galeophobia - noun. a fear of sharks or cats

gargalesthesia - noun. the sensation caused by tickling

gastromancy - noun. divination using a crystal ball

geck - noun. an expression of scorn or contempt

gelophobia - noun. a fear of laughter

grapholagnia - noun. the urge to stare at obscene photographs

graphomania - noun. a passion or urge to write

hellenomania - noun. an obsession with Greece and the Greeks.

hippopotomonstrosesquppedaliophobia - noun. a fear of using long words

honorificabilitudinitatibus - adjective. honorable

logolepsy - noun. a fascination or obsession with words

oenomania - noun. alcoholic

orchidomania - an obsession with orchids; a pleasure gained from raising or collecting orchids

parateresiomania - noun. an obsession or compulsion to see new sights or places

parousiamania - noun. an obsession with or excitement about the return of Christ.

stigmatophilia - noun. Psychiatry. a sexual perversion in which arousal and orgasm depend upon the partner being scarred, marked, tattooed, or pierced (especially in the genital or nipple region so bars, rings, etc. can be worn); the term also includes the person who must also be marked in the same way

tulipomania - noun. a violent passion for the acquisition or cultivation of tulips

undinism - the act of urinating on someone

pantheistic - noun. a doctrine that identifies God with the universe, or regards the universe as a manifestation of God; rare. worship that admits or tolerates all Gods

cosmogony - noun. the branch of science that deals with the origin of the universe, esp. the solar system

macrocosm - noun. the universe; the cosmos

ecumenical - adjective. of worldwide scope or applicability; universal; concerned with establishing or promoting unity among churches or religions

bacchanal - noun. drunkard; reveller

baft - noun. a cheap coarse fabric

bahadur - self-important official

balaniferous - adjective. acorn-bearing

heliophobia - noun. a fear of sunlight

helcoid - noun. ulcerous

heliotrope - purplish hue; purplish flower or plant

helminthiasis - noun. an infestation of worms

helobious - verb. living in marshes or moors

helotry - noun. a class of slaves

hemialgia - adjective. a pain in one side of the body alone

hemistich - noun. half a verse line

hendecagon - noun. an eleven sided figure

dratchell

feaque -

fustilug -

growthead

kaynard -

lurdan -

luskish -

piker -

otiose -

faineant -

slugabed -

lotophagous -

wastrel -

lubberland -

oscitancy -

foolscap -

litherly -

lotus-eater -

rumpus mcfowl -

gepids -

ocellus -

iridic -

prate -

collyrium -

kohl -

lore -

stemma -

aphanite -

emmetropia -

skiascope -

supraorbital -

trachoma -

sciera -

abducens nerve -

hygrophthalmic -

isometropia -

oculist -

oculomotor -

pupillary -

anisometropia -

fundus -

dacryops -

marguerite -

opthalmoscopy -

strabotomy -

trochlear nerve -

albuginea -

buphthalmia -

chromoptometer -

dextrocular -

eesome -

lagophthalmos -

leucoma -

megascopic -

musth -

oculiform -

ommateum -

selenium cell -

trice -

winker -

hemianopsia -

ocelleated -

acorea -

anisocoria -

bonnie -

chrysoberyl -

een -

episcleritis -

dolerite -

eyeglance -

garrot -

germander -

hordeolum -

house dick -

invigilate -

iridoncus -

jettatura -

leukoma -

nasal canthus -

ocul -

oculus dexter -

oculus sinister -

orthochromatic -

phakic -

pigsney

postorbital -

rabbiteye -

rattlewings -

retinene -

retrolental -

scintillation -

sekhet -

shuts -

stian -

strale -

synizesis -

temporal canthus -

uveas -

uveous -

yghe -

ocular -

canthus -

saccade -

amaurosis -

mydriasis -

chatoyant -

choroid -

strabismus -

aegilops -

ciliary - adjective. Biology. of, relating to, or involving cilia 2. Anatomy. of or relating to the eyelashes or eyelids



retinitis pigmentosa - noun. Medicine. a chronic hereditary eye disease characterized by black pigmentation and gradual degeneration of the retina

synechia - noun. Medicine. an eye condition where the iris adheres to either the cornea or lens. Synechia can be caused by ocular trauma, iritis, or iridocyclitis, and may lead to certain types of glaucoma. It is sometimes visible on careful examination but usually more easily through an opthalmoscope or slit-lamp.

synoptophore - noun. Medicine. a test for binocular vision.

