one of the most disastrous programs in the history of history called the great leap forward, which included the Four Pests Campaign. The goal of the campaign was to eliminate rats, flies, mosquitoes and sparrows.
WIKI: The Four Pests Campaign was one of the first actions taken in the Great Leap Forward in China from 1958 to 1962. The four pests to be eliminated were rats, flies, mosquitoes, and sparrows. The extermination of sparrows is also known as Smash Sparrows Campaign which resulted in severe ecological imbalance, being one of the causes of the Great Chinese Famine. In 1960, Mao Zedong ended the campaign against sparrows and redirected the fourth focus to bed bugs.