recumbent - adjective. (esp. of a person or human figure) lying down ORIGIN: mid 17th cent.: from Latin recumbent- 'reclining,' from the verb recumbre, from re- 'back' + a verb related to cubare 'to lie.'

descry - verb. poetic/literary. catch sight of ORIGIN: Middle English : perhaps confused with obsolete descry 'describe,' variant of obsolete descrive(via Old French from Latin describere 'write down'), which also had the meaning [perceive]

epicanthus - noun. Biology. a vertical fold of skin over the nasal canthus; normal for Mongolian peoples; sometimes occurs in Down's syndrome.

lacrimal bone - none. Biology. small fragile bone making up part of the front inner walls of each eye socket and providing room for the passage of the lacrimal ducts

muscae volitantes - noun. Biology. Dark specks appearing to float before the eyes, generally caused by particles in the vitreous humor of the eye.

nystagmus - noun. rapid involuntary movements of the eye

op art - noun. a form of abstract art that gives the illusion of movement by the precise use of pattern and color, or in which conflicting patterns are used

spiracle - noun. Biology. An external respiratory opening, esp. each of a number of pores on the body of an insect, or each of a pair of vestigial gill slits.

cilia - noun. Biology & Anatomy. a short, microscopic, hairlike vibrating structure. Cilia occur in large numbers on the surface of certain cells, either causing currents in the surrounding fluid, or, in some protozoans and other small organisms, providing propulsion. ORIGIN: early 18th cent.: eyelash from Latin

dioptometer -

epiphora - noun. Medicine. excessive watering of the eye

epistrophe - noun. Rhetoric. the repetition of a word at the end of successive clauses or sentences: Example. this nation under God, shall have a new birth of freedom- and that government of the people, by the people, for the people, shall not perish from this Earth.- Abraham Lincoln Gettysburg Address

hilum - noun. Botany. the scar on a seed marking the point of attachment to its seed vessel. ORIGIN: mid 17th cent.: from Latin, literally 'little thing, trifle', once thought to mean, 'that which sticks to a bean', hence the current sense.

nauplius - noun. Zoology. the first larval stage of many crustaceans, having an unsegmented body and a single eye.ORIGIN: mid 19th cent.: from Latin, denoting a kind of shellfish, or from the Greek name Nauplios, the son of Poseidon

presbyopia - noun. farsightedness caused by loss of elasticity of the lens of the eye, occurring typically in middle and old age

trichiasis - noun. Medicine. ingrowth or introversion of the eyelashes

animalcule - noun. archaic. a microscopic animal; Amoeba, called Proteus animalcule, Noctiluca, commonly called the 'Sea Sparkles'

anomalops - noun. Zoology. A fish having a luminous organ beneath the eyel; of warm waters of the the Western Pacific and Puerto Rico; also called the Flashing Fish

anopsia - noun. Medicine. An anopsis or anopia is a defect of the visual field.

interdigitate - verb. (of two or more things) interlock like the fingers of two clasped hands

adactylous -

dactylonomy -

digitate - adjective. shaped like a spread hand

athetosis -

dactylitis -

phalanx -

thrum - verb. make a continuous rhythmic humming sound

chiragra -

chary - adjective. cautious; wary

imparidigitate -

polydactyl - noun. a condition in which a person or animal has more than five fingers or toes on one, or on each, hand or foot

tridactyl - adjective. Zoology. (of a vertebrate limb) having three toes or fingers

palmar -

volar -

pronation -

chiromancy -

palmistry -

supinate -

pronate - verb. put or hold (a hand, foot, or limb) with the palm or sole turned downward; walk or run with most of the weight on the outside of the feet

pandy -

lumbricalis -

thenal -

hypothenar -

appaume -

johrei -

trowel -

jupati -

spanner -

rounce -

ansate -

paum -

palmyra -

raffia -

thenar -

pilfer -

carnauba -

talipot -

calamus -

gomuti -

lontar -

babassu -

caranda -

adactylia -

adactyly -

bidigitate -

brachydactylia -

digitipartite -

hexadactylous -

purificator -

thrip - noun. a minute black-winged insect that sucks plant sap and can be a serious pest of ornamental and food plants when present in large numbers

palmate - adjective. Botany & Zoology. (of a leaf) having several lobes(typically 5-7) whose midribs all radiate from one point; (of an antler) in which the angles between the tines are partly filled in to form a broad flat surface, as in fallow deer and moose- web footed.

pilliwinks - noun. (also called the thumbscrew) is a torture instrument which was first used in medieval europe. It is a simple vice, sometimes with protruding studs on the interior surfaces. The victim's thumbs or fingers were placed in the vice and slowly crushed. The thumbscrew was also applied to crush prisoners' big toes. The crushing bars were sometimes lined with sharp metal points to puncture the nails and inflict greater pain in the nail beds. Larger, heavier devices based on the same design principle were applied to crush knees and elbows.

pillion - noun. a seat for a passenger behind a motorcyclist 2. historical. a woman's light saddle 3. historical. a cushion attached to the back of a saddle for an additional passenger: a ride pillion.

curlew - noun. Zoology. The curlews, genus Numenius, are a group of eight species of birds, characterized by long, slender, down curved bills, and mottled brown plumage. They are one of the most ancient lineages of scolopacid waders, together with the godwits which look similar but have straight bills. In Europe "curlew" usually refers to one species, the Eurasian Curlew Numenius arquata.

scolopacid -

godwits -

arcus senilis - noun. Medical. a whitish deposit in the shape of an arc that is sometimes seen in the cornea

bodkin - noun. a blunt thick needle with a large eye used esp. for drawing tape or cord through a hem; a small pointed instrument used to pierce cloth or leather

awl - noun. a small pointed tool used for piercing holes esp. in leather

bradawl - noun. a hand boring tool similar to a small, sharpened, screwdriver

bonny - adjective. attractive; beautiful

anomalous - adjective. deviating from what is standard, normal, or expected

bouge - adjective. deviating from what is standard, normal, or expected.

Canal of Schlemm - noun. Biology. also scleral venous sinus, is a circular channel in the eye that collects aqueous humor from the anterior chamber and delivers it into the bloodstream via the anterior ciliary veins.

choroid coat - noun. Biology. the vascular layer of the eye, containing connective tissue, and lying between the retina and the sclera. The human choroid is thickest at the far extreme  rear of the eye (at 0.2 mm), while in the outlying areas it narrows to 0.1 mm. The choroid provides oxygen and nourishment to the outer layers of the retina. Along with the ciliary body and iris, the choroid forms the uveal tract.

comely - adjective. (typically of a woman) pleasant to look at; attractive.

corneule - noun. Biology. One of the corneas of a compound eye in the invertebrates.

conspectuity - noun. Medical. The faculty of seeing; sight; eye

dioptre - noun. Medical. a unit of measurement of the optical power of a lens or curved mirror, which is equal to the reciprocal of the focal length measured in metres (that is, 1/metres(. It is thus a unit of reciprocal length. For example, a 3-dioptre lens brings parallel rays of light to focus at 1/3 metre. The same unit is also sometimes used for other reciprocals of distance, particularly radii of curvature and the vergence of optical beams. The usage was proposed by French ophthalmologist Ferdinand Monoyer in 1872, based on earlier use of the term dioptrice by Johannes Kepler.

vergence - noun. the simultaneous movement of both eyes in opposite directions to obtain or maintain single binocular vision.

dittography - noun. a mistaken repetition of a letter, word, or phrase by a copyist. ORIGIN: late 19th cent.: from Greek dittos 'double'

emmetropic - noun. Rhetoric. the state of vision where an object at infinity is in sharp focus with the eye lens in a neutral or relaxed state.  ORIGIN: from Greek, emmetros, "well proportioned."

encauma - noun. Medicine. An ulcer in the eye, upon the cornea, which causes the loss of the humors.

enucleate - verb. Biology. to remove the nucleus from a cell; surgically remove (a tumor or gland, or the eyeball) intact from its surrounding capsule ORIGIN: mid 16th cent.: (in the sense [clarify, explain]): from Latin enucleat- 'extracted, made clear,' from the verb enucleare, from e- (variant of ex-) 'out of' + nucleus 'kernel'

exteroceptor - noun. a sensory receptor that receives external stimuli

fovea - noun. a small depression in the retina of the eye where visual acuity is highest. The center of the field of vision focused in this region

frontispiece - noun. an illustration facing the title of a book; Architecture. the principal face of a building ORIGIN: late 16th cent.: from French frontispiece or Latin frontispicium 'facade,' from Latin frons- 'front' + specere 'to look' The change in the ending (early in the word's history) was by association with piece.

gouger - noun. informal. a person whom gouges one's eyes out; overcharge; swindle

haemophtalmia - noun. Medical. congenital tendency to uncontrolled bleeding; usually affects males is transmitted from mother to son

hypermetropy - noun. the enlargement of an organ or tissue from the increase in size of its cells.

hyphema - noun. Medical. bleeding into the interior of the eye.

iodopsin - noun. a violet photopigment in the retinal cones of the eyes of most vertebrates; plays a role in daylight vision

keratectasia - noun. Medical. abnormal bulging of the cornea of the eye.

keratoiritis - noun. inflammation of the cornea and the iris of the eye

keratoscleritits - noun. Medical. Inflammation of the cornea and the sclera of the eye.

scleritis - noun. Anatomy. the white outer layer of the eyeball. At the front of the eye it is continuous with the cornea.

kerato - noun. Rhetoric. prefix indicating the cornea of the eye

lunette - noun. something crescent-shaped in particular; Christian. a holder for the consecrated host in a monstrance

mala - noun. a locality and the seat of Mala Municipality in Vasterbotten County, Sweden with 2,089 inhabitants in 2005

malar bone - noun. Biology. Cheekbone; the arch of the bone beneath the eye that forms the prominence of the cheek

mongolism - noun. Offensive. down syndrome

moon blindness - noun. recurrent inflammation of a horse's eye, often resulting in eventual blindness. Also called mooneye

mydriatic drug - noun. a drug that causes the pupil of the eye to dilate; used to aid in eye examinations

neomycin - noun. a broad-spectrum antibiotic produced from strains of the actinomycete Streptomyces fradiae and used especially in the form of its sulfate as an intestinal antiseptic in surgery

nervus oculomotorius - noun. Biology. supplies extrinsic muscles of the eye

nyctalopia - noun. Medical. the inability to see in dim light or at night

oculonasal - noun. Biology. pertaining to the eyes and nose

opacify - verb. make opaque

opsablepria - noun. The inability to look someone is the eyes, or not looking into another person's eyes

phorometer - noun. Medical. an instrument for detecting and measuring imbalance in the extrinsic muscles of the eye

photalgia - noun. Medical. pain in the eye resulting from exposure to bright light

physostigmine - noun. Chemistry. a cholinergic alkaloid usually obtained from dried ripe seed of Calabar bean, used as a topical miotic and to reverse the central nervous system effects of an overdosage of anticholinergic drugs; used in the form of the salicylate and sulfate salts

Calabar Bean - noun. the poisonous seed of a tropical West African climbing plant, containing physostigmine and formerly used for tribal ordeals

physostigmine - noun. Chemistry. a compound that is the active ingredient of the Calabar bean and is used medicinally in eye drops because of its anticholinergic activity

anticholinergic - adjective. Medicine. (chiefly of a drug) inhibiting the physiological action of acetylcholine, esp. as a neurotransmitter

acetylcholine - noun. Biochemistry. an organic, polyatomic cation that acts as a neurotransmitter in both the peripheral nervous system(PNS) and central nervous system(CNS) in many organisms including humans. It is an ester of acetic acid and choline, with chemical formula CH3COO(CH2)2N+(CH3)3 and systematic name 2-acetoxy-N2N2N-trimethylethanaminium.

esther - noun. Chemistry. an organic compound made by replacing the hydrogen of an acid by an alkyl or other organic group. Many naturally occurring fats and essential oils are esters of fatty acids. ORIGIN: mid 19th cent.L from German, probably from a blend of Essig 'vinegar' and Ather 'ether.'

acetic acid - noun. Biochemistry. a colorless liquid that when undiluted is also called glacial acetic acid. Acetic acid is the main component of vinegar(apart from water). Although classified as a weak acid, concentrated acetic acid is corrosive, and attacks the skin. Acetic acid is one of the simplest carboxylic acids. It is an important chemical reagent and industrial chemical, mainly used in the production of cellulose acetate mainly for photographic film and polyvinyl acetate for wood glue, as well as synthetic fibers and fabrics.

choline - noun. Biochemistry. a water-soluble essential nutrient. It is usually grouped with the B-complex vitamins. Choline is the precursor molecule for the neurotransmitter acetylcholine, which is involved in many functions including memory and muscle control

porphyropsin - noun. Biochemistry. the photoreceptor proteins found in the cone cells of the retina that are the basis of color vision. Iodopsins are very close analogs of the visual purple rhodopsin that is used in night vision. Iodopsins consist of a protein called photopsin and a bound chromophore, retinal.

beleth - noun. Demonology. Beleth also spelled Bilet, Bileth, Byleth and Bilith is a mighty and terrible king of hell, who has eighty-five legions of demons under his command. He rides a pale horse, and all kinds of music is heard before him, according to most authors on demonology and the most known grimoires. According to Pseudomonarchia Daemonum Ham, Noah's son, was the first in invoking him after the flood, and wrote a book on Mathematics with his help.

When appearing he looks very fierce to frighten the conjurer or to see if he is courageous. The conjurer must be brave, and holding a hazel wand in his hand must draw a triangle by striking towards the South, East, and upwards, then commanding Beleth into it by means of some conjurations.

amaymon - noun. Demonology. A prince of hell, and according to some grimoires, the only one who has power over Asmodai. A curious characteristic of this spirit is shown during the Evocation of Asmodai to visible appearance, when the Exorcist must stand upright with his Cap or Headdress removed in a show of respect; for if he does not it is Amymon who will deceive him and doom all his work.

grimoires - noun. a book of magic spells and invocations ORIGIN: mid 19th cent.: French, alteration of grammaire 'grammar'

caruncula - noun. Biology. an outgrowth on a plant or animal such as a fowl's wattle or protuberance near the hilum of certain seeds

coenesthesis - noun. Physiology. Common sensation or general sensibility, as distinguished from the special sensations which are located in, ascribed to, separate organs, as the eye and ear

ganglionic - noun. Anatomy. a structure containing a number of nerve cell bodies, typically linked by synapses, and often forming a swelling on a nerve fiber; Medicine. an abnormal benign swelling on a tendon sheath

Hyoscyamine - a tropane alkaloid. It is a secondary metabolite found in certain plants of the Solanaceae family, including henbane, mandrake, jimson weed, tomato, and deadly nightshade. It is the levorotary isomer of atropine (third of the three major nightshade alkaloids) and thus sometimes known as levo-atropine. Hyoscyamine should not be confused with hyoscine, an older alternate name for the related nightshade-derived anticholinergic scopolamine for which it is the precursor

Brand names for hyoscyamine include: Symax, HyoMax, Anaspaz, Egazil, Buwecon, Cystospaz, Levsin, Levbid, Levsinex, Donnamar, NuLev, Spacol T/S, and Neoquess.

Pharmacology

Hyoscyamine is an antagonist of muscarinic acetylcholine receptors (antimuscarinic). It blocks the action of acetylcholine at parasympathetic sites in sweat glands, salivary glands, stomach secretions, heart muscle, sinoatrial node, smooth muscle in the gastrointestinal tract, and the central nervous system. It increases cardiac output and heart rate, lowers blood pressure, dries secretions. It may antagonize seretonin. At comparable doses, hyoscyamine has 98 percent of the antcholinergic power of atropine. The other major belladonna-derived drug scopolamine has 92 percent of the antimuscarinic potency of atropine.

enorthotrope -

ethmoid -

naphazoline - noun. Chemistry. (in the hydrochloride from) is the common name for 2-1-(1-naphthylmethyl)-2-imidazoline hydrochloride. It is a sympathomimetic agent with marked alpha adrenergic activity. It is a vasoconstrictor with a rapid action in reducing swelling when applied to the mucous membrane. It acts on alpha-receptors in the arterioles of the conjunctive to produce constriction, resulting in decreased congestion. It is an active ingredient in several over-the-counter formulations including Clear Eyes and Naphcon eye drops.

sympathomimetic -

alpha adrenergic -

vasoconstrictor -

arterioles -

conjunctive -

privine -

comet hyakutake -



esotropia - noun. is a condition of the eyes where both eyes turn inward, this can also be called "lazy eye"

amblyopia -

lurdan - noun. an idle or incompetent person ORIGIN: Middle English : from Old French lourdin  from lourd 'heavy', 'lort 'foolish' from Latin luridus 'lurid'

lither - adjective. (esp. of a person) thin, supple, and graceful

presbyope - noun. a person affected with presbyopia; some who is farsighted resulting from the progressive loss with aging of the elasticity of the crystalline lens.

myope - noun. a person who is affected with myopia; myopia is a condition of the eye in which parallel rays are focused in front of the retina, objects being seen distinctly only when near to the eye; nearsightedness.

ametropic - noun. faulty fraction of light rays by the eyes; as in astigmatism or myopia ORIGIN: 1875080; < Greek ametr(os) 'unmeasured'

filmic - adjective. of, pertaining to, or characteristic of motion pictures; containing characteristics resembling those of motion pictures

hyperope - noun. a person who is farsighted

devenustate - verb. to deprive of beauty or grace ORIGIN: Latin venustus 'lovely, graceful.'

philocaly - noun. the love of beauty

philocalist - noun. a person who loves beauty

miscoscopist

gracility

melastomaceae

perrault

quainti­se

sewell

vashti

tiaras

bellibone

houri

junoesque

abishag
­
adonic

aengus

amaryllis

argus

arianrod

baldr

baldur

beryl­

branwen - noun. Mythology. Daughter of Llyr is a major character in the second branch of the Mabinogi, which is sometimes called the Mabinogi of Branwen after her. She is married to the King of Ireland but the marriage does not bring peace.

campanula

callipygian

chalciuhtlicue - noun. archaic. An Aztec goddess whose jade skirts represented her protection of lakes and streams. Literally, "She who wears Jade skirts."

claytonia

cliodhna

crinum

critic

deodar

eclogite

­erzulie

florin

freya

gladiolus

hebe

herodias

homna

honiton­ lace - noun. A type of lace which originates from Honiton, a civil parish in East Devon, Devon South West England. This lace is known for its intense beauty

hypallage

jaipur

kolkwitzia - noun. Chinese genus of one species: Beauty fish.

kyrenia - noun. a town on the northern coast of Cyprus, noted for its historic harbour and castle internationally.

lada and lado

appellant

puckishly

specious

zingy - adjective. zest, zesty, lively, exciting

bathythermograph - noun. oceanography. an instrument that makes a record of the temperature at various depths in the ocean.

culdoscope

proctoscope

rutherford atom

langtry

merle

opah

oschun

nt

oengus - noun. Irish Mythology. a member of the Tuatha De Danann and probably a god of love, youth, and poetic inspiration.

occidental

paragon

portulacaceous

qatrin

rhododendron

rock­ of cashel

roseate

sasin

tripura sundari

ull

ullr

uma

verbena

xochipilli

zaria

actaeon

bis­houjo

bishounen

blakeney

brolga

cannock

cassiopeia

gisborne­

gower peninsula

hooverphonic

lakshmi

lilith fair

minnesinger

philyra

samy

scripophily

silmaril

tezcatli­poca

Thetis - noun. Greek Mythology. a sea nymph, mother of Achilles.

verbenaceous

yarra valley

farinelli

rubiaceous

naomi

chromophore -

photopsin -

rhodopsin -

praesepe -

reeve -

sclerotal -

sclerotomy -

talion -

uniocular -

uranus -

abducens -

adonis -

alastor moody -

aldebaran -

alrai -

ambloyopy -

analemma -

araneous -

blepharospasm -

china pink -

choroid vein -

curette -

cycloplegia -

dianthus chinensis -

diapsid -

doucker -

egilopical -

electrooculogram -

epidemic encephalitis -

instil -

iridotomy -

keratonyxis -

kochab -

lacrimal artery -

lanius lucovicianus -

lecherous -

leucoscope -

lidless -

lunda cirrhata -

omatidia -

palpebra -

pedunculated -

photoblepharon palpebratus -

protuberant -

pupillage -

purblind -

purpurogenous -

rainbow pink -

rhodopsin -

saccadic masking -

scotomy -

sphenoid -

spoor -

the lady chablis -

the london eye -

upanayanam -

vena vorticosum -

venae sclerales -

whall -

zander -

aldose -

anaglyph -

arges -

balor -

dyspnea - noun. Medicine. difficult or labored breathing ORIGIN: mid 17th cent.: via Latin from Greek duspnoia, from dus- 'difficult' + pnoe 'breathing.'

strake - n. a continuous line of planking or plates from the stem to the stern of a ship or boat 2. a protruding ridge fitted to an aircraft or other structure to improve aerodynamic stability ORIGIN: Middle English : from Anglo-Latin stracus straca; probably from the Germanic base of the verb STRETCH.

Dance and Saudi Arabia

balletomane - noun. a ballet enthusiast

danseur - noun. a male ballet dancer

danseuse - noun. a female ballet dancer

balletic - adjective. of, relating to, or characteristic of ballet

arabesque - noun. 1. an ornamental design consisting of intertwined flowing lines, originally found in Arabic or Moorish decoration : [as adj.] arabesque scrolls. Music. a passage or composition with fanciful ornamentation of the melody. 2. Ballet. a posture in which the body is supported on one leg, with the other leg extended horizontally backward. ORIGIN: mid 17th cent. : from French, from Italian arabesco 'in the Arabic style,' from arabo 'Arab.'

figurant - noun. a supernumerary actor

supernumerary - adjective. present in excess of the normal or requisite number, in particular. (of a person) not belonging to a regular staff but engaged for extra work; not wanted or needed, redundant. Botany & Zoology. denoting structure or organ occurring in addition to the normal ones (of an actor) appearing on stage but not speaking. ORIGIN: early 17th cent. : from late Latin supernumerarius '(soldier) added to a legion after it is complete,' from Latin super numerum 'beyond the number.'

glissade - noun. 1. a way of sliding down a steep slope of snow or ice, typically on the feet with the support of an ice ax. 2. Ballet. a movement, typically used as a joining step, in which one leg is brushed outward from the body, which then takes the weight while the second leg is brushed in to meet it. ORIGIN: mid 19th cent. : French, from glisser 'to slip,  slide.'

pas - noun. a step in dancing, esp. in classical ballet. ORIGIN: French.

diaghilev - Diaghilev, Sergei (Pavlovich) 1872-1929), Russian ballet impresario. In 1909, he formed the Ballets Russes, which he directed until his death.

chasse - noun. a gliding step in dancing in which one foot displaces the other.

maillot - noun. 1. a pair of tights worn for dancing or gymnastics; a woman's tight-fitting one-piece swimsuit. 2. a jersey or top, esp. worn in sports such as cycling

pas de deux - noun. a dance for two people, typically a man and a woman. ORIGIN: French, literally, 'step of two.'

Rambert Dance Company - a leading British Dance company. Formed at the start of the 20th century as a classical ballet company, it exerted a great deal of influence on the development of dance in the United Kingdom, and today, as a contemporary dance company, continues to be on the world's most renowned dance companies. It has previously been known as the Ballet Club, and the Ballet Rambert.

sashay - verb. [ intrans. ] informal. 1. [with adverbial direction] walk in an ostentatious yet casual manner, typically with exaggerated movements of the hips and shoulders. 2. perform the sashay.

Ansermet - Ernest Alexandre Ansermet, November 11, 1883-February 20, 1969, was a Swiss Conductor.

batterie - noun. Ballet. the action of beating or crossing the feet or calves together during a leap or jump. ORIGIN: early 18th cent.: French, literally 'beating.'

cabriole - noun. Ballet. a jump in which one leg is extended into the air forward or backward, the other is brought up to meet it, and the dancer lands on the second foot. ORIGIN: French, literally 'light leap,' from cabrioler (earlier caprioler), from Italian capriolare 'to leap in the air.'

coryphee - noun. a leading dancer in a corps de ballet

dallapiccola - Luigi Dallapiccola, February 3, 1904 - February 19, 1975, was an Italian composer known for his lyrical twelve-tone compositions.

entrechats - noun. Ballet. a vertical jump during which the dancer repeatedly crosses the feet and beats them together

frappe - adjective. [postpositive] Ballet. (of a position) involving a beating action of the toe of one foot against the ankle of the supporting leg. ORIGIN: mid 19th cent.: French, literally 'struck.'

jete - noun. Ballet. a jump in which the dancer springs from one foot to land on the other with one leg extended outward from the body while in the air

grand jete - noun. Ballet. a jump in which the dancer springs from one foot to land on the other with one leg froward of their body and the other stretched backward while in the air

petite jete - noun. Ballet. a jump in which a dancer brushes one leg out to the side in the air then brings it back in again and lands on it with the other leg lifted and bent behind the body.

Kirov - Vyatka, an industrial town in western Russia, in the central part of European Russia, on the Vyatka River; pop. 487,000. Former name(1932-92) Kirov.

pas de quatre - noun. a dance for four people

pas de trois - noun. a dance for three people

pas seul - noun. a dance for one person

repetiteur - noun. a tutor or coach of ballet dancers or musicians, esp. opera singers

Rudolf Nureyev - (b. 1939-93), Austrian ballet dancer and choreographer, born in Russia. He defected to the West in 1961 and joined the Royal Ballet in London, where he began his noted partnership with Margot Fonteyn.

Margot Fonteyn - Dame Margot Fonteyn (b. 1919-91), English ballet dancer; born Margaret Hookham. In 1962, she began a partnership with Rudolf Nureyev, dancing with him in Giselle and Romeo and Juliet.

Galina Ulanova - (b. January 8, 1910 - March 21, 1998) - Soviet Russian ballet dancer. She is frequently cites as being on the greatest 20th century ballerinas. Ulanova studied in Petrograd under Agrippina Vaganova and her own mother, a ballerina of the Imperial Russian Ballet. When she joined the Mariinsky Theatre in 1928, the press found in her "much of Semyonova's style, grace, the same exceptional plasticity and a sort of captivating modesty in her gestures." They say that Konstantin Stanislavsky, fascinated with her acting style, implored her to take part in his stage productions. In 1944, when her fame reached Joseph Stalin, he had her transferred to the Bolshoi Theatre, where she would be the prima ballerina assoluta for 16 years. The following year, she danced the title role in the world premiere of Sergei Prokofiev's Cinderella.

Petrograd -

Agrippina Vaganova -

Imperial Russian Ballet -

Mariinsky Theatre -

Semyonova -

Konstantin Stanislavsky

barre -

divertissement -

entrechat -

impresario -

fokine -

labanotation -

massine -

plie -

tulle -

acro -

adagio -

agon -

auric -

ballon -

battement -

bharat natyam  -

chass -

coryph -

evoe -

gayane -

gilet -

haunt -

helpmann -

ixia -

khachaturian -

lithe -

nijinsky -

odile -

ondine -

overture -

pavlova -

poulenc -

spandau ballet -

bitonality -

esbjerg -

medina -

mecca -

hejaz -

riyadh -

asir -

riyal -

nejd -

taif -

al hasa -

jidda -

jeddah -

bahrain -

najd -

fahd -

tabuk -

wahhabi -

al hufuf -

nandos -

emirate -

The Kingdom -

Samri -

miosis -

pecten -

becket -

oculomotor nerve -

cerastes -

dextral -

tapetum -

trochlea -

atropine -

oeillade -

aniseikonia -

entoptic -

iridology -

macula -

macula lutea -

ommatidium -

sclerotic -

uvea -

zygomatic bone -

albugo -

ciliary body -

ethmoid -

filar -

dictionary wordlist list lists word words definition definitions wordplay play fun game paragraph language english chicago loveofwords languagelove love beauty peace yew mew sheep colors curiosity logolepsy

notice the convulsed orange inch of moon
perching on this silver minute of evening.

We’ll choose the way to the forest—no offense
to you,white town whose spires softly dare.
Will take the houseless wisping rune
of road lazily carved on sharpening air.

Fields lying miraculous in violent silence

fill with microscopic whithering
…(that’s the Black People, chérie,
who live under stones.) Don’t be afraid

and we will pass the simple ugliness
of exact tombs,where a large road crosses
and all the people are minutely dead.

Then you will slowly kiss me

Sam Hain Mar 2016

Awakens not my wolf-man to the moon
For that it shines a silver discus full,
For he may rise when clouds the thickest dull
The round moon’s lustre, or when the clock strikes noon.
One sorceress alone doth have the pow’r
T’arouse the beast, and he doth her obey;
And from her side the beast doth never stray,—
So loveth him the witch and the witching hour.
Yet, by my troth, the wolf-man hath no love
For her and hers which greater is than mine:
By daylight, blackest night, or moony shine,
My love doth neither wax nor wane nor rove.
However, unlike the love the beast doth keep,
My love can’t wake, for it doth never sleep.

Music I heard with you was more than music,
And bread I broke with you was more than bread;
Now that I am without you, all is desolate;
All that was once so beautiful is dead.

Your hands once touched this table and this silver,
And I have seen your fingers hold this glass.
These things do not remember you, beloved,--
And yet your touch upon them will not pass.

For it was in my heart you moved among them,
And blessed them with your hands and with your eyes;
And in my heart they will remember always,--
They knew you once, O beautiful and wise.

All in green went my love riding
on a great horse of gold
into the silver dawn.

four lean hounds crouched low and smiling
the merry deer ran before.

Fleeter be they than dappled dreams
the swift sweet deer
the red rare deer.

Horn at hip went my love riding
riding the echo down
into the silver dawn.

four lean hounds crouched low and smiling
the level meadows ran before.

Softer be they than slippered sleep
the lean lithe deer
the fleet flown deer.

Four fleet does at a gold valley
the famished arrows sang before.

Bow at belt went my love riding
riding the mountain down into the silver dawn.

four lean hounds crouched low and smiling
the sheer peaks ran before.

Paler be they than daunting death
the sleek slim deer
the tall tense deer.

Four tall stags at a green mountain
the lucky hunter sang before.

All in green went my love riding
on a great horse of gold
into the silver dawn.

four lean hounds crouched low and smiling
my heart fell dead before.

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